29 best varieties of cucumbers for open ground and greenhouses

The success of the cucumber crop depends in particular on the choice of seed. The wide assortment on the shelves confuses thoughts rather than allows you to make the right decision. Novice gardeners are advised to first familiarize themselves with the varieties, their names, the characteristics of cultivation and care.

Depending on climatic conditions, different varieties can be planted in Ukraine, Belarus, Chernozem, Bashkiria and the middle lane - these can be parthenocarpic, early ripening, with a long ripening period, or delicious cucumbers for growing in a greenhouse. More information is structured in the article in the form of a kind of list-rating.

Varietal variety of cucumbers

A large number of varieties allows you to choose the best options that have disease and weather resistance of the region where the green plant is planned to be grown.

A common mistake is the use of certain 2-3 varieties, the cultivation of which has been practiced for several decades.

Domestic and foreign breeders have developed many hybrids that have no less affordable agricultural technology and excellent taste than the once loved cucumbers.

Among the top tips for growing vegetables, experts point to the need to plant several varieties at once... This makes it possible to evaluate the yield of different species under the same ripening conditions, to get at least some yield during drought or prolonged rains.

Collect the necessary and useful information about the varietal variety, the characteristics of the characteristics of zelents can be found below.

The most popular varieties with names

For the convenience of perception and application of the text in practice, plants are divided into separate groups, united by a common feature.

The best self-pollinating for outdoor use

Self-pollinating cucumbers have a number of advantages, among which excellent immunity and resistance to an abundance of moisture are noted.

  • Booth - ripening period is only 40 days. The length of the green plant reaches 9 cm. One bush yields up to 3.5 kg. The strong immunity of the plant resists various diseases (olive spot, mosaic, powdery mildew).
  • Courage - harvesting of the Kurazh variety begins 40-47 days after the sprouts break through from the soil. The weight of one cucumber reaches 170-180 gr., Up to 10 zelents are formed on one shoot. The plant practically does not suffer from rot, powdery mildew.
  • Connie - harvesting of fruits begins on the 50th day after sowing. The culture is universal both in the way of cultivation and in the use of cucumbers. The length of the greenery is 10 cm, the yield from 1 m2 is about 9 kg.
  • Berendey - fruits (12-15 cm) ripen 42 days after the sprouts appear. One bush can be harvested up to 3.5 kg. Zelentsy have excellent characteristics and have a long shelf life.
  • Gerda - fruits 10 cm long appear 1.5 months after sowing. 2.8-3 kg are removed from the bush. The plant is rarely affected by diseases; it is especially resistant to fungal infections.

The best early ripe cucumbers

Early ripening varieties have a feature that every gardener should be familiar with.

The ovaries of male flowers are the first to form, they must be removed, since they interfere with the development of the plant.

  • April - from the moment of planting, the fruits of April ripen on the 50th day, reaching a length of 20-22 cm. The plant itself regulates the growth of shoots, so the need for cutting falls off. Productivity from 1 m2 on average 22 kg. Cucumbers do not overripe if they miss the assembly deadline. The culture is resistant to almost all diseases, with the exception of root rot.
  • Hermann - sprouts at 39-41 days after sprouting. The length of Herman's greens reaches 10 cm, 23-26 kg are harvested from 1 m2. The hybrid is characterized by a long fruiting period, self-pollination and immunity to fungi.
  • Orlik - begins to bear fruit on the 47-50th day after sowing. The length of the greenery reaches 14-16 cm, with a diameter of 3.5-4 cm. 6-8 kg are removed from the bush. The culture has a strong immune system, resists powdery mildew, root rot, olive spot and TMV.
  • Valdai - the bush begins to bear fruit on the 45th day after the emergence of sprouts. Flowers are formed predominantly by women, therefore pollination by bees is required. The length of the greenery is about 10-11 cm, up to 4.5 kg of the crop is removed from the bush. The hybrid was developed for preservation, but due to its delicate taste it is also used for salad.


Medium ripening varieties begin to bear fruit on the 45-55 day after sowing the grains into the soil. All plants of this group differ in the method of cultivation (greenhouse, soil), purpose (fresh or for salting) and the type of pollination.

  • Competitor - characterized as a plant that loves life and is resistant to diseases. The length of the greenery reaches 9-12 cm with an average weight of 100 grams. Up to 3.8 kg of the crop is harvested from each m2. The variety has good immunity and is resistant to powdery mildew.
  • Nezhinsky - a variety pollinated by bees, characterized by a powerful stem, medium-sized fruits (length 10-12 cm, weight 90 g) and high yield (8 kg per 1 m2). Nezhinsky tolerates low temperatures and is resistant to many diseases. Cucumbers have a high taste.
  • Libella - a versatile hybrid with a long fruiting period. With proper care, you can harvest until the coldest days. The length of the Libelle greenery reaches 14 cm, weight - 140 grams. Up to 10-12 kg are removed from a square meter. When salted, the flesh remains crispy and firm. In agricultural technology, there are rarely cases of damage to crops by common diseases.
  • Table - has an excellent taste without bitterness, ideal for salting. The bush is formed long with a strong lash, the length of the fruit reaches 12 cm with a weight of 80-90 grams. Productivity from 1 m2 about 8 kg.

Late ripening

A feature of late-ripening cucumbers is that the seeds germinate well only in the 3rd year.

Therefore, the purchased material is worth before planting check for germination... Also, when choosing varieties of this group, you need to take into account the climate of the region and the ripening period of zelents in order to have time to collect most of the harvest before the onset of cold weather.

