Apples are one of the most popular fruits. However, out of the existing 10 thousand species of this tree, many are considered rare. We present 7 unusual varieties of apple trees that you can grow on your site.
White rose or wax apple, pomarosa began its journey across the planet from East Asia. It has long been grown in Sri Lanka as an ornamental plant. The variety is thermophilic, bears fruit well in the southern regions.
The original fruits outwardly resemble a pear, have no seeds. The pulp is distinguished by unprecedented juiciness and tenderness. White rose has a bright unique aroma and is considered a great honey plant.
It usually bears fruit in the 4th year after planting; up to 35 kg of fruit can be harvested from one tree. Harvested apples are poorly stored, so the harvest must be sent for processing as soon as possible.
Swiss gardener Markus Kobert bred a unique variety by crossing a tomato and an apple. He worked on this breeding experience for about 20 years. The fruit grows on a tree, and resembles a tomato in color and texture.
Exot has a juicy pink-red pulp, deep forest aroma and rich berry flavor. Its juice is vaguely similar to cranberry juice.
The fruits are perfectly stored. When cut and heat treated, due to the high degree of antioxidants, they do not lose color. Red love blooms with beautiful dark pink flowers, bears fruit in the second year.
The extremely rare Black Diamond variety was bred in China on the basis of the New Zealand variety Hua Niu. In the mountains of Tibet, at an altitude of 3500 m above sea level, the first apple orchards were laid.
Due to the peculiar climate and using modern technologies, Chinese gardeners have managed to significantly improve the characteristics of Hua Niu.
A ripe apple has a deep purple rind and good texture. Its pulp is insanely juicy and crunchy. Black Diamond is unpretentious and frost resistant, not susceptible to pests. Insect pollination is not required for apple trees.
The hybrid fruits are VIP-class products. They are sold individually, or in a gift box for 6-8 fruits. The cost of one apple ranges from $ 6 to $ 20.
A Javanese apple or apple of love, bellifruit is one of the most original varieties native to the Nicobar and Andaman Islands. The fruit has a white and crunchy flesh, with a slight sourness and delicate aroma.
Unripe fruits are eaten as a vegetable: stew, cut into salads, make sauces. From ripe, already reminiscent of fruit in taste, they make jams and jams, cook compotes. Fruits are not subject to long-term storage.
Javanese apple flowers contain tannin and have antibacterial properties. They are used in folk medicine as a strengthening and disinfectant. From the leaves of the plant, an essential oil is made, which is used in cosmetology. A decoction of the bark is drunk with fever and heat.
Hawaiian mountain apples are similar in appearance to a pear. They have a spicy taste with apple notes and rose petal aroma. The juicy fruit has crispy white pulp and one large bone, like an avocado.
According to an old legend, the fruits and trees of this variety bring happiness to the house. Hawaiians believe that these apple trees hold clouds over the island. Local companies often use this fruit in their brand names. One of the Hawaiian music labels is called Mountain Apple.
This original apple variety was created by breeder Albert Etter in 1944 in Northern California on the basis of the Nedzwiecki apple tree and the Surprise variety. Pink pearls instantly gained recognition in the northern states of America and began to spread throughout Europe, in particular - across Russia.
The variety has high winter hardiness. It begins to bloom in May. He needs pollinators. Apple trees of other varieties are perfect for this, because Pink pearls themselves are sterile.
Fruit collection lasts from August to September. The harvest is stored for about a month. The apples are very juicy and aromatic. Their tart taste has hints of raspberry and grapefruit. These fruits have a yellow-green or plum color and thin skin and are low in calories.
The pulp of the Pink Pearl is bright red or pearlescent pink. It contains a high amount of vitamins, iron and fiber.
The homeland of the exotic fruit is Central America. The caimito or star apple is round in shape. The green or purple-brown rind turns purple when the fruit is ripe. When the apple is cut crosswise, a star-shaped pattern can be seen.
The peel is inedible due to the content of the bitter milky juice. Usually, the fruit is cut up and a juicy and sweet pulp with a pleasant nutty-fruity taste is selected with a spoon.
Caimito prefers well-lit areas and rich, moist soil. Low temperatures do not tolerate, loves a hot climate. Contains a lot of phosphorus, iron and vitamin C. One tree gives up to 65 kg of fruit.
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The Silver Hoof variety is not capable of self-pollination, so this feature must be taken into account when planning a garden. Pollinating neighbors should grow next to the apple tree. In this capacity, you can plant an apple tree next to the Silver Hoof:
When choosing a pollinator variety, take into account the flowering time of the apple tree, they should coincide with the budding period of the Silver Hoof.
