I grow petunia both outdoors and in balcony boxes on the veranda. Usually I sow these flowers during February, but it is not too late to sow them in March: although the petunia will bloom a little later, it will delight you until the frost.
Summer residents often use ornamental shrubs to decorate their backyards. There are many of them, they are unpretentious, they are considered universal, they are not tied to one region. They can be seen both in Siberia and in the Urals. There are sun-loving, shade-tolerant, wild, tall varieties. Difficulties with the selection of crops that are suitable in type and color usually do not arise.
When planting ornamental shrubs, gardeners pursue several goals at once: the first is to create a unique landscape, the second is to protect low-growing plantings from wind, dust and the hot sun. When planning a design, the need for shrubs for "personal" space must be taken into account.
They require more space than other garden plants.
Summer varieties are planted to replace spring flowers, so that the site will please the eye with flowers throughout the summer season.
Arabis will be a good choice for those who do not want to plant a large number of alternating flowers on the site. Arabis spreads on the ground and has a large number of leaves, so it completely covers the ground and does not require the proximity of other flowers.
It begins to bloom in April and blooms until the very frost.
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Bright and rich doronicum flowers will be a wonderful decoration for the garden. It should be borne in mind that when they fade, the greens will also fade, so it is worth planting a decorative fern nearby so that the site is not empty.
Doronicum blooms from mid-May to June.
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There are two types of loosestrife: creeping and with high stems ending in large inflorescences. These inflorescences have large flowers of various shades. In addition, the loosestrife is frost-resistant and practically not subject to the threat of pests.
Flowering time is from May to the end of June.
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There are several varieties of summer roses that are especially popular with summer residents.
This variety of roses grows to a height of 70 cm and has pale orange flowers. It has a pronounced pleasant aroma and is suitable for hot climates.
It blooms twice for three weeks: in mid-July and mid-August.
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A two-tone type of roses, which become snow-white in the shade, and the edges of the petals acquire a crimson hue in the sun. They tolerate rain well and are hardy.
Blooms from May until frost.
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This variety of roses is very unpretentious and resistant to rain and disease. The flowers are quite large - 8 cm in diameter - and last for 2 weeks.
Blooms from June to late August.
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The bright yellow flowers of the swimsuit have a pleasant aroma and, due to their long stems, can become a kind of hedge.
The bather blooms in May and, with regular watering, will bloom until the second half of summer.
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Geranium blooms with small beautiful flowers, constantly replacing each other. And even after the end of flowering, it still copes well with the decorative role due to its carved and rich green leaves.
Like all descendants of wild plants, geranium is unpretentious and grows in the shade.
Geranium blooms from May to late summer.
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This perennial plant begins flowering right after tulips and daffodils.
Bright flowers of a bizarre shape remain on it from May to September. But even when they fall, the aquilegia adorns the area with purple leaves.
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The Turkish carnation has bright flowers with serrated petals, but rather small in size. Therefore, it is better to plant it tightly enough.
It begins to bloom in late spring and ends in September. Another advantage of this plant is the ability to reproduce by self-seeding.
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Cornflower has fluffy flowers of various shades and is unpretentious to the degree of soil fertility.
It blooms from June to September and has a high germination rate, and also takes root both in the sun and in the shade.
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Astilba is an unpretentious plant that can decorate the entire garden. Its lush inflorescences can be of a variety of shades: from white and pale pink to deep purple.
Astilba blooms from June to September.
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A group of multi-colored lupines will be a worthy decoration for any site.
This flower has a peculiarity - double flowering: one at the beginning of summer, and the other in the second half.
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The skeleton of a garden quite often consists of stably ornamental conifers. Depending on the size of the garden plot, both tall and medium-sized specimens can become such a basis.
Many conifers are real giant trees that are planted only by the owners of really large-scale gardens. For owners of small holdings of six to eight acres, a variety of conifers allows you to arrange a harmonious adult garden in miniature, using dwarf forms and varieties of trees and shrubs. Moreover, it can generally consist exclusively of conifers or with their overwhelming majority.
Conifers are grouped in the same way as herbaceous plants in flower beds. Their color range is much poorer, so the emphasis is mainly on height, crown shape and type of needles. They try to plant conifers in such a way that the texture of each specimen is felt from afar. The most popular are large plantings with picturesque smooth borders, located along paths and fences or in the form of islands on the lawn. They can flow into one another, separated by paths. If such compositions "grip" the lawn, then it looks like a meandering river bed.