  • Phoenix - the harvest period begins 64 days after seed germination. Cucumbers reach a length of 16 cm, with an average weight of 230 g. Phoenix bushes form a branched whip that resists the vagaries of the weather well.
  • Winner - differs in long spreading lashes that easily tolerate drought, coolness. The plant is resistant to various types of fungi. Fruit length reaches 14 cm with an average weight of 110 grams. The yield from 1 m2 is 7-8 kg.
  • Solar - the variety is mid-season, but most gardeners plant it as late. The bush releases many twigs, forming a massive whip, which implies planting in a large area. The peel of the greenery is covered with a few tubercles and greenish stripes. The length of a cucumber reaches 12 cm with an average weight of 140 grams.
  • Brownie - the harvest period starts 65 days after germination. The length of the cucumbers is small (9 cm), but the taste is high. The culture has good immunity, showing resistance to almost all common diseases. Productivity - 6-8 kg per 1 m2.
  • Chinese - a disease-resistant variety with a mild taste and lack of bitterness. A feature of the fruit of the Chinese cucumber is considered to be a short shelf life after harvest. Original elongated cucumbers (30-35 cm) look like snakes. The plant tolerates low temperatures and poor lighting well.

Which are the highest yielding for greenhouses

All gardeners, without exception, are attracted by high-yielding varieties. In your greenhouse, you can try to grow the most popular of them.

  • Parisian gherkin - fruits ripen in 50-60 days after sowing. The length of the Parisian gherkin variety reaches 12 cm with an average weight of 85 grams. A large number of ovaries are formed on the lash, which guarantees a high yield - over 30 kg per 1 m2. Low germination of seeds provides for planting beds through seedlings.
  • Fontanelle - a popular cucumber among gardeners in our country. It is grown in almost every area. The dimensions of the Spring greens reach 22-24 cm with an average weight of 150 grams. More than 10 kg are removed from the bush. In terms of taste and rules of agricultural technology, the variety remains competitive in front of the best European developments of breeders.
  • Zozulya - the harvesting period begins on the 45th day after sprouting. The formation of the lash is carried out in such a way that the bush does not need pruning. Zelentsy reaches 24 cm in length with an average weight of 280-300 grams. From a square meter, you can collect up to 30 kg of Zozulya cucumber. The plant practically does not get sick with olive spot and cucumber mosaic.

For planting outdoors

  • Suzanne - a versatile crop that can be grown not only in the open field, but in a greenhouse and even on a balcony. The length of the lash reaches 3-4 m, forming a large number of ovaries. Plucking fruits 3-4 centimeters long or wait until they become larger, this does not affect the taste. Suzanne has good disease and pest resistance.
  • Sparta - the hybrid is bee-pollinated with stable fruiting. The length of the greenery is 6-12 cm, the taste is pleasant without bitterness. The culture has a strong immunity, especially against powdery mildew and fungi. The yield per bush is 2.8-3.1 kg.
  • Pickle - the fruiting period begins 55 days after the emergence of sprouts. The length of the greens is 9-11 cm with an average weight of 100-110 grams. More than 4 kg are removed from one bush. The pickle has a delicate taste with a sweetish note, without bitterness.
  • Pinocchio Is a self-pollinated hybrid that begins to ripen 48 days after germination. The length of the greenery is about 8-9 cm with a weight of 85 grams. The yield per bush is 3.4 kg.
  • Sturdy - in terms of ripening rate, cucumber is considered a sprinter, just 38 days after the emergence of sprouts The length of the greenery is about 9 cm with a weight of 80 g. The fruiting period is fleeting, all ovaries form and ripen together. Unfavorable weather does not have a negative effect on the growing season.

For growing in Siberia

Growing cucumbers in a harsh climate has its own characteristics. It is better to plant cucumbers in Siberia in polycarbonate greenhouses or choose fruitful early maturing varieties.

When choosing seeds, preference should be given to varieties that are resistant to stress.

  • Altaic - it has a short ripening period, the harvest begins 36-40 days after germination. The length of the greenery is 9-12 cm with a weight of 100 g. The plant is cold-resistant, easily tolerates the vagaries of the weather. After harvesting, the fruits retain their presentation and taste for a long time.
  • Serpentine - gherkin type cucumber, ripens 39-42 days after germination. The fruiting period is intense, already in the first 10 days most of the harvest is harvested - over 1.7 kg per 1 m2. Serpentine is known for its taste, which lacks bitterness.
  • Bush - a compact plant that needs pollination. The length of the greenery reaches 8 cm with a weight of 90 grams. Productivity is stable with proper care (3 kg per bush). The peculiarity of the variety is its endurance and strong immunity. Cucumbers are versatile.

Each variety of cucumbers has an impressive set of benefits. The main thing when choosing is to take into account the climatic features of the region and the correspondence to them of the characteristics of the varieties you like. Then the main stage of laying the future harvest will be performed correctly.

Cucumbers require average light, humidity, and the absence of sudden changes in temperature. The moderately continental summer of the Moscow Region meets these criteria. Plants are planted in the ground no earlier than May, since they do not tolerate frost. The first fruits ripen at the beginning of summer, they finish harvesting before the onset of cold weather.

Record time

Ultra-ripening varieties and hybrids are able to form ovaries in a very short time. At the same time, the fruits retain all the sweetness and density.

Characteristics for ultra-early varieties of cucumbers:

In the first place is the Mares cucumber (it is a parthenocarpic hybrid). One of the fastest ripening varieties. You can start harvesting as early as 36 days. Zelentsy grows in the form of a cylinder with large tubercles, 9.5 cm long. It rarely gets sick and tolerates temperature fluctuations well.

The Little Cucumber is an ultra-early ripening variety. You can eat cucumbers already on the 39th day. They are covered with large tubercles with a white edge, of a regular, rounded shape. The variety is resistant to many diseases and tolerates low temperatures.

