A sweet crunchy cucumber is a pleasant reward for any summer resident. But those who believe that this award is given just like that are greatly mistaken. You need to take care of the cucumber, and carefully, otherwise even the most proven varieties will not show their best qualities. But there are such fruits of breeding activities that show an above average result even in the absence of proper care. Among them is the Tchaikovsky F1 variety, which gives the gardener the opportunity to make a mistake or overlook somewhere, but still remain with a good harvest.
The Dutch have long been one of the leaders in world breeding, and therefore there is nothing surprising in the fact that in our market a significant share of varieties belongs to the "pen" of companies from the Netherlands. In 2009, workers from the Rijk Zwaan company received a new variety called Kibriya, which quickly gained popularity among gardeners, but, nevertheless, did not satisfy all of their requests. Therefore, already in 2013, the project was improved and modified for more demanding summer residents and got its name - Tchaikovsky. The new cucumber had a lot of positive qualities that must be voiced.
Tchaikovsky cucumbers are still little known to our gardeners, but they have many advantages over other varieties.
First of all, this is an amazing yield - up to 50 tons of cucumbers can be obtained from one hectare. And this is with an incredibly short growing season - from the moment of germination to the appearance of the first zelents, only forty days pass. It is clear that with such a short period of time, the variety can be used both in the "spring-summer" and "summer-autumn" schemes. Starting to give the first greens back in June, the plants continue to bear fruit until the onset of cold weather.
A very important point: Tchaikovsky F1 is a parthenocarpic variety, that is, self-pollinated, not requiring the work of bees and other pollinating insects. This is a useful moment for summer residents who grow cucumbers in greenhouses and greenhouses. By the way, this variety is great for growing both indoors and outdoors. The plant is incredibly hardy and has excellent regeneration, which helps it quickly recover from shock and damage caused by low or too high temperatures.
Scourges of this variety are strong in every sense - they easily bear crops and are resistant to the vagaries of the weather.
Cucumber whips are very compact and do not require much space, while they grow very quickly, becoming stronger and stronger. An adult plant easily withstands the whole weight of ripening greens. Its leaves are small, and at each point it can ripen up to three greens at a time. The cucumber of this variety has the shape of a cylinder, no more than 10-12 cm long. The average weight of one fruit ranges from 60 to 80 grams. Zelenets is dark and evenly colored; it has no stripes or yellow spots at the ends. The tubercles are medium and are very often located, equipped with thorns, so you can't just grab a cucumber with your bare hand. The pulp is light green, juicy, crispy and without bitterness.
|Self-pollinated variety||The large number of thorns makes it difficult to collect the fruit|
|Scourges tolerate heat and cold temperatures well||Outdoors, this variety will not grow successfully in all regions (especially Siberia and the Far East)|
|The plant develops rapidly - early fruiting||Demanding to make additional fertilizing|
|High yield rate|
|Resistance to various diseases|
|Zelentsy have an excellent taste without bitterness, are well transported and lie for a long time|
Since the Tchaikovsky variety is the brainchild of Dutch selection, the seeds do not need to be pre-soaked in various growth stimulants, as well as in potassium permanganate. They have already been processed with everything necessary, as evidenced by a special marking in the form of a colored coating. Usually, the germination rate of such seeds is close to 100%, so you don't have to worry about the quality of the planting material. You can often hear advice about saving money by using your own seeds from last year's harvest. But this technique only works with varietal cucumbers. It is useless to collect seeds from grown hybrids, as they lose their hereditary characteristics.
It is useless to extract seeds from hybrid cucumbers - they will not retain hereditary traits
Also, many gardeners advise to harden the seeds in the refrigerator for a couple of days. In principle, this advice can be quite useful in cases where the temperature values at the first stages of plant life are slightly lower than expected. However, the Tchaikovsky variety itself tolerates short-term drops in temperature quite well and quickly departs from the resulting shock.
Cucumber is a thermophilic culture, but it does not tolerate direct sunlight, it quickly loses moisture, and then dries, therefore it is not recommended to plant it in the sun. It is better to look for a place for him in partial shade, where the sun will illuminate the whips only part of the daytime. Usually this place is located near trees and tall thickets, which at the same time will also protect from drafts. If there are none on your site, be sure to plant a tall plant such as sunflowers or corn.
It is important to remember that the cucumber loves loose soil that keeps moisture well and for a long time. The best option for planting is loam - it is not so difficult to process, and after watering, the water saturates the roots of the plant for a long time.
