It is difficult to find a person who is indifferent to cucumbers. Of course, this vegetable will be most delicious if it is grown on its own and plucked from the garden with its own hands. But which variety to choose in order to get a minimum of worries and maximum pleasure when using it? Cucumber variety Graceful fully meets these criteria.
According to our readers' reviews, the Graceful cucumber variety has earned itself a well-deserved authority. It is grown, as a rule, in the open field, where it is naturally pollinated by insects.
Cultivation in greenhouse conditions is associated with artificial pollination of the plant.
Graceful in characteristics refers to early maturing, who steadfastly endures all the vicissitudes of the domestic weather in the spring months.
With proper care, within 6-9 weeks after planting, the plant will form 4-5 lateral branches, and it makes it possible to harvest the first crop. According to the description, the fruits have a beautiful ellipsoidal shape and reach length 13 cm, weighing up to 140 grams.
The pulp of ripe cucumbers has no voids, and contains a minimum of substances that impart bitterness. The fruit has a delicate taste and persistent cucumber aroma.
The advantages of this variety are:
The disadvantages include an excessive number of male inflorescences, a somewhat rough peel of the fruit, which is very noticeable when consumed fresh.
Also, agricultural technology is complicated when grown in a greenhouse or greenhouse.
Preparation of the site and soil for planting cucumbers Graceful does not differ in original requirements, however, in order to get a decent
the harvest is recommended to follow a number of soil preparation rules, and do not forget about competent crop rotation.
The plot is prepared, we proceed to sowing cucumbers. To do this, choose a landing method - seeds or seedlings, and observe the following rules:
Seedling sowing can be used to increase productivity and reduce risks.
Seedlings are planted in open ground, when formed in a plant 3-5 leaves and average temperature 20 degrees... When planting seedlings, planting containers should be used: a cucumber painfully tolerates a dive. We do not disregard the process of hardening young plants.
Caring for the Graceful cucumbers is standard and does not require agrotechnical refinements. And it consists in:
Harvested ready-made fruits as they ripen, with the acquisition of sizes characteristic of the variety. You should not wait for the yellowing of the cucumbers: the peel of the fruits picked with a delay becomes coarse, the cucumber loses its taste and marketability.
The best place to store fresh cucumbers is the lower shelf of the refrigerator or cellar, in these places they retain their freshness and their nutritional properties for a long time.
Do not use sealed packaging for storage: the lack of fresh air contributes to the development of musty greens and a rapid loss of quality.
The advantages of the Graceful cucumber variety are obvious. We hope that our recommendations will have a positive impact on the yield.
The "Graceful" cucumber variety is rightfully included in the "golden fund" of Soviet vegetable growing. Work on its breeding was carried out under the guidance of O. V. Yurina by specialists from the All-Union Scientific Research Institute of Selection and Seed Growing of Vegetable Crops (today - FGBNU "Federal Scientific Center of Vegetable Growing", settlement VNIISSOK, Moscow region). The variety was officially registered in the State Registers of Russia (1971) and Belarus (1974).
The Graceful variety continued the line of cold-resistant cucumbers, such as Vyaznikovsky 37 and Muromsky 36, which were developed back in the 30s of the last century and formed the basis for the further development of domestic breeding. These varieties are zoned and well adapted to the climatic conditions of most regions of Russia, including areas of risky farming. Cold tolerance and early maturity allow early planting and a stable harvest in short summer conditions. Low soil temperature during the first time after planting promotes the development of a powerful root system and slows down the growth of the aerial part of the plant. This has a positive effect in the future on early maturity, productivity, endurance and resistance to diseases. "Graceful" has all the listed advantages, including high resistance to olive spot (cladosporiosis) and tolerance to bacteriosis.
You can learn about modern breeding programs and the achievements of specialists of the Federal Research Center for Vegetable Growing from the following video:
The variety is recommended for growing outdoors and under film shelters (in spring greenhouses) of the North-West, Central, Volgo-Vyatka, Middle Volga, Ural, West and East Siberian, Far Eastern regions.
Due to its high yield, the variety is among the vegetable crops intended for personal and commercial production, and is deservedly popular among amateur gardeners and professional farmers.
