"My fern dries out, even though I try to sprinkle it regularly and not dry the soil. How to properly care for it?" Ekaterina, Pushkin
In winter, it is desirable to maintain an air temperature of 18 ... 19 ° C, in summer - 22 ... 24 ° C. It is necessary to regularly wipe the dust on the vayax, this especially applies to the nesting asplenium (A. nidus). If the ends of its moldings have gotten or lost their shape, they can be cut with scissors, but try not to damage the living tissue too much.
Water regularly, do not allow the soil to dry out, you need moderate watering in winter. Use only soft water. Water the acplenium from the top, as the root system is superb. For this plant, make up loose grit from leafy soil, sod land, grass, peat, peat, sand in the ratio (1: 1: 1: 1: 1). In spring and summer, feed asplenium with flower fertilizers every month.
Acplanium transmits shade well, but it can grow in the light of the room. However, in no case should you be exposed to direct sunlight, as this may cause burns on the sheets. If you are growing acplenium in a separate pot, put it in a bowl of water or in a large-diameter container filled with humid peat.
Asplenium is a fast growing plant. With good care, its leaves reach 60-100 cm. With age, the plant grows strongly in width, because new leaves are constantly forming from the center of the rosette. To survive the acplenium is better than ever once a year, every spring. Be sure not to tamp down too much ground in a new pot. If on the leaves, starting from the top, crimson spots appear, it means that the growth is freezing. Rinse the pot in a warmer and dry place. If black spots appear on the edges of the leaves, and the leaves themselves wrinkle, the growth suffers from the heat. Find a cooler place for him, better clean the place.
Mousy, "lifeless" acplenium nesting casts indicate too low air humidity and poor ventilation. Check if the ground is overcooked, and clean the room more often. Dots or streaks on the lower surface of the sheets should not scare you: they appear on a healthy adult during the period of time.
Read about ferns:
• Types of ferns for growing in an apartment
• Types of ferns for growing in the garden
• Growing ferns in your garden
• Types and growing of ferns in the apartment
Asplenium is shade-tolerant, grows well both in a light, as well as in a semi-shady place. Growing temperature 20-25 ° C, in winter not lower than 16 ° C. Does not tolerate drafts. Spray the plant periodically with warm water. In winter, humidify the air daily to prevent the tips of the leaves from drying out. Water as the top layer of the earth dries up. Due to uneven watering, alternation of excess and lack of moisture, the leaves dry out, the plant may die.
Every spring, the asplenium plant is transplanted into a new pot, which is slightly larger than the previous one. Add sand and pieces of charcoal to the earthen mixture. The soil should be well permeable to water. For dressing, a very weak solution of liquid fertilizer is used. Apply it twice a month from spring to autumn. Of the pests for asplenium, only the scabbard is dangerous. The plant is rarely sick. With excessive watering, fronds turn brown.
There are differences in grooming between species. Asplenium bulbiferous can be planted in a substrate for terrestrial ferns and watered a little more abundantly. When breeding, the separated brood buds are placed in a moist substrate, covered with a plastic bag or placed in a humid aquarium. If the air is too dry, the kidneys dry out.
The nesting asplenium needs a looser substrate based on tree bark, leafy soil and sphagnum. Water it less, but the humidity should be high. Asplenium nesting grows more slowly, has a single growth point. Lateral shoots are rarely formed, so reproduction at home is hardly possible.
Aspleniums are propagated by spores without much difficulty. Sowing is carried out in the summer, keeping the peaty soil moist. The optimum temperature for germination is 20-22 ° C. When the seedlings can be easily picked up by hand, they are transplanted in containers filled with the same seed soil. As soon as the young plants grow up, they are planted one at a time. With proper care, asplenium grows from 30 to 90 cm in height. Asplenium has a lifespan of 3 to 10 years.
Home / Tips & Ideas / Garden and Plot / 10 Types of Balcony Greens: Home Garden
Aina Sat, 25 Apr 2020 07:19:21 +0300
So you want to go out onto the balcony and pick fresh fragrant greens for dinner, carefully grown with your own hands without harmful chemicals. Well, or at least from the windowsill (if there is no balcony). Growing greenery at home is a pleasant and useful activity that only seems difficult (in the second year of apartment gardening, you will already feel like a professional). For your attention - 10 types of greens for home cultivation.
How to grow onions on a windowsill
There is nothing easier than growing green onions at home. Onions do not require any special care, grows quickly, are healthy and easy to grow. The most popular way that saves space in an apartment is growing onions in a plastic five-liter bottle (we make holes, fill them with earth and plant the pre-soaked onion sets). Onion loves moist soil and temperatures of 18-20 degrees.