Planting time depends on in what turnover (spring-summer or summer-autumn) you are going to grow cucumbers, as well as on how you will grow them - seedling or non-seedling.
The spring-summer turnover begins in May, with the onset of stable warm weather, when the soil warms up to a temperature of + 16 ° C. Summer-autumn starts in July and lasts almost until November, if there is no frost or in the case of growing in a greenhouse. The dates may shift slightly depending on the peculiarities of the weather in a particular region. So, in the southern latitudes, the warm season begins earlier and lasts longer than in the northern ones. Therefore, it will be more stretched there.
Tchaikovsky cucumbers ripen very quickly, so they can be grown in two turns
And now about a more subtle point - the way of growing cucumbers. Most often, summer residents practice the seedless option, therefore, already at the beginning of April, seeds are sown in peat pots or cassettes. It should be said that cucumbers, in principle, do not tolerate thickening of plantings, starting from the germination stage, therefore, you will have to sow strictly one seed in one pot or one compartment of the cassette. Not a bad option with sowing in a peat tablet, however, the cucumber very quickly builds up the root system, which can try to go far beyond the "forage zone" even before planting in open ground.
Cucumber seeds hatch very quickly - already on the second day after planting, you can see a breaking root, which will soon become the main nutrient channel for a young plant. Also, the cucumber quickly begins and develops after it has opened its cotyledonous leaves. It is not surprising that by the time of planting in open ground, each seedling reaches a height of at least 15 cm and has 4 - 5 true leaves. When growing seedlings, water the plants as the topsoil dries up to keep them hydrated. Planting cucumbers in open ground should be done only when the ground reaches a temperature of at least + 16 ° C in the absence of the likelihood of recurrent frosts. Usually this time comes in late May - early June. The transplant is carried out in the greenhouse in mid-May.
Most often, cucumber is grown through seedlings, although this method is more time consuming than direct sowing into the ground
At the same time, direct sowing of seeds in open ground is carried out. This method avoids messing with seedlings and makes plants resistant to external conditions from the very beginning of their life. At the same time, the crop will be obtained a couple of weeks later than when grown by seedlings, but in terms of volume it will not yield at all.
Seedlings or seeds are planted according to the following scheme - between the plants they leave 35 - 40 cm, and between the rows - 1 - 1.2 m. On average, 4 - 6 plants fall on one square meter. Planting is often undesirable, since the Tchaikovsky variety does not tolerate excessive thickening.
It is not required to prepare the soil ahead of time: it is enough to apply fertilizer to the hole just before planting. If seedlings are planted, then for each seedling a hole is made up to 40 cm deep, into which rotted manure is laid - no more than one shovel. The day before planting, the soil in the selected place is moistened.
Planting in a greenhouse can be carried out half a month earlier than in open ground, which will give an earlier harvest.
The easiest way to plant cucumbers grown in peat pots is simply to immerse them in the holes so that the edges of the containers are level with the ground. Seedlings are removed from plastic containers with a lump of earth and planted in open ground. The scenario for planting in a greenhouse is similar, with the only difference that you have to introduce more organic matter - a bucket of manure or compost per square meter, and a liter of water is consumed for each plant (in open ground, 3 liters).
Cucumber is hygrophilous, but it should not be supplied with excess moisture. At first, one bucket will be enough for a square meter, but when the lashes stretch out more than a meter, this volume will go only for one plant. Of course, in the heat, watering is required more often than in cloudy weather. Moreover, in case of frequent rain in the open field, they are not needed. But an urgent need to make grooves to drain excess moisture.
Watering is advised in the grooves, and not at the root, so as not to damage the root system, exposing it. The cucumber loves spraying and sprinkling when all of its parts are moistened. Another thing is that this is done only in the greenhouse. Outdoors, there is a high risk of sunburn due to droplets on the leaves.
The best time to water is morning or evening. After this procedure, the soil under the plants must be loosened, and this is done every time. Moreover, we are talking not only about watering, but also about rains. Do not allow too low (below + 10 ° C) water temperature.
Drip irrigation combined with regular feeding can produce excellent results that are more difficult to achieve with normal care.