Cucumber Saracen F1 gives a bountiful harvest, rarely gets sick and tolerates bad weather well. Refers to parthenocarpic, early type of plants. Begins to bear fruit on the 38th day. Smooth, cylindrical zelents, grow in length up to 14.5 cm. On the surface there are tubercles with small thorns.

Parthenocarpic, an ultra-early variety of cucumbers Karaoke F1, will give a rich harvest already on the 39th day after planting the seedlings. Correctly shaped greens up to 12 cm in length are formed with large tubercles. The hybrid tolerates heat well and is resistant to many infections.

Cucumber Babies on the F1 branch is a bee-pollinated, early-maturing hybrid. The fruit can be harvested after 42 days. Differs in a bountiful harvest with excellent taste. Cylindrical greens are covered with small tubercles. They are planted immediately with seeds or seedlings.

Super early cucumbers Moscow dude will be gifted with fruits after 41 days. For pollination, free access of insects is required. Green fruits have white stripes and small thorns. The length of the zelents is about 10 cm. The yield will delight any vegetable grower. The Moskovsky Pizhon variety is resistant to many diseases, especially bacteriosis.

Cucumber Ataman F1 belongs to the parthenocarpic type. It is characterized by indeterminate growth and medium branching. Fruiting begins after 42 days. Fruits with frequent tubercles reach 15 cm. Fruiting is maintained at low temperatures and low light. Resists infections well.

The early varieties of cucumbers for open ground include Little Raccoon. The variety begins to ripen from the 40th day. It is a self-pollinated hybrid. The lashes are short and compact. Fruits grow up to 9 cm in length, are covered with sparse tubercles with white thorns, there are light stripes. Shows resistance to a certain number of diseases.

Cucumber Advance F1 begins to enter the fruiting period after 42 days. It is a determinant, parthenocarpic type of cucumber with branched lateral shoots. Zelentsy are short, with small white stripes and tubercles with a white edge. Resists disease well and produces many sweet, crunchy fruits.

TOP 40 best varieties of cucumber hybrids for 2021

Popular cucumber hybrids

Let's start the rating with the most popular and popular hybrids that Russian gardeners have already fallen in love with. If you choose which cucumbers to plant in the 2021 season, feel free to choose these varieties, they, as they say, have already passed the test of time and a garden bed.

  1. Kid F1

Early maturing bee-pollinated hybrid. Received recognition for its unpretentiousness and quick appearance of the crop for 40 days. Cucumbers are not prone to bitterness, and the crop itself can grow in limited greenhouse areas.

  1. Herman F1

It is a popular early maturing hybrid (maturing at 40-45 days) for outdoor cultivation. Sheaf variety - formed by 6-7 ovaries. Shows a good yield - the average fruit length is 10-12 cm, up to 9 kg per meter. Possesses excellent taste and is used in salads and pickles.

  1. Emelya F1

One of the favorites in our rating. It is an early ripening variety: the first cucumbers of the hybrid ripen in 40-45 days. Has a pronounced taste and is perfect for summer salads. It grows well in greenhouses, including polycarbonate ones.

  1. F1 Athlete

Hybrid cucumbers that ripen in less than 2 months. In the greenhouse, green plants grow large, up to 20 cm in length and 4-4.5 cm in diameter. Most of all they are loved for their taste: the fleshy fruits are ideal for salads. So if you are for a healthy lifestyle, “Athlete” is an excellent choice!

Athlete cucumbers are a great hybrid for fresh salads

  1. Hercules F1

You can say, a "universal" hybrid. And one of the favorite varieties of gardeners. They love it for its unpretentious care, - it can grow both in the open field, as it gives crops in winter heated greenhouses. Self-pollinated. It is resistant to viral and fungal infections. Plus one more advantage of Hercules - good taste: large fruits up to 15-16 cm are ideal for summer salads.

By the way, it is one of the record holders in the rating: the yield reaches 25-28 kg per square meter.

  1. Mother-in-law F1

Another "folk" variety of Russian gardeners. This versatile crop grows well in greenhouses, although it can also be planted in open ground. "Mother-in-law" is a parthenocarpic species, ie. does not require insect pollination. The variety shows an excellent marketable yield - up to 12 kg per square meter of greenhouse, the fruits reach a length of 11-13 cm and a weight of 100-120 grams.

  1. Hector F1

Hector is a Dutch hybrid that is recommended for growing in greenhouses in Russian conditions. The variety is early maturing and is used for both salads and pickles. The only "but" - the cucumber shows a low yield: with large fruits up to 13 cm and weight up to 100 grams, it gives only 3-4 kg per meter. Resistant to viruses and diseases.

  1. Amazon F1

Another hybrid in our ranking for salad purposes. It is notable for its large fruits: cucumbers grow up to 300 grams, up to 30 cm in length with a diameter of 4-4.5 cm. The Amazon variety is also loved by those who grow cucumbers in winter greenhouses - this parthenocarpic species does not require pollination.

  1. Anyuta F1

An easy-care hybrid of cucumbers. It is a parthenocarpic hybrid, does not need pollination. Shows a very decent yield - 15-17 kg per square meter. The fruits are slightly smaller than those of the Amazon - they grow up to 12 cm in length and 3-3.5 cm in diameter.

  1. F1 White Angel

A short-fruited hybrid of a paternocarpic species. The fruits reach a length of 10-11 cm, and it is for this that the variety is appreciated. Together with its yield (15-16 kg per square meter). Begins to bear fruit at 43-44 days.

In terms of taste, it belongs to the universal - it is good both in summer salads and for canning for the winter.