Choose a well-lit place for landing. The variety is not very picky about soil fertility, but it is best if the soil is nutritious and well-drained. If the soil on the site does not meet these requirements, then when planting, you can make a large hole and fill it with a substrate from the upper fertile soil layer, 1 bucket of humus, 1 tablespoon of urea, 2 tablespoons of superphosphate and 1 tablespoon of potassium, this amount of fertilizer will be provided by the seedling nutrients 2-3 years after disembarkation. Lay a 10-20 cm layer of gravel at the bottom to prevent moisture stagnation.
The cultivation technique of the variety is simple, but if you neglect it, then the fruits will grow small and not juicy, moreover, it will be difficult for the tree to resist common diseases of the apple tree, for example, to scab. Apple tree "Silver Hoof" with good care and timely pruning gives a bountiful harvest of large apples.
Care consists in timely watering. In dry periods of the season, during flowering and the formation of ovaries, it is necessary to pour 3 buckets of water into the trunk circle of a young tree and 5 buckets of water from an adult apple tree. In the second half of summer and autumn, watering should be completely stopped. In the spring, it is necessary to dig up the soil in the trunk circle and apply humus and nitrogen fertilizers to it.
On the territory of Belarus, apple trees with different ripening periods are grown; summer varieties of apple trees are very popular.
Below we will consider the most studied and common varieties for Belarus.
Kovalenkovskoe, bred by leading specialists of the "Institute of Fruit Growing" of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus. The fruits of the stem have high consumer and commodity ratings.... Apples, even unripe, have a sweet taste without noticeable sourness, large, up to 250 g each.
The ripening period is late summer, the color of the fruits is mainly green with a pronounced rich blush over the entire surface. Consumer maturity is reached 2 weeks after removal. The stem tolerates frost and drought well.
You can read more about the Kovalenkovskoye apple tree here.
Dessert fruit taste and attractive appearance serve as a calling card for the Robin. The variety has folk roots with early maturing periods. The stem perfectly tolerates the winter cold, but does not like rainy summer. Under such weather conditions, it is often exposed to scab, fruit rot.
Fruits of yellow color with a bright blush can reach 160 g. Removable and consumer maturity coincide, starting from the second half of August and until the beginning of September, apples are harvested and processed, or left for storage until October.
The variety is familiar to gardeners not only in Belarus. In the Baltic States and Finland, the apple tree feels great, pleases with good harvests.
For more information about the Malinovka apple variety, see here.
By crossing the Kovalenkovskoe and Bananovoe varieties, the breeders bred the Luchezarnoye apple, which was transferred for testing in 1998. The fruits of the stem have an excellent sweet and sour taste, but they have a short shelf life.
The tree itself is resistant to frost and scab, bears fruit annually and abundantly. Removable maturity falls in September, preferably before November.
You can find more information about the Radiant variety here.
Belorussian sweet, bred by local breeders, also belongs to late summer varieties.
Distinctive features of the trunk are high resistance to scab and other diseases, frost resistance.
Fruits are large, with juicy pulp, have a pronounced blush throughout the skin. Starting from the second year, the apple tree will regularly and abundantly bear fruit, the crop can be consumed immediately after being removed from the crown.
You will learn more about the Belarusian sweet apple variety from this article.
Since 1967, the Minskoye apple-tree bred by A.E.Syubarov has been included in the State Register of Belarus. The stem has an average crown height, bears fruit annually and abundantly. The fruits are green with yellow color, large, juicy. Sweet and sour taste was rated at 4 points on the generally accepted world scale.
Apples harvested in September lie until early December.
Early varieties of apple trees are also supplemented by Elena's apple, which it has excellent taste. The sweetness of the tender pulp, combined with the sourness, yielded 4.8 points in the assessment. The fruit is unusually fragrant, ripens in August, but does not lie.
Himself low stem, with a rounded crown. Characterized resistant to scab and frost... Bears fruit regularly and abundantly.
For more information about the Elena apple variety, see here.
In mid-September, the Champion is harvested. The variety was bred in the Czech Republic, has a high resistance to fungal diseases, perfectly tolerates winter frosts up to 40 degrees. A distinctive feature is excellent transportability and great taste.
Fruits of a greenish color with a blurred soft blush of a large size are known all over Europe.
You can find more information about the Champion variety here.
At the end of the first month of autumn, Spartan apples are poured together. The variety was bred back in 1926 and is still quite popular. The fruits are of medium size, colored yellow with an abundant blush. Sweet taste without sourness at all.
A feature is high resistance to all fungal diseases, abundant fruiting, unpretentious care.
You will learn more about the Spartan apple variety in this article.
The American Geneva, bred in the 60s of the last century, also took root well on the Belarusian lands. The variety has excellent fruiting performance, apples are large, sweet and sour, attractive appearance.
