Do millipedes harm plants?


In the greenhouse and in pots with fuchsias I have seen millipedes. Do they harm the plants?

Response: Yes, some species can damage the roots, germinating seeds and seedlings. Let the soil dry up between waterings, millipedes thrive in a warm and humid environment.

Entice with fruit or root vegetables that you put in a pit in the soil. Sprinkle soil over and whiten the trap often. You can immerse pots in water for about 20 minutes. After a while, the centipedes come up in lack of oxygen, then just remove them.


Are you tired of throwing away cups and cups of coffee grounds after you have prepared it? Because it is very rich in nutrients, sludge can be used to help your garden flourish. Coffee is naturally acidic and rich in nutrients, such as nitrogen and potassium, making it an excellent choice for use in alkaline soils or low nutrient. With a little creativity, coffee grounds can be used to help with a variety of garden tasks.

Method 1 of 2: Use coffee grounds as a soil supplement

Add the coffee grounds to a composting system One of the easiest ways to use it is to add it to the rest of your associations. In addition to providing extra organic material, it will be able to slow down the composting decomposition process. To get these benefits, just pour the coffee grounds with the other compounds and mix them.

  • There are two main types of composting materials: "green" compost and "brown" compost. Coffee grounds are considered a "green" compound along with other moist and nutritious materials. When adding a large amount of it to the compost, balance it with some "brown" compost - bulky and dry materials, such as leaves, branches, straw, corn husks, newspaper, sawdust, etc.

Add coffee grounds directly to the soil to increase the acidity. The sludge alone has a pH of about 5.1 - quite acidic compared to the soil in most gardens. Although this pH may be too acidic for some plants, it is ideal for those who require extra acidity. Just pour a little coffee grounds near the root of the plants at the beginning of the growing season to achieve the acidity effect. THE blueberry (blueberry), cranberry (cranberries) and citrus fruits love coffee added to their soil. Other plants that also love coffee are camellia, gardenia and rhododendron.

  • Some plants produce flowers of different colors in more acidic soils. Adding coffee grounds to hydrangeas, for example, is good for blue flowers.

Add lime to balance the coffee's pH. As mentioned earlier, coffee grounds are naturally acidic and may be unsuitable for "ordinary" gardens. To alleviate this, mix some lime with the sludge. Lime is naturally alkaline (or "alkaline", as opposed to acidic) and counteracts the acidity of the coffee grounds. This makes it possible to add sludge directly in the garden as a blanket or soil conditioner.

  • Lime is usually found in construction and garden stores.

Use coffee grounds to add nutrients to the soil. Be aware, however, that acidity is not the only property it has to offer. This compound is also rich in several nutrients that are essential for plant health, making it an excellent alternative if your garden needs it. See below:

  • The coffee grounds is rich in:
  • Nitrogen.
  • Magnesium.
  • Potassium.
  • The coffee grounds is not rich in:
  • Phosphorus.
  • Calcium.

Make liquid food for the plants. There is no need to use coffee grounds directly in the garden, you can also create some liquid and nutritious food for plants and use it. To do this, put a handful of coffee grounds in a bucket of water. Let it sit in a cool environment, like a garage, for a day or two. The liquid should have a yellow color. Strain the rest of the coffee grounds and use the liquid to water the plants.

  • It will have the same acidity and nutrient content as regular coffee grounds, so use it carefully on plants that do not require high acidity levels, nitrogen, potassium, etc.

Method 2 of 2: Use coffee grounds for other tasks

Use coffee grounds to prevent pests. Snails and slugs can eat your most special plants, but they are not fans of coffee. Throw a handful of sludge around the base of the plant you want to protect. If you are interested in increasing the acidity of the soil, make a solid circle with it away from the base.

  • This is believed to work because caffeine harms these pests.

Use coffee beans to keep cats away from the garden. Coffee grounds not only work for small pests, they can also be used to prevent cats from playing with sensitive plants. In that case, use it in the same way as you would use against snails and slugs, throw a small amount around the plants you want to protect. The effect of acidity on the soil can be inevitable depending on the amount used.

Use coffee grounds as food for earthworms. If you have a vermiculture (raising worms) this is a great time to use coffee grounds. Earthworms love coffee, so feel free to add the amount you want. Know, however, that the coffee grounds must be accompanied by a balanced diet: fruit and vegetable leftovers, newspapers, leaves, etc.

Use coffee grounds to prevent a fungal infection. There is evidence that it can be used to prevent certain types of fungi from attacking certain plants. A small amount used may prevent some species (Fusarium, Pythium and Sclerotinia) to attack the root. Tomatoes, eggplants and peppers are extremely vulnerable to fungal infections, so coffee grounds can help them in this case.


Flowers bloom too early

Climate is the main reason why plants bloom early. If the soil and air temperature are above average for a long time, leaf and flower buds can germinate before the schedule.

Installing light bulbs too shallow is another reason why light bulbs germinate in the winter. The rule of thumb is to plant bulbs at a depth that is three times their size. A 1 ”light bulb should be planted 3” deep. If you do not plant your bulbs deep enough, they can germinate early.

