Legumes are not for nothing that they occupy one of the first places among vegetables in terms of the level of benefits that they bring to the human body. Legumes combine a whole storehouse of vitamins, micro- and macroelements, and also contain an easily digestible vegetable protein. In terms of their nutritional value, legumes are three times higher than meat, but in comparison with animal protein, they are more easily absorbed by the body and do not disturb metabolism. That is why gardeners always grow this vegetable on their site.
A special place among the representatives of legumes is occupied by asparagus beans. In foreign countries, asparagus beans are grown by gardeners much more often than green beans. In our country, the situation is the opposite, and at the moment, asparagus beans are not so widespread. But this is completely in vain.
The pods of asparagus beans are delicate in taste, of a wide variety of shades: green, yellow, black, purple. The length of the pods can also vary from 10 to 120 cm.
There are several good reasons why you should grow asparagus beans in your summer cottage:
Asparagus beans are able to benefit not only the human body, but also nature. Every gardener knows that growing it in soil helps to improve the characteristics of the latter. It has long been known that legumes are the best way to prepare beds for further planting of other vegetable crops. The roots of legumes secrete special substances that react with soil bacteria to produce the nitrogen that plants need.
It has been noticed that planting beans on the same bed every year increases its yield. Therefore, if there is a need to transfer the beans to a new place, then you need to take part of the land from the previous bed and mix it with the soil on a new one.
Scientists have proven the fact that legumes are able to repel such garden pests as moles and shrews. In order to forever scare them away from your site, along its perimeter, as well as throughout the area, along with other vegetables and fruits, you need to plant bean bushes. Both asparagus and bush beans, as well as peas, will do.
Asparagus beans, thanks to their long lashes and dense green mass, provide a light shade for other vegetable crops and serve as protection from drafts. This property will benefit tomatoes and cucumbers. For this, asparagus beans are planted on the south side of the beds.
Asparagus beans form long, strong stems, reaching a length of about 3.5-4 m. Bean leaves are large, the shades of flowers are different depending on the color of future pods. From a white flower, a yellow pod will turn out, from yellow and red - green and red, respectively, from a purple - lilac pods. Usually the green mass will also have a slight tint to the color of the pod. Due to the variety of colors, asparagus beans are often planted not for eating, but for decorating a garden, a gazebo, a fence. They don't harvest it.
For asparagus beans, a feature is characteristic when, after each removal of young pods with sugar unripe beans, a new wave of flowering and setting of young fruits quickly begins. Asparagus beans are convenient because if the grower skips the harvest and the beans mature, they will never lose their high taste. They will taste soft and oily.
Young asparagus beans are rich in vitamins and minerals and their health benefits are enormous. This is why fresh pods are sometimes overpriced on supermarket shelves. This is another reason to grow it yourself in your summer cottage.
If you do not have a summer residence, then you should not despair, since asparagus beans are one of the few types of vegetables that can be grown on your balcony in a large container. It can be eaten both raw and can be prepared from it for the winter or frozen.
Asparagus beans are placed on the bed in such a way that there is a distance of about 30 cm between the bushes, and at least 60 cm between the rows. Since beans are a climbing crop, it would be appropriate to place supports with stretched ropes on the beds. The garden bed in this case will receive a sufficient and even distributed amount of sunlight, it will be well ventilated, which will exclude the appearance of rot on the leaves and fruits. Harvesting with this arrangement of beans will also be much easier.
It is convenient to grow asparagus beans using the so-called nesting method. For this, a support in the form of a hut is installed on the bed, and the bed is formed round. The diameter of the bed should be no more than 80-90 cm, and no more than 10-12 beans should be planted in it. Asparagus beans will curl around the supports of the makeshift hut from all sides, making harvesting easier.
Another convenient option for growing asparagus beans is to plant them along a fence, gazebo, or hedge. The result will be a high yield of beans along with good shelter from sunlight and drafts.
Beans can also be planted between the stems of the grapes. Such a neighborhood will have a beneficial effect on the health of the grapes, and you will also not need to think about what support to make for the asparagus beans.