The stem grows medium in size, up to 5 m in height. Resistance to frost and disease is low; at minus 20, the buds of the apple tree are severely damaged. With the help of fungicides, the tree can be protected from scab and other fungi.
Ripened in july apples are practically not stored, they are consumed fresh and processed.
For those who like to savor an apple during the cold season, winter varieties are more suitable.
Honey Crisp or honey crunch will appeal to many. The stem was bred by gardeners in the United States, but it is widespread throughout Europe.
The fruits of the tree have a rounded, slightly elongated appearance. The skin is yellow with a blush. The taste is sweet, in the northern regions of cultivation, a slight sourness is allowed. The pulp is very crunchy when biting off, from this feature the name comes from.
The crop is harvested in late September - early October, but the apples should reach. Consumer maturity does not come until November, but they can lie until May.
For more information about the Honey Crisp apple variety, see here.
Apple varieties of Belarusian selection offer us the Navavit apple tree. Her apple lies perfectly until Marchoften used for juice processing. Fruiting begins in the third year after planting, abundant. The apples are flat, greenish with minimal blush, the taste is sweet and sour.
The tree itself has a spreading crown with many branches.
Belana belongs to the winter-hardy varieties with a long shelf life. The fruits have a wonderful sweet taste, which is the best complement to the sourness. Shelf life after removal is long - until April.
The stem itself has a stable immunity to scab and other fungi, but preventive treatment in the spring will not hurt. It is also not afraid of frost, it tolerates them perfectly.
The crown is branched, spreading out, and requires annual pruning even in adulthood.
Antey is distinguished by a high yield among late winter varieties. His fruits lie perfectly until Maywhile maintaining great taste. Apples have a beautiful red and burgundy color that attracts the attention of buyers.
The stem bears fruit annually and abundantlytherefore it is often used for cultivation on farmland.
You can read more about the Antey apple tree here.
Lithuanian bole Auxis successfully grows and bears fruit in the Belarusian lands. Its fruits are of medium size, are distinguished by high keeping rates, subject to the necessary conditions. The pulp is juicy, fragrant, with a spicy aftertaste. Sweetness perfectly complements the sourness, their tandem perfectly refreshes. The color of apples is yellowish-green with a blush over the entire surface.
The tree grows to medium size, has a compact crown. Frosts up to minus 20 are not scary for him, stronger ones can harm. Scab and other fungi can periodically attack the bole; it should be protected by applying fungicides.
For more information about the Auxis apple variety, see here.
The Canadian cultivar Lobo was recently discovered by Belarusian gardeners. The stem differs sufficient frost resistance, high palatability of fruits, long-term storage of the crop.
The disadvantages include periodic infection with fungal diseases, but, if the climate is not humid, the tree practically does not get sick.
Large fruits have a good presentation.
Find out more about the Lobo variety here.
The apple variety Zaslavskoye has been included in the register since 2002, but has rapidly spread among gardeners. Late winter bole is distinguished by high immunity to scab, frost resistance.
Fruits are sweet with sourness, aromatic, perfectly stored until May.
You will learn more about the Zaslavskoe apple variety from this article.
Koshtela is the most widespread variety in the Gomel and Brest regions. It is characterized by an excellent taste of apples, which will last until March.
Resistance to frost and scab allows growing boles in other regions of the country and abroad.
Idared is grown not only in private gardens, but also on an industrial scale. Excellent keeping quality and transportability of the crop contributes to this.
The stem is classified as medium-sized, regularly bearing. The fruits are large, with excellent taste, they are consumed fresh and processed.
The winter varieties of Syabryna and Pospeh also have similar characteristics.
For more information about the apple variety Idared, see here.
Clonal rootstock - these are special varieties of apple trees, which are obtained by vegetative propagation: cuttings, layering.
Apply them only for grafting cultivars.
Clonal rootstocks carry the same set of chromosomes, therefore they are characterized by stable traits and may have various useful properties:
Seed stock - This is a relatively tall stock obtained from seedlings of cultivated or wild apple trees, onto which another cultivar is grafted.
Apple trees on seed stock the root system is well developed, so the trees grow taller than on a clone.
Due to its size they have gained a lot of popularity in recent years.
Apple trees, cultivation and care, agricultural technology, planting scheme. all such words will be useless to you if you cannot choose the right variety, or even varieties of apples for your summer residence. Here you can be guided by the advice of neighbors, gardening professionals, and even the names of apple varieties that you buy on the market and in markets for your own use. But we partially took on this task and decided to tell you which apple trees to plant in the country.
So, today varieties of apple trees are considered popular and in demand: Antonovka, Simirenko, Pepinka, Greensleeves, Golden, Mekintosh, Champion and dozens and hundreds more, including white, red, yellow and green varieties, sour, sweet and sour and just apples, sweet as honey.