An integral component of the design of any suburban area are plant and flower compositions. Favorite by many gardeners, annual flowers transform the site, making it more elegant and festive. Having a short growing season, annuals delight with variegated flowering already in the first year of planting. But to get a magnificent landscape that will delight the eye throughout the season, you need to choose the right annual flowers for the flower bed.
When choosing flowering annuals for decorating a summer cottage, you should first of all focus on the height of the plants and the intended place of their placement. The most popular in the arrangement of suburban areas are: mixborders, modular flower beds and flower beds.
When creating a mixborder, each subsequent row of plants is filled with taller varieties so that the composition is clearly visible from the front side and retains its decorative effect throughout the season. A selection of plants looks very aesthetically pleasing when a low-growing lobelia or geranium is planted in the foreground, the central plan is filled with medium-sized plants - decorative sage, verbena or zinnia, and tall cosmea or amaranth are placed in the background.
Mixborders are multi-row plant compositions in the form of an elongated ribbon, formed from plants that have different heights and flowering periods
Modular flower beds are flower arrangements formed and decorated with several varieties of plants planted in containers.
Perfect for planting in containers: celosia, begonia, heliotrope, petunia, nasturtium, geranium
The characteristic features of the flower bed are the clear form of the composition with the placement of plants in the same plane, or with small smooth differences. An effective decoration of flower beds can be: snapdragon, lavater, aster. More often, such compositions are made up, after working out the scheme for planting a flower bed of annuals, giving it a geometric shape and making a closed loop. In the flower beds, strict lines and clarity of the pattern are well traced.
In summer cottages, a variant of a natural flower bed is most often found, the plants on which bloom at different times, replacing each other
All beautiful annuals for a flower bed have their own flowering time: some of them delight with flowering in the spring months, others reveal their variegated hats under the sunny summer rays, and others complete the flowering parade only with the onset of autumn cold weather.
The latter includes eustoma. You can learn more about this plant from the material: https://diz-cafe.com/rastenija/eustoma-mnogoletnyaya-posadka-i-uhod-foto.html
Among spring flowering annuals, they are distinguished by the greatest decorativeness: pelargonium, pansies, forget-me-nots, petunia
To obtain early flowering of delicate openwork flowers, the seeds of the aforementioned plants are planted in cups with fertile soil even in winter, gradually growing to full seedlings.
The bulk of annual plants bloom in the first half of summer. The choice of annual flowers for a flower bed is limited only by the taste preferences of the gardener regarding the height, color and duration of flowering of the vending specimen.
Motley suns of gazania, delicate flowers of nemophila, balsam lights will turn the flower garden into a variegated palette of colors
To emphasize the riot of colors and the exquisite beauty of flowers, decorative leafy annuals should also be used when composing compositions.
As a background for handsome flowers, the following are perfect: seaside cineraria, golden pyrethrum, crested chlorophytum, hybrid coleus
It is important to remember that when choosing and planting plants, you need to take into account the conditions for their cultivation. The bulk of annuals, although they tolerate slight shading, are most decorative only in well-lit areas.
Until the last sunny days, the flower garden will be decorated with fluffy ageratum brushes, orange marigold caps, variegated marigold inflorescences and delicate small lobelia flowers
Good in the autumn flowerbed and dendrantems, asters, autumn chrysanthemums, as well as annual ornamental grasses: pinnacle and feather grass.
It goes well with colorful annuals and ornamental cabbage, whose heads are crowned with chic purple-green crowns
Related article: Ornamental cabbage as a design element for a country flower bed
Even the most ordinary round flowerbed of annuals can be transformed into a colorful carpet woven from hundreds of bright and fragrant flowers, if you focus on the color combination of components when composing a composition. Already at the stage of drawing up a flower garden scheme, you need to decide what the highlight of the composition will be: in bright contrasts or the nobility of a one-color flower bed. So, flower beds decorated in blue, blue, green and purple tones will have a pacifying effect.
