The success of the cucumber crop depends in particular on the choice of seed. The wide assortment on the shelves confuses thoughts rather than allows you to make the right decision. Novice gardeners are advised to first familiarize themselves with the varieties, their names, the characteristics of cultivation and care.
Depending on climatic conditions, different varieties can be planted in Ukraine, Belarus, Chernozem, Bashkiria and the middle lane - these can be parthenocarpic, early ripening, with a long ripening period, or delicious cucumbers for growing in a greenhouse. More information is structured in the article in the form of a kind of list-rating.
A large number of varieties allows you to choose the best options that have disease and weather resistance of the region where the green plant is planned to be grown.
A common mistake is the use of certain 2-3 varieties, the cultivation of which has been practiced for several decades.
Domestic and foreign breeders have developed many hybrids that have no less affordable agricultural technology and excellent taste than the once loved cucumbers.
Among the top tips for growing vegetables, experts point to the need to plant several varieties at once... This makes it possible to evaluate the yield of different species under the same ripening conditions, to get at least some yield during drought or prolonged rains.
Collect the necessary and useful information about the varietal variety, the characteristics of the characteristics of zelents can be found below.
For the convenience of perception and application of the text in practice, plants are divided into separate groups, united by a common feature.
Self-pollinating cucumbers have a number of advantages, among which excellent immunity and resistance to an abundance of moisture are noted.
Early ripening varieties have a feature that every gardener should be familiar with.
The ovaries of male flowers are the first to form, they must be removed, since they interfere with the development of the plant.
Medium ripening varieties begin to bear fruit on the 45-55 day after sowing the grains into the soil. All plants of this group differ in the method of cultivation (greenhouse, soil), purpose (fresh or for salting) and the type of pollination.
A feature of late-ripening cucumbers is that the seeds germinate well only in the 3rd year.
Therefore, the purchased material is worth before planting check for germination... Also, when choosing varieties of this group, you need to take into account the climate of the region and the ripening period of zelents in order to have time to collect most of the harvest before the onset of cold weather.
All gardeners, without exception, are attracted by high-yielding varieties. In your greenhouse, you can try to grow the most popular of them.
Growing cucumbers in a harsh climate has its own characteristics. It is better to plant cucumbers in Siberia in polycarbonate greenhouses or choose fruitful early maturing varieties.
When choosing seeds, preference should be given to varieties that are resistant to stress.
Each variety of cucumbers has an impressive set of benefits. The main thing when choosing is to take into account the climatic features of the region and the correspondence to them of the characteristics of the varieties you like. Then the main stage of laying the future harvest will be performed correctly.
Cucumbers require average light, humidity, and the absence of sudden changes in temperature. The moderately continental summer of the Moscow Region meets these criteria. Plants are planted in the ground no earlier than May, since they do not tolerate frost. The first fruits ripen at the beginning of summer, they finish harvesting before the onset of cold weather.
Ultra-ripening varieties and hybrids are able to form ovaries in a very short time. At the same time, the fruits retain all the sweetness and density.
Characteristics for ultra-early varieties of cucumbers:
In the first place is the Mares cucumber (it is a parthenocarpic hybrid). One of the fastest ripening varieties. You can start harvesting as early as 36 days. Zelentsy grows in the form of a cylinder with large tubercles, 9.5 cm long. It rarely gets sick and tolerates temperature fluctuations well.
The Little Cucumber is an ultra-early ripening variety. You can eat cucumbers already on the 39th day. They are covered with large tubercles with a white edge, of a regular, rounded shape. The variety is resistant to many diseases and tolerates low temperatures.
Cucumber Saracen F1 gives a bountiful harvest, rarely gets sick and tolerates bad weather well. Refers to parthenocarpic, early type of plants. Begins to bear fruit on the 38th day. Smooth, cylindrical zelents, grow in length up to 14.5 cm. On the surface there are tubercles with small thorns.
Parthenocarpic, an ultra-early variety of cucumbers Karaoke F1, will give a rich harvest already on the 39th day after planting the seedlings. Correctly shaped greens up to 12 cm in length are formed with large tubercles. The hybrid tolerates heat well and is resistant to many infections.
Cucumber Babies on the F1 branch is a bee-pollinated, early-maturing hybrid. The fruit can be harvested after 42 days. Differs in a bountiful harvest with excellent taste. Cylindrical greens are covered with small tubercles. They are planted immediately with seeds or seedlings.
