Video about grafting roses. The video tells and shows how to properly propagate roses by cuttings.
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Sections: Garden Plants Plants on R Video Roses
0 # Anna
Very detailed and clear! There are so many nuances and everything is considered and shown. I love roses, but there is still so much more to learn about them! I didn't even know that in the first year of planting there might be 5 buds on the bush!
Cutting rose - for flower growers this is the simplest and most reliable way of propagation. The propagation efficiency of roses by green or lignified cuttings can greatly depend on the variety and group to which it belongs.
Cuttings of climbing roses, most of miniature, polyanthus, hybrid-polyanthus, floribunda, some hybrid tea roses, for which neither rootstocks nor budding are needed, take root most easily. The wrinkled park rose and many varieties of yellow roses are almost not propagated.
Two types of cuttings are used: last year - lignified and this year - semi-lignified (green). Lignified cuttings of roses - use finished growth and well-ripened smooth annual stems 4-5 mm thick. They are harvested in late autumn, when pruning roses. They can be stored in winter at temperatures close to zero and planted in early spring. You can cut the cuttings in the fall, treat with a root former of the heteroauxin type, place in wet sphagnum moss, or peat then in polyethylene and store in the refrigerator or buried deep in the ground. During the winter, callus forms on the cuttings, and then roots. You can plant cuttings at home in boxes or in the spring in a ground cuttings.
If the winter was warm and the roses were not frozen, last year's cuttings can be cut in the spring with a length of 10-12 cm and immediately dipped into the water. After taking them out of the water, they are planted in the soil and watered. They are planted obliquely, almost completely burying into the ground.
Despite the fact that now there are many opportunities to purchase any kind of rose, there will always be amateurs for whom planting flowers and cutting techniques are of great interest. There can be many reasons for this: someone likes a certain variety, but there is no way to buy it, someone wants to grow a rose they like from a bouquet, and someone just loves to experiment with plants.
Growing roses from cuttings can be done by the following methods:
Chubuki for autumn propagation of roses is harvested from shoots that have not yet completely lignified. This is how they are at the beginning of flowering. Very green or coarse stems are more difficult to root.
For cuttings, one-year-old bushes with well-developed and even stems, about 5 mm thick, are selected. Divide them into several segments 20-25 cm long (use a sharp garden tool). On each received division, the presence of at least five living internodes is mandatory.
To make the first cut, retreat about 2 cm from the upper kidney and cut evenly. Then the required length of the cutting is measured and the shoot is cut obliquely directly under the lower bud.
If it is supposed to plant cuttings immediately, then they are completely cleaned of foliage. When planting is postponed, some of the leaves should be left to feed the plant.
When roses are propagated by dividing the bush, it is dug up along with the roots. Then lightly shake off the ground to understand the state of the root system. If damage is found, remove it.
Shears cut the bush into the required number of parts. Each should have its own roots. Leave one shoot with 3-5 buds, the rest are cut to the base. After that, the wounds are treated with garden varnish, the roots are dipped in clay-manure slurry and planted in the ground.
Breeding scheme for roses by dividing the bush
This method is mainly propagated rooted miniature, climbing and park roses. In early spring, when the buds on the plant have not yet begun to grow, the bush is dug up and divided into two or three parts, making sure that the root system is preserved on each part. Then the plants are planted in a permanent place. In the first year after transplantation, roses (especially miniature and climbing) are limited in flowering, removing the buds. This must be done in order for the plants to grow as many roots as possible and then overwinter successfully.
Grafting of roses is an artificial way of splicing the cuttings of one plant (scion) with another (rootstock), which is similar in appearance. As a result, varietal roses can be obtained quickly and at minimal cost.
The main success of such a procedure depends on the condition of the rootstock and scion. Frozen or overdried cuttings are not suitable for use.
If they were harvested some time ago and had time to dry, it is required to lower them into water and keep in it until the moment of inoculation; wet moss can also be used. Compliance with the rules of hygiene is the main condition for the propagation of roses by grafting.
Reproduction of roses by grafting is carried out by choosing a rootstock, which is used as a wild rose, preferably wild. You can plant a rose in any form, but the quality of the resulting variety will be different in all cases.
For example, the Kanin rose is a vigorous plant, which excludes the possibility of planting miniature roses on it.
Fragrant rose - less strong, has good frost resistance, a strong branched root system, easy defrosting and high disease resistance.
