Detailed description of zucchini varieties Tsukesha


Tsukesha is a zucchini zucchini with excellent taste, thin skin, and high yield. In almost every garden plot, you can find this handsome man with a gentle green, and then with a malachite skin. Connoisseurs of early vegetables choose this variety for its quick response to care, the ability to use in early salads without heat treatment.

Description and characteristics of zucchini varieties Tsukesha

An early maturing variety with an unusually beautiful skin color. While the ovary weighs up to 200 g, it is about 10-15 cm, it is used in fresh salads along with the peel.

Low level of astringent and long-term absence of grains - the conditions due to which the choice is made on him. The variety is suitable for all types of storage and processing. According to the description, it is cold-resistant both at the moment of growth and for storage.

Technical ripeness comes for 40 - 50 days... Fruit weighing 700-900g... From 1 sq.m. you can get it 12-15 kg fruits.

Remain tender, with medium-sized seeds and thin skin, even in the first months of storage.

Advantages and disadvantages

The advantages can be safely attributed to all the characteristics of the variety, and take into account that for more than 15 years, the choice of farms and gardeners has been falling on this variety.

The pluses include:

  • High yield;
  • Early maturity. This is important for replenishing early vegetables in the diet;
  • Amazing delicate taste, milk pulp, lack of large seeds and voids in the core;
  • Undemanding to the soil;
  • High transportability;
  • Shelf life up to 7-8 months in the storage;
  • High germination;
  • The ability to use in all types of storage and processing.

The disadvantages of this variety are minimal, and almost invisible in relation to the advantages:

  • Demanding to watering and sunlight;
  • It is difficult to transfer a transplant, and therefore it is better to sow seeds directly into the ground and cover.

Seed preparation

You will not have any difficulties with planting seeds for sure. There are two options, and both are quite viable.

Landing in the ground

The variety is early maturing, and therefore, you can sow seeds immediately to a permanent place.

After a month and a half, and sometimes even earlier, you will get excellent small ovaries up to 15 cm in size.

  1. Prepare high bed, it is better to organize a small greenhouse, inside which you can put the spring compost mixed with manure.
  2. On top, on manure, pour not less than 30 cm... Spill the earth over the entire bed with warm water and cover with foil.
  3. In a day, when you see that the bed has finished hovering, immerse your hand 20 cm. in the garden. If the ground is lukewarm but not hot, you can start sowing.

If the temperature inside the bed is above 15 degrees, or you cannot determine it with accuracy, do not rush to plant. The land should be approximately like fresh milk.

Seedlings in pots

If you want to collect fresh zucchini for delicate vitamin salads in June, planting is worth starting in April... To do this, it is better to use peat pots, with which you will plant the seedlings in the ground.

When planting seeds, you should not add fertilizer, otherwise the seedlings will be thin, they will stretch and there will be few ovaries.

Landing technology

If you prefer to sow seeds with seedlings for an early harvest, this option will work:

  1. Soak seeds on cheesecloth for three o'clock in warm water.
  2. Fill the pots with earth.
  3. Dampen the ground with warm water.
  4. Sow a seed no deeper than 2 cm.
  5. Cover the pots with plastic wrap.
  6. When planting seedlings in the ground, be sure to spill the holes with enough water - this way the peat pots will dissolve faster and allow the roots to grow.
  7. After placing the pots in the holes, sprinkle with earth, press down on the roots and sprinkle with water again.
  8. Required cover the seedlings with covering material, otherwise direct sunlight will burn the leaves, and the plant will recover for a long time.

If you sow directly into the ground, late April - early May it is better to choose a natural greenhouse using compost and manure.

  1. After the bed has stopped "burning", open the film
  2. Loosen the top layer of the earth, do pits 2 - 3 cm deep.
  3. Sow soaked seeds from a distance 20 * 30cm apart... This will be enough, since the variety grows a lash, does not form several lashes from the root.
  4. Water the plantings and cover with plastic wrap. Do not open until germination occurs.

