Zucchini is the "summer bread" in the fall. Zucchini are pickled, salted, stuffed. They contain a large amount of vitamins, minerals, sugars, proteins and carbohydrates. Zucchini is widely used in dietary nutrition. The plant is unpretentious, and even a novice gardener can grow it. To get a good harvest, when sowing seeds and planting seedlings in open ground, you need to focus on the average monthly temperature of your region.
Zucchini belong to the pumpkin family. These are annual herbaceous plants that are bush-shaped, some varieties form whips. The leaves are rather large, dark green in color, may have white or yellow spots. Inexperienced vegetable growers sometimes mistake them for signs of disease, but these are varietal differences. The stems and petioles are covered with outgrowths in the form of small thorns, which causes some inconvenience during harvesting.
Zucchini flowers develop in a male and female type, large in shape, bright yellow in color
The fruits of squash are elongated-cylindrical in shape. They can be slightly curved, with slight ribbing. The shape of the squash (a type of squash) resembles a star. The color is quite varied: white, light green, cream, dark green, bright yellow. Small fruits of milk ripeness weighing from 300 to 600 g, which are 6–10 days old, are used for food, for processing and for sale. Ripe fruits are harvested for seeds in the fall.
Zucchini is a dietary vegetable, has valuable nutritional qualities, contains a lot of sodium and potassium salts, coarse dietary fiber, a lot of vegetable proteins, vitamins, various minerals and sugars.
The appearance of the plant depends on the variety. Zucchini have carved leaves with prickly pubescence, with silvery streaks and stripes on the surface. Fruits are elongated, with poorly formed seed chambers, light green to purple in color. Form a compact bush. Regular zucchini are light, climbing stems.
Zucchini lends itself easily to any processing. They can be fried, stewed, salted, pickled. This is a delicious and healthy vegetable. Zucchini caviar is a product that almost everyone likes.
For frying, it is best to choose medium-sized fruits with a delicate peel, in which seeds have not yet formed
Young zucchini fruits can be eaten raw, but this is contraindicated in case of increased gastrointestinal acidity.
Zucchini is an unpretentious culture. Despite the fact that their homeland is the zone of the tropics and subtropics, the plants feel great in our vast expanses with a difficult climate. When cultivating them, it is important to observe the terms of planting in open ground. The main requirement: the temperature must be at least +15aboutFROM during the day and +10 ... + 12aboutAt night, in the complete absence of the threat of morning frost.
To harvest early fruits, you need to sow earlier. But sometimes there is a danger of sudden cold snaps and morning frosts. In spring, due to warm weather, young crops can give amicable shoots, but just 1 morning short-term frost will destroy young shoots.
What should be guided by when determining the date of sowing zucchini? It is difficult to establish exact dates. You can only roughly determine a period of several days, depending on the climatic characteristics of a particular region. Climatic charts of average temperatures for each region should be guided by.
It is easy to do, just type the search query "Kuban climatic graph" or enter the name of another area. According to the schedule, it is simply determined when the required average daily temperature will be +150C. Examples of plots with a summary table for the Kuban and the Urals are given below.
Climate graph of the Kuban, which shows that the average temperature is 15 degrees Celsius in early May
Each region has its own climate schedule. For example, the curve of average temperatures in the Urals differs from the Kuban.
The average temperature of 15 degrees Celsius in the Urals falls in mid-May
When planting garden crops, it is necessary to focus on the timing of planting by region, depending on the average monthly temperature.
|Region||Seed sowing periodand planting zucchini seedlings|
|1st and 2nd decade of May|
|2nd and 3rd decade of May|
|2nd and 3rd decade of May|
|3rd decade of May and 1st decade of June|
|Siberia||3rd decade of May and 1st decade of June|
By studying this table, the gardener can easily determine when to sow zucchini for seedlings. This should be done 25-30 days before planting them in open ground. Sowing work should not be carried out before the recommended time. If the sprouts sprout earlier, they will die during a cold snap. If the temperature is low for a long time, then the seeds will lie in the cold ground for a long time and give frail shoots.
You can sow zucchini in 2-3 doses at intervals of 5-6 days. This extends the harvest period.
It is necessary to prepare for a sharp change in the weather and keep near the garden means of insulation: plastic wrap or covering material, pegs, 15–20 pcs. bricks, lids and containers.