In early autumn, rose hips are harvested. Seeds must be cleaned of pulp as soon as possible, rinsed, mixed with wet sand and stored at a temperature of 3-5 degrees Celsius until planting.
In order to be able to reproduce roses by grafting, it is necessary to avoid drying out the seeds, which can cause them to fall into deep dormancy.
Sowing seeds is done before the soil freezes, in October, or at the end of April. Sometimes the seeds are stratified in the sand during the year.
As soon as at least two leaves appear, they are dived in a garden bed into a very loose fertile soil, after which they are watered with a weak solution of potassium permanganate in order to increase the seedlings' resistance to the "black leg". A year later, in the fall, they are dug up and sorted.
Summer propagation of roses by grafting should be carried out from mid-July to mid-August. In the south, later budding is possible.
If the rose hips have grown too much, then it can be cut off so that nothing interferes with the vaccination. A week before the start of budding, the stock is thoroughly shed with water so that the bark is better separated.
As cuttings, you should choose shoots that are well ripe (you can easily separate the thorns from them) and have finally formed buds. Leaves are removed on cut shoots, while the petioles do not need to be touched.
Budding is carried out in a T-shaped incision of the uncooked root collar of the stock with a dormant bud. Further, this place must be tied with a film, and the cutting itself must be sprinkled with earth. The processes grown from the kidney are pinched after the appearance of the 4th leaflet.
In the fall, the stock is in the basement in moist sand mixed with sawdust. Cuttings for budding are cut from the bushes and stored until the moment of inoculation.
In the middle of winter, the stock is brought into the heat, where it is kept in a trench for about a week. Vaccination in winter is carried out in various ways, except for placing a sleeping kidney with a T-shaped incision, since there is no sap flow during this period.
An oblique cut is made on the handle, which is combined with a side cut made on the rootstock. The grafted cuttings are tied with a film, and the existing cuts are treated with garden varnish.
The grafted roses are folded obliquely into a hole with wet moss mixed with sawdust, after a while they are planted in plastic bags and placed in a warm room, in the spring they are planted in open ground.
When a full-fledged callus is formed and roots appear, the cuttings of the rose are planted in jars or pots (one at a time) in the soil, so that the upper bud rises above the surface. Cover the pot or jar with plastic wrap to create a water bath. The temperature should now be above 23-25 degrees. Often sprayed, gradually opening the film as the cuttings grow.
That's the whole technology. It does not require large expenses and gives very good results, the percentage of survival rate of cuttings of roses is high and allows reproduction of even the most capricious varieties of roses. However, not only roses ...
Great article. I will definitely try this method - I love roses, I have decently planted them on my site, more than 50 bushes and hybrid tea and floribunda and climbing. Thank you!
Very interesting article! Thank you! I'll try right away. I have wonderful roses now. Maybe something good will come out. I didn't understand just in the figure with wrapped cuttings (see 3rd) is there a plastic wrap on top? The text does not say anything about this, but only newspapers or napkins will retain moisture for 3 weeks? If anyone has tried it already, please respond!
There it is written and wrapped in film
Everything worked out, only the planted roses after 5 weeks all turned black
Did you cover them with cans? After planting in the ground, for the first time, they need a greenhouse. It was like that for me too, but I removed the banks from them early. I thought, since we started to grow, it’s already possible. And I still had to hold it, wait to get stronger.
I've tried it. I found a video and did the same. But my cuttings were moldy. I don’t know what I did wrong….
Good day! She wrapped both fresh cuttings and from a bouquet, cut the thorns with scissors, made them in November, kept them in a cold room. The package must be wrapped in a black bag, squeezed out the newspaper. Most have sprouted, but after!, 5 -2 months. But I left for the funeral for 2 months and the seedlings were gone. I'll do it again, I'll write. Storage temperature is important. ! 4-! 8 Degrees.
Good afternoon, last year I managed to germinate by this method one stalk of donated roses, for a year it grew and bloomed with me, although the buds were small, but still pleased, it is imperative to wrap newspaper bundles with cuttings in a plastic bag, this year too I try this method, I wrapped it up on February 3, after three weeks we'll see what happened there, try it!