Care

As soon as shoots appear, it is necessary open the film and ventilate the greenhouse or garden during the day. It is necessary to water a little and often in the first week - the ground should not be dry.

The soil around the sprouts should not be allowed to harden and become crusty. It is necessary to loosen as soon as an earthen crust is formed.

During the beginning of flowering, it is necessary to carefully shed a garden water, and immediately after that fertilize with fresh, infused manure diluted in water for a day at the rate of about 1 kg. for 10 liters of water.

Harvest the first fruits that have reached 15 cm. The next will set faster. The first small zucchini will delight you in fresh salads.

Diseases and prevention

Tsukesha very hardy to various kinds of diseases, and if you take proper care of the plant, it may not let you know about any problems throughout the summer.

With the onset of cool nights and morning dew, the leaves may deteriorate, but this does not affect the quality of the fruit. Do not overdo it with fertilization and the introduction of compost and manure - thanks to such fertilizing, the plant begins to increase the growth of foliage, and the fruits are tied in smaller quantities.

Harvesting and storage

You can start harvesting with the first small fruits, and from July you need to visit the garden at least once every 3 days... Do not miss the moment when the zucchini begins to feed in width and form voids with seeds inside.

Ripe zucchini reaches weight up to 1 kg, and length up to 30 cm... When stored in a dark room with a temperature not higher than 15 degrees, and not lower than 7, vegetables winter well for 5-6 months.

You can store unripe zucchini in a cool place or in the refrigerator no more than a month... If you wrap them in newspaper or parchment with air access, then you can keep them in the refrigerator for 1.5 months.

Canning, cooking caviar and salads for the winter is common among amateurs. The variety is excellent in processing, as it has a thin and soft skin, light structure and very small seeds.

Tsukesha is suitable for any region and will allow even novice gardeners to feel like experienced, experienced farmers. The main thing is to have time to harvest.


Zucchini Zucchini Zucchini - an early ripening variety of universal use

Zucchini Zucchini is a classic early ripening zucchini that grows in bushes and takes up a minimum of space in the garden. The variety is loved by many gardeners for its high yield, tasty fruits and unpretentious care. After planting, it is enough to water and feed the plant in a timely manner so that harvesting begins at the end of June.

Tsukesha zucchini has delicate and tasty fruits

Zucchini zucchini Tsukesha is unpretentious in care


Features of the Tsukesha variety

Another name for the variety is “zucchini”. These zucchini have a bright green color with light green blotches. Inside they have a light elastic flesh. Tsukeshi has no thorns on its leaves. And another advantage of the variety is that the branches on the bush are not long - many zucchini can ripen on them at once.

The photo shows that the size of Tsukesh's zucchini is about 30 centimeters long and ten centimeters wide. The weight of the fetus reaches 1 kilogram.


How to choose

You can choose zucchini for yourself to taste and even color

In order to get the maximum possible yield of zucchini, it is important to choose the right variety, while taking into account personal preferences in color.

It is also worth taking into account the following points:

  • When choosing a variety of zucchini for a summer residence or a personal plot, you should definitely take into account the climatic features of your region. Frost-resistant varieties are not afraid of temperature fluctuations and even frost on the ground will not allow the plant to reduce fruiting. Unstable thermometer readings will negatively affect heat-loving ones, the plant will significantly reduce the number of fruits, and sometimes it may die.
  • What purpose the fruits will have is also important, some varieties are selected for food in the season, completely different varieties are planted for harvesting for the winter. They will be distinguished by taste, pulp density.
  • The yield and the duration of fruiting also affect the choice of the variety, because the longer the bush grows, the more fruits can be harvested from it.

Particular attention is paid to the ripening period, it depends on them how soon you can prepare delicious dishes from zucchini for yourself and your loved ones.

According to early maturity, three types of vegetables are distinguished:

  • early maturing
  • mid-season
  • late maturing

Given their ripening time for zucchini lovers, an almost uninterrupted supply of this vegetable can be ensured. Experienced gardeners often plant at least 3-5 species with different periods of fruiting, this is how the consumption of zucchini continues from early spring to late autumn, while greenhouses and greenhouses are often used.

