Irbitsky - a productive potato variety for the Urals and Siberia


Irbitsky potatoes are zoned for the Urals, Volgo-Vyatka and West Siberian regions. Summer here is often cool and rainy, with fogs. And if the variety in such conditions gives high-quality tubers that are stored until spring, then it is at least resistant to disease.

Variety history

Irbitsky was bred by scientists of the Ural Agricultural Research Center, located in Yekaterinburg. Potatoes entered the State Variety Trials in 2008, successfully passed them and in 2012 received the status of a selection achievement. Apart from the Ural Scientific Center, the originators responsible for the safety of the variety were OOO Potofel (Sverdlovsk Region) and the agricultural firm KRiMM (Tyumen Region).

The variety has a geographical name. In the Sverdlovsk region there is a city and a river called Irbit. Irbit potatoes have been grown not so long ago, but during this time they managed to become popular. They write about him on the forums, shoot videos, and not sellers, but amateur gardeners. They share their impressions of this potato and are proud of its harvest. This means that Irbitsky has good qualities, it is worth buying seeds and testing them on your site.

Description of Irbit potatoes

To get interested in these potatoes, I just had to read about it in the State Register, or rather, see the phrase:

Marketable yield of 252–400 c / ha, at the level of the Korona standard and 104 c / ha higher than the Nevsky standard

For many years I have been growing Nevsky, because among all the varieties that have already been tried, it is the largest in our Siberian region, without voids inside and fruitful. Moreover, the variety never suffers from scab and late blight! For the sake of such qualities, I am ready to put up with the fact that during cooking Nevsky does not crumble at all, even if you cook it for hours. Seeing that Irbit is more productive, and that there is more starch, which affects friability, in it - 13-16.5% versus 10-12%, I got sick with the idea of ​​finding its seeds. But there are downsides to Irbitsky compared to Nevsky: its skin is covered with rough spots of scab (seen in the video below), but Nevsky's tubers are always smooth and clean.

Video: harvesting Irbit

Irbitsky belongs to mid-season varieties, when sown in May, the crop can be harvested already in late August - early September. The bushes are low, compact, the leaves are dark green, strongly wavy at the edges. And even though we grow potatoes for food, we are always interested in how it blooms. Irbit blooms very beautifully: corollas are large, with anthocyanin coloration, that is, lilac, on sunny days they become especially bright.

Irbit is beautiful during flowering

The tubers of the variety are round, with small eyes, the peel is red, the flesh is light yellow. Weight - 108–185 g, but on fertile soil with good care, up to 400–800 g are poured, there are specimens of 1 kg each. Moreover, there are no voids in large potatoes. Keeping quality is 97%, that is, almost the entire crop is stored until spring, 81–96% of tubers have a beautiful presentation. Irbit is resistant to cancer, potato mosaic viruses, leaf twisting, not affected by golden nematode, moderately resistant to late blight.

Irbitsky tubers, with good care, are very large and full-bodied

Growing features

The variety is good because it can be grown in the most usual way, it does not require special care, many grows without watering (enough rains), without any preventive spraying and even without hilling, which is replaced by mulching with straw or dry weeds.

And if you apply all the rules of high agricultural technology, then you will be able to get simply stunning results from this variety:

  • A month before planting, wash the seed tubers in a solution of copper sulfate (10 g per 10 l of water) and spread out for germination in 1-2 layers. Spray them with clean water once a week and flip them over.

    To prevent the tubers from shrinking so much, spray them once a week with clean water.

  • Dig up the ground a week before planting, adding two buckets of humus or compost and 0.5 liters of ash per square meter. Instead of natural fertilizers, you can apply complex mineral fertilizers, for example, nitroammofosku (30 g / m²) or modern dry mixes for potatoes such as Gumi-Omi.
  • On the day of planting, spread the sprouted tubers in furrows or holes, spray them and the soil with wireworm and Colorado potato beetle preparations (Tabu, Aktara, etc.). The planting pattern is 30x60-70 cm, but some gardeners still plant potatoes in a square-nesting method (50x50 cm) and collect much larger yields. After all, when there are no clearly marked rows, consisting of a solid wall of closed bushes, the sun's rays evenly illuminate the field throughout the day, the rays pass unhindered along, across and along the diagonal of the plot.

