Rumba grapes: features of the variety and conditions for growing


Grapes have long been considered a wonderful addition to a garden or plot. It can be grown on walls, trellises or trellises. When planted correctly, grapes take up little space. For the fruits of the plant to ripen, you need soft earth and an abundance of sunlight. For growing in cool climates, breeders have bred special frost-resistant varieties, one of which is Rumba.

Growing history

The Rumba grape was obtained by crossing the Red Rapture variety (known as ZOS-1) with the Cherrel variety. This hybrid form is considered amateur, since it was obtained by an amateur breeder V.U. Kapelyushny without the use of special technologies. It was first grown in the Rostov region, but it also grows in a more severe northern climate.

The Rumba variety is relatively young - less than 10 years old.

The Rumba grape was first grown in the Rostov region, but it can grow and bear fruit in more northern regions.

Description of the grape variety Rumba

Rumba is a table grape variety. It has large (about 30 cm in length), slightly loose clusters weighing 800-1100 g. The color of the fruit is usually pink, less often purple. The berries are fleshy, crunchy, with a high sucrose content and a pleasant nutmeg smell.

Rumba berries are usually pink, but sometimes purple

The grape bushes grow very quickly and in the first year they can grow up to 5 m. Rumba can always be recognized by the shape of the leaf - dissected in the middle, with large notches.

Characteristics of the variety

  1. Thanks to a strong film covering each berry, the grapes do not suffer from pests and are transported practically without loss.
  2. Begins to bear fruit in the 2-3rd year.
  3. Has good compatibility with rootstocks.
  4. The harvest ripens quickly, the first berries can be picked in early August.
  5. Frost-resistant, withstands frosts down to -24 ° C.
  6. Berries are not subject to sunburn.
  7. Resistant to fungal diseases, mildew, mildew.
  8. Even after full ripening, the bunches can remain on the vine for a long time, the berries do not crack.

Table: technical characteristics of Rumba grapes

The parameters may vary depending on the region in which the grapes are grown.

Video: Rumba grape harvest

Features of planting and growing

This variety does not require any special soil for planting and will grow in almost any conditions. He has no special recommendations for feeding, except that fertilizers should be laid no more often than once every 3 years. For the development of the root system of the bushes, it is recommended to place the seedlings at a distance of 3 m from each other. You need to plant grapes in a place where there will be a lot of sunlight.

The horizontal support holds the Rumu bushes better than the vertical one

Planting grapes

Due to their high frost resistance, Rumba grapes can be planted both in spring and autumn. The main thing is that there are no frosts at night.

Procedure:

  1. The day before planting in the ground, the roots of the seedling should be cut and lowered into water (preferably with an admixture of growth enhancers).
  2. Dig a hole - 80 cm deep, 1 m in diameter. Cover the bottom with a layer of organic fertilizers (humus, rotted manure, black soil) 20-30 cm thick and fix the support.
  3. Place the seedling in the hole and cover with earth, but not completely, but leaving 5–7 cm to the edge.
  4. Water the plant with 2 buckets of water and fill the place left in the pit with mulch (fallen leaves, cake, compost, humus are suitable).

The grape bush is mulched after planting to protect the young vine from ground pests

Care

Rumba is an unpretentious grape variety and does not require much maintenance. But you should carefully consider the features of watering:

  1. The first watering is carried out at the time of planting.
  2. The next one is only after 3 weeks, during the first pruning.
  3. During the growing season, moisture consumption increases due to the growth of young shoots, so you need to moisten the grape bushes more often.
  4. During flowering, you cannot water the bushes, otherwise the inflorescences can be damaged.
  5. Water sparingly before harvesting so that the fruits are not watery and runny.

It is important to monitor the rate of moisture absorption by the soil, excess water will lead to rotting of the root system.

Useful tips for caring for Rumba grapes

  1. The author of the variety recommends leaving no more than 20 eyes on young (less than 3 years old) bushes and about 45 eyes on adults. It is better to cut off excess shoots (overloading can negatively affect the quality of the crop).
  2. It is enough to treat the plant with antifungal biological products (for example, Trichodermin or Fitosporin) 2 times a year, the form has high natural resistance. It is necessary to spray the bushes when the buds are blooming, as well as during the rainy season, since excess moisture creates favorable conditions for the development of fungal diseases.
  3. For the winter, Rumba grapes do not need to be covered, but in areas with severe frosts, it is better to lay the vine on the ground, treat it with copper sulfate and cover it with plastic wrap or earth.

The material used to cover the grapes must completely cover the vine

Testimonials

In a climate that is unfavorable for growing grapes, the Rumba variety will be a good choice for home vineyards. It is vigorous, fruitful, transportable, has good taste in combination with a very early ripening period and is resistant to diseases.

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