In addition, in seed shops, sellers will offer several options for seed. Most of all, the hybrids of foreign breeders are appreciated, a huge selection will not allow you to decide right away.

Domestic varieties have fewer representatives, but even among them it is difficult to give preference to any one. Given the high competition in this market segment, it is better to prepare in advance and independently study some of them, make a list of the most suitable for you.

According to the reviews of gardeners, it turned out to compile a small list of all the proposed ones, which are most common in our country. It is these varieties and species that are preferred by amateur gardeners and farmers for whom the harvest is important.

When making a selection, the taste of each variety was also taken into account, the description will explain how to properly grow and how to use ripe fruits in order to get the most out of the vegetable.


Tsukesh zucchini care

The peculiarity of the zucchini, which also interferes with it, is too large leaves, under which it is dark, damp and cool. For this reason, the ovaries often rot. Competent care of the Tsukesh will help avoid such a nuisance.

Watering

Zucchini need a lot of water to feed such a voluminous green mass, and even tie large juicy fruits. Follow the rules:

  • Be sure to cover the ground under the bushes with straw or dry grass. Then greens with a delicate skin will lie on a dry mat, which, moreover, allows water and air to pass to the roots.
  • Water only if the soil becomes dry under the mulch.
  • The watering rate for one flowering and fruiting bush is 10 liters.
  • Pour water under the root, and only on hot, dry days can you make a shower for the whole bush.
  • Water temperature - not lower than +20 ⁰C. Avoid sprinkling and hosing with cold water. Do not forget about the tendency to decay.

Even when watering at the root, water gets on the fruits, so cover the soil with mulch so that the zucchini dries faster and does not lie in the mud

Thinning leaves

Use a pruner to regularly remove leaves that fall on the ground. Being in the shade and in a humid environment, they are attacked by fungi, begin to rot, and the whole plant becomes ill. You can remove no more than 2-3 leaves at a time, so do not leave your zucchini unattended for a long time and do not let them overgrow.

Another point is that the leaves forming the crown of the bush overlap its center. As a result, the flowers are not visible and inaccessible to bees, the fruits and the growing point are not ventilated, they receive less heat and light. Cut out 2-3 old, center-shading leaves on the south and east sides.

Tsukeshi fruits and flowers should be well lit and ventilated.

Top dressing

If the soil is well filled with humus, or zucchini are grown on a compost heap and warm beds with a "cushion" of plant debris, then you can do without fertilizing. Zucchini love humus, but do not overdo it with its introduction, do not add fresh manure to the soil, do not plant on dung heaps. Plants, if they do not burn out from an excess of nitrogen, will begin to "fatten": they will grow huge leaves on thick stalks, but they will not tie the fruit, or the ovaries will not grow and rot. If this happens to your zucchini, scatter wood ash under the bushes and loosen. The introduction of potassium should restore the balance of nutrients and give an impetus to fruit formation.

On poor soil, into which organic matter has not been introduced for many years, the situation is different - Tsukeshi's roots have nothing to eat. Bushes grow weak and also do not please with the harvest. Be sure to feed the zucchini. No chemistry can be used, only organic matter. Indeed, a few days after feeding, you will pick the fruits and use them for food. The chemicals in the product are definitely not going to be good for you.

Video: the first feeding of zucchini

Several options for natural feeding:

  • Weed infusion. Fill a bucket or barrel with any juicy greens. Fill with water and leave for 7-14 days, stirring occasionally. When a brown slurry with a foul smell forms in the container, no leaves and blades of grass are visible, it means that the fertilizer is ready. Add 2 liters of infusion to a watering can and water.
  • Infusion of bird droppings. Pour bird droppings into the bucket, filling it with a quarter of the volume. Pour water to the top, leave for 5-10 days. Add 0.5 liters of this infusion to a 10-liter watering can.
  • Infusion of mullein. It is done in the same way as from bird droppings, but for 10 liters of water you need to take not 0.5, but 1 liter of infusion.

