8 folk remedies for fertilizing the garden and vegetable garden


The use of natural fertilizers is now gaining increasing popularity. Natural remedies can be of plant or animal origin. The use of natural organic fertilizers has a beneficial effect on microorganisms in the soil. So, for example, organic fertilizing gives food to earthworms that loosen the earth, and saturate the plants with the necessary nutrients, and also thanks to organic fertilizing, the soil becomes looser and better allows air and moisture to pass through. What folk fertilizers can be used in the country, we will tell you further.

Useful properties of ash as fertilizer in the garden

Many decades ago, our ancestors began to use ash, noticing its unique properties. The benefits of the substance are simply invaluable. They fertilized the gardens with ash, sprinkled wounds with it, washed their hair. Its composition is saturated with trace elements residues:

  • P (phosphorus);
  • Ca (calcium);
  • Mg (magnesium);
  • Ka (potassium);
  • Na (sodium).

The ash contains many different microelements, the only exception is nitrogen. The introduction of ash into the soil contributes not only to its enrichment, but also structures it. The level of soil acidity decreases, it becomes looser. Ashes are free of chlorine, making them ideal for chlorine intolerant crops.

Provided it is applied correctly, the use of ash is possible for the following types of soil:

  1. Heavy clay soil... When ash is added, the soil will become more crumbly. The amount of application depends on the level of acidity of the soil, taking into account the crops grown in this area. On average, the permissible amount of ash application per 1 sq. meter is from 150 to 810 grams. It is recommended to bring ash into this type of soil in the fall.
  2. Sandy soil. In this type of soil, ash must be brought in in the spring, so that when the snow melts, all useful microelements do not go too deep into the ground with melted snow. Improves the quality of this soil and saturates it with useful substances.
  3. Acidic soil. Normalizes acidity, enriches with minerals.

Ash should not be added to saline soil!

The fertilizer is most favorable for the following plants:

  • potatoes - in the process of plowing the soil for planting at the rate of 1 glass per 1 sq. meter;
  • tomatoes, eggplant, pepper - 1.5 cups per 1 sq. meter when planting seedlings in a permanent place of growth;
  • zucchini, squash, cucumbers - you need to add 1 glass per 1 sq. meter;
  • onions, garlic - when planting, add 2 cups per 1 sq. meter;
  • beets, parsley, radish, carrots - add 1 glass per 1 sq. meter;
  • beans, peas, lettuce, dill - 1 glass per 1 sq. meter;
  • cabbage - 2 cups per 1 sq. meter.

In addition to vegetable crops, ash has a beneficial effect on the growth of strawberries, fruit trees, and various kinds of flowers.

When planting trees, 1-2 kilograms of ash mixed with the ground are poured into a dug hole. It is not recommended to fill the ash in its pure form, since upon contact with it, the roots of the plant can get burned.

In the process of plant growth, wood ash is used as a subcortex:

  1. For potatoes, while hilling, 1.5-3 tablespoons of ash are poured under each bush.
  2. For strawberries - crush the loosened soil at the rate of 2 cups per 1 sq. meter.
  3. Fertilize onions and garlic at the rate of 1 cup per 1 square meter. meter.

The ash solution is used as a growth stimulant for soaking seeds. It is necessary to dilute the ash in a ratio of 20 grams of ash per 1 liter of water.

This solution should be infused for 24 hours, then the seeds are immersed in it for 6 hours.

Abuse leads to the extinction of earthworms in the soil and bacteria necessary for plants that saturate the soil.

Ash is not used:

  1. For plants growing on acidic soil - sorrel, pumpkin, turnip, blueberry.
  2. For flowers - hydrangeas, azaleas, magnolias.
  3. For young seedlings, until 3 leaves appear on them.

Lime for fertilizing soil in the garden in spring

An important and necessary component for increasing soil fertility, containing Ca and Mg. It is used in the garden to lower the acidity of the soil. The increased acid level in the soil is the result of depletion, erosion and reduced yields. As a result, the soil becomes looser and retains moisture better.

Slaked liming is used for the following types of soil:

  • light loam — 240 grams per square meter. meter;
  • sandy - 250 grams per 1 square meter;
  • average loam — 360-750 grams per square meter. meter;
  • heavy loam - 400-810 grams per 1 sq. meter.