The table shows that the favorable periods for planting zucchini are long - up to 20 days. There is a way to specify the landing time - this is an astrological forecast for determining the landing date according to the lunar calendar, which is compiled by specialists for each year.... Some consider this method unscientific, but experience has shown that it is worth focusing on the lunar calendar.
It is very likely that the moon does indeed influence the development of plants. It can "attract" certain crops planted in the corresponding lunar phases to itself, stimulate their growth, but it can also "repulse", which can cause the plants to get sick and even die.
It is worth studying the lunar planting calendar for the current year.
Let us give an example of how, according to the lunar calendar, it is easy to concretize the exact dates of planting zucchini. In Belarus, according to the table, it is necessary to plant a crop in the 2nd and 3rd decade of May, since during this period a favorable average temperature is very likely. And the lunar calendar will specify: 14, 15, 24, and 31 numbers. In some of the numbers, the temperature will definitely be 15 degrees Celsius.
It is not difficult to grow zucchini. The main thing is to plant them on time and provide competent care throughout the summer, and the harvest will delight the owner.
Any gardener, even a beginner, can grow beets. Beets are the most unpretentious vegetable and require a minimum of effort to grow. The main thing is to sow the vegetable correctly. It should be remembered that beets are very fond of warmth, and therefore, you should not rush to sow them.
It is necessary to wait until the soil temperature warms up to + 6-10 degrees. To check the warmth of the soil, dig a shallow hole (about 15 centimeters) and insert a thermometer. If young seedlings survive even slight frosts, they can release arrows and reduce the quality of the crop. That is why the most optimal time for sowing a vegetable in open ground is considered to be from the end of April to the beginning of May. There is even a superstitious omen for planting beets: "If leaves the size of a penny coin appear on a birch tree, it's time to sow beets."
In different regions of the country, beets are sown at different times. So, in the south of the country, you can plant beets already at the end of March - beginning of April. In Central Russia and the Moscow region, the root crop begins to be planted already in early to mid-May, and in Siberia and the Urals of the country - after May 15th. If the spring is protracted, then the planting time of the beets is moved a week later. The main thing here is that the weather is good.
Beet strains will also greatly affect planting. Early varieties are planted early and later varieties later. The bottom line is that if a late variety is planted early, then in the future you can get a very "rough" vegetable. The varieties are also distinguished by the fact that some always grow on the surface, while others - densely "sit" in the ground.
It is necessary to plant beets every year in different areas, while you can return to the previous planting site no earlier than after 4 years.
The most accurate dates for sowing will help determine the lunar calendar. So, in 2019, the root crop in open ground should be planted in favorable days:
Along with favorable days in 2019, there are also negative days on which it is advisable to postpone the sowing of the root crop. So, unfavorable days are:
The lunar calendar has been used for a very long time, and our ancestors noted that with the growth of the moon, the terrestrial part of plants begins to develop very actively, and when it decreases, the root component. Therefore, the lunar calendar is calculated annually for each crop and does not fail vegetable growers when planting plants.
Planting beet seeds on time is the key to a bountiful harvest. If you listen to all the advice, then even the most inexperienced gardener can grow beets without much effort and hassle.
It is believed that for certain work related to planting, transplanting and caring for plants, there are both favorable and unfavorable days. They are determined by the phases of the moon.
Let's see what work is best done on certain days of the calendar, and how the planet affects the plants.
This time is 3 days, during which it is not recommended to carry out the following work:
This period is considered unfavorable for planting, but during the full moon, other work can be carried out:
At this time, you can carry out any work that is related to soil cultivation. The growing moon period is considered favorable for the following work:
Attention! At this time, you can plant, plant, transplant plants, as well as tillage, watering and other types of work related to the land.
This time is relatively favorable for carrying out various works on the ground:
You should not do the following types of work on the ground on the new moon:
If it decreases, then you can start certain work on the soil. So, it is not prohibited:
Zucchini are rightfully considered the most unpretentious of garden plants - on a well-prepared (loose, wet and fertilized to blackness) garden bed, they bear fruit, without requiring titanic efforts from the owner with a time-tested regime of watering, weeding and hilling. The main thing is warm weather and room for growth. When planning planting times, you should consider the variety of zucchini.