Super early cucumbers Moscow dude will be gifted with fruits after 41 days. For pollination, free access of insects is required. Green fruits have white stripes and small thorns. The length of the zelents is about 10 cm. The yield will delight any vegetable grower. The Moskovsky Pizhon variety is resistant to many diseases, especially bacteriosis.
Cucumber Ataman F1 belongs to the parthenocarpic type. It is characterized by indeterminate growth and medium branching. Fruiting begins after 42 days. Fruits with frequent tubercles reach 15 cm. Fruiting is maintained at low temperatures and low light. Resists infections well.
The early varieties of cucumbers for open ground include Little Raccoon. The variety begins to ripen from the 40th day. It is a self-pollinated hybrid. The lashes are short and compact. Fruits grow up to 9 cm in length, are covered with sparse tubercles with white thorns, there are light stripes. Shows resistance to a certain number of diseases.
Cucumber Advance F1 begins to enter the fruiting period after 42 days. It is a determinant, parthenocarpic type of cucumber with branched lateral shoots. Zelentsy are short, with small white stripes and tubercles with a white edge. Resists disease well and produces many sweet, crunchy fruits.
Let's start the rating with the most popular and popular hybrids that Russian gardeners have already fallen in love with. If you choose which cucumbers to plant in the 2021 season, feel free to choose these varieties, they, as they say, have already passed the test of time and a garden bed.
Early maturing bee-pollinated hybrid. Received recognition for its unpretentiousness and quick appearance of the crop for 40 days. Cucumbers are not prone to bitterness, and the crop itself can grow in limited greenhouse areas.
It is a popular early maturing hybrid (maturing at 40-45 days) for outdoor cultivation. Sheaf variety - formed by 6-7 ovaries. Shows a good yield - the average fruit length is 10-12 cm, up to 9 kg per meter. Possesses excellent taste and is used in salads and pickles.
One of the favorites in our rating. It is an early ripening variety: the first cucumbers of the hybrid ripen in 40-45 days. Has a pronounced taste and is perfect for summer salads. It grows well in greenhouses, including polycarbonate ones.
Hybrid cucumbers that ripen in less than 2 months. In the greenhouse, green plants grow large, up to 20 cm in length and 4-4.5 cm in diameter. Most of all they are loved for their taste: the fleshy fruits are ideal for salads. So if you are for a healthy lifestyle, “Athlete” is an excellent choice!
Athlete cucumbers are a great hybrid for fresh salads
You can say, a "universal" hybrid. And one of the favorite varieties of gardeners. They love it for its unpretentious care, - it can grow both in the open field, as it gives crops in winter heated greenhouses. Self-pollinated. It is resistant to viral and fungal infections. Plus one more advantage of Hercules - good taste: large fruits up to 15-16 cm are ideal for summer salads.
By the way, it is one of the record holders in the rating: the yield reaches 25-28 kg per square meter.
Another "folk" variety of Russian gardeners. This versatile crop grows well in greenhouses, although it can also be planted in open ground. "Mother-in-law" is a parthenocarpic species, ie. does not require insect pollination. The variety shows an excellent marketable yield - up to 12 kg per square meter of greenhouse, the fruits reach a length of 11-13 cm and a weight of 100-120 grams.
Hector is a Dutch hybrid that is recommended for growing in greenhouses in Russian conditions. The variety is early maturing and is used for both salads and pickles. The only "but" - the cucumber shows a low yield: with large fruits up to 13 cm and weight up to 100 grams, it gives only 3-4 kg per meter. Resistant to viruses and diseases.
Another hybrid in our ranking for salad purposes. It is notable for its large fruits: cucumbers grow up to 300 grams, up to 30 cm in length with a diameter of 4-4.5 cm. The Amazon variety is also loved by those who grow cucumbers in winter greenhouses - this parthenocarpic species does not require pollination.
An easy-care hybrid of cucumbers. It is a parthenocarpic hybrid, does not need pollination. Shows a very decent yield - 15-17 kg per square meter. The fruits are slightly smaller than those of the Amazon - they grow up to 12 cm in length and 3-3.5 cm in diameter.
A short-fruited hybrid of a paternocarpic species. The fruits reach a length of 10-11 cm, and it is for this that the variety is appreciated. Together with its yield (15-16 kg per square meter). Begins to bear fruit at 43-44 days.
In terms of taste, it belongs to the universal - it is good both in summer salads and for canning for the winter.