For arranging flower beds in blue-violet tones, the following are perfect: blue cornflower, Mexican ageratum, plantain bruise, tricolor bindweed
Flower beds decorated in yellow, red and orange shades will attract attention and tune in a major mood. Variegated flowers, thanks to their bright and cheerful shades, will energize.
They will fill the flower garden with juicy colors of yellow shades: bracts, orange dimorphote and beautiful Gaillardia
Bright strokes in red colors will bring: large-flowered godetia, umbrella calendrinia, salvia and cosmea
When composing compositions, contrasting combinations look most advantageous:
You can smooth out contrasts in the flower arrangement by adding plants with white flowers.
Decorated with exquisite white flowers: Iberis umbrella, winged ammobium, hybrid small petals and fragrant dope
Miniature annuals, creeping on the ground with a carpet and towering on small legs, evoke tenderness and admiration. Plants, the height of which does not exceed 30 cm, are good for decorating both small mini-flowers and for arranging multi-level compositions. With their help, they successfully decorate the voids at the base of the bushes in mixborders.
Among the most unpretentious undersized annuals are: purslane, daisies, seaside cineraria
Low-growing forget-me-nots, phloxes, lobelias, marigolds, dwarf viola are famous for no less decorativeness.
Medium-sized beauties, reaching a height of 80 cm, form the basis of mixed flower beds and ridges. Among the vast range of annuals, striking the imagination with a variety of colors and shapes, even the most discerning gardener will be able to choose an interesting sample.
Due to their amazing beauty, medium-sized ones are extremely popular among gardeners: Mattiola, Esholzia, Gaillardia and Lantana.
Tall annuals with a height of more than one and a half meters are good both in group planting and in solitary planting. Most often they are planted as a spectacular background when arranging multi-level mixborders. They are used to decorate the unattractive walls of outbuildings and solid fences.
It is difficult to take your eyes off the chic terry stock-rose or the elegant pyramids of the delphinium, strewn with several dozen flowers
The star-shaped castor bean leaves, snow-white paniculate inflorescences of aruncus and openwork bells of datura also look original.
Annuals are versatile plants for landscaping. In just one season, they transform the most dull corners of the garden into festive lounges.
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With the onset of spring, every summer resident is looking for the most beautiful annual flowers for a flower bed. Thanks to such a green kaleidoscope, from spring to autumn, the entire area around the house is immersed in colorful shades, and it seems that a kind wizard lives in this place. And the main thing is that the person himself, who has made a lot of efforts to create this incredible beauty, can enjoy the fruits of his labor for more than one month in a row.
Basically, every flower lover's garden is inhabited by perennials. But with the onset of spring, absolutely all gardeners begin to hunt for new varieties of annuals, which are able to paint in a new way the site and ennoble any flower bed with bright and juicy shades. And in this case, the question of how best to plant annual flowers in order to create a new and unique landscape design in your garden is very relevant.
When making a bed of perennial plants, we still have to supplement it with annuals to fill in the voids. But you can bother and build a flower garden only from annual plants. They are usually made of modular options, ridges, mixborders, color spots, single plantings (or group).
It is very convenient to plant flowers in flowerpots or containers - they can be placed along the paths, by the pool or pond, on the balcony or on the doorstep. In this case, it is very easy to change the flower arrangement - you do not need to dig out and replant, but simply transfer it from place to place. Flowers that grow in this way require less attention, they are easier to care for than those growing in the garden. Petunia, fuchsia, viola, lobelia, nasturtium - beautiful cascades are made of these flowers, using several pots along with outdoor vases, it looks very decorative. They are used to decorate balconies and windows.
Creative owners plant flowers not only in special flowerpots, but also use broken dishes, old shoes (viola looks touching), bedside tables, even cars. You can put a pot somewhere, and some container is simply filled with soil, annual flowers are planted. Such unusual flower beds look very decorative, they can be transferred from place to place, decorating it situationally. You cannot plant a shady corner of the garden with flowers (although there are shade-tolerant, even shade-loving ones), but you can simply bring such modular flower beds for a few hours. This option is good for landscaping a balcony. For modular flower beds that decorate balconies, verandas, thresholds, different varieties of petunias and viola are perfect.