The soil for growing asparagus beans must be very nutritious and fertile. It is best to fertilize it with manure, and it is also recommended to apply a handful of nitroammophos for each square meter of area. The first landing is carried out in open ground when the earth warms up to 8-10 degrees Celsius. Beans are a cold-tolerant plant, therefore they are successfully grown even in the northern regions. Beans can also be grown using seedlings, but it is important to use the transfer method when transplanting to the garden, since the roots of the plant do not tolerate any manipulations with them.
Before planting, the seeds are soaked in water with the addition of honey for germination. After planting, the bed is covered with wood ash. This will saturate the soil with useful substances, as well as protect future tender bean sprouts from pests. The first shoots can be observed within about a week after planting.
With insufficient care, lack of watering, fertilizers in the soil, asparagus beans will become exposed to insect pests. Young bean sprouts are particularly affected by whiteflies, aphids and spider mites. To control them before flowering, you can successfully apply one of the many insecticides of your choice. But, starting from the moment of flowering, with an attack of pests, it will be possible to use only folk remedies that are harmless to the human body. These include solutions of laundry soap, ash, dusting the bushes with tobacco dust.
Beans are often affected by slugs. You can save the plant from them by sprinkling the ground with lime or ash.
At first, asparagus beans did not become widespread in the garden plots of amateurs. But it’s completely in vain. Over time, people realized that the delicate pods of this variety could find more use in cooking than simple varieties. Although its ripe fruits are tougher, on the other hand pods do not contain parchment walls and hard fibers... That is why the whole pod can be eaten.
Bean pods come in a variety of shades, ranging from greens and yellows to deep purples. The length of the pods varies from 12 to 120 cm. Also, many varieties are quite unpretentious, and can be grown in the shade and in the northern part of the site.
There are 3 types of asparagus beans:
Asparagus beans "Laura" are bushy species. One of the main advantages of this variety is its disease resistance and high yield. From the beginning of planting to harvesting, only 50-60 days pass, which makes it possible to classify the variety "Laura" as early maturing. The pods are uniformly yellowish in color, reaching 10-12 cm in length.
The asparagus bean "Zhuravushka" is a bush type of plant that also belongs to the early maturing varieties. The average time for a crop to ripen takes 50 days. The height of the bushes varies in the region of 40-50 cm. The pods are slightly curved, green in color, and reach 11-13 cm in length. The "Zhuravushka" variety has a high yield.
The Snegurochka asparagus beans are bushy. It ripens quite early - from the appearance of the first shoots to harvest, it takes about 45-50 days. The height of the bush does not exceed 40 cm. The pods reach a length of 16 cm. They are painted yellowish-green and do not have a parchment layer and fibers.
Saksa asparagus beans are a bushy plant with a high yield. This variety is early ripening, as it takes about 45-50 days to ripen. The height of the bushes reaches 35-40 cm, the pods are light green, 10-13 cm long.
reference... The Saksa variety was bred by Soviet scientists specifically for cultivation in the vastness of the USSR. Therefore, this variety can be planted in cool climates. Remember that picking the Saksa variety must be green - in this case, they will be soft and juicy.
Asparagus beans "Vigna" are semi-peeling and can reach up to a meter in length. This variety came to us from the Central part of Africa, but rather quickly fell in love with Russian summer residents. "Vigna" is used in the form of young shoots, since they contain many vitamins (A, B, C) and useful microelements.
Important! "Vigna" loves warmth, so it is better to start planting with growing seedlings, which are then planted in open ground. However, remember that if the average temperature in your area is below 20 degrees Celsius, there is a risk that the seedlings will not take root.
Gerda asparagus beans reach a height of 3 meters. This variety of curly asparagus beans is ideal for decorating the outside wall of a house or gazebo, as it requires vertical support to grow.
This variety is considered early maturing, it takes an average of 50 days to ripen. The plant does not require any special care. It is best to plant it in a sunny and well-sheltered place. The length of ripe pods can reach 30 cm. They grow in a pleasant pale yellow color.
Asparagus beans "Fatima" belong to the curly species. The length of the plant reaches 3 meters in height. The variety is considered high-yielding and mid-season, as it takes up to 60 days to ripen.
Ripe pods are straight, light green in color, reaching a length of 25 cm. A feature of the "Fatima" variety is that it has a long fruiting period.