  1. Goosebump F1

This variety is valued for its diminutiveness (10-11 cm in length), lumpy skin and yield (11-12 kg per meter). The hybrid is suitable for growing in polycarbonate greenhouses.

  1. Square dance F1

Early maturing, paternocarpic variety. Begins to bear fruit at 40-44 days and yields 10-11 kg per square meter. This is a bunch hybrid, in a bunch - up to 10 ovaries. Cucumbers grow up to 11 cm and are ideal for pickling and canning. They are characterized by dense pulp and the absence of emptiness in the center of the fruit.

High-yielding greenhouse hybrids

The next in our rating are varieties that give consistently high yields. With proper care, you can count on 10-15 kg of cucumbers per square meter of greenhouse. If your goal is to win the battle for the harvest of the season, choose these hybrids.

  1. Zozulya F1

This hybrid is a real record holder in yield: during the season, you can manage to collect up to 16 kg from each meter. The length of the cucumbers is 15-25 cm. The variety is universal - suitable for salads and for canning and any preparations.

Zozulya cucumber - a high-yielding hybrid for a greenhouse

  1. Matrix F1

Another great hybrid for growing in polycarbonate greenhouses. Begins to bear fruit from 41 days and shows a good yield - 11-12 kg per meter.

  1. Cartoon F1

An early ripe hybrid of cucumbers, begins to bear fruit from day 39. Produces large fruits - up to 130 grams with a yield of 12-13 kg per meter. Grows well in polycarbonate greenhouses.

  1. Sparta F1

The main feature is that the harvest of cucumbers can be harvested from July to October. With a high yield, the hybrid gives fruits up to 10-12 cm. This is a salad variety that grows well in the open field and is resistant to pests.

  1. Madrilene F1

The high-yielding cucumber variety was bred in Holland for a stable climate without sudden changes in temperature. Designed for growing in greenhouses.

During the season, it is possible to harvest 15 kg per meter in greenhouse conditions (from open ground - up to 12 kg).

Early ripe varieties of cucumber hybrids

Early or early ripening cucumbers are worth choosing if you want to harvest early in summer. These hybrids begin to bear fruit within 30+ days after germination. If you want to please yourself with a fresh salad at the very beginning of summer - choose early ripening varieties!

  1. Cupid F1

The first fruits of the hybrid can be harvested on day 37. The variety has a good yield of 14 kg per meter, and the fruits reach 13-14 cm. Resistant to many cucumber viruses and diseases.

  1. Courage F1

These hybrids are the favorites of many gardeners. Cucumbers begin to bear fruit already on the first 41 days after germination, and also show yield records: fruits with a length of up to 15 cm can give up to 18 kg of yield per meter. The taste is also pleasing - the honeycomb is suitable for salads and canning.

  1. June early ripening F1

As the name implies, the variety is famous for its early maturity - from germination to the beginning of fruiting 40-44 days. If you want to be the first to harvest cucumbers, early June is a great option.

The variety is suitable both for greenhouses and for planting in open ground, and, what is important, even in the regions of the so-called "risky farming", therefore it can be recommended for the Urals and Siberia. Produces fruits with an average length of 9-10 cm and a weight of 45-50 grams, belongs to the so-called "gherkin type".

  1. Mirabell (or Mirabella) F1

Another "Dutchman" in our rating, known to Russian gardeners. Designed for cultivation both in greenhouses and open field. Begins to bear fruit in 40-45 days, fruits reach a length of 15 cm. Shows an average yield of 7-8 kg per meter, but grows until mid-September.

  1. Marinda F1

Early maturing hydride of Dutch origin, the time of appearance of fruits is 40-45 days. The record holder for productivity - up to 30 kg in greenhouse conditions. It can be grown everywhere, but is ideal for regions with a mild climate in Central Russia.

  1. Meringue F1

Parthenocarpic species of early ripening, begins to bear fruit as early as 37-40 days. This is a Dutch variety, which relatively recently, in 2007, was approved for Russian gardeners and is recommended for growing in all regions of Russia without restrictions. The yield is up to 15 kg per meter in greenhouse conditions.

  1. Mertus F1

Another ultra-early Dutch variety ripening on the 40th day. It is famous for its large greens 15-25 cm in length. For growing in greenhouse conditions.

Mertus - ultra early Dutch hybrid with cucumbers up to 25 cm

  1. Lenara F1

An early ripe hybrid with a high yield, it can yield up to 16-17 kg. Begins to bear fruit early on day 40 and is known for its standard greens: all cucumbers are similar to each other, there is no tendency to "barrel formation". It has a pleasant taste and is also suitable for fresh use and canning.

Mid-season varieties of hybrids

Mid-season varieties ripen longer, on average 40-50 days. You can count on this harvest at the end of June-July.

  1. Lord F1

The variety ripens in 40-44 days outdoors. Possesses increased frost resistance and immunity to many cucumber viruses and diseases. Gives a yield of 10-13 kg.

Bee-pollinated hybrid. "Popular recognition" received for cold resistance and resistance to phyto-diseases, which is why it continues to bear fruit in August and early September, when the rest of the varieties have already departed. Zelentsy reach a length of 10-12 cm with a mass of 100-120 grams. Excellent for both salads and canning due to its excellent taste.

  1. Kantara F1

Dutch medium early variety, intended for cultivation in greenhouses. Received recognition, first of all, for its taste: it is used both for use in mixed and canned form.

Late-ripening varieties of cucumber hybrids

This group of hybrids ripens much later than the others, by about 50-60 days.

  1. Phoenix-640 F1

Large open field cucumbers. Aging occurs on day 55-60. Gives large fruits 15-18 cm with a weight of 130-170 gr. Delicious and crunchy, they are great for salads.