This variety is valued for its diminutiveness (10-11 cm in length), lumpy skin and yield (11-12 kg per meter). The hybrid is suitable for growing in polycarbonate greenhouses.
Early maturing, paternocarpic variety. Begins to bear fruit at 40-44 days and yields 10-11 kg per square meter. This is a bunch hybrid, in a bunch - up to 10 ovaries. Cucumbers grow up to 11 cm and are ideal for pickling and canning. They are characterized by dense pulp and the absence of emptiness in the center of the fruit.
The next in our rating are varieties that give consistently high yields. With proper care, you can count on 10-15 kg of cucumbers per square meter of greenhouse. If your goal is to win the battle for the harvest of the season, choose these hybrids.
This hybrid is a real record holder in yield: during the season, you can manage to collect up to 16 kg from each meter. The length of the cucumbers is 15-25 cm. The variety is universal - suitable for salads and for canning and any preparations.
Zozulya cucumber - a high-yielding hybrid for a greenhouse
Another great hybrid for growing in polycarbonate greenhouses. Begins to bear fruit from 41 days and shows a good yield - 11-12 kg per meter.
An early ripe hybrid of cucumbers, begins to bear fruit from day 39. Produces large fruits - up to 130 grams with a yield of 12-13 kg per meter. Grows well in polycarbonate greenhouses.
The main feature is that the harvest of cucumbers can be harvested from July to October. With a high yield, the hybrid gives fruits up to 10-12 cm. This is a salad variety that grows well in the open field and is resistant to pests.
The high-yielding cucumber variety was bred in Holland for a stable climate without sudden changes in temperature. Designed for growing in greenhouses.
During the season, it is possible to harvest 15 kg per meter in greenhouse conditions (from open ground - up to 12 kg).
Early or early ripening cucumbers are worth choosing if you want to harvest early in summer. These hybrids begin to bear fruit within 30+ days after germination. If you want to please yourself with a fresh salad at the very beginning of summer - choose early ripening varieties!
The first fruits of the hybrid can be harvested on day 37. The variety has a good yield of 14 kg per meter, and the fruits reach 13-14 cm. Resistant to many cucumber viruses and diseases.
These hybrids are the favorites of many gardeners. Cucumbers begin to bear fruit already on the first 41 days after germination, and also show yield records: fruits with a length of up to 15 cm can give up to 18 kg of yield per meter. The taste is also pleasing - the honeycomb is suitable for salads and canning.
As the name implies, the variety is famous for its early maturity - from germination to the beginning of fruiting 40-44 days. If you want to be the first to harvest cucumbers, early June is a great option.
The variety is suitable both for greenhouses and for planting in open ground, and, what is important, even in the regions of the so-called "risky farming", therefore it can be recommended for the Urals and Siberia. Produces fruits with an average length of 9-10 cm and a weight of 45-50 grams, belongs to the so-called "gherkin type".
Another "Dutchman" in our rating, known to Russian gardeners. Designed for cultivation both in greenhouses and open field. Begins to bear fruit in 40-45 days, fruits reach a length of 15 cm. Shows an average yield of 7-8 kg per meter, but grows until mid-September.
Early maturing hydride of Dutch origin, the time of appearance of fruits is 40-45 days. The record holder for productivity - up to 30 kg in greenhouse conditions. It can be grown everywhere, but is ideal for regions with a mild climate in Central Russia.
Parthenocarpic species of early ripening, begins to bear fruit as early as 37-40 days. This is a Dutch variety, which relatively recently, in 2007, was approved for Russian gardeners and is recommended for growing in all regions of Russia without restrictions. The yield is up to 15 kg per meter in greenhouse conditions.
Another ultra-early Dutch variety ripening on the 40th day. It is famous for its large greens 15-25 cm in length. For growing in greenhouse conditions.
Mertus - ultra early Dutch hybrid with cucumbers up to 25 cm
An early ripe hybrid with a high yield, it can yield up to 16-17 kg. Begins to bear fruit early on day 40 and is known for its standard greens: all cucumbers are similar to each other, there is no tendency to "barrel formation". It has a pleasant taste and is also suitable for fresh use and canning.
Mid-season varieties ripen longer, on average 40-50 days. You can count on this harvest at the end of June-July.
The variety ripens in 40-44 days outdoors. Possesses increased frost resistance and immunity to many cucumber viruses and diseases. Gives a yield of 10-13 kg.