The advantages of fluff are:

  • increasing the vital activity of microorganisms living in the soil;
  • improving the composition and structure of the soil;
  • soil enrichment with microelements;
  • activation of plant growth;
  • a decrease in the level of toxic microelements in plants.

In the fall, before plowing the soil, garden lime is scattered on the site, manure or humus is distributed over it and the soil is plowed. Due to the rains, lime is evenly distributed in the soil, reaching the plant roots. Thus, the liming procedure will fill the soil with the necessary useful components for up to ten years,

You can also liming in small portions in the spring before the first loosening of the soil and fertilization. Thanks to lime, the absorption capacity of the soil increases and the applied fertilization is absorbed faster and better. Lime, in the amount of 2.5 kilograms, must be mixed with humus and distributed over the garden. The effect will be the same as when adding ten kilograms of lime flour.

You can make lime flour at home in the following ways:

  1. Pour quicklime on a flat surface in a layer of 9 cm and spray it with water using a spray bottle.
  2. Wait 30 minutes so that the lime has time to extinguish and dry.
  3. Collect the resulting flour, and sprinkle the remaining lumps again. Carry out this procedure until there are no lumps left.

For 100 kg of lime, the water consumption should be no more than 4 liters.

The amount of lime required for introduction into the soil is calculated depending on its acidity:

  • the most acidic (pH less than 4) —550—600 grams per square meter. meter;
  • very acidic (pH 4) —450—550 grams per square meter. meter;
  • acidic (pH 4-5) -350-450 grams per 1 sq. meter;
  • moderately acidic (pH 5-6) 275-310 grams per 1 sq. meter.

When growing potatoes, liming is not applied, as this can weaken its immunity to diseases! Do not use liming when growing carrots and radishes. They stop giving birth.

Do not apply liming on the ground, shortly before fertilized with manure!

How can you use mustard cake in the country

The use of cake as a top dressing has two positive aspects:

  • increases productivity;
  • protects plants from diseases and harmful insects.

As a top dressing, only cold-pressed cake, well dried and ground, is suitable. If a high temperature regime was used during pressing, and chemical agents were used, then the use of such cake will lead to oppression of plants.

Mustard cake has the following beneficial properties:

  • prevents the development and spread of fungal and putrefactive bacteria that contribute to diseases such as late blight and fusarium;
  • scares off pests.

The cake is introduced into the soil in a rotted state or in the form of ash left after its combustion.

The result of the application is:

  • improving the quality of compacted soil;
  • when used as mulch, moisture evaporation is prevented;
  • the soil contamination by harmful organisms and various insects is reduced.

Mustard cake should be used in this way:

  • when planting potatoes, tomatoes, eggplant, pepper, it is necessary to pour 1 tablespoon of oil cake into the hole;
  • for onions and garlic, evenly distribute a handful of cake in the grooves for 1 meter;
  • when planting strawberries - 0.5 tablespoons per hole;
  • sowing carrots, parsley, celery, beets - 1 handful per 1 meter;
  • for cucumbers, squash, zucchini — 1 table spoon.

To enhance the activity of the components, after making the cake, it is necessary to sprinkle it with earth.

Correct use of used coffee or coffee grounds

Coffee is increasingly being used as an organic supplement in floriculture and horticulture. This type of fertilizer is suitable for all types of soils.

Contains many trace elements necessary for plants:

  • potassium;
  • magnesium;
  • calcium;
  • phosphorus;
  • nitrogen.

After adding the thick, the soil becomes looser and more permeable. Also, this type of fertilizer is a beneficial environment for earthworms and serves as a repellant for harmful insects.

How to use sleeping coffee:

  • the thick is scattered around the holes with plants and poured abundantly with water;
  • when planting seedlings in a permanent place of growth, add a little thick in the hole. It has a particularly beneficial effect on the growth of tomato seedlings;
  • used as a drainage layer;
  • when mixed with herbal mulch will not form crusts when mulching;
  • in diluted form it is used for watering;
  • mixed with seeds when sowing, as a result of which the seeds germinate faster.