Asparagus beans "Matilda" distinguish their dark purple color against the background of other varieties. This curly species can grow up to 3 meters in height, but do not forget about the vertical support. Fruit ripening lasts about 65 days, and the length of the pods reaches 20 cm.
From such a variety of varieties, choosing the best one is not easy. Beans themselves have a huge amount of nutrients, they can be used in any form. Most varieties do not require special care, which greatly simplifies the growing process.
The most versatile varieties are Butter King, Sachs and Bona. They are distinguished by an abundant amount of fruits and a universal purpose. Their bushes are resistant to viruses and diseases. You can eat beans in any form.
The varieties are great for people who follow a diet. Semi-sugar varieties should also be mentioned separately. The whole beans are eaten at the stage of milk maturity. They ripen well in the open field.
If you value not only nutritional qualities, but also appearance, then curly varieties are perfect for you. Such a plant will decorate your home, garden, gazebo, porch. Green shoots and delicate flowers hide unsightly walls. Experienced gardeners advise paying attention to varieties such as the Purple Queen, Golden Nectar and Blauhilda.
Important! Shrub beans require less space and do not need tying. The varieties Flamingo and Zhuravushka stand out especially among them.
Green beans love warm weather, but not heat. Beans are sown only with the onset of spring. It is recommended to plant the plant in early May along with potatoes. It is very important that there is no cold and frost. You can wait until the ground warms up to +10 degrees.
It is best to choose a well-lit area outdoors so that there is no wind. When choosing a soil, it does not matter at all what acidity it has. The soil must be loose. If you live in the northern regions, then the sandy soil will be an excellent soil, as it warms up quickly.
When sowing, ash can be added to the holes, it will help the plant grow well. And it is best to prepare the soil in the fall. They do it as follows: when digging up the earth, add a mixture of superphosphate and potassium chloride to it. The calculation is as follows: 1 square meter will need 20 g of potassium chloride and 30 g of superphosphate.
Video shows asparagus beans, cultivation and care:
There is a standard scheme for planting exactly asparagus bean seeds. Make a small furrow 5 cm deep. Add ash as a source of potassium if you haven't fed the soil in the fall. Then the ground is watered very well, they wait until the water is absorbed. The seeds can now be sown. They are laid out at a distance of 10 cm from each other. The distance between the rows is from 40 to 60 cm. After a week or 10 days, you can wait for shoots.
When planting curly asparagus, you need to arrange a support, the length of which will be about 2 meters. As soon as shoots appear, they need to be tied to a support. The height of bush beans is no more than 50 cm.
There is another non-standard growing method. You can build wigwams up to 2 m high and 4 cm thick. You can take four or five such sticks, they are tied on top. 4 holes are made around such a wigwam, their depth is 5 cm. The holes must be fed and moistened. Place 2 seeds in each cavity. It is best to plant early varieties of asparagus beans, and later varieties simply do not have time to ripen.
Summer residents often use greenhouse beds. How to make them at the dacha in the garden? They take boards and hammer a box out of it. Branches are placed at the very bottom as drainage. The entire box is filled with organic matter. In order for organics to be quickly processed, it is necessary to sprinkle with a preparation called Shine-3. After that, the garden bed is poured with Radiance-1. All residues that remain after processing are covered with soil 15 cm thick. Seeds are sown in the resulting warm beds. The resulting warm beds are placed on the south side and preferably along the fence.
You will not feel any difficulties in caring for this type of plant; it is not difficult to grow beans in the open field. If the ground under the plant is dry, then the soil must be moistened immediately, but this must be done in moderation. The roots of asparagus beans do not germinate deeply, they are located at a depth of 15 cm from the surface of the earth. In hot weather, the land dries up very quickly, so you need to ensure timely watering of the beans. It is good to pour water at the very root.
Until the plant grows 10 cm, it is important to constantly weed the ridges after the rain. After stretching the plant, it is better to mulch the soil. This technique will help prevent the soil from drying out quickly and eliminate weeds. In the case of curly asparagus beans, direct the plant directly onto a stick. After 12 hours, the beans will curl around the stick by themselves. Depending on which variety of beans you have chosen, then you need to wait for the first fruits. If the variety is early, then after 40 or 50 days you will be able to harvest. The latest variety bears fruit in 4 months, on average after 120 days.
How cucumbers are grown in the open field is indicated in the article.