Bee-pollinated hybrid. "Popular recognition" received for cold resistance and resistance to phyto-diseases, which is why it continues to bear fruit in August and early September, when the rest of the varieties have already departed. Zelentsy reach a length of 10-12 cm with a mass of 100-120 grams. Excellent for both salads and canning due to its excellent taste.
Dutch medium early variety, intended for cultivation in greenhouses. Received recognition, first of all, for its taste: it is used both for use in mixed and canned form.
This group of hybrids ripens much later than the others, by about 50-60 days.
Large open field cucumbers. Aging occurs on day 55-60. Gives large fruits 15-18 cm with a weight of 130-170 gr. Delicious and crunchy, they are great for salads.
This group of cucumber hybrids is of interest for two reasons. Firstly, it is possible to collect good harvests even from small greenhouse areas. Secondly, the added convenience is that there is no need for daily grooming. This is especially useful if you cannot visit your garden every day.
Mid-early hybrid, the main feature is a large number of ovaries (up to 12) on the nodes. Zelentsy of medium length, up to 10-11 cm and weight 110 g. The yield of the variety is 9-9.5 kg per meter of the greenhouse.
A hybrid with a very pretentious name. Puchkova, parternocarpic variety for greenhouses. Gives an excellent birth - up to 11 kg per meter. The number of ovaries is up to 5-6 pieces. Suitable for both salad dressing and canning.
There are up to 5 fruits in a bunch, and this gives a good yield - up to 11 kg. In terms of taste, cucumbers are universal, both for salads and pickles.
Cucumber varieties for open ground were bred by breeders specifically for Russian conditions, mostly harsh and changeable. It is clear that the yield and the rate of fruit ripening strongly depends on the region and specific climatic and weather conditions, and at the same time, these hybrids have taken root well in the beds in many horticultures of the country.
Parthenocarpic variety for outdoor cultivation. The cucumber begins to bear fruit after 45 days. Fruit length reaches 9-10 cm and weight up to 90 grams.
It is appreciated by gardeners for its resistance to diseases and excellent taste. It is used for salads, and for pickling and canning.
Artist - parthenocarpic hybrid for outdoor cultivation
An early bee-pollinated variety, which was bred by Russian breeders. Before harvesting, only 37-39 days pass from germination. The variety is distinguished by its relative cold resistance and is intended for growing in open ground or in spring greenhouses. Gives greens up to 10 cm long and 4 cm in diameter. Universal for use: suitable for salads and canning.
Another Russian hybrid for open ground. It is medium late and can be harvested 46-55 days after germination. Gives excellent fruits without bitterness up to 15 cm long, which are great for salads and preparations for the winter.
These cucumbers are grown in winter greenhouses and can produce harvests when the rest have already departed. As a rule, they are characterized by large leaves and long fruits up to 30 cm.
Another common cucumber variety in our rating. Differs in early maturity and disease resistance. Gives good yields - up to 11 kg with relatively small greens (up to 9 cm in length and 3-3.5 cm in diameter). The biggest advantage is the complete absence of bitterness and voids inside the fruit at the genetic level. The variety is versatile - suitable for salads and canning.
The only hybrid of Korean origin in our rating. It is the record holder in terms of timing - it begins to bear fruit in 33 days! It perfectly tolerates temperature changes, especially in the downward direction. In greenhouse conditions, cucumbers grow up to 1-15 cm in length.
Frost-resistant varieties were bred so that they could be grown outdoors in the climates of the Urals and Siberia. They usually begin to bear fruit in mid-July and can be harvested until autumn. Such a long-lasting option.
Possesses increased resistance to frost. An early ripe variety - begins to bear fruit in June, while the fruiting period is short. They are used only for canning and salting.
Ripens in 40-45 days and bears fruit for about 2 months. Cucumbers grow up to 13 cm. The variety is not bitter, has a sweetish taste. It is used raw and for canning.
Hybrid Competitor F1 is an excellent cucumber for the Urals and Siberia
These varieties are suitable for indoor greenhouses. The fact is that insect pollination is not required to set the embryos.
On self-pollinated varieties, male and female flowers are on the same plant, on parthenocarpic varieties, only female flowers (or predominantly female).
By the way!
If it is indicated on a pack of seeds that a parthenocarpic variety is suitable for growing in a greenhouse, this does not mean that it cannot be planted in open ground, in a garden bed. These cucumbers are usually more resistant to temperature changes and disease.