Cereals are wonderfully combined with all conifers. They grow side by side in nature, and in this case it is not important to observe the size of the plants. With low conifers, you can successfully plant both fescue and spikelet, and with high conifers, miscanthus and feather grass or spreading pine forest. Of the shrubs, the most versatile accompanying conifers are the unassuming, colorful varieties of Japanese spirea and barberries.
They can even be used in compositions created, including for an overhead view (that is, from the upper floors of the house, from the balcony).
For this purpose, it is good to take junipers of medium height with open crowns, or mountain pine f. pumilio and Thunberg barberries Golden Rocket, Aurea and intersperse them with each other. When the main plants are selected, short spireas, thuja, etc. are added for variety.
Conifers provide a harmonious backdrop to spectacular perennials and shrubs. First of all, these are the plants most beloved by gardeners: roses and hydrangeas, phloxes, irises, chrysanthemums, delphiniums, lilies and daylilies, clematis. The needles will emphasize the modest beauty of ordinary field daisies, bells, anaphalis, astilba. In turn, the accompanying plants enrich the rather meager palette of conifers. In addition (depending on the presence or absence of bright spots next to this group), the tonality of the needles is perceived differently. For example, thuja Rheingold against the background of piercing blue-purple peduncles of forest sage, it looks more golden, and growing nearby juniper Gray Owl visually becomes more blue.
Perennials are a variety of beautifully flowering plants, including decorative deciduous species. All of them are characterized by a long growth period, in other words, these plants can form a flower bed for several years, without the need to perform a transplantation procedure or additional sowing.
Most perennials tolerate low temperatures well.
Note! During this period, green spaces do not lose their decorative characteristics. Most of the perennials do not have special requirements for care and growth conditions. They are characterized by early flowering, ahead of annual plant species.
Scope of application of perennials:
Perennials can be used to create original flower arrangements
All green spaces in this category can be used for flower beds as the main background for other flowers or as a decorative addition. They differ in color, shape and height, so they can be an excellent complement to each other.
Gardeners prefer this type of plant to annual flowers for a variety of very good reasons.
Plants for an alpine slide: names and photos, do-it-yourself gardening. Types of flowers and shrubs, schemes of their placement. Recommendations for disembarkation and registration. Mixborders in landscape design.
The advantages of perennial plants:
The combination of different types of garden flowers will decorate the summer cottage
Helpful advice! Use perennials for additional seedlings, tubers, and seeds. Many summer residents practice a system of exchanging planting material with each other. Use this method to get new varieties for your flower bed for free.
Woolly stakhis, purse, bear ear (Stachyslanata Jacq S. vyzantina S. Koch.) belongs to the family Lamiaceae. It is a herbaceous perennial with creeping and rooting vegetative shoots. Flowering shoots 30 cm high, leafy. The leaves are oblong-elliptical, 10-15 cm long. The flowers are medium-sized, pink or purple, collected in a spike-shaped inflorescence. The entire plant is covered with dense silvery-white tomentose pubescence.
Stakhis is winter-hardy, drought-resistant. Grows well in sun and partial shade. When caring for this garden ornamental deciduous plant, it should be borne in mind that it loves fertile, moderately moist soils.
Propagated by dividing the bush during almost the entire growing season. Tolerates transplantation well. It can also propagate by seeds, which are sown for seedlings in March-April or in open ground in May.
Woolly chisel is grown in mixborders, groups, borders, on alpine slides. Plants form low (10-15 cm high) silvery fluffy rugs. Flowering plants do not look very decorative, so it is advisable to cut the peduncles at the beginning of flowering, unless, of course, there is a need to get seeds. Cut flower stalks with leaves are an excellent material for winter bouquets and compositions.
Forming a flower bed or herb bed is not too different from forming a regular flower garden.
Choose a place in the garden for the flower bed so that it is convenient to approach it in any weather. Its shape can be any: round, square, triangular. Plant the tallest plants such as cumin, fennel, tarragon in the center so that they do not obscure other plants. From the flowering spicy plants in the center, you can also plant cucumber grass with bright blue edible flowers and a red swan with bright beautiful leaves. On the border, you can plant plants with graceful leaves - chervil, curly parsley, thyme, savory.
A special place should be reserved for annual spices. In the space allocated for them, be sure to sow basil, chervil, dill, mustard leaves and other plants of your choice, desire and taste.
An indispensable element of the garden in the village is the vegetable garden, and therefore even the most uncomplicated beds will look natural on the site.
To prevent tall plants from shading other residents of the spicy garden, build them an easy support from twigs or wire. The rest, smaller herbs, should be grouped around tall plants. In order for the spices to grow well and have the same pronounced smell and taste, it is better to place the garden in a sunny place and water it more often.