The word "rabatka" is what designers call a motley border, which most often has a regular geometric shape. They are one-sided (in the background of the diagram there are tall plants, and closer to the viewer they are reduced to low-growing viols), two-sided (tall plants are planted in the center, and medium-sized plants on both sides, behind them low-growing ones). Round ridges are created according to the same principle. Calendula, which blooms before frost, is often used.
Mixborder is by far the most popular type of flower garden. It consists of different types of plants that bloom at different times, thus creating the effect of continuous flowering. White, yellow, red, orange, blue, purple flowers can grow side by side and replace each other over time. It is very important to choose plants not only by the timing of flowering and care, but by combinations of color and size. Very often they use yellow or orange calendula, terry asters, viola, matiola - they like to decorate balconies and summer cottages.
Color spots are created from annuals of the same color. A group of yellow calendula or yellow marigolds in the middle of a green lawn looks very decorative. Often bright salvias or zinnia are planted this way. Shade-tolerant viols can hide in the shade of a garden in a small spot in the middle of the grass. A single plant is called a tapeworm, it always becomes the center of the composition. Such plantings are created against the background of a lawn or undersized ground cover plants. Castor oil plant, datura look very decorative.
Group plantings are beneficial in that the plants can take turns drawing their eyes to themselves, the fading becomes invisible to the environment of other flowering ones. Terry asters, salvias of different colors (they are grown as annuals and as biennial flowers), yellow or orange marigolds or marigolds, deciduous and coniferous bushes are often used here. More complex compositions can be arranged. First, the flower garden is thought out according to the mood, color and shape, they draw up a scheme, then the plants are selected according to it. It is better to make the scheme on paper in order to check with it, already directly organizing the flower bed. It is important not to place light-loving and shade-loving plants nearby.
In unpretentious annuals, the period from the emergence of seedlings to the first flowers blooming, on average, takes from 60 to 90 days. However, among this group of plants there are many that will not test the patience of a gardener for so long. The names and photos of unpretentious annual flowers grown without seedlings, which will take less than two months in summer to proudly shine in a flowerbed in all their glory, can be found below.
Marigolds, or calendula, are very beautiful, unpretentious annuals that can grow without seedlings. Bright yellow or orange flowers on low (up to 0.5 m) velvety stems with dense patterned green foliage in summer resemble little suns. In addition, they have medicinal properties.
These unpretentious annuals are cold-resistant (tolerate frosts down to -5 degrees), love light and moisture, but at the same time they take root well even on poor soils that are scarce in nutrients.
To grow calendula without seedlings, its seeds are sown in open ground in spring (late April or early May) or autumn (in October) in shallow (1–2 cm) grooves 15–20 cm apart. The emergence of seedlings should be expected in 1-2 weeks, and this unpretentious annual will please with flowers for the first time in the summer, after 40-50 days. If you do not disturb the plant, then it will remain blooming for a month. However, if you thin out the flowers from time to time, you can extend this period from June to October.
A low (0.4–0.5 m) ball-shaped bush, whose highly branched shoots are strewn with small gray-green leaves and a thick cloud of small delicate flowers. Their petals are predominantly white, although in some varieties of this unpretentious annual they are both deep red ("Carmine") and pink of various shades ("Rose", "Double Star").
For flowering in summer, gypsophila seeds are planted (without growing seedlings, directly into the ground) in April-May, making sure that it does not grow too often - or, after waiting for shoots, they thin out the plantings. It is advisable to choose a site that is well lit, with light and fertile (ideally, lime) soil. This unpretentious annual, capable of growing without seedlings, needs watering in summer only during dry periods. Flowers will bloom in 40-50 days after the shoots appear, and this process will continue for about one and a half months.
This unpretentious herbaceous annual can also be grown without seedlings. It is a small spreading bush (from 15 to 60 cm), the straight stems of which, branching out from the base, end in large silky "cups" or "bells" of flowers.They can be regular or double, and the color of the petals varies from white to red, apricot or peach (there are often combinations of two or more different shades in one flower).
