Columbine - One sheet

The Ancolie, the melancholy beauty!

Beautiful, well-drawn and colorful flowers, perched atop long, thin stems dominating thick, glaucous foliage, give this plant, columbine, an airy touch that enlivens and brightens the garden.

Botanical name:

Aquilegia spp.

Type of plant

• Perennial plant
• Hardy plants
• Evergreen foliage.


• Temperature resistant: up to approx. -20 ° C.

• Easy to hybridize.

Benefits to the garden

The Ancolie quickly takes its place in the garden, thanks to a rapid growth, without being overflowing or invasive ...

Description of Ancolie

• Lots of varieties, both in terms of choice of colors and shapes! The most common columbine: a calyx of 4 sepals supports the flower, which itself consists of 5 petals. It is found in solid color or with gradient colors. there are still multi-colored varieties, usually darker in the center of the flower, from which the stamens spring out.

• In the many varieties, some are found with a double row of petals and others, more "dense" in the shape of a ponpon.

• The size also varies from 20 to 80 cm.

• The Ancolie reseeds itself without difficulty.

Gardener's Info

Columbine requires a light and humus soil (made up of Humus), rather cool and well drained.

At the right time

• Prepare the seedlings in March.

• Favor the use of a tray rather than a bucket

Flowering of Aquilegia

• Flowering varies depending on the variety of May-June to September.
• Flowering is not intense.

Other varieties

• TheColumbine Alpina, 50cm, with white flowers.

• TheColumbine Bertolonii, 30cm, violet, with stamens protruding from the corolla.

• TheColumbine Flabalata, several colors, 15cm high. it is a variety native to Japan. In its original environment, it grows naturally in rock gardens. She has a long flowering.

• The most common colors: columbines with white, red, purple, yellow, white and red flowers…

Agrees with

Choose flowers that also appreciate moist and fertile land, ferns, euphorbias (beware of poisonous plants), amaranths ...

With or without a garden ...

• In the garden: cultivated in meadows or in beds of perennials

• And without a garden? The Ancolie is perfect in a pot as long as you are careful when potting

• Create a mixture of potting soil, sand and garden soil so that the substrate is rich, sufficiently light and well drained.

In photo (top), Columbine cultivar ‘Magpie’ by picked on wikipedia picture under Creative Commons CC BY-SA 3.0

In photo (above), Aquilegia vulgaris, Follavanointed picked on wikipedia picture under Creative Commons CC BY-SA 3.0

High. andWidth

Sun-half shade
Light andwell drainedWatering ondry land
15cm to 80cmx 15cm to 60cm
30 cm
Do not burythe collar

Species and varieties of columbines

Garden columbine (Aquilegia vulgaris)

  • Flowering: Blue, purple, mauve, pink or white. May June
  • Height: 45В cm

Aquilegia vulgaris 'Black Barlow'

  • Flowering: Black violet June-July
  • Height: 80В cm
  • Qualities: Unique colors.

Alpine columbine (Aquilegia alpina)

  • Flowering: Blue May-June
  • Height: 45В cm
  • Qualities: Short lifespan.

Columbine of the Pyrenees (Aquilegia pyrenaica)

  • Flowering: Blue May-June
  • Height: 20В cm
  • Qualities: Difficult to cultivate.

Blue columbine (Aquilegia caerulea)

  • Flowering: Blue or blue and white May to July
  • Height: 40В cm

Yellow columbine (Aquilegia chrysantha)

  • Flowering: Yellow May-June
  • Height: 40В cm

Black columbine (Aquilegia atrata)

  • Flowering: Dark purple May-June
  • Height: 100В cm

Canada columbine (Aquilegia canadensis)

  • Flowering: Yellow and red May-June
  • Height: 40В cm
  • Qualities: Fern leaves and hanging flowers.

Aquilegia cultorum

  • Flowering: Yellow May-June
  • Height: 100В cm

Dwarf columbine (Aquilegia flabellata)

  • Flowering: Blue May-July
  • Height: 20В cm

'Crimson star'

  • Flowering: Red and cream May-June
  • Height: 60В cm

  • Flowering: Multicolored May-June
  • Height: 40В cm

Aquilegia flabellata 'Ministar'

  • Flowering: Blue and white May-June
  • Height: 20В cm


  • Incorporate good compost when planting.
  • Space the feet 30 to 40 cm apart.
  • Cut back the flower stalks after flowering or after the columbines release their seeds: they spread without becoming invasive.
  • Water in case of drought.
  • Multiply the plants by dividing the clumps after flowering. You can also sow them, from April to July, in a well-exposed nursery. Emergence takes place in 2-3 weeks.
  • Transplant directly in place in the fall.