In our minds, ferns are strongly associated with feathery, carved fronds. Even the name "fern" itself comes from the old Russian word "spoil", "flog", which meant a feather or a wing (in modern language this ancient Slavic root was abbreviated only in one word - "to soar").
But not all ferns have such an appearance. One of them is the nested asplenium (Asplenium nidus).
This epiphytic fern comes from the rainforests of Southeast Asia, Polynesia and Australia. Inhabiting tree trunks, in the forks of large branches, in the process of growth, it forms a bush resembling a bird's nest from wai, plant remains, densely braided by roots, for which it received its specific name. Lanceolate, slightly wavy along the edge, whole bright green "leaf" 50-60 cm long (in nature in adult specimens it reaches 1 m or more) on a petiole tapering to the base does not in any way resemble the usual openwork frond of ferns.
Despite the external individuality, the conditions for keeping Asplenium are the same as for traditional ferns.
As an epiphyte, Asplenium is accustomed to be content with marginal, but loose and breathable soils. Therefore, the best substrate for it is a land mixture consisting of leafy earth, peat, sand (3: 2: 1) with the addition of chopped sphagnum moss, bark and chopped charcoal, which has a slightly acidic reaction. When growing asplenium, you should not get carried away with fertilizers.
In the spring-summer period, it is enough to feed monthly, alternating mineral and organic fertilizers in half concentration.
Watering is especially important in the cultivation of ferns. Even a short-term single overdrying of the soil can cause the edges of the Asplenium to dry out and even completely die off. For irrigation, use soft, lime-free water, maintaining a stable moisture content of the earthen coma. Water abundantly in summer, avoiding waterlogging. In winter, watering is reduced, and top dressing is abandoned altogether.
The container for planting figs should be wide and low. Drainage must be laid at the bottom of the pot to protect the roots from decay. Expanded clay, charcoal or broken brick is suitable as drainage. The soil is poured on top from a mixture of turf and humus in a ratio of 2 to 1. On top of the soil - a thin layer of sand.
Figs are fed with organic and mineral fertilizers. Used infusions from manure, top dressing containing potassium, phosphorus. Top dressing is carried out during the growth period from March to October once a month, and also after transplanting the bush into a new container.
In the spring, the planted rooted cuttings begin to grow. Watering the fig tree in the summer is carried out every 5-7 days. The soil should dry out a little. In autumn, watering is reduced to 20 days. In November, the bush is pruned and left for the winter at a temperature of +15 degrees. If figs are grown in an open area, then for the winter it must be covered with the first frost. After 2 years, the tree will bear its first fruits.
Fig flowers form in the leaf axil and are almost invisible. In their place, small fruits soon appear, which grow in size within 3 months, acquire a rounded shape and turn into a mature color. Figs ripen for a long time, up to 30 days.
Many varieties bear fruit twice a year. But if the plant is grown in cold regions in a greenhouse, then the fruits ripen longer and the variety can only produce one crop due to the short warm season.
If, by the onset of cold weather, the bush begins to give new ovaries, then it is better to remove them, since they will take a long time to form, ripen next spring and delay the summer harvest. This does not affect indoor cultivation, so that in an apartment, if all the measures for caring for the plant are observed, more fruits can be harvested from it.
Fig is an unpretentious and persistent tree. It rarely gets sick, but it can still happen. The most common diseases and pests of figs:
This disease is caused by fungal spores. May occur during prolonged rains. The fungus infects the trunk and gradually spreads to young shoots. Diseased leaves are covered with dry spots. The plant slows down its growth. In this case, the damaged shoots with leaves are cut off, and the soil is fertilized with phosphorus and potassium. In severe cases, the bark of the trunk is covered with growths. Then it will hardly be possible to save the plant.
It is also a fungal disease. It occurs when the temperature drops and the humidity is high. The fungus quickly attacks the entire plant. The fruits massively begin to deform and rot. First, a light spot forms on the fruit, which soon begins to mold and expand. Leaves dry from the edges and on the inside are covered with many gray moldy dots. To combat gray rot, special preparations are used, in particular, Actellik. Bordeaux liquid also helps well - a remedy for a wide range of diseases, including gray rot. It is best to spray the tree in the fall, as this fungicide is toxic to the fruit.