Application rate as for normal watering. First, moisten the soil, feed, then rinse the zucchini with clean water from a watering can with a strainer.

The weed infusion is ready when it is no longer possible to distinguish between the constituent components in it

Also, zucchini need ash, but it cannot be applied simultaneously with nitrogen fertilizers, and there is a lot of nitrogen in the droppings and mullein. When interacting with alkali (ash), it turns into ammonia and evaporates, the soil remains unfertilized. Therefore, add the ash after a few days: scatter it on damp earth and loosen it. You can pour a glass of ash into a watering can with water, shake and pour. Feed the zucchini in the growing phase (3-4 leaves), at the beginning of flowering and then every 2 weeks.

Collection of zucchini for storage

In early August, if you are already full of fresh zucchini, you might think about storing them. Collect the greens for the last time, but leave 1–3 ovaries each so that they mature in the garden bed, covered with a hard peel necessary for long-term storage. In mid-August, cold nights already come, there is a drop in night and day temperatures, and it rains more often. By this period, the left ovaries should have already turned into mature zucchini.

Ripe zucchini Tsukesh with coarse skin can be sent for winter storage

Harvest in dry weather. Cut off with a part of the stalk (with a tail), wipe the dirty fruits. Lay in a dry and dark place in your home. Can be arranged in large open boxes and placed behind a wardrobe, sofa, or anywhere else they don't get in the way.

Video: a different look at growing zucchini (in greenhouses and in warm beds)


Varieties of pumpkin crops

When classifying zucchini, they are divided into two groups: white varieties and zucchini. The second group is distinguished by green or yellow fruit color. Zucchini, to which the "Tsukesha" variety belongs, have several advantages:

  • Thin skin that does not require cutting during cooking.
  • Excellent taste, allowing the fruit to be consumed raw.
  • High yield, "Tsukesha" gives up to 12 kg of zucchini from one bush.
  • A large number of feminine colors.

The first zucchini varieties were characterized by low resistance to cold, which limited the geography of their cultivation. The development of the breeders has improved the characteristics of the plant. Zucchini "Tsukesha" bred at the Russian experimental station. It is recommended for cultivation in the Central, Middle Volga and Far Eastern regions. The culture is early maturing, about 50 days pass from germination to the first pumpkins. Young vegetables are used for salads, stews, frying and preservation.

Details of the comparison of different types of pumpkin culture in the article "Zucchini and squash - what's the difference?"

The Tsukesha variety is very popular among gardeners due to its high yield. With the timely cutting of the fruits, new pumpkins are regularly tied. The fruiting period stretches until the first cold weather. Pumpkins have an excellent presentation, tolerate long-term transportation without losses. The culture is resistant to the main diseases of zucchini: powdery mildew and anthracnose. The danger for the vegetable is gray rot, which occurs when the plant is watered with cold water and excessive moisture. To combat the fungus, the drug "Fitolavin" is used, feeding with ash infusion is performed.


Tsukesha zucchini: characteristics and description of the variety, planting and care rules, photo of the grown crop

Zucchini is an early ripening, dietary and delicious variety of pumpkin. The culture is distinguished by a variety of varieties and species. Zucchini is a zucchini with a green rind. The peculiarity of the species is a love of warmth, a high content of vitamin C and a delicate taste. Among the popular varieties, the zucchini "Tsukesha" stands out. Early maturing culture, bush, with high productivity.

Characteristics and description of the variety

Zucchini variety "Tsukesha" is an annual vegetable crop. The form of the plant is bushy, the leaves are large, hard, dissected, green. Taproot, branched.

The socket is compact, takes up little space in the garden. Flowers are single, orange, unisexual. Pollination is required to form fruits called pumpkins.

It is performed by insects (bees, wasps, bumblebees) attracted by the bright color of flowers.

The fruits are cylindrical, with a corrugated surface, the photo shows that the pumpkins are somewhat tapering in the area of ​​the stalk. The bark is thin, glossy. In the period of technical ripeness, pumpkins are dark green with light green specks.