A mid-season variety with a maturation period of 42-45 days. Cucumbers 10-12 cm in size have excellent taste - crunchy and with a thin skin. Used for both salads and winter preparations.
Not a bad bunch variety for a greenhouse. On a bush up to 50 bunches, gives a yield of about 7 kg. Fruits are of medium length - 10-12 cm.
Also, cucumbers are distinguished by the method of preparation. Since we have already mentioned many varieties above, we will briefly list the main ones.
Special varieties are bred for the preparation of blanks for the winter, salting, processing and canning. The peculiarity of this group is its gustatory characteristics: sweetish taste, firm pulp and dense skin (important for heat treatment).
There are a lot of such varieties, including both Russian and Dutch hybrids. These are Mother-in-law, Artist, Lord, Kid, Merengue, June early ripened and many others.
Hybrid Mother-in-law is an excellent cucumber for canning and pickling
Lovers of fresh salads should stop at this group of cucumbers. They are most commonly used raw, unprocessed. Pay attention to the hybrids Athlete, Hercules, Emelya, Amazon.
As a conclusion.
Our ranking includes 40 cucumber hybrids that you can safely choose for planting in 2021. There are many varieties, so experiment and combine!
By the way! It is not entirely correct (more precisely, in principle, incorrect) to call parthenocarpic cucumbers self-pollinated. After all, in order to be self-pollinated, flowers must have both a pistil and stamens (for example, like peppers or tomatoes). The cucumber does not have bisexual flowers: they are all either female or male (barren flowers)... In other words, in the literal sense, self-pollinated cucumbers do not exist.
It is more correct to call them "Not requiring pollination".
But you say what is written in this way on the packaging itself. Indeed, they write this way for amateurs, trying to convey information to the consumer as easily as possible.
Parthenocarpic cucumbers have only female flowers and are able to develop into fruits without any insect pollination, while growing without seeds inside the greenery.
Benefits growing parthenocarpic cucumbers:
Note! Most parthenocarpic varieties are also suitable for outdoor cultivation.
However, these are rather the benefits of cucumber hybridity.
Features of the growing parthenocarpic cucumber hybrids:
By the way! More details about shaping (pinching, pinching) cucumbers read in this article.
Interesting! The meaning of self-pollination is that pollen from its own flower spills out onto its own pistil and germinates, forming an ovary with seeds.
Alternative opinion: “The neighborhood of bee-pollinated cucumbers will not harm, but, on the contrary, will help the setting of parthenocarpic varieties.
Their female flowers can tie greens even without pollination, but absolutely normal fruits grow from the pollinated ones.
And when the parthenocarpic ones "are capricious", shedding the ovaries, pollination definitely helps. "
Video: parthenocarpic cucumbers, hybrids and GMOs
Most summer residents prefer to plant early-maturing varieties and hybrids in the open field. This is especially important for temperate regions, where there is a high risk that the cucumbers will fall under the August night cold.
Cucumbers received positive reviews:
The number of zoned varieties and hybrids of cucumber is increasing every year. Let's list the most promising of them that can be grown in open and protected ground:
The selection of cucumber, aimed at creating heterotic hybrids, has advanced very far, the cucumber is one of those few vegetable crops, when growing even amateurs prefer hybrids. This is due to the great advantage of the latter in comparison with varieties.
Unfortunately, despite the relative cheapness of seeds, varieties, in contrast to modern hybrids, have a number of disadvantages. Of course, even today the varieties have their own lovers, many gardeners have been growing them for a long time, they are used to them, besides, some varieties have a fairly good quality of processed products (some varieties are especially good for pickling). Nevertheless, they also have many disadvantages: a small number of ovaries on the plant, late fruiting, large fruits, rapid overgrowth and yellowing of green leaves.
One of the few strains to really look out for is Phoenix.
Despite the large fruits (up to 15 cm), late onset of fruiting, it was the most resistant to peronosporosis (downy mildew). Until now, this variety is grown as the best for canning.
Hybrids differ from varieties in that they form fruits in the absence of pollination, they are called parthenocarpic, according to the type of flowering, hybrids of the female type of flowering (without barren flowers). Usually gardeners prefer early and mid-season gherkin-type hybrids 6–8 cm long. Mostly pickling ones are chosen. By the nature of the surface of the fruit, it is better to choose small tubercles. The main criterion: fruitful and resistant to fungal diseases.