Light bulbs need cool winter night temperatures that are constant in 40s F. (4-9 C.) when installed. If they are planted too early, you may also see bulbs sprout in the winter.


Extra protection

Provide extra protection by using fallen leaves in the garden as a warming blanket in the flower bed. Oak leaves and beech leaves are preferable as they break down slowly and keep the cover airy. Spruce twigs are also popular to use, they keep the leaves in place and prevent the snow from weighing down the cover under the spruce twigs. Snow also forms a protective blanket against the cold of winter, but hold on to the snow so that it does not break the branches.

Stemmed roses

On stemmed roses, the breeding place sits high above the ground and makes them extra sensitive to the winter cold.

Carefully tie the crown together and attach shadow fabric or jute fabric under the processing point. Pour on dry, light soil mixed with finely chopped rice or leca balls so that the processing place is covered. Tie the fabric together in an airy bag around the crown.

Climbing roses

Cover the entire climbing rose airily with shade fabric or jute fabric in place against the wall or tie it together carefully and lay it down on the ground and cover with soil, rice and fabric.


Lifestyle [edit | edit wikitext]

Aphids are herd animals and are most often seen in large, dense groups with both young (miniatures) and adults. Aphids can give birth to live young but often undergo a so-called incomplete transformation such as eggs, nymphs and imago. The nymph, which looks like a small variant of the adult animal, undergoes several skin examinations before it becomes a fully formed insect.

When there is a shortage of food or too crowded a plant, aphids are born with wings to be able to fly to a new plant further away. They can travel long distances with the air currents.

The aphid females can give birth to young without being fertilized. In that case, the young become exact copies and therefore there should be many times more females than males. A female gives birth to about 50 cubs during her lifetime, sometimes several a day. The young of the unfertilized females are already pregnant with offspring and so on. The fertilization of male lice is most needed when winter approaches, as the females can then lay eggs that overwinter.

In Sweden, there are about 560 [2] species of aphids. Most live in the southern part of Sweden.


How to make an alpine hill in the country

Step 1: Select a location

Choose a corner that is visible from several points, which has already become a favorite holiday destination. Well, if it has a natural bias - it will facilitate the formation of long lines. The brightest is the stone garden, well lit by the sun, so the south side of the slope is ideal for the alpine hill in the country.

Draw the account of the future rock garden on the site, estimate how interesting it will look from different points, make corrections if necessary.

Step 2: Delivery of stones

Run the boulders. It takes 1-3 very large, medium and small.

Step 3: Preparation of the substrate. The device of drainage

The magnificent island in the mountainous landscape that attracts our eyes is like the tip of an iceberg. This is the visible part of the mountain farm - looks out from under the land blocks, lush vegetation. But most of what we share is not visible - drainage, underground parts of boulders, sand and a layer of fertile soil, something that creates ideal conditions for the delivery of plant roots and prevents the growth of weeds. If you do not take care of drainage when you build an alpine grinder on the dacha, the soil from under the hill will be washed and the stones will start to sink.

  1. Prepare a basic source, the depth of which depends on the area of ​​the mountain areas. For an area of ​​2.5 x 2.5 meters, the desired depth is about 1 meter.
  2. At the bottom to fill the drainage material - walls, hooks, building debris about 1/3 of the depth. Wood shavings and wood chips can not be used.
  3. Over the sand, 1/3 of the depth.
  4. Then pour the soil, 1/3 of the depth.
  5. To torture.

Step 4: Install boulders

If the alpine hill is broken on a flat part of the dacha, the largest boulders are in the middle, slightly shifting from the middle. This allows you to create a natural hill, a "hill". Furthermore, the rest of the boulders are radial, roughly focused on reduction in size, but in some places this algorithm breaks in order not to get an artificially ordered, unforeseen relief.

If the rock garden is arranged on the slope, the largest stones are placed on the base, the rest above them according to the above algorithm - approximately from the large to the small on top. Do not forget to present an element of randomness in their arrangement.

Vertical arrangement of flat stones

In nature, the freshest stone screws are not the most expressive, but the old stones that have left deep into the earth, which barely protrude to the surface. Have you tried digging rocks? It is not easy to do this, even medium-sized boulders leave in the ground for 2/3 - 7/8 of their height.

When laying the stones needed to ensure that they are sufficiently immersed in the ground, not less than 1/3 of the height of the stone - this will ensure the stability of structures and give the alpine slope, built in the country, a natural look. Start the installation with the largest stones, using a ball and a shovel (without an assistant it is difficult to do). Somewhere you have to dig a foundation to dig a rock, somewhere to apply stone supports to fix the desired position.

Once the stones are placed, pour the soil between them. Place the stones tightly, otherwise plants planted in small soil pockets will not have enough space to develop a healthy root system.

The Alps with plants planted in pots

Step 5: Selection of plants

Choose plants that will be comfortable in your climate and in given lighting and irrigation conditions. Preference is given to stunted, unpretentious plants, which retain their decorativeness after flowering.

The Alps at the dacha are created for a long time. In its design, as a rule, perennials. A rare rock garden can not do without these three groups of plants:

  • ground cover
  • outlet
  • Bulbous (tuberous).
  • Evergreen shrubs.