One of the most popular early varieties is Iskander F1 - an early maturing and very productive hybrid. Despite the fact that Iskander, like all zucchini, belongs to bush plants, it does not have many intertwining branches, like other varieties, so it is just as convenient for a greenhouse as for growing from seeds in an open field. But the average germination rate of seeds with this method of planting is four seeds out of five, so two or three seeds need to be thrown into the open ground immediately, and later, weak plants must be weeded out. It can be grown in almost any climatic conditions, these zucchini will take root perfectly in the Moscow region.
The unpretentious Zebra variety, so named because of its characteristic color:
It takes only one and a half to two months from the time of planting to harvest, so Zebra is ideal for growing in cool or arid areas.
In more fertile regions or in the greenhouse, you can cultivate mid- or late-ripening varieties, such as for example:
Of the late ripening ones (those that ripen in three months), it is worth noting:
Cucumbers do not tolerate frost, therefore, it is necessary to correctly calculate the time of sowing seeds in open soil and choose a suitable place. Next, you should provide the plants with proper watering care.
Growing cucumbers in the open field
When choosing the time for sowing cucumbers, it is necessary not only to be guided by the information on the package, but also to look at the lunar sowing calendar. The climate of a particular area is also of great importance.
Preparing the beds for sowing cucumbers
Depending on the phases of the moon, the most favorable days for sowing cucumbers in open soil are May 9-11 and 19-20, June 6-7 and 15-17. It is important that the temperature of the upper layer of the earth reaches +15 degrees. Celsius, and the probability of frost has passed.
In the southern and central regions of Russia, you can start sowing cucumbers in May, and in the northern regions, it is better to wait until June, since low temperatures can ruin the entire planting overnight.
Sowing cucumber seeds must be swollen, or even sprouted - this will allow you to get a plentiful ovary and harvest. Only large and full-bodied seeds should be selected.
Germinating cucumber seeds
The soil for cucumbers needs fertile and loose enough. Two weeks before sowing, rotted manure, humus or peat should be added, crushed with ash, and a layer of clean earth is poured on top. Organic matter promotes good plant nutrition and increases soil temperature.
Sowing cucumbers in open ground
Sprouted seeds are planted in prepared holes to a depth of no more than 2 cm and watered immediately. Plants should not interfere with each other, 5-6 seeds are sown per 1 m 2. It is better to choose a sunny day after lunch, when the air temperature already reaches 23-25 degrees.
It is recommended to sow several varieties of cucumbers on one planting, which will significantly improve the pollination of plants. The best varieties for open soil: Altai early, Muromsky, Vyaznikovsky, and hybrids: Crumb F1, Gemini F1, Appetizing F1.
Immediately after sowing, the first planting time is covered with a transparent plastic wrap - this will retain heat and moisture, and the seeds will germinate faster. The shelter can be used until the end of June.
Mulching cucumbers in the open field
After the emergence of seedlings, if the covering material is removed, to retain moisture in the ground, plantings are mulched with grass. Watering should be carried out daily with warm water in the evening, avoiding droplets on the plants. It is recommended to often weed the beds with cucumbers, and loosen the soil, since the root system of plants needs air.
Potatoes are one of the most popular vegetable products in the Far East, and the vast majority of gardeners plant them in their summer cottages.
Like any other agricultural product, potatoes love being close to certain vegetables, as well as hating some of them.
- Potatoes will get along well with crops such as legumes, peas, beans, cabbage, beets, zucchini and eggplants:
- It is not recommended to plant potatoes where they will be adjacent to them - sunflower, celery, carrots, and you also cannot plant potatoes near garden trees and fruit bushes (raspberries, currants, gooseberries and others).
How to grow zucchini outdoors and in greenhouse conditions. Care must be taken to select the correct containers and soil. Break a garden bed and fertilize it correctly. You should also organize lighting and greenhouse conditions. When you can plant zucchini, you need to calculate according to a preliminary weather forecast.
For growing plants of this family, individual containers are an important point. The larger the area, the stronger the shoots and root system of the squash. For sowing, it is necessary to prepare glasses or pots with a volume of 0.2, 0.5 or 5 liters. The larger the volume, the faster the zucchini seedlings reach the planting size. The seedling will take root well in the ground and will not stretch out.
You can grow zucchini in the soil for vegetable crops. It is sold in a specialty store. Also, planting zucchini for seedlings is carried out in self-prepared soil. There are several effective mixtures that provide plants with the necessary trace elements:
The agrotechnology of growing zucchini involves the use of loose airy soil, often with the addition of sand. This component has good water conductivity. Growing zucchini in sand also helps the fruit ripen quickly. It keeps warm for a long time and does not allow moisture to accumulate.
