How to place primroses - snowdrops in the garden


The first flowers of spring will decorate any garden

Muscari

Muscari (viper bow, mouse hyacinth). They bloom in late April, the last among early spring, passing the baton to hyacinths, daffodils, tulips.

In decorative plantings, three types of muscari are most often used:
- Armenian - with light blue flowers, bordered with white teeth and collected in oval inflorescences on a peduncle up to 20 cm tall.
- Brush-shaped - a compact plant up to 20 cm high with dark blue goblet-shaped flowers, collected in multi-flowered inflorescences.
- Grooved - 20 cm high. Narrow-cylindrical inflorescences with many smoky-blue flowers.


All types of muscari reproduce rather quickly vegetatively and by seeds (with the exception of Armenian muscari and terry forms). They look very colorful in group plantings. In this case, the bulbs are planted tightly, at a distance of 4-5 cm from each other.

Muscari go well with daffodils and early yellow tulips. They should not be planted next to hyacinths, since they are similar in height and general appearance. Among the dark blue muscari islets of white flowers look beautiful.

Galanthus

The most decorative, thanks to its large double ears and long flowering, is the Blue Spike variety. The varieties that differ in their unusual shade have become widely known: Dark Ice (dark eyes), Sky Blue (Azure), White Beauty (White beauty). Thus, the messengers of the coming spring are usually small and modest. Unfortunately, they bloom for a relatively short time, but surprisingly touching. Basically, they belong to early spring small-bulbous plants.

The culture of early flowering small-bulbous plants has a lot in common. All of them prefer non-acidic air and permeable soils, rich in humus. They respond positively to spring feeding, the introduction of significant doses of leaf humus, grass compost and ash. As with other bulbous plants, fresh manure is unacceptable for them. They are unpretentious. Divorce is quite simple - they form a baby. Scylla, Pushkinia and hazel grouse give abundant self-seeding, due to which whole curtains are formed over time.

Sowing seeds is the fastest way to propagate these plants. Seedlings usually bloom in the third year. Collecting bolls should be started when they have lightened, otherwise the seeds can be lost.

Fritilaria

They should be sown immediately after harvest or in the fall of the same year: the next year, germination drops sharply. These plants respond gratefully to watering and feeding. The optimal doses of organic fertilizer, applied before planting, and every year complete mineral fertilization in the spring on the snow guarantees good development of plants and their reproduction.

They have a common agricultural technique. Planting depth and distance between bulbs vary within small limits, depending on the size of the plants. The miniature double-leaved and chionodox Lucillia, the snow-white snowdrop, have a depth of about 6 cm and a distance of 4-5 cm. The larger ones are white flowers - 7-10 cm.

The timing of flowering depends on climatic conditions, the timing of the onset of spring. All these plants do without transplanting and dividing for about 5 years. If it is necessary to accelerate vegetative reproduction, after two or three years the nest is planted, carefully preserving the roots, preferably with a lump of earth, and when the leaves turn yellow. In dense curtains, they are more decorative. The dug out small bulbs of snowdrops, chionodox, bilifolia and other species are stored in the sand to prevent them from drying out.

They take root from two (crocuses) to three months (snowdrops, white flowers) and only in warm soil. Therefore, it is impossible to delay with a transplant. During transplants, the clogging of the former area with small bulbs is inevitable. Therefore, in places where small-bulbous plants grew, such plants should not be planted so as not to create mixed plantings.


Grouse

All of the above plants are ephemeroids. By the middle of summer, the aboveground part dies off completely, and the underground part goes into a state of rest. Flower gardens where small-bulbous snowdrops Galanthus, Chionodox, Scylla, Muscari are planted are decorative only when the plants are densely packed and there are a lot of them. In this case, they create a bright spot.

However, after their flowering, it is almost impossible, without damaging the bulbs, to plant replacing flowers in their place, for example, letniki. In summer, the place of small-bulbous becomes unattractive. How to get out of the situation? Plant them among late-flowering plants with high stems and large leaves, which, expanding, will cover empty spaces after small-bulb flowering.

To do this, you can use spreading annuals - petunia, alissum, verbena, nasturtium. Small-bulbous under the crown of any shrubs and trees are appropriate. In this case, the trunks should be watered more abundantly, since these plants cannot tolerate dry soil.

Crocuses

Snowdrops are always appropriate in rockeries. Small-bulbous with lilies of the valley are successfully combined. Their large leaves cover the ground until autumn. For irregular plantings of free outlines, varieties with bright flowers are most suitable. In small gardens, large groups are inappropriate. But the narrow bed of the path will decorate the garden.