The variety is an elegant cucumber, began to be used by gardeners in Russia, back in the 70s of the last century, and is considered the most common and in demand. Cucumber graceful variety description:
The cucumber of the Graceful variety was bred for cultivation in beds in the open field, but it can also be successfully planted in greenhouses, film greenhouses, under temporary shelters. Unlike modern hybrids, plants are not too demanding on cultivation conditions, they are cold-resistant and early fruiting. In private farms, planting is often practiced at the earliest possible date, and the variety is also used as a pollinator for other cucumbers.
The cultivation beds are prepared in the fall. On 1 m 2 area, 5 to 10 kg of manure, humus, compost are introduced. The amount depends on the initial state of the soil. If the soil is heavy, clayey, sand or sawdust is added to it. Ash (200 g) or phosphorus-potassium mineral preparations are used as fertilizers. The beds are dug deeply. In greenhouses, the whole range of work is carried out 1-2 weeks before planting. Local application of fertilizers into holes or furrows is used in the spring with a minimum supply.
Cucumber Graceful is grown by direct sowing of seeds in the ground or by seedling. In the first case, work begins when the soil warms up to a temperature of 15-20 ° C during the day and at least 8 ° C at night. In greenhouses or greenhouses, seeds are sown in early - mid-May, in beds - in May or early June, depending on the region. Seedlings of cucumbers begin to grow 1 month earlier. Plants are planted in a permanent place at the age of 20-25 days.
Seeds of cucumbers Graceful are distinguished by good germination. Before sowing, the planting material of its own collection is calibrated, disinfected in a solution of potassium permanganate or fungicidal compositions. The seeds from the bags are not pickled. Then, if desired, they are soaked in growth stimulants or germinated in a damp cloth.
When planting early in the ground, it is advisable to sow the seeds dry. So they will not disappear if it gets colder outside.
To grow cucumber seedlings, individual containers with a volume of 200 - 300 ml are prepared for each plant. They are stuffed with fertile soil, which is well moistened. Seeds are sown to a depth of 1-1.5 cm, 1 pc. in a glass. The containers are covered with foil and left indoors at a temperature of 25-30 ° C. After 3-7 days, when shoots appear on the surface, the protective shelter is removed.
Then the temperature regime is maintained at 15-25 ° C, daylight hours are 10-12 hours. Water the cucumber plants with warm water so that the soil at the roots always remains moist. During the growing period, seedlings are fed 1-2 times with water-soluble or liquid complex fertilizers with microelements. 1 week before transplanting into open ground, cucumbers are hardened. If they grow under any type of shelter, the procedure is not carried out.
In the garden or in the greenhouse for the Graceful variety, choose a planting scheme: 3 plants in a row per 1 running meter and 75 cm between rows. Seedlings are planted in the same way. Seeds are sown to a depth of 1-1.5 cm in furrows or holes, which are then sprinkled with peat or fertile soil. The beds are watered abundantly. For early plantings in open ground, film or agrofibre is used until the shoots appear.
Seedlings of cucumbers are transplanted to a permanent place along with a lump of earth, without injuring the roots. To make it convenient to pull the plants out of the pots, they are watered several hours before. Cucumbers are planted without deepening, after planting they must be watered.
If it is hot sunny weather, temporary shading of the bushes is used. So they take root better and start growing faster.
Variety Graceful is quite unpretentious in cultivation, but it also requires the application of some rules of agricultural technology, which, however, do not differ in complexity. In order for the plants to reach their full potential and please with a good harvest, the gardener must take care of high-quality pollination. This is especially necessary for greenhouse cucumbers at the very beginning of fruiting. Any methods of attracting insects or manual pollination of flowers will help here.
When growing plants, the formation of bushes is carried out. Pinch the main stem over the 5th leaf. The grown lateral shoots are tied to supports or allowed to spread freely along the ground. Also, during the season, remove old, yellowed leaves that are no longer needed by the plants. This not only improves the ventilation of the bushes, reduces the likelihood of disease, but also provides better yields. Nutrients are spent on the formation and maturation of the ovaries, and not on the leaves.
Regular watering, weed removal, shallow soil loosening, and top dressing are standard crops. Water the cucumbers in the morning or evening, under the root, with warm water. Irrigation frequency depends on temperature and weather conditions. On average, plants are watered 2-3 times a week before fruiting, and 3-4 times during the mass harvest of fruits. If it's hot, you may need to do this daily. The roots of cucumbers are not deep, while the plants are very fond of moisture.