This unpretentious annual plant should be planted in the ground without seedlings in April-May on a site with loamy, slightly acidic soil. In a bed covered with a film, seedlings will germinate in 7-10 days. After another 45 days, in summer, flowers should be expected to appear.
When the plants have 2-3 true leaves, they will need to be thinned out or planted, keeping a distance of 20-25 cm between the bushes. The soil under the godetia grown without seedlings should be loosened and watered as needed. It is desirable that the flowerbed with this unpretentious annual in the summer has a slight shade in the hottest midday hours. In this case, the plant will delight with flowers from mid-July to the very frost.
Small shrubs (on average up to half a meter) with lanceolate leaves and bright small flowers of 4 petals, collected in umbrella inflorescences, impress with a variety of colors (white, lilac, purple, pink, lilac) and a delicate pleasant aroma. This unpretentious annual can easily grow without seedlings on any soil (although it prefers light loams). It tolerates frost well, is photophilous, but at the same time accepts partial shade. Watering in the summer should be regular but moderate. Iberis is fed with mineral fertilizers twice a season.
This unpretentious annual without seedlings is grown by sowing seeds in open ground before winter or in spring (in May). In the latter case, seedlings will appear in about 2 weeks, and flowers - in summer, after 40-50 days.
A beautiful, unpretentious annual, which is grown without seedlings, not only for decorative purposes, but also as a spice. Its straight stems, 30–40 cm long, are covered with thin feathery leaves resembling the needles of conifers. The stem of this unpretentious annual ends with a small flower (white, red, blue or light blue) with double petals and large stamens. After flowering, a box with black small seeds is formed in its place.
This unpretentious annual prefers to grow on light, loose soil with neutral acidity and without excess moisture. The area where this flower grows should be sunny and sheltered from the wind in summer. Sowing seeds in the ground without seedlings is carried out in the fall (before the onset of frost) or in the spring (in March – April). Nigella Damascus will bloom in the summer, after 60–65 days. Its flowering period usually lasts 1.5–2 months.
This flower is also called the night beauty. This name was given to him because his beautiful flowers bloom after sunset and the bush stands strewn with bright flowers and smells fragrant all evening and night.
Flowers, it has various colors ranging from white to pink, yellow and crimson. Due to the fact that his root system grows in the form of a tuber, he easily tolerates the dry season.
This wonderful flower can be propagated by seed or by dividing the bush. For better germination, seeds are soaked in warm water for a day. Seeds are sown two in each cup filled with seedling soil. Seeds must be sown thirty days before planting in open ground. When shoots appear in the pot, only one strongest shoot is left. It is transplanted to a flower bed only when the threat of recurrent frosts has passed.
Cuttings can be rooted in peat tablets, but it is easier to grow it by seed propagation. Although if you save the tubers, then such a bush will develop much faster and will be much larger than grown and seeds. When the tuber is preserved, the shade of the flowers is preserved. Store tubers in a dry, dark place with a temperature of at least 5 degrees Celsius.
Often these annual flowers are planted for summer cottages along the paths or in the center of the flower bed. Since they, with proper care, grow up to one meter in height and have the same diameter. Watering should be done at least once a week.
If you grow these bushes in containers, then in two liter it will be small no more than 50 cm. In order for the bush to bloom richly, it requires planting in a sunny place. The soil for the flower should be fertile and without stagnant water.
There are several varieties of mirabilis differing in the color range of buds.
These flowers grow, depending on the variety, from 15 to 80 cm. They are also called tagetes. This flower is very drought tolerant and therefore very common among lovers of annual flowers. The color scheme pleases with all shades of yellow, white, and there are varieties where the petals are even painted in stripes.
Seeds are harvested in late July and August. You can sow directly into open ground, when the soil warms up enough, depending on the region, these terms are shifted. Seeds should not be buried deep enough and 2 cm shoots appear already on the 7th day. The buds begin to appear only two months after sowing the seeds. Therefore, several bushes need to be grown through seedlings. Transplantation with marigolds is remarkably tolerated, and they can be transplanted at any age.