You can also make nutritious compost with added coffee grounds. The cooking rate is as follows:

  • coffee grounds - 45% of the total mass;
  • sluggish grass - 18%;
  • dried leaves - 42%
  • bone meal — 2.5 handfuls;
  • fresh soil — 1 shovel.

Compost is best prepared in a compost pit. If there is no hole, then you can cook it on the ground, but always in a place protected from rain and wind. Top this mixture must be poured with water and mixed well. Rotten fruit can be added to improve the fermentation process. With a stick for ventilation, holes must be made in the pile. The larger the heap, the better the maturation of the compost will be.

When planting fruit trees, it is recommended to add compost to the hole and then scatter it around the trunk. This will help retain moisture and inhibit the growth of weeds.

The use of fallen leaves as fertilizer in the fall

At the end of the season, gardeners try to get rid of the fallen leaves in their own way - they burn or take it to the landfill. However, fallen leaves can be used as fertilizer.

The fallen leaves contain such trace elements as:

  • Ka (potassium);
  • Fe (iron);
  • Mg (magnesium);
  • P (phosphorus);
  • S (sulfur);
  • Ca (calcium);
  • N (nitrogen).

The easiest way to fertilize fruit trees is to dig in a trunk with a radius of 1 meter, remove the top layer of soil to a depth of 25 cm and lay the vacant space with fallen leaves, including walnut leaves, with the addition of 500 grams of chicken droppings, water and leave for three days. After 3 days, sprinkle the foliage with earth. Over-heating, the foliage will not only saturate the tree roots with useful substances, but also protect against freezing in frosts. For compost, you can use not only fallen leaves, but also cabbage leaves left after harvest.

Another way to use foliage is to compost:

  1. Fallen leaves are placed in the compost pit;
  2. Then, nitrogen fertilizers are diluted — 25 grams per 1 bucket of water and the leaves are poured;
  3. With the onset of spring, the leaves are mixed and, if necessary, watered again;
  4. Vegetation is fertilized with ready-made compost.

The most nutritious compost comes from walnut foliage. But the compost from tomato leaves serves as both a top dressing and a means to combat aphids.

How to use seed husks

Used for mulching plants, as well as compost. To obtain compost from sunflower husks, it is better to separate out a separate container, because the husks decompose for a long time. After decomposition, it is necessary to mix with the mullein, since it is rich in nitrogen, and there is not enough of it in the husk.

When planting potatoes, tomatoes, husks can be placed in the holes. In the same way, it is used when planting shrubs and trees.

The husk added to the soil will make it looser and improve water permeability and oxygen access to the plant root system.

Hulls spread on the soil surface as mulch will not decompose. The mulch layer should be 2.5 cm thick. Such a layer will not allow moisture to evaporate and will inhibit the growth of weeds.

Introducing straw into the soil

Straw is the dried-up stems of cereals and climbing crops. Straw obtained from these plant species is used as fertilizer:

  • wheat;
  • oats;
  • barley;
  • peas.

The process of decomposition of straw in the soil occurs under the influence of nitrogen. The more nitrogen in the soil, the faster the process takes place. To accelerate decomposition, straw is recommended to be applied together with nitrogen, or manure.

Straw introduced in pure form in the process of decomposition saturates the soil with various acids, which negatively affects the growth of the root system. Therefore, it is imperative to add nitrogen. It neutralizes the negative effects of acids on plants and deoxidation occurs.

Wheat straw contains:

  • I (iodine);
  • Co (cobalt);
  • Mn (manganese);
  • Zn (zinc);
  • Na (sodium);
  • Fe (iron);
  • Mg (magnesium);
  • vitamin D;
  • B vitamins;
  • vitamin A.

Barley straw is rich in trace elements such as:

  • Ca (calcium);
  • P (phosphorus);
  • K (potassium);
  • Mg (magnesium);
  • I (iodine);
  • Fe (iron);
  • Na (sodium);

And also contains:

  • fiber;
  • lysine;
  • protein;
  • vitamin D;
  • vitamin A;
  • vitamin PP;
  • vitamin E.

Oat straw is full of:

  • iron;
  • cobalt;
  • potassium;
  • fiber;
  • carotene;
  • protein.

Pea straw contains:

  • lysine;
  • fiber;
  • protein;
  • phosphorus;
  • calcium;
  • magnesium;
  • vitamin C;
  • vitamin PP;
  • B vitamins.