How cucumbers are grown in barrels can be found in the reviews and photos in the article.
What is the technology for growing cucumbers in a winter greenhouse is indicated here: //gidfermer.com/sadovodstvo/ovoshhevodstvo/texnologiya-vyrashhivaniya-ogurcov-v-teplice.html
If the beans are early, then after the appearance of the first stalks, they begin to bloom. The ovaries will begin to appear in 20 days, and after another 10 days you can feast on the first beans. Cow dung is used as a top dressing. For this, 2 well-known methods are used:
To enhance fruiting, you need to pinch the shoots. Do this after the height of the plant is 2.5 m. You need to pick the fruits when they are juicy and soft. The size of the pod is from 10 to 15 cm. The grains inside the pod are the size of wheat. The pods need to be checked constantly. If the pods have already hardened, then they should not be eaten. These beans are laid as seeds.
If you pluck the pods constantly, a new ovary will appear even faster. Therefore, you should not spare the fruit, it is better to pick unsuitable for nutrition. Asparagus, like curly beans, can be picked before frost. Bean roots are capable of converting and pulling nitrogen from the soil. Therefore, very often beans are planted along with other plants that also need nutrients.
If you planted a plant using wigwams, then cucumbers and pumpkins can be sown inside the circle. You need to pluck the beans during the entire ripening period. This plant is packed with vitamins and nutrients. If you want to store beans in winter, then they need to be frozen.
If you left the pods to get seeds, then you need to wait until they are fully ripe.... When this happens, the pods are cut off. It is best to dry the pods during the day in the sun. Then the grains are husked. The grains are stored in the refrigerator at a temperature of +5 degrees.
The article indicates which tomatoes to plant in a greenhouse in Siberia, it is indicated in the article.
How tomatoes are grown according to the Maslov method can be found in the article.
What varieties of tomatoes are best grown in a greenhouse in the Urals is indicated here: //gidfermer.com/bez-rubriki/pomidory-dlya-urala-v-teplice.html
I really love asparagus beans. She grew her different: both bush and curly.
This year I decided to try something new from its varieties, namely - curly asparagus beans "Blue Hilda" JSC "MinskSortSemOvoshch". This is a Belarusian seed producer.
I sowed seeds in early May (spring and summer are hot in the north of Belarus this year), and already in July we were harvesting.
The plant is sooooo tall, just unlimited growth, and needs support. The main part of the beans in my country house is planted like this
Each plant is tied.
I attached a couple of extra seedlings (seedlings)) under the plum, so the beans ran under it under the sky that I couldn't get it without a ladder)))
The pods grow in clusters like this.
It is impossible to be late in collecting the shoulder blades - they coarse very quickly. You need to pluck the flat purple shoulder blades. When the pod becomes greenish, and large grains are clearly visible on it, then it will already be fibrous. That is why you need to be on the lookout when the harvest is ripe.
Here's a photo and compare the pods.
Overgrown bean blades need to remove the tough fiber.
But this will not help either, since the blades fall apart in half during cooking and they are harsh.
Variety "Blue Hilda" is very fruitful, but without supervision))) beans cannot be left, as you need to regularly, literally in a day or two, remove young shoulder blades. Overgrown grains do not need to be plucked, let them ripen: ripe grains can be eaten like ordinary vegetable beans.
The taste of this variety is quite good. When boiled (blanched), the color of the pods turns from purple to green.
SUMMARY... I recommend the variety of curly asparagus beans "Blue Hilda" of our Belarusian seed producer MinskSortSemOvoshch OJSC: it is very fruitful, does not take up much space on the plot, does not require special care (I did not even feed anything during the entire growth period) and tastes good. She took off one star for the fact that even slightly overgrown pods become unusable due to their rigidity.
Siberia is a rather harsh region in terms of weather, with short summers, which does not have the best effect on growing crops. Most varieties of beans grow reluctantly in such conditions, therefore, when planting and caring, the following recommendations should be adhered to:
Harvesting should be done when the pods are ripe. When planting early maturing varieties, the collection begins in August. After removing the ripe fruits, they should be left to ripen in the air, hanging or spreading out under a canopy. This allows the remaining pods to mature faster. With the onset of frost below -1˚C, the plant can be completely pulled out and suspended to ripen.