    With the square-nesting method, each plant is equidistant from all growing nearby, which provides good insolation and ventilation

  • If the seedlings appear before the return frosts stop, sprinkle them entirely with earth.
  • When the seedlings rise 15–20 cm above the ground, apply a fertilizer containing mainly nitrogen. This element is necessary for the growth of powerful bushes. Infusions are well suited: nettle, mullein, dung, yeast, as well as mineral fertilizers (ammonium nitrate, urea). After applying top dressing, which is combined with watering, poke the bushes. During the same period, for prevention, treat potatoes against diseases, including scab, HOM, Skor, Ridomil or another fungicide and from the Colorado potato beetle - Aktara. Repeat these treatments after 10 days.
  • In the phase of the first buds, water and feed again, but now the fertilizer should contain more potassium, which contributes to the growth of tubers. Dissolve in 10 l of water: 20 g of potassium sulfate and 10 g of superphosphate and urea. You can use special fertilizer for potatoes from the store. Play it again.

Weed the aisles, loosen after rains or keep under a layer of mulch. This ends the care of potatoes. You just have to admire the beautiful flowering and wait for the harvest. In the second half of summer, the bushes close, you can no longer disturb them.

With good care or due to frequent rains, Irbit can bloom until autumn. The buds are not a sign that the tubers are not yet ripe. To find out if it's time to dig the potatoes, scoop up the soil from one of the bushes and rub the tuber with your fingertips (not your fingernail). On immature tubers, the skin is thin, easily damaged; on mature tubers, it adheres tightly, protecting the pulp.

Video: planting sprouted potatoes, harvesting

If you like Irbitsky with its yield and taste, then collect seed tubers from the most productive bushes. Before sending the potatoes to storage for food, keep the potatoes for a week in a dark and ventilated room so that they dry out, possible wounds are healed, and the skin becomes rough. Wash the seed tubers in a solution of potassium permanganate or copper sulfate and plant them in partial shade.

Reviews of vegetable growers about Irbitsky potatoes

The Irbitsky variety is productive in regions with unfavorable summer. It does not require any special care. But like any potato, it responds by enlarging the tubers for watering, feeding, loosening, protecting against diseases and pests.


A popular variety of potatoes with excellent taste and good keeping quality "Kievsky Svitanok"

Svitanok Kievsky is a standard Ukrainian potato variety. Initially, the crop was bred for cultivation in latitudes with a temperate climate, but thanks to the successful adaptation of the variety to any type of soil and any weather conditions, it became possible to grow these potatoes in almost all regions of Russia. Medium sized tubers have a pleasant pink skin color and yellow flesh with a high starch content.

From the article you will learn the pros and cons of the variety, the nuances of agricultural technology, methods of dealing with late blight, wireworm and Colorado potato beetle.


Advantages and disadvantages

Sturdy is the perfect variety for beginners. Despite the fact that it was introduced not so long ago, thanks to its characteristics, it managed to gain popularity in many regions of the Russian Federation and other countries. The main ones include:

  1. Up to 15 tubers can be harvested from one bush. Sometimes more. Accordingly, up to 50 tons of crops can be harvested from one hectare. I am very pleased with the fact that the indicators are stable.
  2. Early ripeness. Already 60 days after the appearance of the first shoots, the first young potatoes can be harvested.
  3. "Krepish" can be grown on any soil. It has good adaptation and a high germination rate.
  4. Drought resistance. A very important factor is that the variety does not require constant watering. But, nevertheless, for a good harvest, you should monitor the condition of the soil.
  5. High palatability was rated 4..7 on a five-point scale.
  6. The variety perfectly tolerates transportation and can be stored in the cellar until the next harvest.
  7. High resistance to common diseases (rictoniosis, potato cancer, scab, nematode).