The disease is spread in the summer by a fungal pathogen. With anthracnose, fig leaves are covered with black round spots with a yellow rim. Fruit growth slows down, lumpy growths form on them. Ulcers appear on the shoots, the tree dries up everywhere. To prevent anthracnose, the plant is treated with Topsin-M in the spring. In the summer, the already affected tree is sprayed with the bactericidal preparation Gamair. This helps to contain the growth of the fungus. The drugs Fundazol, Previkur, Ridomil are also used.
It is a butterfly that lays eggs on the inside of the leaf. Small caterpillars appear from them, which devour the leaves and entangle the shoots with cobwebs. The bactericidal preparation Fitoverm, designed to combat ticks, aphids, and caterpillars, helps in the fight against this pest. It does not accumulate in fruits, so it can be used during the summer when the fruits are ripe.
If all the rules for caring for the fig tree are followed, the plant will grow rapidly and can bear the first fruits in the second year. Under favorable conditions and strong plant development, up to 30-40 fruits can be harvested with the first harvest. In subsequent seasons, when the tree reaches its bloom, it will bear up to 45-50 kg of fruit per season. There are obvious benefits to this given the market value of figs.
In autumn, do-it-yourself fig fruits are very useful for protecting the body and preventing colds. In addition, figs are well preserved for the winter in a dried form; they also make a very tasty and healthy jam.
How to grow lychee at home - find out here!
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Feijoa - varieties. Planting and care at home
Feijoa Is a shrub or short tree that bears the fruit of the same name. Feijoa - one name of this berry can make you wonder: "What is it?" Feijoa fruits are small greenish berries... These berries are up to 7 centimeters long, very juicy and slightly sour in taste.
Feijoa is rarely available in a regular fruit store or on the shelves, and is rarely featured as a flavoring or food additive. But despite everything, this curiosity can be grown in your apartment, in familiar to us at home.
There is no less wonderful and magical legend about the origin of this wonderful shrub. She tells about a guy named Feijoa, who spent the whole day by the seashore, waiting for his beloved girlfriend to return from a sea voyage. But he did not know that the ship sank during a storm, and the girl disappeared with him.
Feijoa continued to wait. The sea king was struck by the girl's beauty and the strength of her love and turned her into a sea breeze. The girl came to her lover every day, giving him scents that she collected from all seas and oceans. But he didn't know it was her.
Then the gods, struck by the power of the love of these two, turned the young guy into a small tree and then he was finally able to talk with his beloved. The tree grew near the sea coast and soon began to give extraordinary taste fruits that the locals had never tasted. And then they decided to name him after the missing guy who could not wait for his beloved.
Legends are legends, but it is worth noting that it was first discovered by the Portuguese naturalist João da Silva Feijo at the end of the 19th century in South America, namely in Brazil. This happened during one of the expeditions to find edible fruits and plants. Then on the coast, the members of the sazu expedition noticed small dark green fruits, which simply amazed them with their unusual juiciness and taste.
Feijoa appeared in our country relatively recently, only in 1900, when the shrub was brought to the coast of Yalta from France. After the feijoa, it was spread in the Caucasus and throughout the Transcaucasia.
This berry has also been growing in California since 1901, and in Italy since the 1910s. Feijoa gradually found refuge throughout the Mediterranean.
Gradually, the rumor about an unusual beautiful bush spread to different parts of the world. As it turned out, soon, feijoa can be grown, not only being on the coast of the sea, but also at home, on the windowsill, and at the same time the tree will actively bear fruit.
Of course, with the increase in the popularity of feijoa, people began to breed it and create new and new varieties of this shrub, by the method of genetic changes and associations with other trees. Today we will meet with you the most popular of them.
This is the very first variety that was first discovered and named after Dr. André.Fruits weighing up to 120 grams, with a dark green skin, very juicy and have a delicate taste with a slight sourness. The seeds are very small and, as a rule, there are quite a few of them. The berries are very fragrant, but the shrub usually does not give a high yield.
The second most popular cultivation variety. The fruits are quite large, up to 120 grams alone. It has a thin, greenish peel with a reddish blush. Inside, it has many small seeds, but at the same time it is very juicy, with less acidity than Andre. At the same time, the fruits exude a strong pleasant smell. The harvest is not stable.
The variety is originally from California, where it has taken root well and has been living for many years. Fruits up to 60 grams one. Fruits are dark green in color with a slightly corrugated skin. It does not smell as strong as the previous varieties, but unlike them, it bears fruit stably.
This variety got its name for a reason. The fruits are dark green in color, but this is only for the first time, soon before full ripening, they become lighter. Fruits weighing up to 60 grams one. The peel is slightly bumpy, but the fruit has a pleasant taste, slightly reminiscent of strawberries. The yield is average, but stable.