Good day. Useful article. It's been warm in my polycarbonate greenhouse for a couple of weeks now, and several varieties of roses are growing there, which have gone into growth. The ground in the greenhouse thawed out and I drew the roses, which, by the time they were planted in the ground, already form a callus from which the first roots will soon appear. This is how I propagate park roses - they
quite persistent in all respects for central Russia and bloom profusely all summer until October, until frost hits - 7 degrees With all the best - Peter Samsonovich
Dear Petr Samsonovich! I dream of planting park roses. If you could send me cuttings of your roses for a reasonable fee, I would be infinitely grateful to you! What if grafting will be successful! In Samara, roses often die, we are tired of resuming planting of delicate varieties. Where do you live? I have a pink park rose, very fragrant and blooming profusely, though once, but for a long time. The name is unknown to me. I can share.
I used this method of sprouting cuttings, but nothing worked, the cuttings turned black and I had to throw everything away, but I do not lose hope, I think that I did not do everything correctly with the temperature regime, in my case it was suggested to keep it in the refrigerator, on a shelf with a door. I will definitely try. Thank you for the article.
I tried this method. In September, I put the cuttings of roses from a bouquet on the shelf of the refrigerator. 14оС. Callus was not formed on all cuttings. When I planted good cuttings in the ground for roses and covered it with a bag, sprayed it, all the cuttings turned black and disappeared. It seems to me that for the formation of roots, it is not the earth that is needed, but a very loose substrate such as "vermiculite", and after the formation of leaves, transfer the rose into the ground.
I am very sorry that it did not work out. I've never seen such roses before.
Good day! I'm new to gardening tricks. We bought a private house with a plot less than a year ago, but luckily for me, I inherited from the old mistress a large file of the newspaper "home and garden for the soul." I study it with interest, while in the Trans-Urals there is snow in full and does not come off as quickly as I would like. I want to share with the readers an interesting article from this publication on the reproduction of roses, maybe someone will be interested in an alternative to the buritto method. "Home and Garden for the Soul" №01 (25) 2010, pp. 25-27 article "Free rose garden with your own hands in one year" author Larisa Krasnova Saratov region. I really hope for her favor that she will not be offended for the fact that I will briefly share her experience. I searched through a search engine for its publication, but in vain. So, further I quote in an abbreviated form from the publication: "" Master class from Larisa Krasnova "1. Choose faded shoots with a thickness of at least 5 mm. with faded or semi-faded flowers. 2. We check them for maturity. In a mature shoot, the thorns break off easily and cleanly without damaging the bark. We break out a flower with a peduncle ... 3. We divide the shoot into parts of 4-5 buds (in a longer cuttings moisture remains longer, which means life). The upper cut on the future cutting should be straight and 1 cm higher than the bud. Carefully remove the leaves from the two lower buds. 4 We make an oblique bottom cut on each handle. The larger the cut area, the more powerful the root system the cutting forms. 5. Dilute sodium humate (or gummy paste) in non-chlorinated water. Solution of strong tea color. We mark the cuttings and put them in cups. 6. We put 2-3 weeks on the window, but not in direct sunlight. We add clean water as needed. The glass is better not transparent ... After 2-3 weeks, callus forms on the cut (white tubercles of root buds). The stalk is ready for planting in the ground. Further, it is better for the roots to develop in the ground ... 7. We are preparing a site for a school. You can plant compactly, so that it would be more convenient to cover for the winter (then the author talks about choosing a place: illumination, protection from the wind, not damp. Ordinary garden soil is suitable. We do not add any fertilizers, including compost or manure! depth of 7-8 cm, no more. If the earth is heavy, you can add sand, preferably coarse. 8. Immerse the cutting in the soil, deepening the 2 lower buds. Water and carefully tamp the earth around the cutting (an air bubble can cause rotting of the cutting). Pour 1 cm. Cover the stalk with a plastic bottle without a bottom, do not close the cork ... Old leaves will begin to turn yellow and fall off - this is normal, the bud is ready to sprout. If a bud appears, remove it so as not to weaken the plant. 9. Remove the bottle when the shoots grow and they will feel cramped under the bottle ... ”End of quote.Further, the author tells how to close the plant for the winter. The length of summer and the severity of winter varies from region to region, so consider your climate. To everyone who read it - thanks for your attention and if you liked it - I wish you good luck, I hope everything will work out. I haven't tried it myself yet, I'm waiting for the long-awaited June-July (I have someone to ask for shoots from my aunt and my aunt husband). I will write about the results, I think everything will work out. (By the way, in our Kurgan region last summer, a rose seedling cost from 300 rubles and more to 1000 rubles, and the quality and varieties were questionable). THANKS AGAIN LARISSA KRASNOVA FOR THE ARTICLE "FREE ROSARY ..." All the best.