Varieties of blue columbine with early flowers

There are many varieties with different characteristics and qualities:

  • Aquilegia caerulea В "В Spring magic littleВ В" В: its flowers are completely white.
  • The Aquilegia caerulea В "В Crimson starВ В" В: its spurs and sepals are carmine red, while the heart is white marked with the same red.
  • Aquilegia caerulea В "В VirginiaВ В" В: it offers several advantages, including great resistance to wind and weather, a longer lifespan than the common type.В Its flowers are of a soft blue with a white heart.
  • The Aquilegia caerulea В "В Red hobbitВ В" В: its flowers are white and red in gradation. Gradation of colors gives depth and relief to a flower.

On the other hand, if the places of culture are in the southern hemisphere, it is advisable to use with the most extreme caution the texts proposed.

In case of doubt do not hesitate to consult us before taking any action, we will always do our best to find a reliable solution to the problem that may arise.

To find out even more you can consult the announcement we made on the 'FORUM.

Thank you for your attention.

She is originally from Europe.

It is a "romantic" and "poetic" plant which made dream all the great poets such Ronsard and Chateaubriand. For them columbine rhymes with melancholy.

Common columbine, which is found in nature, and which is a traditional garden plant, resembles itself spontaneously.

Flowers of columbine consist of five kinds of cones with the petals extended into a peron.

She has given birth to many hybrids that show single or double and solid or two-colored flowers.

Flowers of a common columbine have an excellent vase life and form country bouquets.

Attention, columbine is a plant considered poisonous, if ingested, and mainly the seeds.
. .

Common female name:

Latin name:



Type of vegetation:

Ornamental flowering perennial.

Very hardy, it tolerates temperatures down to -20В ° C.

Type of foliage:

Deciduous, oval and bluish green leaves.

Mode of multiplication:

Destination :

Massif, flower bed, rockery, cut flowers (for tall varieties)

Soil quality:

Light, humus, cool and well-drained.

It does not support excessively chalky soils.

Amendment and Fertilization:

Add manure or mature compost to the plantation.

A new addition is to be made every year in the spring.


Partial shade to sunny, without too much direct sun.


50 to 100 cm on varieties.


Planting depth:

1 cm of seed covering with refined soil.

Culture and Maintenance:

Sow from April to May or from September to November.

After transplanting in pots, they will be put in place in autumn or spring.

The seeds can be collected for future sowing. They retain their germination faculties for 2 years.

The plants are planted in March or April or in September and October.

Divide the clumps in late autumn, if necessary.

Cut faded flowers regularly to promote flowering and prevent the plant from draining unnecessarily (unless you want to collect the seeds or have spontaneous seedlings).

In the summer, hoe to aerate the earth and to water in case of drought.

In October, cut the tufts down to the ground.

Flowering period:

Flowers, single or double, from May to July.

Color :

Pale shades of blue, yellow, pink, red.

Flowers are united or two-colored depending on varieties.


Snails, slugs and aphids.


Favorable neighborhood - Companion plants:

It is an excellent companion for plants of massive or fresh rockery.

Bad neighborhood - Incompatible plants:

There is no proven incompatibility.

Influence of the moon on the culture of Ancolie:

Plant category: Flowers.

Period of sowing and planting: To carry out sowing in rising and waning moon and in lunar days in Libra, Gemini and Aquarius.

Transplanting and planting are done in the waning moon.

Maintenance works : Lunar days in Libra, Gemini and Aquarius.

The divisions are made in the waning moon.

For more information on the influence of the moon on plants, you can consult the file MOON AND GARDEN.

Month by month and day by day, you will find the details of the work to be done.

Some Species / Varieties:

There are about sixty species and numerous hybrids.

Columbine "Crimson Start" : Variety 70 cm high with red and white flowers from May to June.

Columbine "Nora Barlow" : Variety 80 cm high with double pompom-shaped flowers, red and white, from May to June.

Columbine "Rose Barlow" : Variety 60 cm high with double flowers in pink pompoms, from May to July.

Columbine "Ruby Port" Variety 70 cm high with dark purple double flowers from May to July.

Columbine "Tequila Sunrise" : Variety 60 cm high with orange and yellow flowers from May to July.

Aquilegia Alpina: Common wild species of the Alps 50 cm high with blue spring flowers.

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