Cucumber Tchaikovsky F1 is very picky about feeding, the volume and quality of the crop depends on it.
|In the open field|
|Before planting (spring)||10 g nitrogen + 12 g potassium + 12 g phosphorus per 1 sq. m.|
|When did the first 2-3 true leaves appear?||1 tbsp. l. dilute urea in 10 liters of water. Water the cucumbers with a solution.|
|2 weeks after the last feeding||Dilute 0.5 liters of mullein in 10 liters of water. Watering.|
|Flowering period||2 glasses of wood ash + 10-15 urea. Dilute the mixture in 10 liters of water.|
|Fruiting period||Dissolve 0.5 liters of liquid chicken manure + 2 cups of wood ash in a bucket of water.|
|After harvest (autumn)||1 bucket of compost + bucket of rotted sawdust + 1 glass of wood ash.|
|In the greenhouse|
|One week before disembarkation (spring)||20-30 g of ammonium nitrate + 20 g of potassium sulfate + 20-30 g of superphosphate.|
|When 3-4 leaves appeared||15–20 g of potassium sulfate + 10–15 g of ammonium nitrate + 20–25 g of double superphosphate. Dilute the mixture in 10 liters of water. This volume should be enough for 10-15 plants.|
|2 weeks after the last feeding||1 tbsp. dilute nitrophosphate + 0.5 liters of liquid mullein in 10 liters of water. Then add a glass of ash or 50 g of potassium sulfate, 0.5 g of boric acid and 0.3 g of manganese sulfate. Use according to the scheme: 3 liters of solution per 1 sq. m.|
|2 weeks after the previous feeding (three times at the same frequency)||1-2 tbsp. dilute liquid mullein in 10 liters of water. Watering cucumbers at the rate of 7-8 liters of funds per 1 sq. m.|
|After harvest (autumn)||Manure / humus / compost bucket + 500–600 g dolomite flour / fluff lime per 1 sq.m.|
When growing cucumbers, like any other agricultural crop, crop rotation is required. Cucumbers can be planted in their original place no earlier than after 4 - 5 years. Of course, in the opposite case, a catastrophe will not occur, but at the same time the productivity of plants will begin to decline, as well as the quality of zelents. A considerable number of microorganisms will accumulate in the soil - pathogens of cucumber diseases such as powdery mildew and white rot, and cucumbers will gradually lose their immunity, become more susceptible to various diseases.
You can grow cucumbers vertically (on a trellis) and horizontally (throw whips along the ground). It would be wise to tie up the plants, since this way they will be better ventilated, they will receive additional support and will develop more actively and give larger greens.
There is one small nuance - this is the germination of seeds in the open field. Often, even with excellent germination of planting material, only half or even less emerge out of ten plantings, and the seeds are not in place during excavations. The reason for this may be moles and ants, which, during the construction of their homes, touched cucumbers - the seeds could fall into the wormhole or were simply carried away by the ant brigade. Therefore, especially carefully inspect the soil for the presence of passages and anthills in it, and if you find intruders, start fighting them.
Tying cucumbers on a trellis is a practical approach that solves many issues
Tchaikovsky F1 has proven itself to be resistant to cucumber mosaic virus, powdery mildew and brown spot. But in addition to these ailments, there are enough others, which, unlike those listed above, pose a threat to plants. Therefore, you need to know all the necessary information about the fight against them.
|Disease / pest||Signs of defeat||Control measures|
|Peronosporosis (downy mildew)||Spraying:|
|Anthracnose (fungal disease)||Depressed brown spots on leaves, stems, sometimes fruits.|
|Spider mite||Spray the plants with a solution of garlic or onions: 200 g per 10 liters of water.|
|Slugs||Holes and wet, shiny marks are found on the leaves.|
|Whitefly||Treat plants with Inta-Vir.|
Since the first greens on the lashes can be seen after forty days, their collection begins in June and continues until September. Later, low temperatures terminate the life of the plant. A lot of buckets of cucumbers can be collected from one bush, it is only important not to overexpose the fruits in the garden, otherwise they will lose their taste.
Tchaikovsky cucumbers retain their presentation for a long time after harvest and are well transported
The harvested cucumbers can be eaten immediately, as long as they are as juicy and crunchy as possible, or you can put them in canning. This variety is good because it performs well in all cases. The crop easily tolerates transportation and, if stored in a refrigerator, can lie unchanged for a month.
At the moment, the Tchaikovsky F1 variety is still little known in the ranks of Russian gardeners due to its youth. However, there is practically no doubt that over time he will have a chance to become a popular favorite due to his many positive qualities.
[Votes: 1 Average: 5]
This year I planted the Arctic F-1 cucumber variety for the first time. Since I planted it for the first time, I allocated only one bed for this variety and now I regret it.
On the Internet, you can find many positive reviews about this variety.
The variety is excellent. The fruits of this variety are about 12 cm long and 4-5 cm in diameter. The skin is dense with tubercles and black thorns. Inside there is a cucumber without voids.