The combination of bright colors on the alpine hill

Ground cover (carpet) plants spread along the surface and form a large number of long horizontal shoots. The green carpet beautifully covers the boulders, giving the illusion that plants grow directly on the rocks. These include thyme, St. John's wort, veronica, zhivotchka, daisy, sedum, alpine strawberries and others.

In rosette plants, horizontal growth is limited and does not develop as intensively as cover glass. The most beautiful of them are quite capricious in care - levizii, orostakhis, many types of gentian.

A small waterfall in the Alps

Without light bulbs can not do, if you want Alpine hill at the cottage is covered with flowers in early spring (before all flowering crocus, Galanthus, Leucojum). In addition, they serve as an obstacle between actively growing soil protection and weak rosette plants.

Pay attention to the most popular plants for the rock garden:

  • Molodilo - easy-loving, drought resistant, beautiful succulent leaves and pale purple flowers.
  • Cleaning - Drought-resistant, unpretentious carpet flowers.
  • Saw cloth - shade-loving, small-leaf carpets bloom in early spring.
  • Gubastek - shade tolerant, flowers in autumn, height up to 22 cm, spreading up to a diameter of 20 cm.
  • Edelweiss - winter-haired, height 15cm, diameter of "carpet" to 20 cm, blooms in June-July.
  • Lumbago is photophilous, flowering from mid-spring.

Evergreen shrubs, which many like to plant in the country, can serve as the dominant part of the alpine mountains - boxwood, juniper, yucca.

Use of walls in the interval between large stones

Step 6: Plant the plants.

When planting plants, their compatibility, decorativeness and special care must be taken into account.

Typically, the horizontal growth of shoots pochnopokrovnyh (thyme, arabis, wetland, aubreta) should limit, cutting them along the contour of the scissors. Soil plants of different species compete with each other, they are not planted in one place. They damage the sensitive rosette species, so they are far away from them. Well compatible with light bulb, in addition to sedum and saxifrage - they release into the soil toxic substances that are harmful to bulbous.

Use of sawdust as protection against grass and hidden soils

Plant delicate rosette flowers on the alpine hill at the dacha, make sure they do not exist with the ground cover. If this is not avoided, it must regularly limit the fast-growing whips in growth, so that they do not force out the bows. Ground the rosette flower cover with non-woven material, protect them from weeds, pour from above a layer of small stones.

Consider different flowering times when placing light bulbs. After the early small-blocked torch, daffodils, tulips, muscari and spores are picked up. In summer bird flies bloom, in autumn crocuses. Bulbous after bleeding need pruning, so that the site is not empty, plant in a pocket several species bloom at different times. Use the feature that many species of bulbs are planted at different depths. Finally, in order for bulbs not to creep (and they are used to "traveling" in the ground), plant them inside the limiter, such as an old bucket or cans without a bottom. For crocuses, the limiter should be with the bottom - this is the only way to protect their light bulbs from mice.

Large flower bed with evergreen plants

Step 7: Install the steps

As a final touch, check if there is an opportunity to go through the stones for each plant to take care of. If not - create additional steps from the stones, providing reliable support for each of them.

Waterfall on the alpine hill


Aphids as pests [edit | edit wikitext]

Because aphids feed on plant nutrients, they can cause great damage in a garden. A healthy plant can usually withstand a minor aphid infestation, but with larger infestations, the plant's nutritional deficiencies can affect growth rate, flowering, fruit production and more. There are also some aphid species that produce an enzyme, which causes the leaves of the plant to curl up. The curled leaves are susceptible to fungal attack, which can spread to other parts of the plant, especially if the plant is already weakened by a real aphid infestation.

Aphids have many natural enemies, including the well-known ladybug. Using garden poisons that harm ladybugs and other aphid-eating creatures can lead to severe aphid problems later on. Fescue larvae, parasitic beetles and flower fly larvae are just a few examples of animals that help with biological control of aphids, and thus can keep the aphids in check. As mentioned earlier in the article, ants appreciate the sweet honeydew produced by aphids. The ants therefore usually guard the aphids carefully and do not hesitate to attack and kill predators that try to attack the aphids. If you have severe aphid problems in your garden, it may therefore be an idea to do something about the ant colonies rather than the aphids.

Many different approaches are used today to stop aphid infestations in the garden and each gardener often has their own definite idea of ​​which method is best. In the case of minor infestations, it may be sufficient to rinse the infested plants with cold water, as this may cause the aphids to lose their grip and fall to the ground. However, this only works if the garden has plenty of small predators, which eat the fallen aphids, otherwise they climb back up along the plants again. Rinsing the plants with soap solution is another popular method that works by suffocating aphids. Like all other insects, aphids breathe through the skin and the soap prevents them from absorbing oxygen. However, it is necessary to hit each aphid directly and this can be difficult, especially if you are dealing with aphids, which cause the leaves of the plant to curl around the aphids and protect it. A third method is to use one of the pesticides available in garden stores.


Video: Different types of COMPOST BUGS. Compost Critters. Black soldier fly larvae. Compost Helpers


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