Rhubarb: Simple Planting Tips and Breeding Techniques


Rhubarb stalks appear on our table in early spring. This is almost the very first harvest of greens that gardeners collect after the winter cold. The juicy sour pulp of rhubarb stalks is used as a vitamin supplement in vegetable salads, and with the addition of sugar, it is an excellent dessert or filling for pies. Planting rhubarb and caring for it in the open field does not require a lot of effort from the summer resident, while you can use a few tricks when growing a crop.

What is rhubarb?

Rhubarb is a perennial herb of the buckwheat family. It is found in the wild from Siberia to the Himalayas, and as cultivated, it is grown in most of our country and in Europe.

Perennial rhubarb rhizomes are powerful and short, but rather branched. Basal reddish petioles with large wavy leaves, collected in a rosette, die off for the winter. Flowering occurs on stems emerging from the center of the rosette. Large paniculate inflorescences of white, greenish, less often pink color form seeds by autumn. To extend the growing season, flowering arrows break out. To obtain seeds, leave no more than one peduncle per bush.

Pink rhubarb inflorescences add decorative effect to the bush

Plant use

Young rhubarb stalks, which appear in early spring, are used for food. A large amount of vitamins and microelements of this plant compensates for the deficiency of nutrients in the spring diet. The stems are used for the preparation of vegetable and fruit salads, soups, juices, compotes, jelly and pie fillings. The use of rhubarb for some diseases has a healing effect. It is recommended for constipation, anemia, bile stasis and impaired metabolism. The roots of the plant are also used for medicinal purposes. However, it must be remembered that the use of this plant in large quantities may be contraindicated in children, pregnant women and people suffering from gastritis with high acidity and peptic ulcer disease. In case of kidney and gall bladder stones, various bleeding, rheumatism, diabetes mellitus, it is better to refuse to use rhubarb.

For cooking, cut stalks are finely chopped with a knife

Growing conditions

When choosing a place in the garden for rhubarb, it is necessary to take into account the size of the future plant, and this is a rather massive bush and an area of ​​at least 1m is required2. The location is sunny, but partial shade is also possible. Prefers light, slightly acidic and fertile soils. Considering that rhubarb grows in one place for 10-12 years, the site for planting must be properly prepared. For digging, add 1m2 land a bucket of compost or rotted manure, 100 g of universal mineral fertilizer and dolomite flour, the amount of which depends on the acidity of the soil. On heavy clay soils, river sand must be added.

Rhubarb will appreciate a sunny location, but will also accept partial shade.

Dolomite flour is an organic fertilizer that normalizes soil acidity. At the same time, it enriches the soil with many useful microelements and improves the structure of the top layer. The introduction of dolomite flour improves metabolic processes, increases the yield and its quality, the development of the root system of the plant, and also successfully fights weeds and harmful ground insects. The amount of fertilizer applied is calculated taking into account the acidity and texture of the soil.

Video: rhubarb - benefits, cultivation, use

It is very important, when determining a place for rhubarb, to take into account the level of groundwater - it should be low, and the possibility of spring flooding or stagnation of rainwater is completely excluded. Even short-term flooding by spring waters can destroy the plant. Rhubarb is drought-resistant, but during dry periods it must be watered, otherwise the petioles will lose their juiciness and become inedible, and the whole plant does not develop well with water shortage.

I really love rhubarb and not only for its taste and useful properties. In our steppe zone with a sharply continental climate, where in summer +40aboutC and -40aboutWith winter, they happen quite often, few plants are striking in their beauty, except perhaps flowers. Rhubarb looks like a real Tropican with us - huge, wrinkled, bursty leaves with red petioles will decorate any part of the garden. I took my rhubarb from my parents in the country. In the spring I dug up a large bush, cut it into three parts and planted it in my place. All three plants began to grow and grow over the summer. The winter was relatively mild and snowy and I was not worried that my bushes might suffer from frost. But in the spring, an unprecedented flood happened, and the water was coming from the fields, since we don't have a river nearby. My rhubarb was flooded for only three days, but that was enough - all three bushes died. So I had to make sure from my own experience - rhubarb really does not like stagnant water. In all other respects, he is quite unpretentious and I will definitely put him back in a good, safe place.

Thanks to the large original leaves, rhubarb can become an accent in a design composition.

Rhubarb breeding methods

Rhubarb is propagated in two ways - by sowing seeds and dividing the bush (rhizomes). The second method is simpler and preferable, since the separated plant will retain all the species qualities of the mother socket, and the first petioles for cutting will be ready the next year. For plants grown by seed, it will take 3-4 years for the full development of the bush.

