Cocklebur


Cocklebur (Xanthium) is an annual herb belonging to the Asteraceae or Asteraceae family. According to various sources, there are approximately 25 varieties. Several species of cocklebur are grown as medicinal and are used for medicinal purposes.

In our latitude, predominantly common ones - ordinary or goiter, popularly called fear field or golden thorn.

Description of cocklebur herb

Cocklebur is a plant with a rough, erect, common stem, but there is also a branchy stem. The height of the stem reaches a height of up to 1.5 m with subsequent, complete, lobed or with serrated leaves and monoecious bent heads, tied between the base of the leaf and the stem, or on the upper part of the petiole in a brush, or a flower in the form of spikelets. In the upper part of the flower there are five-flowered baskets - these are male, and in the lower part, two-flowered baskets are female. The fruits look like a compressed elongated achene. The grass blooms from July to September, and the plant begins to bear fruit in September and to October.

Planting cocklebur in open ground

Cocklebur grass can grow on unenriched or impoverished soils, but if the soil is fertile and favorable, cocklebur will develop much faster. The cocklebur is very picky about light, so it prefers sunny places. Seeds are sown into the soil immediately, starting in spring, but they can be planted before winter. For winter planting, a bed is made in which a 5 cm depression is dug.

Before planting cocklebur in the spring, 30 days before planting, the seed is kept in the refrigerator in the vegetable section. The seeds are laid out in a container with wet sphagnum, it is important to check sometimes the moisture content of the plantings. No stratification of seeds planted before winter is required. After planting ugly seeds in the ground, they are well watered.

Important! Seeds planted before winter, before cold weather, are covered with organic mulch. However, spring sprouts will also be nice to shelter from the night cold. For this, arcs are made over the landings and covering material is already thrown over them.

Caring for cocklebur in the garden

When the first shoots appear, they must be thinned out, the rest can be transplanted, then each plant will have enough nutrition and lighting. Caring for cocklebur grass is quite simple - the main thing is not to forget to water, be sure to loosen the soil, weed from weeds and timely inspect for the presence of parasites and diseases, and remove them.

As a top dressing for cocklebur, organic matter is suitable - solutions of manure or chicken droppings. You can also apply mineral fertilizing in the form of a solution introduced into the ground, while flowering has not yet come.

Cocklebur is almost never attacked by parasites and rarely gets sick.

Species and varieties of cocklebur

Cocklebur (Xanthium strumarium)

The plant also has a second name - common cocklebur - is annual and has a rough, stiff and erect petiole, which can be both ordinary and branching and grows up to 1.5 m. The leaves of the grass are petiolate, heart-shaped, three to five-lobed with notches, growing up to 10 cm. The outer part of the leaf is green, the inner part has a lighter shade. The basket is collected in axillary spike-shaped inflorescences. The males are on top and the females are below. Compound fruits ripen from the baskets due to the hardening of the shell and its overgrowth.

Siberian cocklebur (Xanthium sibiricum)

A herbaceous annual with an erect and rough cuttings, which can be ordinary or branched, it is round at the bottom, and furrowed at the top and grows up to 60 cm.The leaves are heart-shaped or triangular-oval, practically whole or sharp-toothed, growing 9x10 cm and are located on petioles, length which are up to 11 cm. The outer and inner parts of the leaves are covered with needles or fluff. Women's baskets in the form of two thin flowers, which are hidden in a wrapper, covered with thorns from the outside.

Spiny cocklebur (Xanthium spinosum)

Also called cocklebur needle - in its natural environment it grows like a weed near paths. The stem is rough, erect, ordinary or branched, finely grooved, which grows from 20 cm to 1 m. The lanceolate foliage of the stem has smooth edges, others are serrated at the edges, tripartite or notched-toothed, at the base of the foliage has triple thorns of enormous size.

Useful properties of cocklebur

Healing qualities

For medicinal purposes, the green part of the grass and seed material is collected when it is ripe. The root part is dug out in the fall.

This plant is enriched with iodine, it also has a sufficient amount of ascorbic acid, essential alkaloids for the body, glycosides useful for the heart and valuable pigments. Has diaphoretic, analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial and blood-purifying properties.

For reference! Cocklebur is used in the treatment of cancer. It is used in the treatment of malaria, prostatitis, musculoskeletal system, dysentery, skin, microsporia, scrofula, furunculosis, psoriasis, inflammation of the genitourinary system and nettle rash.

In the form of healing solutions, brews, oils, liquids, essences and infusions of this herb are used. Essences are advised for breast diseases, fibroids. The liquid normalizing the alimentary tract, in the form of a fresh cocklebur solution, is used for cramping sensations in the stomach, as well as for poor tone in the abdomen. Among other things, plant juice is advised for whooping cough and various diseases of the bronchi.

With the help of the oil, the plants treat skin diseases of the neurogenic-allergic type and various eczema. Alcohol infusions made from the plant are recommended for thyroid therapy, and navars from seeds and roots are used for cancer and tuberculosis of the throat and malfunctioning of the digestive system. When applied externally, the plant broth removes the burning sensation from skin diseases, bites of small insects and midges.

Contraindications

Applying drugs from cocklebur externally, a slight burning sensation is felt. The herb is poisonous and therefore it is unacceptable to exceed the dose prescribed by the doctor.

You can not use cocklebur for pregnant women at different stages if stomach and duodenal ulcers have worsened. Before using it, you should consult a doctor, as some of the components in the herb can cause an allergic reaction. The substances obtained from the roots and seeds of the herb act as a firming agent and are not recommended for those with a predisposition to constipation.