Unfortunately, nothing can be perfect and "Krepysh" also has disadvantages. It is vulnerable to late blight and requires frequent hilling of the earth.


Description of the potato variety Labadia

The variety is characterized by tall bushes of an intermediate type. Shoots can be erect and semi-erect. The leaves are large, 12-15 cm long. Their color is light green, the edges are slightly wavy. Moderate leafiness. As the bushes grow, their central part tilts in different directions. Each of them grows 4-6 stems 0.8-1 cm thick. Tubers of "Labadia" germinate together on 21-23 days from the moment of planting.

The flowers of this potato variety are medium-sized, with a corolla diameter of 0.8 cm. The color of the petals grown together at the base of the petals is white. Each inflorescence contains 4-5 buds.

6-10 large tubers grow under each Labadia bush during the season. Quite often their number can be much higher. Potatoes have an oblong-oval shape with a smooth or slightly rough surface. The peel of Labadia potatoes is yellow. The eyes are sparse, small, with an average depth of occurrence. Fruit weight 100-150 g. The pulp is dense, light yellow in color.

The starch content in potatoes reaches 16%. During the cooking process, the pulp is boiled, but at the same time it retains a normal consistency without excessive wateriness and dryness. The taste of this variety is assessed as excellent.

"Labadia" is characterized by unpretentiousness in the care and composition of the soil. The variety shows fast adaptability to any climatic conditions without loss of productivity.

Important! The description of the tubers sometimes differs from that declared by the originator, since it depends on the growing conditions. The yield of marketable tubers at "Labadia" 86-95%

The yield of marketable tubers at "Labadia" 86-95%


Testimonials

For many years he has been growing "Moscow Late". I liked it very much, a real lady. It is very good when fermented, it is not tastier. I grew my own seeds, but this year they did not sprout.

Jeremy, Belarus

http://forum.prihoz.ru/viewtopic.php?t=2699

And I also really like the good old Moscow late. Also resistant to keel

mopsdad1, Belgorod region

http://www.tomat-pomidor.com/newforum/index.php?topic=8812.0

Of the late ones, we have been growing the Moscow late-15 variety for a long time. I like the fact that it is a wonderful variety for salting and the fact that it is simply on a high leg to care for it, it is convenient to weed to weed. But Moscow late-9 is different, it is squat, it covers the soil around itself, but it is highly resistant to the keel.

Liarosa, Tatarstan

http://dacha.wcb.ru/index.php?showtopic=49975&hl=

I usually put the Moscow Late and Sugar Loaf in the cellar. But heads of cabbage can grow large, from 6 kg. The head of cabbage is very dense, it is stored perfectly. Sugar Loaf is sweeter.

Gost385147

https://www.forumhouse.ru/threads/122577/

I also plant Moskovskaya 15 - also good cabbage, I mainly plant it for pickling, because the forks are very large up to 15 kg.

The Scarlet Flower

https://otvet.mail.ru/question/53000650

I love Moscow late (huge, delicious for salting very well).

MaSaHiRa

https://otvet.mail.ru/question/53000650

Moscow Late, the former Pudovka, at first seemed to be fruitful, but when I saw how much area was needed for one giant plant, and even the resistance was weak, I stopped planting.

qwaspol, Nizhny Novgorod

http://forum.vinograd.info/showthread.php?p=521987

Huge, tight heads of cabbage of Moscow late will not leave anyone indifferent. High yield, resistance to cracking and fungal diseases, good keeping quality and excellent taste make this cabbage attractive for commercial cultivation. And a couple of dozen heads of cabbage grown in the country are quite enough for salting for the winter for an average family.


Watch the video: Growing Potatoes in Containers - 8 Week Update!


Previous Article

Video about cutting roses: what are the ways to propagate roses by cuttings

Next Article

Information About Rubber Trees