Sooner or later, every gardener has a desire to plant something new on his site. If you decide to experiment, here are some exotic plants that can be grown in our difficult climatic conditions.
It is also called a melon pear, but it has nothing to do with them, but belongs to the nightshade family and is a relative of tomato and potato. This unusual vegetable is native to South America.
It is actively cultivated in Peru, Chile and New Zealand. It is a shrub about one and a half meters in height with dark green leathery leaves, like that of a pepper. The flowers are blue-violet, like those of a potato. The fruits are striped, bright yellow or cream in color. The pulp tastes sweet and sour and very juicy.
Pepino is rich in carotene, iron, fiber and a lot of vitamins. It is very useful for cardiovascular diseases and hypertension. Melon pear is often eaten raw. The pulp can be added to soups, salads, meat and fish dishes.
At home, this is a perennial plant, but in our conditions it needs to be planted anew every year. Two adapted varieties have been bred in Russia - Ramses and Consuelo. It is possible to grow a rich harvest of pepino only in a greenhouse. The optimum temperature is 25 degrees. Prefers light fertile soils. Does not tolerate waterlogging, drought, sudden changes in temperature and drafts.
It is better to plant a melon pear in places where cucumbers, onions or peas grew before. Caring for pepino is the same as for tomatoes. Airing the greenhouse, removing stepchildren, loosening the soil, weeding, watering as needed and feeding with organic matter are important. You can harvest the crop within 4–6 months after planting. On the same bush, the fruits ripen at different times, so the harvest can be harvested several times during the season.
This original plant, popularly called cucumber, is obtained by crossing a melon with a cucumber. Today, more than twenty varieties of this unusual vegetable can be found in garden stores. Outwardly, the plant looks like a cucumber, only the scent of the leaves is melon.
The longer the fruits ripen, the more they resemble a melon. The ripe fruit tastes sweet, the flesh is yellow or white, the smell of melon with tropical notes, the skin is thin, like an apple.
The advantage of this crop is its rapid ripening, and the ability to bear fruit until late autumn. If a simple melon simply does not have time to ripen in our climate, then Manduria does an excellent job with it. In May, ready-made seedlings or seeds are planted in fertile, moist soil, in a well-lit place, away from other melons and gourds so that they do not cross-pollinate.
Caring for manduria is the same as for cucumbers. This vegetable loves moderate watering with warm water and does not tolerate heat, at high temperatures it will shed ovaries, the optimal conditions for good growth are 25-30 degrees. When the fruits begin to ripen, watering must be reduced, otherwise they will crack or turn out to be unsweetened and watery in taste.
Up to 20 fruits can be harvested from each bush. They are all large and heavy, so it is best not to tie it to the trellis.
This exotic vegetable has many names, the most popular of which are okra, gombo and ladies' fingers. Africa is considered the homeland of this valuable culture. Such varieties as White Velvet, Green Velvet, and Dwarf Greens are popular in Russia. This plant is an annual, belongs to the Malvaceae family.
It can grow up to 40 cm in height. The appearance of the fruit resembles a green chili pod or asparagus. Okra is the leader in fiber, antioxidant and vitamin content. It tastes similar to green beans and squash. It can be used to prepare side dishes, add to salads or soups.
It is not recommended to grow outdoors, unless you live in the southern part of our country. Okra is very thermophilic, it needs light, fertile and well-fertilized soil. The plant must be watered daily, hilled and protected from weeds. Seedlings are planted in early May in a greenhouse or greenhouse.
The bushes grow quickly, bloom and bear fruit within two months after planting. Harvesting is carried out repeatedly until frost. Try to choose young fruits for your table, more mature ones coarse, become tough and tasteless.
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The plot, planted with plants, gives free rein to show your imagination (not all, in the end, rests on food). Everyone creates their own garden. After all, it is not at all necessary that only vegetables and berries are present at it. For beauty, you can also allocate a little space. Moreover, some flowers, for example, nasturtium or marigolds, can coexist with different cultures. It all depends on the area of the available territory and the fantasy of the summer resident.
Landings can be positioned to create a symmetrical pattern, interesting pictorial groups, or concentric circles.
In a place where shade constantly reigns, you can put a bench or arrange a gazebo, plant decorative ferns and it will be impossible to find a better place to rest in the end.
Curtains of tall plants, which delight with abundant and bright flowering, can become a spectacular background:
Planning a vegetable garden is not easy, but very exciting. If you approach this process creatively, think over everything carefully and calculate, you will be able to plant everything you have conceived, and the country beds will become your pride.
And if you show a little imagination, then the site will still become very beautiful and will delight the eye. Any beginner, if desired, can grow vegetables in the garden. If something does not work out in the first season, then next year, when all the mistakes are corrected, the result will not be long in coming.