Bunch varieties of hybrids

This group of cucumber hybrids is of interest for two reasons. Firstly, it is possible to collect good harvests even from small greenhouse areas. Secondly, the added convenience is that there is no need for daily grooming. This is especially useful if you cannot visit your garden every day.

  1. Acorn F1

Mid-early hybrid, the main feature is a large number of ovaries (up to 12) on the nodes. Zelentsy of medium length, up to 10-11 cm and weight 110 g. The yield of the variety is 9-9.5 kg per meter of the greenhouse.

  1. King of the Garden F1

A hybrid with a very pretentious name. Puchkova, parternocarpic variety for greenhouses. Gives an excellent birth - up to 11 kg per meter. The number of ovaries is up to 5-6 pieces. Suitable for both salad dressing and canning.

  1. Gavroche F1

There are up to 5 fruits in a bunch, and this gives a good yield - up to 11 kg. In terms of taste, cucumbers are universal, both for salads and pickles.

Open field cucumber hybrids

Cucumber varieties for open ground were bred by breeders specifically for Russian conditions, mostly harsh and changeable. It is clear that the yield and the rate of fruit ripening strongly depends on the region and specific climatic and weather conditions, and at the same time, these hybrids have taken root well in the beds in many horticultures of the country.

  1. Artist F1

Parthenocarpic variety for outdoor cultivation. The cucumber begins to bear fruit after 45 days. Fruit length reaches 9-10 cm and weight up to 90 grams.

It is appreciated by gardeners for its resistance to diseases and excellent taste. It is used for salads, and for pickling and canning.

Artist - parthenocarpic hybrid for outdoor cultivation

  1. Loyal friends F1

An early bee-pollinated variety, which was bred by Russian breeders. Before harvesting, only 37-39 days pass from germination. The variety is distinguished by its relative cold resistance and is intended for growing in open ground or in spring greenhouses. Gives greens up to 10 cm long and 4 cm in diameter. Universal for use: suitable for salads and canning.

  1. Brownie F1

Another Russian hybrid for open ground. It is medium late and can be harvested 46-55 days after germination. Gives excellent fruits without bitterness up to 15 cm long, which are great for salads and preparations for the winter.

Winter varieties of hybrids

These cucumbers are grown in winter greenhouses and can produce harvests when the rest have already departed. As a rule, they are characterized by large leaves and long fruits up to 30 cm.

  1. Masha F1

Another common cucumber variety in our rating. Differs in early maturity and disease resistance. Gives good yields - up to 11 kg with relatively small greens (up to 9 cm in length and 3-3.5 cm in diameter). The biggest advantage is the complete absence of bitterness and voids inside the fruit at the genetic level. The variety is versatile - suitable for salads and canning.

  1. Arctic F1

The only hybrid of Korean origin in our rating. It is the record holder in terms of timing - it begins to bear fruit in 33 days! It perfectly tolerates temperature changes, especially in the downward direction. In greenhouse conditions, cucumbers grow up to 1-15 cm in length.

Cultivars of cucumber hybrids for the Urals and Siberia

Frost-resistant varieties were bred so that they could be grown outdoors in the climates of the Urals and Siberia. They usually begin to bear fruit in mid-July and can be harvested until autumn. Such a long-lasting option.

  1. Altai F1 (Altai early F1)

Possesses increased resistance to frost. An early ripe variety - begins to bear fruit in June, while the fruiting period is short. They are used only for canning and salting.

  1. F1 competitor

Ripens in 40-45 days and bears fruit for about 2 months. Cucumbers grow up to 13 cm. The variety is not bitter, has a sweetish taste. It is used raw and for canning.

Hybrid Competitor F1 is an excellent cucumber for the Urals and Siberia

Self-pollinated and parthenocarpic varieties of cucumber hybrids

These varieties are suitable for indoor greenhouses. The fact is that insect pollination is not required to set the embryos.

On self-pollinated varieties, male and female flowers are on the same plant, on parthenocarpic varieties, only female flowers (or predominantly female).

By the way!
If it is indicated on a pack of seeds that a parthenocarpic variety is suitable for growing in a greenhouse, this does not mean that it cannot be planted in open ground, in a garden bed. These cucumbers are usually more resistant to temperature changes and disease.

  1. Prestige F1

A mid-season variety with a maturation period of 42-45 days. Cucumbers 10-12 cm in size have excellent taste - crunchy and with a thin skin. Used for both salads and winter preparations.

  1. Zyatek F1

Not a bad bunch variety for a greenhouse. On a bush up to 50 bunches, gives a yield of about 7 kg. Fruits are of medium length - 10-12 cm.

Also, cucumbers are distinguished by the method of preparation. Since we have already mentioned many varieties above, we will briefly list the main ones.

Cucumber hybrids for pickling and canning

Special varieties are bred for the preparation of blanks for the winter, salting, processing and canning. The peculiarity of this group is its gustatory characteristics: sweetish taste, firm pulp and dense skin (important for heat treatment).

There are a lot of such varieties, including both Russian and Dutch hybrids. These are Mother-in-law, Artist, Lord, Kid, Merengue, June early ripened and many others.

Hybrid Mother-in-law is an excellent cucumber for canning and pickling

Crispy cucumbers for salads

Lovers of fresh salads should stop at this group of cucumbers. They are most commonly used raw, unprocessed. Pay attention to the hybrids Athlete, Hercules, Emelya, Amazon.

As a conclusion.

Our ranking includes 40 cucumber hybrids that you can safely choose for planting in 2021. There are many varieties, so experiment and combine!