Why this variety received such a name is unknown, because it is far from being the first to ripen and even positions itself as late ripening. Fruits are small, up to 50 grams one. But at the same time, the berries contain a lot of small seeds, there can be up to 75 pieces in one.
This variety certainly lives up to its name. Its fruits are smooth and very fragrant. The berries are very juicy, sweet and sour, but with a large number of seeds (up to 55 pieces in one).
Small round fruits weighing up to 60 grams alone. The peel is smooth and yet has a pleasant, strong aroma. The crop is not very stable and can change from year to year.
The fruits are round, but slightly elongated towards the end. Size up to one gram berry. The fruits are quite juicy and smell good.
Since these fruits are definitely a curiosity, many people want to purchase and grow them on their own due to the biting prices on the market. To do this, of course, you have to sweat, but in general it is quite possible at home.
Nowadays, it is quite easy to purchase a seedling, just make a couple of clicks on the Internet and you already have a seedling. All that remains is the landing and proper care. And we will find out how to provide all this.
There are two ways to grow feijoa at home - by buying seeds or buying a cutting.
If you decide to go the hard way and grow seeds, then expect the first fruits to appear only after five years. But at the same time, it is worth knowing that the varietal qualities of the feijoa will lose. Dried fresh seeds are germinated, well, or not so fresh, but their age should not exceed two years.
The seeds do not need soaking, they are simply sown. The most favorable month for sowing seeds is February, although this can be done earlier, the main thing is to sow seeds before March.
And so, when you sowed a change, you need to lightly sprinkle them with earth, because they are too small.
Then, on top of the seeds, they are covered with a material similar to that from which tea bags are made (covering material) and gently watered from a spray bottle so that the seeds are not washed away.
After that, the pot is tightly covered with a film from above, the main thing is that the temperature around it does not fall below +18 degrees Celsius.
The film is removed when at least two leaves appear, and the sprout is transplanted to a new permanent place after about a year.
It is easier to plant cuttings, and the variety will retain all its qualities. In addition, when planted with a cuttings, the shrub will begin to bear fruit somewhere in 3-4 years.
For the future tree, a branch is selected, the size of which should be at least 15 centimeters and also have 3-4 healthy leaves with you. Of the leaves, only two are left, which are higher than the rest.
Before planting, the cutting is soaked in a growth stimulator (for example, in "Kornevin") for 17-18 hours. In the meantime, the stalk is soaked, you can prepare the soil. It should consist of 1 part peat, 1 part sand and 1 part deciduous humus.
After you plant your cutting, you need to cover it with a jar, but do not forget to air it daily.
Since feijoa is an exotic berry, it requires specific care.
This shrub loves moisture quite a lot, so provide it to him. Do not forget about abundant watering, as the topsoil dries up by 1 centimeter. But do not let the water stagnate, otherwise the roots will rot. Also remember to spray your green friend with warm water and give him a warm shower.
If you want a lot of tasty fruits, then do not forget to feed your tree. This is done either with a solution of horse manure or an ash solution.
For horse manure solution, you will need to stir:
If you don't have the opportunity to purchase horse manure, then you can probably find ash from deciduous trees in one of the flower shops, or simply use wood ash from your garden.
Feijoa in a pot in an apartment
It is desirable, of course, to alternate these two types of feeding, but if this is not possible, then try to carry out at least one type of feeding every two weeks.
Pruning to create the shape you want is carried out when the plant reaches a height of no more than 30 centimeters, while you can trim no more than one third of the total size. No more trimming is done. Only dry or diseased branches are cut.
The shrub needs frequent transplantation for the first three years, when its root system grows too quickly, in which case the transplant is performed annually. Further, the transplant occurs no more than once every three years. If your tree grows in open ground, then the transplant is not done at all.
Feijoa in a pot on the terrace
But it is worth noting that the tree grows in open ground only in the presence of a subtropical climate, because it will not survive frosts above (-10 ° C).
And so, today we met with such an amazing shrub as feijoa. It is still a very exotic fruit for ordinary people, and some people have not tried it at all. But this is not a problem, because feijoa is gaining more and more popularity every year.
Although feijoa will not soon appear on the shelves of ordinary stores due to its low yield and demanding conditions on the plantation. But you can always grow this little tree at home and be content with the fruits grown on your own. And even if this requires a lot of effort, you can still succeed.
Do not despair if everything does not work out the first time, the main thing is to have patience and love the plants, because they feel it.
Show patience and in a few years the first flowers and fruits will appear on the tree, which will delight you with an extraordinary exotic taste for free.
Grow, be patient and one day you will get the long-awaited result.