It is necessary to plant zucchini seeds in a greenhouse or greenhouse 20-30 days before transferring to the garden. They also sow pumpkin for seedling production. Step-by-step sowing instructions and photos allow you to trace all the subtleties of the process.
Growing zucchini in greenhouse conditions involves the use of glass or cellophane. At the initial stage, high temperature is important, but not bright light.
Planting cucumbers and zucchini for seedlings is the same. The containers covered with foil are installed in the warmest place. It could be a sunny windowsill. Sowing zucchini for seedlings assumes a temperature regime of at least 18 degrees. Optimally, the thermometer should read 20-22.
Growing zucchini in a greenhouse begins from the moment shoots appear. From germinated seeds, they appear in three days, and from dry seeds - after 7-10. In warm conditions in the Kuban, planting material is placed directly into the ground. You can sow it in mid-April. Germination of zucchini seeds occurs at the same time in the greenhouse and in the garden.
The light regime for plants is as important as the temperature. When planting seedlings at home, the owners should worry about the presence of LED or seedling lamps. During the day, containers can be placed on the windowsills, and with the onset of evening, they must be additionally illuminated. Daytime is extended to 14-16 hours.
Breeding zucchini through seedlings requires timely watering. Do not overmoisten the plants too much. Watering is done as needed. If the surface of the soil is dry, then it is necessary to irrigate it from a spray bottle. A direct stream during the germination period can wash out the seeds or deeply deepen them.
Growing zucchini in containers also presupposes timely feeding. If plants have slowed down their growth and development, then they lack minerals. The first feeding should contain urea and superphosphate at five grams per liter of water. It can be done two weeks after sprouting. How to grow early zucchini, additionally fertilize them with nitrophosphate. The product is diluted at the rate of ten grams per liter. The second feeding is carried out a week and a half after the first.
How zucchini grow in greenhouse conditions. The cotyledons appear first. The plant then releases the first leaf from the top rosette. It is sharper and rougher. The appearance of two true leaves indicates that it is time to transfer the plant by seedlings into open ground. The preparation period takes from twenty to thirty days.
How to temper plants of the squash family correctly. A week before moving to the beds, the pots are taken out into the street. You need to start with 60 minutes, adding an hour every day. When the time comes to plant zucchini seedlings in the garden, it will be adapted to external conditions. Three days before this, potassium must be added to the top dressing.
The vegetable garden is prepared in the fall. When replanting, the main condition is the layout of the holes. They should be large and deep enough. To adapt zucchini in the open field, you need humus. Half a bucket of organic fertilizer is poured into each well. From above, humus is covered with earth and moistened.
How to plant zucchini so that they take root well. It is necessary to carefully remove the plant from the container with a large soil lump. Zucchini and pumpkins do not tolerate crushing, bending and damage to the root system. The sprout is placed in a depression and lightly pressed against the stem. Planting ends with watering. It is recommended to carry out it twice, pouring out a total of six liters. Zucchini and pumpkins are sprinkled with dry earth on top to keep the moisture longer. To prevent the roots from drying out, the hole can be closed with fine sawdust or mulched.
Early outdoor squash can be exposed to light spring frosts and winds. To avoid damaging the plants, cover each root with a large, cut-out plastic bottle. This helps to preserve the crop and prevent freezing.
If the early harvest is not important to you, then you can plant the zucchini seeds directly in the open ground. It is important to correctly determine the timing.
In central Russia, including in the Moscow region, zucchini are planted in open ground from mid-May to early June .
The agrotechnology of planting zucchini in open ground is simple. You should first prepare the ground by fertilizing it and digging it up. Cow dung or compost is ideal for this. You only need to make organic fertilizer in advance.
The distance between plants should be at least 70-80 centimeters. A distance of 1.4-1.5 meters should be left between the rows. If planted more often, then the zucchini will interfere with each other. Pay special attention to this.
In open ground, seeds are planted to a depth of 3-5 centimeters.
If you plant seedlings, then everything is the same. Just before planting, you must first prepare the holes. When planting seedlings, be careful not to damage the roots, zucchini do not take root well in a new place with damaged roots. That is why it is recommended to plant seedlings in peat cups.
Zucchini periodically need to be loosened, watered and fed. Water the plants with warm water only. Increase watering during fruit ripening. Use urea, chicken dung, and cow dung for feeding.