How to plant rhubarb seeds

For sowing rhubarb, seeds can be bought in gardening stores, where there is a large assortment of varieties from various manufacturers. Rhubarb seeds are sown in spring or late autumn, on frozen ground. To do this, take a small bedding bed, add compost, fertilizers and dig well. When sowing in spring, the seeds need preliminary stratification - keeping the seeds for two months at a temperature from 0 to +5aboutFROM.

In spring, rhubarb seeds are sown in late April - early May.

Step-by-step process of sowing seeds:

  1. Soak the seeds 3-4 days before sowing by spreading them out on a damp cloth and sprinkling occasionally.
  2. Prepare grooves on the bed at a distance of 20 cm from each other.
  3. Spill the grooves with water and spread the seeds into damp ground.
  4. Sprinkle the grooves with soil so that the layer above the seeds is no more than 2-3 cm.
  5. After the appearance of the first leaves, the seedlings are thinned out, leaving a distance between the shoots of 20 cm.

Sprouted seeds are sown on a prepared bed

With autumn sowing, the event is held at the end of October or in November. Dry seeds are laid out in rows in the same way as during spring sowing, but they are not watered, but simply sprinkled with a small layer of earth. In the spring, seedlings are thinned and tended in the usual way.

Young rhubarb rosettes remain on the distribution bed until next spring. In summer, they need to be watered, loosened, and freed from weeds. Several times over the summer, it is advisable to feed with mineral and organic fertilizers alternately. For the winter, if there is a likelihood of severe frosts, you can cover the plantings with dry foliage and agrofibre.

In the spring, after warming up the soil, usually at the end of April or in May, young rosettes are planted in a permanent place. When planting, it is important not to deepen the plant, leaving a layer of soil above the upper bud no more than 2 cm.

Reproduction by dividing the bush

Rhubarb can be propagated by dividing the bush in spring, in April — May, or in autumn — in September. In the first year after planting, you should not cut the petioles, since the plant should get stronger and grow well. And later, when harvesting, you should not get too carried away - no more than 1/3 of the total number of petioles can be cut from the bush.

The process of dividing the bush:

  1. Dig up an adult rhubarb bush.
  2. Free the rhizome from the ground.
  3. With a sharp knife, divide the plant into parts so that each has at least one living bud.
  4. Sprinkle the slices with crushed charcoal or air dry slightly.
  5. Dig holes 50 cm deep at a distance of 80 cm from each other and fill with soil mixed with compost and fertilizers.
  6. Plant the cuttings into prepared pits. On heavy soils, the bud should not be deepened by more than 5 cm, on light soils - 7–8 cm.
  7. Water the planted plants and mulch the soil.

From one rhubarb bush, you can get up to 10 divs

Rhubarb transplant

Very often, in order to propagate rhubarb, you do not need to dig out the entire plant, but only transplant one part.

The process of transplanting a part of a plant:

  1. Cut off the cut with a sharp shovel and carefully dig it out.
  2. Powder the sections from the mother bush and the excavated part with crushed charcoal.
  3. Sprinkle the hole formed in the mother bush with soil.
  4. Plant the cut in a prepared place, water and mulch.

Compatibility with other plants in the garden

Gardeners have long noticed that plants planted next to each other have a certain effect on each other, and not always positive. Some help their neighbors to cope with some diseases and fend off harmful insects, while others, on the contrary, oppress or are affected by common diseases. Therefore, when planting any plants, it is good to ask what you can plant next to.

Rhubarb gets along well next to spicy herbs

Rhubarb has an impressive list of unwanted neighbors. It should not be planted next to cucumbers, turnips, beets, celery, peas, potatoes, carrots, onions and tomatoes. Neighborhood with beans, lettuce, spinach and all types of cabbage, except Peking cabbage, is quite successful.

It is worth planting rhubarb on your site once, and this unpretentious plant will delight owners for many years with juicy, tasty petioles. Caring for it is minimal, and this is a very valuable quality for the ever-busy gardeners. Early greens, a lot of useful trace elements and vitamins, as well as decorative leaves make this plant indispensable in any garden.

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Hobbies play an important role in my life - floriculture, gardening, traditional medicine, pets. I love nature and all living things very much, so I read many articles on various phenomena and laws of life, everything that brings harmony.

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Growing conditions

When choosing a place in the garden for rhubarb, it is necessary to take into account the size of the future plant, and this is a rather massive bush and an area of ​​at least 1m 2 will be required. The location is sunny, but partial shade is also possible. Prefers light, slightly acidic and fertile soils. Considering that rhubarb grows in one place for 10-12 years, the site for planting must be properly prepared. For digging, add a bucket of compost or rotted manure, 100 g of universal mineral fertilizer and dolomite flour on 1m 2 of land, the amount of which depends on the acidity of the soil. On heavy clay soils, river sand must be added.