It is not at all necessary to plant all the herbs directly in the ground. Some of them can be planted in pots without a bottom and plastic containers, for example, mint - after all, its roots can spread over a large area.
Spicy herbs in containers
Below are the names of forest herbs with photos and descriptions.
Tellima (TELLIMA). Family of saxifrage.
Tellima grandiflorum (T. grandiflora) - low (3040 cm) herbaceous plants from the shady cliffs of North America. The rhizome is short, the leaves in the root rosette are rounded, dense, overwintering. The flowers are small, expressionless, in a spike-shaped inflorescence. The plant is stably decorative, resistant, the leaves turn bronze in winter. Varieties "Rubra" - red leaf edge, "Purpurteppich" - leaves with prominent red veins.
Growing conditions. Shady areas with moderately moist forest soils.
Reproduction. By dividing the bush (at any time of the season), by seeds (sowing in spring and before winter). Able to form mass self-seeding. Planting density - 12 pcs. per 1 m2.
Basil (THALICTRUM). Buttercup family.
Perennial grasses, rhizome or with a brush of roots, grow in forests, in the clearings of the temperate zone of the Northern Hemisphere. Leaves in a basal rosette and on a branched stem, beautiful, glaucous, pinnately-separated, rounded. Inflorescences are paniculate or corymbose, from numerous small flowers.
Types and varieties:
Basil (T. aquilegifo-Uum) - 100-150 cm high, the leaves are large, triangular in shape, the inflorescence is openwork, pink, varieties: "Dwarf Purple", "Album".
Basil dipteran (T. dipterocarpum) - lilac flowers with yellow anthers, grade "Hewitt" s Double ".
Small basil (T. minus) - 3040 cm high, yellow flowers, the most drought-resistant.
Basil yellow(T. flavum) - moisture-loving, height 100-120 cm, yellow flowers.
Basil filamentous(T. filamentosum) - low, 15-25 cm high, with a long rhizome, forms a thicket of pale green leaves, white flowers, in an openwork inflorescence, grows in the shade.
Delaway Basil (T. delavayi) - 100 cm high, a magnificent large pink or red inflorescence.
Growing conditions. Sunny or semi-shaded places with loose moist soils (except for the small plant, which prefers dry soils).
Reproduction. Seeds (sowing in spring or before winter), dividing the bush (in spring or late summer).Able to weed. Planting density - 9 pcs. per 1 m2.
Black cohosh, cimicifuga (CIMICIFUGA). Buttercup family.
Tall grasses (up to 200 cm), blooming from the end of summer all autumn. About 20 species are known to grow in the forests of the Far East and North America. The rhizome is dense, short, and forms a powerful root system. The leaves are large, trifoliate, rise high on a long petiole, the peduncles are tall, they bear clusters of numerous small white flowers. Slowly growing perennial, holding the place up to 30-40 years.
Types and varieties:
Black cohosh branching (C. ramosa) - height 200 cm, variety "Atropurpurea".
Black cohosh daurian (C. dahurica) - height 200 cm, with a branched racemose inflorescence, blooms in September-October.
Black cohosh racemose (C. racemosa = C. cordifoiia) - height 180 cm, blooms earlier than other species (in July), pale-white flowers in racemose inflorescences.
Black cohosh simple (C. simpiex) - height 140 cm, blooms in September, flowers in a simple spike-shaped inflorescence.
Growing conditions. Shaded and semi-shaded areas with rich, well-drained, moderately moist soils.
Reproduction. Freshly harvested seeds, sown before winter. Seedlings bloom in the 3-5th year, but it is safer to propagate in the spring by dividing the bush. Delenki easily take root and live without a transplant for up to 30 years. Planting density - 3 pcs. per 1 m2.
Jeffersonia (JEFFERSONIA). Barberry family.
There are only two species of this genus, growing on opposite ends of the globe - one in the forests of eastern North America, the other in the forests of the Far East. These are low (25-35 cm) short-rhizome grasses that form rounded bushes of delicate rounded basal leaves and bloom in early spring. The flowers are single, 2-3 cm in diameter.
Types and varieties:
Jeffersonia double leaf (J. diphylla) from America has a leaf cut out at the top and white flowers in Jeffersonia dubious (J. dubia) from the Far East, the leaves are rounded, and the flowers are pale lilac.
Growing conditions. In the shade, under the canopy of trees covering the ground in autumn with fallen leaves on loose, well-drained forest soil.
Reproduction. Seed reproduction is difficult, since seeds germinate only in the 3rd year. Propagated by dividing the bush at the end of summer. Without division and transplantation, they can grow for 20-25 years.