What are self-pollinated cucumbers, what are their advantages and features of cultivation

By the way! It is not entirely correct (more precisely, in principle, incorrect) to call parthenocarpic cucumbers self-pollinated. After all, in order to be self-pollinated, flowers must have both a pistil and stamens (for example, like peppers or tomatoes). The cucumber does not have bisexual flowers: they are all either female or male (barren flowers)... In other words, in the literal sense, self-pollinated cucumbers do not exist.

It is more correct to call them "Not requiring pollination".

But you say what is written in this way on the packaging itself. Indeed, they write this way for amateurs, trying to convey information to the consumer as easily as possible.

Parthenocarpic cucumbers have only female flowers and are able to develop into fruits without any insect pollination, while growing without seeds inside the greenery.

Benefits growing parthenocarpic cucumbers:

  • Ideal for growing indoor - greenhouse, on the balcony and at home on the windowsill, where it is very difficult for pollinating insects (bees, bumblebees) to get.

Note! Most parthenocarpic varieties are also suitable for outdoor cultivation.

  • As a rule, they have fruits of the same size and color, genetically without bitterness, and they also do not turn yellow (since the seeds do not ripen in them).

However, these are rather the benefits of cucumber hybridity.

Features of the growing parthenocarpic cucumber hybrids:

  • Since parthenocarpic hybrids only female flowers, which means that there is a very high load on the bush, then such plants shaping required - rationing of the number of fruits, blinding of the lower nodes, etc.

By the way! More details about shaping (pinching, pinching) cucumbers read in this article.

  • Shake female flowersso that they "self-pollinate", useless and pointless.

Interesting! The meaning of self-pollination is that pollen from its own flower spills out onto its own pistil and germinates, forming an ovary with seeds.

  • Parthenocarpic and bee-pollinated cucumbers cannot be grown in the same greenhouse (garden), otherwise, with such a joint planting, the greens will turn out to be crooked, ugly and, as a rule, pear-shaped (bottle-shaped). The thing is that pollinating insects (bees, bumblebees) will also pollinate the flowers of parthenocarpic cucumbers, which do not need it and will only harm them.

Alternative opinion: “The neighborhood of bee-pollinated cucumbers will not harm, but, on the contrary, will help the setting of parthenocarpic varieties.

Their female flowers can tie greens even without pollination, but absolutely normal fruits grow from the pollinated ones.

And when the parthenocarpic ones "are capricious", shedding the ovaries, pollination definitely helps. "

Video: parthenocarpic cucumbers, hybrids and GMOs

Ultra early cucumbers

Most summer residents prefer to plant early-maturing varieties and hybrids in the open field. This is especially important for temperate regions, where there is a high risk that the cucumbers will fall under the August night cold.

Cucumbers received positive reviews:

  • «Anzor"- an ultra-early cucumber from Dutch breeders. Ripens already on the 34-36 day, gives gherkins of good taste. Advantages in high productivity, stress resistance, fruiting stability. Ovaries are arranged in bunches, gherkins are small, up to 7-9 cm, with fragrant pulp

  • «siberian courtyard"- very early, fruitful. Emerald gherkins, with large tubercles, no more than 9 cm in length. The hybrid form is resistant to infections, bears fruit even in bad weather conditions

  • «vyatich"- ultra-early maturing from Turkish breeders. Highly appreciated by farmers and ordinary gardeners for the attractiveness and excellent taste of fruits, unpretentiousness. Zelentsy slightly elongated, up to 14 cm, with juicy pulp. There are no voids inside, there is aroma. Resistant to peronosporosis

  • «bidrette"- a very early hybrid of domestic selection. The first cucumbers are removed as early as 30-35 days. Ovary in bunches, 3-5 pieces. Zelentsy are dark in color, weighing 100-110 g, with frequent tubercles. No pubescence, pulp without bitterness, pleasant taste

  • «apogee"- bee-pollinated salad cucumber. Bred by domestic breeders, fruiting in 35-37 days. The pulp of zelentz is tender, sweetish, without bitterness. The hybrid is resistant to the main infections of the culture, unpretentious in care

  • «Amur"- early, with moderate branching. Zelentsy ripen quickly, already in 32-35 days after the emergence of seedlings, you can harvest. Used in salads and for preparations

  • «serpentine"- a variety from the group of bee-pollinated species, early, productive. Bred by breeders of Western Siberia, adapted to the conditions of temperate climate zones. Bushes on the ridges grow up to 1-1.2 m, the ovaries are formed by bouquets. The first zelents are ready for harvesting in 32-35 days. Fruits are light green with white blurred stripes, black thorns on the skin. The pulp is not bitter, it is juicy and dense. The "serpentine" has thorns. Therefore, before processing or cutting into salads, cucumbers are thoroughly "polished" with a brush
  • «Miranda F1"- white-spiked early parthenocarpic cucumber. Ripens on 32-35 days, it is characterized by increased cold resistance. It is cultivated on ridges in different regions of the country (Caucasus, middle belt, North-West, Ural, Siberia). Zelentsy up to 12 cm in length, with a thick lumpy skin. Usage - salads, preservation, salting

  • «flagship"- a plant with highly marketable greens. The female type of flowering predominates, the cucumbers are ready to harvest in 34-35 days. Fruits are elongated, up to 18 cm, with large sparse tubercles, classic taste

  • «ABC"- early ripening bundle gherkin type from the Manul company. Ripens on 35-37 days, in the axils from 4 to 6 ovaries. Black-spiked cucumbers, oval, perfect for pickling and pickling. To obtain high yields, pollination by bees is required. A good result is given by replanting pollinating varieties.