Video: medicinal plant cocklebur

Medicinal plants of August "Durnishnik"


Infectious disease - plant-parasite: description, types, methods of control

The broomrape plant-parasite belongs to the most numerous group of broomrape. This genus is distinguished by a wide variety of species (120 known, 40 most common). It parasitizes on cultivated, weeds and wild plants. The most dangerous species are those that affect fodder, melons, vegetables, ornamental crops and sunflowers.

The broomrape plant-parasite is classified as a consumer, since it feeds on ready-made organic substances.


Can ducks be given barley

Approximate diet for ducklings for meat, g per day

Many young breeders are wondering if barley can be fed to ducks. This is a coarse grain, but it is perfectly digested in the stomach of a duck and therefore can make up up to 30% of the total food mass.

So that the barley is well absorbed and does not cause problems on the part of the stomach, the birds are given it peeled from the shell. It also does not hurt to crush or germinate. Sometimes breeders simply soak the barley to soften it.


Healing properties

In our folk medicine, Scutellaria Baikal has two main directions of medicinal use - the normalization of the heart and the fight against hypertension. Other medicinal properties of skullcap are used much less frequently.

To combat heart problems and to lower blood pressure, an alcoholic rhizome tincture (25%, 25 grams of dried roots per 100 ml of alcohol) is used: 25 drops 3 times a day 30 minutes before meals.

Biologically active additives are prepared from skullcap: root tincture, rhizome extract, Baikal herbal tea. Supplement manufacturers claim that the drugs have a complex therapeutic effect on the human body: they lower fever, cough up phlegm and mucus, drive out worms, improve brain function, drive bile, and much more. The healing effect of these drugs can be tested empirically, especially since the contraindications for Scutellaria of Baikal are much less than the indications.

According to Wikipedia, the chemical composition of skullcap roots is as follows:

  • flavonoids baicalin and baicalein, as well as wogonin and scutellarein
  • coumarins
  • saponins
  • steroids - campestrine, β-sitosterol and stigmasterol
  • tannins
  • starch
  • resin
  • macro- and microelements (potassium, calcium, magnesium, zinc, magnesium, iodine, selenium).

In some sources, the Baikal skullcap is called the Baikal St. John's wort. In the photo, the flowers of skullcap (Scutellaria baicalensis). Author: Doronenko / Wikipedia

Western sources claim that skullcap is used to treat gastrointestinal infections, liver diseases (including viral hepatitis and jaundice), HIV (AIDS), kidney disease, ulcers and edema. Scutellaria is also used to treat scarlet fever, seizures, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), prostate cancer, arthritis and hemorrhoids, and is applied to sore skin with psoriasis.

Chinese folk medicine and medicine of European countries use medicinal properties much more widely than in our country. Of course, the predominant use of skullcap is aimed at treating the heart, blood vessels and the human nervous system. However, practitioners prescribe skullcap for the complex treatment of asthma and allergies, sclerosis and tumors of various origins, headaches, etc.

Oncologists from China claim that Scutellaria Baikal preparations promote cancer treatment, counteract the development of metastases, and strengthen the body after chemotherapy and radiation therapy. Along the way, the Chinese recommend skullcap tincture to relieve toxicosis in pregnant women, as well as in the systemic treatment of tuberculosis, cholera and epilepsy.

Skullcap is contraindicated

The Baikal skullcap is contraindicated for pregnant and lactating women, children under 12 years of age, people suffering from low blood pressure and with individual intolerance.

The simultaneous use of alcohol and preparations from Scutellaria Baikal is not recommended - this can cause excessive drowsiness. This rule applies to people taking sedatives (sedatives).

People with diabetes also need to use skullcap with caution - skullcap Baikal lowers blood sugar levels, which, together with medications, can excessively lower sugar levels.

Scutellaria-based preparations are contraindicated in case of an excess of lithium in the body.


Ragweed

Ragweed or perennial grows up to 160 cm. The plant has an erect stem, long deeply divided leaves and inflorescences in the form of an ear. The weed blooms in July, and propagates by root shoots, as it forms a small number of seeds. The plant is on the quarantine list. To destroy it, use a biological or agrotechnical method.

The best way to get rid of ragweed allergy is by fasting


Introduction

The increase in livestock production is largely dependent on the availability of high quality feed. In modern industrial fodder production, a significant role is assigned to perennial grasses, since fodder from them is biologically complete and economically profitable. However, the productivity of even cultivated land continues to be low. This happens because the grasses, as a rule, receive little fertilization, they are mowed most often once, although it is possible to remove two, and in some cases even three mows. The use and care of natural and cultivated hayfields and pastures is not organized correctly everywhere, and there is no regular varietal renewal and varietal change of meadow grasses.

Meadow and field fodder production includes a complex of agrotechnical, technological, technical and organizational-economic measures that ensure the highly productive use of arable land and natural fodder lands, progressive technologies for the preparation and preparation of fodder to improve their quality, nutritional value and reduce losses in order to fully meet the needs of animal husbandry in fodder. ...

Successful grassland management requires maximum use of scientific evidence and best practices. In this regard, specialists in meadow fodder production must have deep knowledge, practical skills, and the desire to improve their qualifications.

The workshop contains a general methodology, brief theoretical information on meadow science, meadow cultivation and laboratory-practical exercises on relevant topics, more than 150 species of plants that are most common and valuable in terms of their fodder value are described.

Each topic and assignment is a complete, independent work, designed for two academic hours. Tasks can be performed by students in laboratory, field classes or independently. For each topic, guidelines and order of work are recommended.

The effectiveness of the lessons is much higher if visual teaching aids (herbariums, tables, reference books, slides, drawings and educational films) are used in the study of the topic.


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Watch the video: Interesting Cocklebur Facts


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