Love, thank you! I will definitely try this method. I also tried the method from the article, but the cuttings died.
Natalia, pay attention - this method is good where there is low humidity and stable low temperatures. In the southern regions, under such a shelter, plants are cut out.
Often cut roses (for bouquets) are treated with "preserving" substances that prevent wilting. This may be the reason for the rooting failure.
Elena, I agree with you. I have never been able to root imported shop roses, but my own, accidentally broken off 100%. I just cut them into cuttings and planted them in a flower bed under a 5-liter bottle, by the middle of summer or by autumn I got ready-made young roses. Now the task is to preserve them in the winter.
Good afternoon) I also once tried this method. But unfortunately nothing happened ... ((((I love roses very much and want to plant a few bushes at home.
I'm not a fan of roses, but I still grow a few varieties.
I love them, of course, but it's very troublesome with them.
Several years ago I tried buritto with a friend. so the roses stood on the windowsill for almost a year))) well, and then, for reasons unknown to me, they disappeared (
not a bad article) I like to experiment and try to plant something new) you will need to try =)
do not remember what roses were planted then using the buritto method? and maybe someone knows what roses to pick up to make an arch?
unfortunately I can't say for sure ... my husband gave me flowers for my birthday) I have a climbing rose Corvest. It has very decorative orange flowers. Very beautiful)))
Why not?! You type in a search engine - a sea of proposals))))
There will certainly be a photo report if it turns out to grow roses like that) Chaplins Pink try to plant. very beautiful and have a delicate faint aroma.
and how long does it take for the rose to fully grow for the arch?
My arch is small and has grown in just a few years.
I would advise you to do regular pruning immediately the next year after planting and not spare the plant, so you can achieve the desired result faster.
Finally, my beloved Gloria Day has released the first buds! I also recommend this variety))
I once had experience in growing roses, but unfortunately nothing happened ... maybe there are some secrets to successfully growing roses?
maybe you chose the wrong landing site? roses love light very much
I do not know. Maybe. planted near the fence ...
For good growth, the bushes need to be fertilized regularly with mineral fertilizers. So they will bloom magnificently.
near the fence there are drafts and often a shadow. try planting roses in a brighter place next time.
It will be necessary to plant something new this year ... now I will look for a new suitable place for planting)
by the way, my grandmother taught me how to grow roses)))) I always cut my mother's bouquets and then received them from my parents =) but then there was an excellent result) This year we bought the Queen Elizabeth Floribunda Rose. She has a little brown leaves ... How her to rescue?
maybe she got sick? or some pests attacked?
she has such brown spots ... I feed her several times a month ...
it may be leaf spot. How often do you feed your roses?
What are you ?? don't feed so often! Spray with mullein and I hope everything will pass quickly)
I agree with Tatiana. Roses should not be overfed. Do you only have this variety growing or are there any more?
Pascali hybrid tea rose still bought together) This grows normally)))
Have you ever bought it in a container?
I only buy in containers ... so the root system is whole and you know that the plant is more likely to take root.
but it is convenient for me to transport the plant, it is not damaged)
and where would you advise to buy? I think over the Internet, but I'm afraid that they will bring something not what I will order ...
write me an e-mail [..] I will tell you exactly where I ordered, at least a month and a half were the parcels, everything stuck well. I'm in Kamchatka, the order came from Crimea
well, it depends on where to order ... of course. that there are unscrupulous sellers. you need to look for reliable ones.
Very useful, only the use of willow is unclear. I would like to read the supplement on this matter. And yet, I somehow got cuttings with the same lateral rudimentary white shoots (albeit by a different method, they were dug in the ground for the winter). All the shoots turned into twigs, but the callus never formed.
Good evening, lovers of the royal rose flower, I live in the Kuban and there are no problems with planting cuttings of roses at all. I have whiter than 40 bushes of various roses in my flower garden. I cover the ground and cover it with a plastic bottle, in the spring of almost all the cuttings buds start to move, after the spring frosts I teach them, then I completely remove the bottles. I water them often with warm, settled water. I wish everyone success in floriculture.
Good day! Tell me, so I cut the cuttings, held it in the root, planted it, closed it with a bottle, and then what? Where to store until spring? At home or in a cellar? And at what temperature? Please tell me professionals!