Rhubarb will appreciate a sunny location, but will also accept partial shade.

Dolomite flour is an organic fertilizer that normalizes soil acidity. At the same time, it enriches the soil with many useful microelements and improves the structure of the top layer. The introduction of dolomite flour helps to improve metabolic processes, increase the yield and its quality, develop the root system of the plant, and also successfully fight weeds and harmful ground insects. The amount of fertilizer applied is calculated taking into account the acidity and texture of the soil.

Video: rhubarb - benefits, cultivation, use

It is very important, when determining a place for rhubarb, to take into account the level of groundwater - it should be low, and the possibility of spring flooding or stagnation of rainwater is completely excluded. Even short-term flooding by spring waters can destroy the plant. Rhubarb is drought-resistant, but during dry periods it must be watered, otherwise the petioles will lose their juiciness and become inedible, and the whole plant does not develop well with water shortage.

I really love rhubarb and not only for its taste and useful properties. In our steppe zone with a sharply continental climate, where +40 o C and -40 o C in winter occur quite often in summer, few plants are striking in their beauty, perhaps flowers. Rhubarb looks like a real Tropican with us - huge, wrinkled, bursty leaves with red petioles will decorate any part of the garden. I took my rhubarb from my parents in the country. In the spring I dug up a large bush, cut it into three parts and planted it in my place. All three plants began to grow and grow over the summer. The winter was relatively mild and snowy and I was not worried that my bushes might suffer from frost. But in the spring, an unprecedented flood happened, and the water was coming from the fields, since we don't have a river nearby. My rhubarb was flooded for only three days, but that was enough - all three bushes died. So I had to make sure from my own experience - rhubarb really does not like stagnant water. In all other respects, he is quite unpretentious and I will definitely put him back in a good, safe place.

Thanks to the large original leaves, rhubarb can become an accent in a design composition.


Popular views with photos

Gardeners prefer to plant several types of nemesia, which allows you to create interesting combinations in garden plots.

Goiter

This variety is considered the most popular as it has a unique color. It grows up to 40-60 cm.

Triumph

At a low height, the Triumph has large and lush flowers. The variety stands out strongly from others.

Star way

This is a hybrid that is obtained by crossing nemesia of different colors.

Enchantress

The Charovnitsa variety has swollen flowers of an irregular shape. Usually planted in several colors at the same time.

Thumbelina

This variety is new and notable for its purple flowers.

Lush

The variety is distinguished by small inflorescences. More suitable for lovers of wildflowers.


Features of planting in open ground in the Moscow region

The Moscow region, like the entire middle zone of Russia, is characterized by unstable weather. However, her summer whims are not an obstacle to growing basil. There is enough warmth in the summer months, and usually there is enough rain. Therefore, the only question is how to plant. The answer is also simple: exclusively seedlings. Sowing seeds, of course, is possible, but the harvest from seeds will be obtained only closer to autumn, and the period of consumption of fragrant green and purple leaves will be short. If the gardener has no time to grow seedlings in the spring, it is easy to buy it ready-made, and even in a pot, which is very easy to bury in the ground on the site.

The best varieties of basil for planting in central Russia, including in the Moscow region - Erevansky and Melkolistny. The first gives beautiful blue-violet bushes 40-60 cm tall. The second has small green leaves, the bush is somewhat lower.

The Yerevan variety does not give the most luxurious bush, but it is very suitable for growing in the middle lane.

Seeds are sown in boxes two months before planting seedlings in the ground, for the Moscow region this is the beginning of April. Seedlings are grown as usual. The warmest, well-fertilized beds are allocated for planting basil in the garden. In open ground, seedlings with 4-6 leaves are planted after the end of the threat of frost. Most reliable - not earlier than June 10th. If there are greenhouses or greenhouses on the site, you can do this earlier, but we must remember that basil needs a lot of sunny color, and in shelters it feels much worse. But in the suburbs, cloudy days are already quite frequent!

Peduncles must be cut off as soon as they begin to appear. Moreover, in the climatic conditions of the Moscow region, basil seeds still practically do not ripen.

Basil is one of the healthiest spicy herbs that has a peculiar aroma and improves the taste of both salads and many first and second courses. Growing basil is not as easy as, for example, dill or sorrel, but it is possible. And if this interesting spice has not yet been on your site, you must definitely try to settle it there.


Watch the video: Timelapse rhubarb #2


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