Suitable for both processing (salting, canning) and fresh consumption. Cucumbers are self-pollinated.
Planting and leaving.
Every year I do several plantings of cucumbers during the summer. The first landing, every year I have one day, May 6, regardless of the weather conditions.
Why 6 May? This is how my grandmother taught me.
Cucumbers are moisture-loving plants, poorly tolerate direct sunlight.
In order to reap a good harvest and extend the harvest period, I water them frequently. Exit - drip irrigation.
The ground must be moist and then you will not be left without cucumbers.
For convenience, I plant cucumbers and put a net so that they grow vertically. This method of growing saves space on the site. This is true for those who have a small garden and want to plant a lot of different vegetables.
Plus, vertical cultivation makes harvesting easier.
For those who are still thinking about which variety to choose for planting cucumbers, I highly recommend the Arctic to you. I am sure that you will be satisfied with the harvest!
The scourge of Connie F1 does not stop growing after the formation of peduncles. The number of lashes is relatively small and there is no thick foliage. Green leaves of medium size, wrinkled, with a regular crenate edge.
|Fruit size||Size name||The names are fixed in GOST|
|up to 5 cm||Pikuli|
|25 and more||Long-fruited||Yes|
Zelentsy Connie F1 very fragrant and tasty
Connie F1 cucumbers have many advantages compared to other, similar varieties and hybrids: Moscow Nights, Courage, Dynamite, Dachny, Boy with a finger, Kesha, Kustovoy, Kid, Alliance F1, Zador F1 and others.
According to various sources, seed germination is 95–97%. And this is more than a good result.
Recommended for greenhouse cultivation in the spring-summer turnover, which allows you to get a large harvest at an extremely early date.
In good conditions, up to 9 cucumbers can appear in Connie's internodes.
Of course, the variety also has features that, in certain cases, gardeners may consider disadvantages:
Connie is officially recommended only for spring-summer greenhouses.
The variety belongs to bee-pollinated, therefore it is recommended for cultivation primarily in open ground or under temporary film shelters, since it is difficult to provide a sufficient number of insects in greenhouses.
Compared to parthenocarpic (self-pollinated) cucumbers, bee-pollinated cucumbers are more dependent on weather conditions that affect the activity of insects
Cucumbers "Parisian gherkin" are considered early ripening: the first harvest is formed in 40-50 days from the moment of emergence. Marketable yield is quite high (1-3 kg / m2), but inferior to the indicators of "Grace" and "Druzhina F1". Many gardeners value this variety for the uniformity and duration of fruiting throughout the entire growing season of the plant (more than 2 months, until frost).
The plant is compact and open. Although it is indeterminate (not naturally limited in growth), it is medium-sized and moderately branched, with small leaves. The type of flowering is predominantly female with a tendency to bundle ovaries.
Zelentsy varieties have a universal purpose - they have excellent fresh taste (salad), are used in all types of processing (pickling, canning)
Zelentsy are short: on average 5-7 cm in length (maximum up to 10 cm), weighing 60-80 g. The variety is considered suitable for picking pickles (fruits less than 5 cm). The fruits are spindle-shaped, rich green color with light stripes of medium length. The surface is covered with large tubercles with black spines. Tasting notes of taste and aroma are excellent, the flesh is firm (no voids) and crunchy. Cucumbers "Parisian gherkin" are considered excellent for canning and pickling.
Some gardeners note that at the stage of the end of fruiting, with the onset of cold weather, bitterness may appear in zelents (especially at the base of the stalk).
One of the most important aspects in the cultivation of this variety is the daily collection of green leaves. The output of marketable products is rather small (63-84%), and when overgrown, the fruits quickly gain excessive thickness (barrel) and inhibit the formation of new ovaries.
In the photo - packaging of seeds of cucumbers varieties of various manufacturers
Like other bee-pollinated varieties, cucumbers "Parisian gherkin" can be used to collect your own seed and grow it further.
On packages from manufacturers you can often find the words "coated" or "inlaid". This means that the seeds are treated with approved pesticides and are covered with protective and nutritious casings.
Treated seeds do not need to be subjected to any pre-sowing manipulations: soaking, dressing in disinfecting solutions, heating or hardening
What else you need to pay attention to when buying seeds, see the proposed video: //www.youtube.com/embed/C5d2fCZFfSo?rel=0&fs=1&wmode=traparent
The variety is not susceptible to powdery mildew diseases - real and false (peronosporosis), according to reviews it is considered resistant to olive spot (cladosporium) and cucumber mosaic virus (VOM). Also, many people note the endurance of this variety in heat and drought conditions.