Seedlings are sown in a bowl at the beginning of March and after 10 days the seeds begin to germinate. After the appearance of two true leaves, they are dived into separate cups, and then they grow at a temperature of 16 degrees Celsius. They are planted on flower beds when it is warm enough. Between small varieties, they leave 20 cm between the bushes when planting, tall ones are planted at a distance of 50 cm from each other.
Caring for marigolds comes down to watering and weeding, in the first half of the summer they will respond well to full mineral fertilizers. When planting seedlings, you need to know that the flower prefers sunny places. In the shade, he will also live, but you can not wait for beautiful flowers.
When the bloom is gaining strength, it will be necessary to pick off the dying flowers, this will stimulate a more lush bloom.
There are many varieties of marigolds:
This is actually a perennial plant, but in our latitudes it does not hibernate and therefore is grown as an annual plant. They plant it along the curbs, in groups in the middle of the green lawn. Now they have brought out ampelous forms of snapdragons, which successfully grow in tall flowerpots.
Seeds do not lose their germination for several years. It is necessary to sow seedlings in the first ten days of March in prepared containers with loose nutritious soil. The seeds are spread over the surface and lightly sprinkled with coarse sand. Watering is done with a spray bottle, spraying warm water from a fine spray. Then all this is covered with a transparent lid.
At a temperature of 24 degrees, sprouts will appear in 15 days. After the appearance of the first shoots, the container is transferred to a place where direct sunlight does not fall in order to avoid burns of the seedlings. After 4 days, you can completely remove the glass.
The seedlings grow slowly at first and, while moisturizing it, you must not flood the plants. Those flowers that have fallen can no longer help them and they are removed with tweezers. When the first true leaf plates appear, the seedlings dive into separate containers. Then they should grow in a warm and bright place. When 5 leaves appear, the central shoot is pinched to increase bushiness.
At the end of May, it is planted in flower beds, the location of which must be sunny and without stagnant moisture.
This plant does not require special care. It only needs to be watered and loosened after watering. Removing weeds in time contributes to a healthier plant appearance. If tall varieties are planted on the flower bed, then they will need a timely garter to the support.
Snapdragon seeds are harvested only when they are incomplete and placed in a shady place to ripen.
This fabulous flower growing in a bush about a meter tall has green oval leaves and single flowers resembling bells. The flowers reach a length of 20 cm. They bloom in yellow, white and blue.
The seeds have poor germination and therefore need a lot of moisture for germination. Before sowing, they are soaked for 10 days. And to grow, they need a temperature of 30 degrees Celsius. Seedlings from the ground appear very slowly and can germinate for more than a month.
This plant prefers sunny locations and fertilized soil. He loves watering and if there is no rain then it is imperative to water. At the slightest dryness, it drops the buds.
This flower will decorate any garden with its variety of flowers and bud shapes. But this flower will not grow in the shade. It has a stem height from 20 cm to 100 cm. It all depends on the type of flower. Flower baskets are located at the top of the stem.
Tongue-shaped petals are arranged in several rows around the center of the flower. It blooms from June until it gets cold. Very heat resistant. It is grown as a garden decoration and looks great when cut.
Propagated by sowing seeds for seedlings. First, they are checked for germination, and then they are soaked in any growth stimulator for a day. Even old seeds germinate within a week. Since this flower does not like picks, it must be planted immediately in peat cups.
Planting begins in March throughout the month. If you stretch the seedlings too much, you can add soil to make the seedlings more stable. It is planted in the ground after recurrent frosts.
Zinnia is the most common annual for summer cottages and gardens
Requires timely watering and weed removal. But watering should not fall on the stems and plants. Zinnia does not need support, since it has strong, straight stems. If the plants are planted not only for beauty, but also for cutting, then pinching the stems is not worth it.
These annuals grow up to a meter tall and have all shades of pink, white and blue. Due to the fact that its leaves are very delicate, the flower resembles dill looks very delicate and airy.
Reproduction of cosmos occurs with the help of seeds. Seeds are sown directly into the ground as soon as the snow melts. It is not necessary to bury them deeply, even one centimeter is enough. It can also be sown in late autumn. Actually, if the kosmeya has taken root on the site, it successfully multiplies further by self-seeding.