Also, in addition to applying to the soil, straw is used as mulch. It prevents the evaporation of moisture from the beds and the growth of weeds.

The benefits and harms of onion peel

Onion peels are used as a fertilizer in the form of a decoction, tincture, and also as a mulch. The broth is prepared as follows - two glasses of husk (fill the glasses well) are poured with a bucket of water. The water temperature should be 40 degrees. Insist for three and a half hours. Apply:

  1. In case of yellowing of cucumber leaves, irrigate several times after 14 days.
  2. Water when indoor plants wither. The root system recovers quickly;
  3. The seedlings are sprayed during growth and watered a week before transplanting. This contributes to the rapid rooting of seedlings in a new place.

The tincture is made from 0.5 kg of onion husks filled with two and a half liters of warm water. This composition must be insisted for 18-19 hours in a dark room.

Apply:

  1. In case of powdery mildew on cucumbers. Spraying is carried out up to 4 times with an interval of six days.
  2. If tulips, hyacinths, daffodils, crocuses freeze during spring frosts, it is necessary to water the flowers and they will recover.
  3. Used to fight against spider mites.

The prepared tincture is used immediately. It is not suitable for storage, as it loses its properties.

Summary table of applied organic fertilizers on the site

FertilizersBenefitsdisadvantages
AshMakes the soil looser, saturates with useful substances, reduces the level of acidity, seeds soaked in an ash solution germinate faster.Excess in the soil leads to the extinction of earthworms and beneficial bacteria. If roots come into contact with ash, plant roots may burn.
LimeReduces the level of soil acidity, the soil becomes looser, retains moisture better, neutralizes the effect of toxic metals - Fe, Al and Mn.Not applicable to all cultures. Not used for potatoes, tomatoes, sorrel, parsley, peas, squash, pumpkin. Carrots and radishes stop giving birth.
Mustard cakeIncreases productivity, protects plants from diseases and pests, cleans the soil from root rot.When in contact with the root system, the roots of the plant burn.
Coffee groundsStimulates the growth of young seedlings, improves soil condition, creates a favorable environment for earthworms, and repels pestsWhen used as mulch, it dries up and creates a crust on the surface of the soil.
Fallen leavesLoosens the soil, saturating it with oxygen and moisture. Serves as a covering material in winter, protecting plant roots
Husks of sunflower seedsLoosens the soil, makes it breathable. When used as mulch, it prevents moisture evaporation and weed growth.Hose watering is not recommended when used as mulch, as the water pressure breaks the mulching layer. It decomposes for a long time and draws nitrogen from the soil.
StrawContent in the composition of nutrients. Makes the soil crumbly. The ability to transmit and retain moisture is increased.Slow decomposition process (3-5 years). When decomposing, it saturates the soil with harmful acids. Organic compounds decompose in the presence of a large amount of moisture.
Onion peelKills fungal and viral bacteria. Does not harm the root system. Contains many nutrients.The infusion cannot be used over time. Loses its properties.

Nowadays, the use of organic fertilizers is gaining the greatest popularity. They can be obtained through the correct use of animal and truck farming waste. The housekeeping approach will provide you with environmentally friendly and healthy feeding.


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Onion peel for a vegetable garden or garden - application

People have been growing various crops, vegetables, fruits and berries for a long time. Over hundreds of years of gardening, this science has undergone great changes, and synthetic fertilizers and poisons have come to replace folk remedies - much more effective and efficient. But many amateurs now use only natural substances in agriculture, replacing chemicals with manure, herbal infusions, humus. With them, you can be sure of the safety for your plants that you will eat.

One of these tools for the garden and garden, protecting them from pests, is the usual onion peel. This is a very multifunctional substance with unique properties that many novice gardeners do not even know about.

The benefits of onion peels in the garden and vegetable garden

The first aspect of using onion peels for a vegetable garden or garden is as a fertilizer. It contains in its composition the whole range of micro- and macroelements that saturate the soil of your site with these substances and stimulate good plant growth. To fertilize the soil with onion skins, simply add it to the soil when digging - it is best to do this before winter.