Planting density - 16 pcs. per 1 m2.
Cardiocrinum (CARDIOCRINUM). Liliaceae family.
The genus Cardiocrinum includes 3 types of large bulbous herbs growing on forest edges and in the rare forests of East Asia. Peduncle 150-300 cm high with numerous flowers similar to lilies. These are the tallest plants of the lily family. They have shiny large heart-shaped leaves on petioles and numerous (up to 30 pieces per stem) white tubular fragrant flowers up to 15 cm long.
Types and varieties. Grows well in the temperate zone:
Heart-shaped cardiocrinum (C. cordatum)especially its shape "Glenna" (C. cordatum f. Glehnii)living in the light forests of Sakhalin, they have large flowers in a multi-flowered inflorescence.
Giant cardiocrinum (C. giganteum) - a plant of the Himalayas, needs strong shelter, is often damaged by frost.
Growing conditions. Slightly shaded areas with moist, loose, rich soils under a canopy of broad-leaved species (oak, linden, maple, apple).
Reproduction. Freshly harvested seeds are sown before winter, in spring they germinate, seedlings bloom in the 7-10th year.
Lungwort (PULMONARIA). Borage family.
Perennial forest rhizome grasses (about 14 species) 20-40 cm high, with oval pubescent leaves in a basal rosette and tubular flowers of red-violet tones (change color after pollination) in a dense inflorescence-curl. Bloom in early spring. These forest herbs got their name due to the fact that their flowers are rich in nectar; lungwort is one of the first spring honey plants.
Types and varieties:
Narrow-leaved lungwort (P. angustifolia) - blue flowers, grows in pine forests on sandy soils in Europe.
Varieties of lungwort "Azurea" and Smokey BLue.
Filyarsky's medunitsa (P. filarszkyana) and red (P. rubra) - with bright red flowers from the forests of the Carpathians, grade "Redstart".
The softest lungwort (P. mollissima) - up to 40 cm high, dark blue flowers, from the forests of the Caucasus, Central Asia.
Dark lungwort (P. obscura) - lilac-pink flowers, from the forests of Central Europe.
Sugar lungwort (P. saccharata) - from the forests of Southern Europe, green leaves with large bluish spots, purple flowers, grade “Mrs. Moon ".
Growing conditions. Shaded areas under the canopy of trees with loose forest soils, moderately moist. M. narrow-leaved grows well on sands, and M. Sugar grows well on stony sandy soils with good lighting.
Reproduction. By dividing the bush (at the end of summer). Planting density - 12 pcs. per 1 m2.
Stalkleaf (CAULOPHYLLUM). Barberry family.
Large (up to 120 cm high) herbs with a thickened short rhizome, straight stem (up to 100 cm high) and several beautiful, slightly bluish trifoliate leaves. The flowers are small, pale yellow, collected in a rare panicle.
Pay attention to the photos of these forest grasses - they are especially beautiful in autumn, when berry-like, bluish fruits ripen on them.
Types and varieties. This genus contains only two species:
Stalkleaf powerful (C. robustum) - a taiga plant in the south of the Ussuri region and a basil-like stemleaf (C. thaLictroides) - a plant of deciduous forests in eastern North America. They are very similar in appearance and in their environmental needs.
Growing conditions. Strongly shaded areas under the broadleaf canopy. Loose, forest, moderately moist soils. They winter well under litter.
Reproduction. Seed reproduction is difficult, the seeds germinate only in the 2-3rd year, and the seedlings bloom in the 4th-5th year. Without transplantation and division, they can grow in one place for up to 30 years.
Reproduction is possible by dividing the bush at the end of summer. Planting density - 5 pcs. per 1 m2.
Disporum Family of uvulariaceae (liliaceae).
Forest perennial grasses (about 15 species) growing in the forests of East Asia and North America, with a horizontal creeping rhizome and branching at the top into two branches, stems covered with ovoid leaves and ending in an umbrella-shaped inflorescence of narrow-bell-shaped white-greenish flowers. Fruits are decorative.
Types and varieties:
Dysporum smilacin (D. smilacinum) - a plant of the floodplain forests of the Far East.
Dysporum spotted (D. maculatum) - from the mountain forests of North America.
Growing conditions. These forest grasses prefer shaded areas with moist sandy or gravelly soils.
Reproduction. Seeds (sowing before winter) and segments of rhizomes with a bud of renewal at the end of summer. Planting density - 9 pcs. per 1 m2.
Plants with an original, strictly geometric shape of the stem adorn the shady flower garden all summer long; it is good to use them in plantings that imitate forest glades in the style of "natural garden".