To get a good harvest, you will also need top dressing. Fertilized cucumbers of the Graceful variety every 2 weeks. Organic and mineral supplements alternate. They use fertilizing with slurry, chicken droppings, herbal infusion, ash. From chemistry, complex preparations with trace elements are used, for example, Agricola, AgroMaster, Kristalon, Solution, Kemira.
Cucumbers of the Graceful variety are harvested during the period of mass fruiting every day, choosing greens that have reached a standard size. This speeds up the process of setting a new crop. Only the seed specimen can remain old on the bush.
The "Graceful" variety, unlike many hybrids, is not demanding. But he still needs care. To obtain a rich harvest of greens, it is necessary to regularly water the plants, feed them, maintain the cleanliness and looseness of the beds in order to provide the vegetable crop with adequate nutrition and oxygen access to the roots. As a preventive measure, the variety prone to lesions with powdery mildew should be treated with an appropriate preparation.
Grade "Graceful" is hygrophilous. But when cultivated in regions with frequent precipitation, additional moisture may not be required. When the moisture reserves in the soil layer are depleted, the plants are watered every 3 days with warm water. The procedure is carried out early in the morning or in the evening under the root, trying to avoid getting drops on the shoots. Water in the leaf sinuses can trigger the development of the fungus.
To maintain the cleanliness of the beds, as well as the "porous" structure of the soil, the ground under the cucumbers is loosened and weeded.
The depth of soil cultivation should not exceed 3 cm, otherwise the vegetable grower can injure the roots of the culture, which will lead to a weakening of immunity or even death.
The soil is loosened and weeded only after precipitation or irrigation, so that the earth is moistened and there is no moisture deficit. To increase the time interval between procedures, as well as to protect the roots from nighttime drops in temperature, the beds are mulched using peat or sawdust. It is very important to pay attention to compliance with these requirements.
When growing horizontally, the procedure is not carried out. And in the case of the trellis method, even a determinant plant is formed. Since the bushes are not very tall, they pinch the central shoot above the third true leaf, which allows you to get 5-6 lateral shoots and increase the yield from 4 to 6-7 kg / m2. The lashes must be fixed on the trellis with a string that will support their weight with fruits.
Of the diseases, powdery mildew and rot are dangerous, which develop rapidly in cool and humid summers, which is typical for the northern regions. To maintain the health of the plantings and get a rich and high-quality harvest, the bushes are sprayed with a working solution of a copper-containing fungicide before flowering. Among pests, shoots are often attacked by melon aphids. To prevent the appearance of insects, a complex spraying with fungicides and insecticides is carried out - a tank mixture.
The systematic application of fertilizers not only provides adequate nutrition to the plants, but also allows them to maintain their health and form excellent immunity.
Top dressing, which are at the same time preventive measures for plant protection, is carried out three times during the growing season:
In that year, we took a nondescript package of cucumber seeds Graceful from the Kolchuga trademark. The seeds were soaked before planting. Almost everyone opened up. Not particularly looked after. They watered and tied the whips. The first harvest was already in August. Cucumbers are not bad and are not hollow inside. We closed a couple of cans. They really do go to salting. The jars stood until January, and then they were eaten) In general, a good variety of medium pimpledness) If it catches your eye, then take it again.
I will add my own answer, although I asked about this variety, but something else. One of the advantages of the Graceful ones is that the seeds in the cucumber are tender, even in overgrown fruits.
When choosing cucumbers for planting in your summer cottage, pay attention to the Graceful variety. Judging by the fact that the reviews of gardeners about it are mostly positive, it is unpretentious and easy to care for, and also delicious fresh and processed.
The "Graceful" cucumber crop must be harvested daily. This approach will activate the growth of the ovary and promote the formation of a new one. Vegetables are harvested by pinching them off or unscrewing them from the tail. Thus, there will be less juice loss. On each bush, the first greenery is picked unripe. Also, during the whole season, fruit should not be overgrown. Yellowed leaves must be removed.
Cucumber Graceful has an attractive presentation. Reading consumer reviews, you can make sure that this variety is beautiful not only fresh, but also canned. Cucumbers with incredibly excellent taste are appetizing and firm.
Reviews of gardeners confirm the positive qualities of this variety, which is distinguished by its attractive appearance, great taste and easy care.