The second aspect is pest control, which is constantly being carried out in the garden and vegetable garden. The onion peel contains quartzin, a substance with bacteriostatic activity (it is also a natural dye, because onion peel, as you know, is used for dyeing). Once in the soil, quartztin successfully fights against spores of fungi (including powdery mildew), which often infect crops, and disinfect the soil.

The husk is very effective against aphids, spider mites, plant bugs, thrips, suckers, moths. Its decoction has a good effect on the larvae of carrot fly, phytophthora, strawberry mite, it is effective for bacteriosis of cabbage and radish.

So let's find out how to use onion peels in your garden.

For this, an infusion is prepared, the recipe for which is as follows:

  1. Pour 200 g of dry clean onion peel with 10 liters of water (warm or hot).
  2. Insist for 4-5 days.
  3. Strain.
  4. Add a few drops of liquid soap - this will make the solution more "sticky" to plant leaves, so it lasts longer and works better.

After you have strained the broth, the remaining onion husks can be spread out under any berry bushes, if they are on your site - this will also benefit them. It is best to water the plants with the husk infusion in the evening of the day when it was cooked. This will give you a guarantee of the freshness and quality of such treatments, and the effect will not slow down: plants watered with a useful broth grow faster, develop better and bear fruit longer.

Plants can be treated with this solution both for treatment and prophylaxis. So, in order to prevent powdery mildew, cucumbers and other crops are sprayed with husk infusion every 5 days, carrots and tomatoes - every 4 days. The same method should be used to combat common and beet aphids.

If the leaves of your zucchini or cucumbers have begun to turn yellow, you can feed the plant with a useful broth. To do this, pour a couple of handfuls of husks with two liters of water, cover with a lid and bring to a boil. Without opening the lids, the broth is cooled and then diluted with 10 liters of water. You can add 1 tablespoon of dry mustard. It is recommended to carry out foliar dressing with such a solution so that the foliage of your cucumbers turns green again.

If you notice signs of thrips infection on the onion husk itself, then you should know: you can use it, but you just need to boil it. Thrips larvae die under the influence of boiling, and after that, the use of onion peels in the garden is quite possible.

Do not throw away the onion peels from onions - they will come in handy and save your garden from pests.


Popular folk remedies for feeding indoor plants

One of the most common and affordable means is wood ash, from which an extractor hood is made for irrigation or added to the soil when loosening. Ash is considered a universal fertilizer containing many useful components and suitable for most plants.

The infusion of onion peels is also very popular, with which you can not only fertilize indoor plants, but also scare off pests. Add 50 g of husk to 2 liters of boiled water and keep it on low heat for 10 minutes. After 3 hours, the broth must be filtered and used as foliar dressings. For the next use, a fresh infusion should be prepared.

If the plant is weakened, you can apply a solution based on aloe juice that is more than 4 years old. Cut leaves should be pre-held in a plastic bag in the refrigerator for 10 days, then minced. A teaspoon of the resulting juice should be diluted in 1.5 liters of water and the resulting mixture should be used 1-2 times a week for watering.

Feeding indoor plants at home is also carried out with a nutritious yeast solution, which acts as a growth stimulant, and yeast also causes the activity of soil microorganisms, this accelerates the mineralization of organic matter. It is necessary to dissolve 10 g of granular yeast and 3 tablespoons of sugar in a liter of lukewarm water, leave to infuse for 2 hours. Before use, the nutrient solution should be diluted 1: 5 with clean water and used for irrigation.

It happens that the plant is very withered and begins to dry out, with the help of vodka it can be reanimated. To do this, take 100 g of vodka and stir in 3 liters of water, then the plant is watered. After a while, it begins to revive, continues to grow.

Feeding indoor plants at home in winter is carried out in a slightly different mode, since during this period they are at rest, as a result of which the absorption of nutrients slows down.

If the grower decides that feeding his plant in winter is necessary, the proportion of nutrients should be significantly reduced. Normally, only plants that are in bloom in winter should be fed. At the same time, do not forget about additional lighting, which flowering plants are sorely lacking on cloudy, short winter days.


Yeast

A popular feeding option for seedlings and all garden crops. Indeed, yeast contains protein, some nitrogen, vitamins and minerals. But this is not enough to provide plants with adequate nutrition.

Yeast works as an activator of soil microflora. And beneficial bacteria, in turn, increase the fertility of the soil and convert the elements in it into an easily accessible form for plants.