By the time of biological maturation, they acquire a copper hue. The bark is getting harder. The pulp is white, tender and juicy. Due to its elasticity, it replaces crispy cucumbers. The taste is excellent.

The fruits are large, their length reaches 25-40 cm, weight 800 g.

Information. Female flowers can be easily distinguished from male flowers by their short peduncle.

Seed nest of cream zucchini. The seeds are small and ripen late. Their length is 1-3 cm, along the edge there is a rim. The shell is hard and white. The pulp contains 94% water, 5% carbohydrates, 0.6% proteins.

The vegetable is rich in minerals: phosphorus, iron, potassium. It contains easily digestible vegetable fiber and a large amount of vitamins: C, PP, B6, B2.

Zucchini "Tsukesha" belongs to the dietary products recommended for the nutrition of children and the elderly.

Varieties of pumpkin crops

When classifying zucchini, they are divided into two groups: white varieties and zucchini. The second group is distinguished by green or yellow fruit color. Zucchini, to which the "Tsukesha" variety belongs, have several advantages:

  • Thin skin that does not require cutting during cooking.
  • Excellent taste, allowing the fruit to be consumed raw.
  • High yield, "Tsukesha" gives up to 12 kg of zucchini from one bush.
  • A large number of feminine colors.

The first zucchini varieties were characterized by low resistance to cold, which limited the geography of their cultivation. The development of the breeders has improved the characteristics of the plant. Zucchini "Tsukesha" bred at the Russian experimental station.

It is recommended for cultivation in the Central, Middle Volga and Far Eastern regions. The culture is early maturing, about 50 days pass from germination to the first pumpkins.

Young vegetables are used for salads, stews, frying and preservation.

Details of the comparison of different types of pumpkin culture in the article "Zucchini and squash - what's the difference?"

The Tsukesha variety is very popular among gardeners due to its high yield. With the timely cutting of the fruits, new pumpkins are regularly tied. The fruiting period stretches until the first cold weather.

Pumpkins have an excellent presentation, tolerate long-term transportation without losses. The culture is resistant to the main diseases of zucchini: powdery mildew and anthracnose. The danger for the vegetable is gray rot, which occurs when the plant is watered with cold water and excessive moisture.

To combat the fungus, the drug "Fitolavin" is used, feeding with ash infusion is performed.

Planting and caring for zucchini

The best place to plant zucchini is a well-lit, wind-protected area. Consider the predecessors of the vegetable. Correct crop rotation is one of the factors for a bountiful harvest.

Zucchini grows well after onions, potatoes, beets, tomatoes and legumes. You can not plant zucchini after other pumpkin crops - pumpkins, squash. Plants have common diseases, they consume the same microelements from the soil.

Loamy, loose soils with low acidity are suitable for planting. To get a large harvest, it is necessary to apply organic and mineral fertilizers to the land in advance.

Experienced gardeners have been preparing beds for "Tsukesha" zucchini since autumn. They dig up the earth, remove the roots of the weeds. To increase fertility for each square.

m pour a bucket of humus or compost, 200 g of wood ash, 20 g of complex fertilizer "Nitrofoska" or 50 g of urea.

Information. It is possible to improve the structure of the soil and increase the fertility with the help of green manure. These crops include: oats, mustard, legumes, barley. Embedding green mass in the soil saturates it with phosphorus, potassium and nitrogen. The looseness of the soil increases, weeds are drowned out.

Growing zucchini "Tsukesha"

The vegetables are recommended for greenhouse and outdoor cultivation. In the garden, zucchini are planted with seeds or seedlings.

The second option is optimal for regions with short summers and difficult climatic conditions. Before planting, the seed is soaked in water with a growth stimulator. Sprouted seeds give a better chance of a good harvest.

To prevent fungal infections, squash is treated with a solution of potassium permanganate or fungicide.

The start of sowing depends on the weather conditions, you must wait until the average daily temperature stops at around + 15 ° C. Heat-loving zucchini grow in soil heated to + 12-14 ° C.