Cucumber varieties guide

The number of zoned varieties and hybrids of cucumber is increasing every year. Let's list the most promising of them that can be grown in open and protected ground:

  1. Hermann - the most popular, super-early (38-40 days), super-high-yielding hybrid. Fruits are large lumpy, uniform cylindrical, 9–11 cm long, without bitterness. Recommended for growing in open and protected ground. It is intended for fresh consumption and processing.
  2. Masha - the earliest parthenocarpic hybrid of gherkin cucumber: begins to bear fruit 37–39 days after germination. The fruits ripen together and have an attractive presentation: pimpled, standard in size, 8–11 cm long. Delicious both fresh and salted. The hybrid is resistant to the cucumber mosaic virus, cladosporiosis, powdery mildew, relatively resistant to downy mildew. Transportable.
  3. Karin - a very early high-yielding hybrid (40–42 days), small tuberous. The fruits are uniform, cylindrical, of high quality, excellent color, without bitterness. Recommended for growing in open and protected ground. Universal use.
  4. Greenland - early maturing parthenocarpic hybrid for film greenhouses. Beautiful white-thorn fruits are ready to eat in 40–45 days after germination. Zelenets is large, lumpy, without bitterness, good fresh. Resistant to olive spot, downy mildew, cucumber mosaic virus.
  5. Ginga - early maturing (43–45 days) parthenocarpic hybrid for film greenhouses, shelters and open ground. Plants form 2-3 fruits in each node. Fruits-gherkins are beautiful, 8-10 cm long, small lumpy, genetically without bitterness, excellent taste - both fresh and canned. The hybrid is resistant to powdery mildew and downy mildew, cucumber mosaic virus, tolerant to olive spot.
  6. Katya - an early, super-high-yielding, super-productive salad hybrid. Fruits are uniform, smooth, 19–20 cm long, beautiful green color, without bitterness, heat-resistant. Recommended to grow in winter, spring, summer, in all types of greenhouses.
  7. Madita - an early high-yielding hybrid. Fruits are large lumpy, homogeneous, cylindrical, of high quality, excellent color, without bitterness. Recommended for growing in open and protected ground. Universal use.
  8. Marinda - an early ripe high-yielding hybrid. Fruits are large lumpy with thorns, beautiful dark green color, 8–12 cm long. Recommended for growing in open and protected ground. Universal use.
  9. Meringue - super early (37–38 days), super-yielding hybrid. Fruits are large lumpy, regular cylindrical, dark green in color, 8–10 cm long. Recommended for growing in open and protected ground. Universal use.
  10. Lilliputian (breeder S. Gavrish) - early ripening (38–42 days from germination to fruiting), parthenocarpic hybrid of the female flowering type, intended for growing in open and protected ground. Zelenets cylindrical, 7-9 cm long, weighing 80-90 g, medium-sized tubercles, often located. 7–10 ovaries are formed in each leaf axil. Sowing seedlings in late April - early May. Planting in the ground is carried out in late May - early June in the phase of two or three true leaves under temporary film shelters. Sowing in open ground is carried out in late May - early June. Recommended for picking pickles and gherkins, making high quality canned food. For pickles, picking is done daily, gherkins - every other day. Irregular harvests lead to thickening of the fruit. The hybrid is resistant to powdery mildew, downy mildew, olive spot and root rot. Productivity - 10.5-11.5 kg / m2. The optimum soil temperature for seed germination is 25–30 ° C.
  11. Accordionist (breeder S. Gavrish) - early ripening (39–42 days from germination to fruiting) parthenocarpic hybrid of the female flowering type, intended for growing in open and protected ground. Zelenets cylindrical, 10–12 cm long, weighing 90–100 g, small tubercles, often located. 6–8 ovaries are formed in each leaf axil. Seedlings are sown in late April - early May. Planting in the ground is carried out in late May - early June in the phase of two or three true leaves under temporary film shelters. Sowing in open ground is carried out in late May - early June. The use of fruits is universal (fresh, salting, pickling). The hybrid is resistant to powdery mildew, downy mildew, olive spot and root rot. Productivity - 12-13 kg / m2. The optimum soil temperature for seed germination is 25–30 ° C.
  12. Kolyan (breeder V. Yurin) - early ripening (43–48 days) cucumber hybrid for growing in spring greenhouses. Ovaries 2-3 pcs. in the node. Plants are relatively resistant to powdery mildew and downy mildew, olive spot, root rot, cold-resistant. Fruits are white-thorny, large lumpy, dark green with light stripes. Length - 10-12 cm. Fruits without bitterness (the trait is fixed at the genetic level). The fruits are good in salting and in salad, the taste is high. Productivity - up to 15 kg / m2. It is included in the State Register of Breeding Achievements approved for use in production since 2006. Sowing for seedlings - end of April, planting in the ground of an unheated greenhouse - end of May, in open ground - from 5 June. Planting density in greenhouses - 2.5 plants / m2, in open ground - 3-4 plants / m2. Plant care: tying plants to a trellis, removing the bottom five lateral shoots. Watering before the start of the collection is very moderate, after the start of the collection - daily (1-3 l / m2).
  13. Moscow delicacy - parthenocarpic early maturing (42 days) hybrid. The plant is medium-growing, with a bundle formation of ovaries. Zelentsy are beautiful, cylindrical, small tuberous, genetically without bitterness, do not outgrow. They are good fresh and canned. Recommended for open and protected ground. Differs in high yield and marketability. Resistant to major diseases.
  14. Zozulya - parthenocarpic early maturing (40–45 days) hybrid of predominantly female flowering type. For spring greenhouses and tunnels. Zelenets tuberous, white-thorn, 14-22 cm long. It is characterized by amicable, massive and long-term yield. Resistant to olive stain, tolerant to root rot.
  15. April - self-pollinated, early, productive. The fruits are tasty, salad, but they can also be canned. Fruit length - 14-22 cm. Grown under a film.
  16. Diva - one of the earliest for indoor use. Parthenocarpic, early maturing, high-yielding hybrid with a predominantly female flowering type. Fruits of excellent taste and marketability: small lumpy, beautifully shaped, crunchy, good for canning, shelf life for a long time. Productivity in a greenhouse - up to 28 kg / m2.
  17. Parker - mid-early hybrid, used for growing in open ground and under temporary film shelters. Prone to parthenocarp (self-pollination). Resistant to cucumber mosaic virus, cladosporium disease, powdery mildew pathogen and root rot. Graceful fruits without bitterness, with excellent taste, pickling. Ripen on the 50th day after germination.
  18. Lord - mid-season, high-yielding, bee-pollinated hybrid, mainly of the female type of flowering. It is cultivated in the open field. Zelenets 10-12 cm long. Possesses high canning and pickling qualities. Resistant to downy mildew and olive spot.
  19. Farmer - a fruitful, mid-season, bee-pollinated hybrid, mainly of the female type of flowering. Grown in the open field. Zelenets 10-12 cm long. Relatively cold-resistant. Resistant to olive spot (cladosporium), powdery mildew and downy mildew. A peculiarity of the hybrid is the intensive growth of the main whip and the rapid appearance of lateral shoots, with the growth of which massive prolonged fruiting occurs. Suitable for canning and pickling.
  20. Elegant - medium-weight, universal use. From mass shoots to fruiting - 45-50 days. Differs in increased resistance to adverse weather conditions and resistance to olive spot. Zelenets ellipsoidal shape, small tuberous. Fruit weight - 90 g.
  21. Galina - very early hybrid (38–40 days, analogue of Annushka), 8–12 cm, large tuberous with thorns, without bitterness, ideal for salting. Recommended for cultivation in arched and film greenhouses and in the open field.
  22. Natasha - early hybrid (40–42 days), large tuberous with thorns, without bitterness, universal use. Recommended for open field cultivation in vertical and horizontal ways.
  23. Safa - a highly productive, very early hybrid of mini cucumber salad. Fruits are smooth, cylindrical, rich dark green color, 16-18 cm long. Recommended for growing outdoors and fresh consumption and processing.
  24. Sonata - consistently high yield. A mid-season (45–53 days) hybrid of a predominantly female flowering type. For open ground. The plant is medium-sized. Zelenets 6-9 cm long, weighing 60-80 g, genetically without bitterness. The taste is excellent. For fresh consumption and canning. Resistant to powdery mildew pathogens, cladosporia.
  25. Prestige - productive, long-term fruiting. Parthenocarpic, early maturing, highly productive hybrid. It is characterized by a long fruiting period, resistance to diseases and stressful conditions. Gives stable and high yields both in open and closed ground: up to 25 kg of fruits per 1 m2. Gherkins do not taste bitter, retain their presentation for a long time, are ideal for canning.
  26. Lightly salted cucumber - bunches of neat fruits just ask for salting! Crispy, aromatic and tasty lightly salted cucumbers are obtained very quickly!
  27. Naf-phanto - grown in open and closed ground. An early, high-yielding, bee-pollinated hybrid. The plant is powerful, with a predominance of female flowers. Fruits are small, suitable for pickling.
  28. Tomboy cucumber - a crispy vitamin snack "between the first and second" for any friendly feast. Yes, what a Russian does not know a lot about this! Cucumber is great!
  29. Droplet - excellent transportability. Early maturing (43–45 days) variety for open ground. Fruits genetically without bitterness, 9–11 cm long, retain their green color for a long time. Universal use.
  30. Connie - genetically without bitterness. Early maturing (43–45 days). High-yielding parthenocarpic hybrid. The plant is medium-growing, with a bundle formation of ovaries. Zelenets cylindrical, often lumpy, white-spiked, does not outgrow. Resistant to major diseases. For open and protected ground.
  31. Picnic - amicable return of picks! Early maturing (43–48 days), parthenocarpic hybrid of the female flowering type. Due to the large bouquets of ovaries on the main shoot (up to 8–10 pcs.) It is characterized by a very harmonious yield of the harvest. Zelenets 10–12 cm long, often lumpy, white-thorny, good fresh and canned. Relatively resistant to major cucumber diseases. For film greenhouses.