It is not rational to grow it in a seedling way. But if everything is necessary, then it is planted on seedlings in early spring.
Leaving is not difficult, even for beginners. Water and weed abundantly once a week. You can feed the flower, but you must remember that feeding must be carried out in moderation so as not to overfeed the plant. To extend the flowering time, it is necessary to remove dried inflorescences.
It is a short plant with a variety of chamomile-like leaves and flowers. The colors are different - red, yellow, orange flowers.
Seedlings are planted in early May. Seeds are sown in loose soil in early March, slightly moistened with soil and covered with glass. After 2 weeks, the first shoots appear. And after another two weeks, the first feeding is carried out, and the seedlings are dived into separate pots. Since the roots of the gazania seedlings are tender, it must be carefully transferred to a permanent residence in a flower bed. The sprouts may not survive a secondary transplant.
It is quite unpretentious to the composition of the soil and grows well on any. But it is good for any fertilizing in the form of mineral fertilizers.
By watering on time and removing weeds, you can achieve a lush bloom of gazania. Since the plant has a taproot, it is more drought-resistant, but still, when there are strong breaks between rains, it will not refuse good watering. In our climate, the flower does not hibernate.
It is an annual shrub with rounded leaves and single flowers. The flowers have bright shades of red and yellow. It grows in height up to 30 cm. Abundant flowering lasts all summer until the frost.
Nasturtium contains many useful substances and is used in traditional medicine. It was also used in cooking before, adding to various dishes.
Annual flowers for a summer residence - nasturtium
Reproduces well by seeds. They can be sown directly into the ground in mid-May, or they can be grown through seedlings. But before any planting, you need to fill the seeds with hot water for 30 minutes, and then soak them for a day. Place three seeds in each hole (glass) and wait for shoots,
They appear within 14 days. Seedlings are transplanted into a flower garden by transshipment, leaving a clod of earth.
It prefers not fatty soils and sunny places, if you overfeed the plant with nitrogen fertilizer, it will stop throwing out the buds and turn into a green bush without flowers. Until flowering, the seedlings require constant watering, but after the buds are dissolved, watering is reduced. To prolong flowering, you must regularly pick off dried inflorescences.
A landscape flower garden gives an opportunity to show imagination. There are no rules when planting flowers, so you can create the most natural look. Choose plants among perennials and make sure they are all easy to care for. The combination of different flowering periods will give you a colorful picture from early spring to the very frost.
Vertical flower beds delight lovers of aesthetic plant ensembles. This type of flower garden makes it possible to make a bright composition even in a small area. Flowerpots can be mounted on a regular wall or screen. They are often nailed or tied up. A small plot will be transformed with such a wonderful design.
Monoclumba is a real hit. Such a flower garden contains plants of a certain type. The composition is created by combining different varieties of the same plant. Ensembles of peonies, dahlias or variegated asters look spectacular. Pick your favorite plant and create a magical corner in the garden.
Arabesque is an opportunity to create a real work of art in the garden. Such a flower garden can be given an intricate shape of an animal or insect. It is these arabesques that are admired by guests and neighbors.
It can be quite difficult to make such a design yourself, so contact a specialist.
Fans of low-growing plants can create a carpet flower bed in the garden. Quite painstaking and interesting work - creating ornaments. A blooming carpet will reveal itself in all its glory if you can take into account all the details of the sequential planting of flowers. Low-growing plants of different colors can decorate your garden with a real picture.
A butterfly bed in your garden is a good option. You can plant such a composition yourself. Draw the plan carefully and select the plants. A simpler option would be to plant bright flowers in the form of a heart. If in doubt about your capabilities, then plant flowers in islands.
To create an unusual composition, make a wire frame in the form of a car, an unusual bird or a rainbow. Such a structure can be installed in a certain part of the garden or made in the form of a mobile flower garden.
Making such works of art is a difficult and painstaking job. However, the delightful result will exceed your expectations.
For information on the main mistakes made when designing flower beds, see the next video.