If the ground is cold development stops, the seeds will rot. Planting zucchini in open ground occurs in late May or early June.

When weather conditions are unfavorable, it is best to postpone planting until the middle or end of the first summer month.

Advice. Agrarians have long noticed the influence of the moon on plants. They check the planting time of zucchini "Tsukesha" with the lunar calendar, where good days are marked.

The area for zucchini is marked out according to the scheme 60 × 60 cm or 70 × 70 cm. Bushes should not shade each other and compete for food. Warm water is poured into each hole, a handful of humus and ash is placed.

Seeds are stacked in 2-3 pieces, if all germinate, then they get rid of weak seedlings. If there is a threat of recurrent frost, the bed is covered with a black film or non-woven material. Some gardeners do not remove the shelter, after germination they make holes in it.

The site is under the film all season. The advantage of this method is the preservation of moisture in the soil. Young zucchini need care:

  • Watering once a week with warm water, consumption before flowering 5 liters, during the formation of the ovary 10 liters.
  • Top dressing - the first one occurs 2 weeks after germination. Organic matter is introduced: mullein diluted with water 1:10, chicken droppings (1:15) or infusion of green tops. Before flowering, the plant needs a complex mineral fertilizer. During the growth, pumpkins are fed with ash and ready-made compounds "Kemira", "Biohumus". A solution of superphosphates and potassium (50 g per 10 liters of water) is suitable.
  • Weeding, pruning leaves shading flowers and fruits.
  • Mulching the soil - farmers are strongly advised to mulch zucchini. Humus or peat on the surface of the earth retains moisture and interferes with the development of weeds.

Attention. Zucchini flowers easily interbreed with related crops - squash and pumpkins. Plants should be planted at a considerable distance from each other.

Features of planting varieties "Tsukesha" seedlings

The term suitable for growing seedlings is April 20-May 10. Separate containers are prepared for seedlings. You can choose any materials at hand: plastic cups, empty milk cartons. There are also special containers that do not require subsequent plant transplantation - these are peat pots. Seedlings are grown in a substrate consisting of several components:

  • peat is the basis of the soil
  • sawdust
  • humus
  • sod land.

When mixing the components, a light, loose and fertile soil is obtained. The seeds are pre-soaked, until thin white roots germinate, they are kept in a damp cloth.

Information. The Tsukesha variety is characterized by good germination, but it is better to pay attention to the expiration date of the seeds. When planting your own material, there are no problems.

The depth of planting seeds is 2-3 cm, the containers are covered with a plastic bag on top to create greenhouse conditions. Seedlings appear in 5-7 days at a room temperature of 25-26 ° C. Remove the film from the cups and transfer them to a bright place. The temperature is lowered to 20-22 ° C in the daytime and 15-17 ° C at night.

Attention. Failure to comply with the lighting regime and temperature leads to excessive stretching of the seedlings.

Seedling care consists in watering as the soil dries out. The water should be warm and settled. Seedlings are grown for 25-30 days, during which time they are fed 2 times.

10 days after germination, organic matter or liquid fertilizer "Bud" is applied. A week later, they are fed with mineral preparations (superphosphates, nitrogen). The grown zucchini are taken out on an open balcony or in the yard for several hours for hardening.

When 4 true leaves appear, the seedlings are transplanted into open ground.

A gloomy day is chosen for work, the seedlings are placed in holes with a lump of earth on the roots. Before the onset of persistent heat, they are covered with a film fixed on arcs. After a month, the zucchini will bloom, and after 7-10 days, milk pumpkins will appear.

It is recommended to store cut fruits in the refrigerator. So that they lie for a long time and do not deteriorate, you should cut off the zucchini with a long stalk up to 5 cm. Pumpkins are harvested in dry weather, the moisture on the surface of the vegetables causes decay. The Tsukesha variety has been familiar to gardeners for over 30 years. Every year he finds new admirers of unusually delicate and pleasant taste.


Watch the video: How to Grow Squash Vertically..EVEN ZUCCHINI! Small Space Gardening.


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