Therefore, after yeast feeding, all planted crops begin to grow actively. But if you do not apply additional fertilizers, the natural reserves of the soil will quickly deplete. And then the whole effect will come to naught.

Thus, before using any tool, it is worth weighing the pros and cons. It is possible that it has more effective and safer counterparts, developed taking into account the needs of plants.

And don't forget that healthy planting material is the basis of quality crops. It is these seeds and seedlings of fruit and berry, vegetable and ornamental crops that can be ordered on our website.

Share in the comments proven tools for the garden and vegetable garden. Write recipes and share your experiences.


Rooting cuttings in yeast

"Growing by leaps and bounds" is not only about the dough. Yeast will also help speed up root formation in cuttings. To do this, take 50-60 g of compressed yeast and dissolve it in 500 ml of warm water. Dip the cuttings into the resulting suspension and leave in it for 2 days. After that, take them out and place them in plain water. Yeast will "start" the process of root formation, so soon the first roots will appear on the cuttings.


Varieties of products

At the summer cottage and garden plots, various means are used:

  • complex additives
  • mineral fertilizers
  • organics.

Each version of bait has its own characteristics.

Complex

Let us consider in detail what types of fertilizers are complex.

Complex fertilizers

They usually contain potassium nitrate or potassium nitrate. The name of the most popular fertilizers is known to gardeners and gardeners - it is ammophos, as well as diammophos. They include, along with nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus, a complex of trace elements. Herbicides and insecticides are also added to the composition.

Two-component complex

The two-part bait type usually contains water-soluble phosphorus and nitrogen in the form of nitrate or ammonium. The ratio of the components changes depending on the application. Typical representatives of two-component additives are nitrogen phosphate and ammophosphate.

Three-component

Thanks to nitrogenous, phosphorus and potassium supplements, the three-component formulations are quickly absorbed by the root system and saturate the plants with nutrients. Popular names include diammofosk, nitroammofosk and nitrophosk.

Two-component complex fertilizers

Compound fertilizers

They are available in granular, compressed and liquid additives. The main feature is the presence of components in the form of chemical compounds. The combined ones include nitroammofoska, potassium polyphosphate, karbofos.

Mixed

The use of ready-made mixtures can significantly reduce the cost of soil preparation. However, the standard concentration of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium additives does not always meet the required conditions.

Liquid and water soluble

Supplied in sealed containers, suspensions and nutrient solutions are concentrated formulations.

For their manufacture is used:

  • calcium chloride
  • ammonia
  • polyphosphate ammonium
  • saltpeter
  • urea.

Liquid mixtures also contain superphosphoric or orthophosphoric acid, as well as a set of trace elements.

Mixed fertilizers can significantly reduce the cost of soil enrichment

Mineral

The composition of the complex mineral fertilizer allows you to support the development of plants in autumn and winter. In addition, a complex mineral fertilizer with microelements contributes to an increase in productivity.

Nitrogen fertilizers

They accelerate development and promote the growth of green mass. The preparations are used in dry and liquid consistency for spring application to soil and summer spraying. Popular formulations include ammonium sulfate, urea, and sodium nitrate.

Potash mineral fertilizers

For pest control, they are introduced into the soil or sprayed with additives containing potassium. Potash fertilizers increase plant resistance to diseases. Potassium salt, saltpeter, nitrophoska and ammophosphate have proven themselves positively.

Phosphate fertilizers

Phosphorus supplements stimulate bud growth and fruit development and nourish the root system. Gardeners have become convinced of the effectiveness of phosphate rock and the effect of superphosphate on the growth of flowering plants and shrubs.

Organic

Organic matter is not absorbed by the root system, but activates the development of microorganisms living in the soil. That is why the quality of the soil environment improves.

Allows to support the development of plants the composition of the complex mineral fertilizer

Organic supplements include:

  • manure. This is the most famous type of soil dressing. Introduced into the soil every couple of years
  • bird droppings. Introduced in autumn or winter. It contains many useful substances
  • ash. It is saturated with minerals that are well absorbed by plants. Retains properties during long-term storage.


Watch the video: How to Grow a Vegetable Garden without Fertilizer u0026 Soil Amendments


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