When buying seeds, pay attention to the presence of the appropriate marking on the package, indicating the pre-planting preparation: as a rule, the treated seeds are colored. If there is no marking and the seeds are of a normal color, then it will be useful to soak them in a nutrient and disinfectant solution prepared from a bioactivator (Vermisol, Azotofit, Epin, Zircon) and a disinfectant, for example, potassium permanganate. This will not only improve germination, but also protect against root rot, fusarium.
Before planting, it will not be superfluous to soak the cucumber seeds in a nutritious and disinfecting solution.
|Drug name||Breeding rate||Exposure period|
|Vermisol||1: 5, diluted with warm water||12 hours|
|Epin||1 ml for 2 liters of water||24 hours|
|Azotofit||1 teaspoon in 500 ml of water, 2 tablespoons of sugar, leave for 2 hours||1.5-2 hours, dry from 4 to 8 hours|
|Zircon||1-2 drops per 300 ml of water||8-18 hours|
Cucumbers are good for everyone: both taste and appearance
Claudia F1 is a parthenocarpic (not requiring pollination) variety of cucumbers - it was entered into the State Register of Breeding Achievements in 1999. A long time has passed since that time, many new varieties have appeared, but the popularity of Claudia F1 remains invariably high.
The hybrid is fruitful, mid-ripening: about 50 days pass from the emergence of seedlings to the harvest of the first harvest. It blooms profusely, the ovaries on cucumber lashes are arranged in bunches. The shoots are powerful and long. Fruiting with proper care is stretched to frost. The variety does not react to sudden changes in the weather, does not reduce the yield in cool periods, but heat is still preferable for it.
In a greenhouse, fruits are harvested twice as much as in an unprotected garden bed. In a vegetable garden, the average yield is from 10 kg per square meter of area, in a shelter - up to 27 kg. Cucumbers of excellent sweetish taste, aromatic, without bitterness.
The appearance is also not satisfactory: oblong, up to 9 cm in length, up to 3 cm in width, weighing 60–80 g. Small tubercles, without voids inside. The color of the fruit is dark green, uniform, with barely visible stripes. Ripe cucumbers do not turn yellow for a long time and do not outgrow.
The Claudia F1 variety is characterized by a bundle arrangement of ovaries in the nodes of cucumber lashes
I planted seeds of Marinda F1 cucumbers of Agromarket with seedlings. Each seed is in a separate glass. Out of 10 seeds, 10. I planted seedlings in open ground, on which there were six leaves, and took root well. She quickly grew. The cucumbers bloomed very well, every flower had an embryo, there weren't even bees close, and every cucumber started up. Picked cucumbers every day. During the summer I fed only two times. The cucumbers are strong, crispy, delicious. They are good everywhere: salted, rolled, and salads.
tatyana2011, Russia, Saint Petersburg
Among the huge number of varieties and hybrids of cucumber, there is one that I fell in love with at first sight and for life. We are talking about the magnificent Dutchman Marinda F1.
As soon as I first planted this handsome man in my greenhouse, and it happened 12 years ago, I never parted with him. And I must say that for all these years my favorite has never let me down. Its main advantages include high yield. Even in the unfavorable conditions of last summer, I removed several buckets of strong, lined crispy gherkins from a dozen bushes, which look great in jars. The taste of Marind's cucumber is excellent both fresh and salted.
nechaevatu, Russia, Perm Territory
There have always been problems with cucumbers: sometimes they get sick, or a bad harvest, or something else. And a few years ago we advised "Marinda", and now we do not know any problems. The seeds were poured with water, after a couple of days they were planted in open ground - and that's it. Literally in 3-4 days they begin to germinate. There are 10 seeds in a package, and 9 germinate accurately. Another plus: they are self-pollinated and resistant to diseases, for the whole summer they were treated with special chemistry once - and that's it. I am very pleased. Cucumbers grow very quickly, if you water well in the evening, then in the morning there are already excellent gherkins. If you like bigger, then you need to wait until evening. With 10 bushes every 4 days we roll cucumbers, this is not counting what else we eat. Even this year, they decided to conduct an experiment: they planted it in mid-August, have already sprouted, we are waiting for the harvest.
From all of the above, we can conclude that the Marinda F1 variety is a successful hybrid, deservedly having high marks in many respects, which give it the right to permanent registration in every vegetable garden.