The selection of cucumber, aimed at creating heterotic hybrids, has advanced very far, the cucumber is one of those few vegetable crops, when growing even amateurs prefer hybrids. This is due to the great advantage of the latter in comparison with varieties.

Unfortunately, despite the relative cheapness of seeds, varieties, in contrast to modern hybrids, have a number of disadvantages. Of course, even today the varieties have their own lovers, many gardeners have been growing them for a long time, they are used to them, besides, some varieties have a fairly good quality of processed products (some varieties are especially good for pickling). Nevertheless, they also have many disadvantages: a small number of ovaries on the plant, late fruiting, large fruits, rapid overgrowth and yellowing of green leaves.

One of the few strains to really look out for is Phoenix.

Despite the large fruits (up to 15 cm), late onset of fruiting, it was the most resistant to peronosporosis (downy mildew). Until now, this variety is grown as the best for canning.

Hybrids differ from varieties in that they form fruits in the absence of pollination, they are called parthenocarpic, according to the type of flowering, hybrids of the female type of flowering (without barren flowers). Usually gardeners prefer early and mid-season gherkin-type hybrids 6–8 cm long. Mostly pickling ones are chosen. By the nature of the surface of the fruit, it is better to choose small tubercles. The main criterion: fruitful and resistant to fungal diseases.

Watch the video: Amazing Greenhouse Cucumber Farming And Harvesting - Modern Cucumber Agriculture Technology 32

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