Small-bulbous ones are not suitable for ceremonial flower beds. The individual curtains in various parts of the garden are adorable. They should be visible the first time they are viewed in the spring. Planting them under evergreens that create dense shade should be avoided.

Although most small-bulbous are shade-tolerant, they prefer partial shade or wandering shade. Planted under the crown of trees, they thrive and bloom until foliage appears on the tree. And when the trees are covered with foliage and create shade, the bulbous ones will have safely completed their short growing season by this time.

T. Barkhatova, florist


Snowdrops-primroses (Galanthus)

Snowdrops are the first to bloom, living up to their name. Biologists call them Galanthus.

Snowdrop Flore Pleno - terry Galanthus

Galanthus not afraid of light spring frosts. In the first days of spring, buds and oblong leaves with a waxy bloom grow straight out of the snow. The French call this delicate flower a snow bell, and the British call it a snow drop. In nature, the snowdrop is always white, and in the garden you can grow terry varieties of different colors. Among the terry snowdrops, the best grade - "Flore Pleno".

Lovely crocuses

Crocuses also belong to the group of primroses. These delicate spring flowers are not afraid of adverse conditions. Crocus "Tommasini" blooms earlier than other varieties. Crocuses can be planted once, and they will make their way through the snow for many years and delight with flowering. Crocus bulbs can be planted in containers. This will allow you to move them to new locations if necessary.

Woodpeckers and hyacinths

The beauty of the spring garden will be complemented by a screech. The drooping bluish flowers of the woods are like a cloud. Flowers grow quickly enough, and after a few years they occupy a decent territory. Hyacinths coexist next to the Proleskaya.

Hyacinth Is a versatile plant that can be grown in the garden. It blooms in early spring with bright and very fragrant flowers. Hyacinths surprise with their rich colors. They can be white, all shades of yellow or pink. There are varieties with flowers that have purple and black petals.

Chistyak

It is worth planting a cleanser in the garden. The plant is unpretentious. It multiplies quickly. It blooms beautifully. Large, bright yellow flowers are located on high pedicels. Chistyak has one peculiarity: it opens flowers when the sun is shining. In cloudy weather, the petals close.

Tulips and daffodils

Plant daffodils and tulips. They bloom in late April or May. In compositions, they go well with other primroses. Daffodils and botanical tulips do not need to be dug up for several years. Primroses include hellebore, lungwort, marigold. These plants do not cause much trouble in the garden and decorate the garden in spring.

Canadian sanguinaria

Another beautiful spring primrose. It can be successfully used to emphasize the most original compositions, it is very good to do this in the front garden. It can also highlight decorative woody shrubs.
Since sanguinaria grows well in the shade, it can be used to create glowing spots in the shady corners of the garden. Spring accents created with its help will be original. At the same time, it is better to use it with those plants that can hide its leaves withering in the summer and the resulting thawed patches.

Alpine slides

In modern gardens, a variety of alpine slides are also a decoration. In early spring, reticulated iris looks good on them. It blooms in March, April, and sometimes in May, if the weather is cool and cloudy. Iris reticulated - a stunted, miniature, bulbous plant. The flowers have yellow or bright orange petals. And the aroma! Fresh, springy, slightly fruity or sweet-sweet.
Evergreen conifers will give the garden originality, special attractiveness, classical completeness. These include thujas, blue spruces, junipers, dwarf or mountain pines.


Why are snowdrops listed in the Red Book

Wonderful flowers of snowdrops are harvested in spring for bouquets. The bulbs are dug up or trampled, which is why there is a ban on the sale of snowdrops collected from nature.

Those who sell these flowers on the market must have documents confirming that the plants were grown in a greenhouse.

All species are endangered. Environmentalists urge not to buy flowers from poachers for the holiday in order to stop their destruction.


Primroses listed in the Red Book

In the XX century, people began to realize more and more that it is necessary to take decisive measures to protect nature. First of all, everything must be done to preserve rare and endangered plants. To this end, in 1966, the International Union for Conservation of Nature started a special Red Book, where endangered plant species are entered, in the Soviet Union such a book appeared in 1974.

Many species of primroses are included in this book and are under state protection.


Spring herbaceous perennials: photo

Not so many herbaceous perennials bloom in early spring. But each of them is beautiful and effective in its own way.

This one of the most famous flowers belongs to to the lily family... In order for lilies of the valley to bloom as early as possible, they should be planted from September to November. In this case, it is necessary to ensure that all the shoots are covered with earth, and the root does not bent.

Lilies of the valley love moist, fertilized soil. Their root system is highly developed, so it is not recommended to plant them next to other flowers. The best option is to plant lilies of the valley under trees and bushes.

Spring flowers are among the first to bloom perennial daisies... They begin to bloom in early May, and the buds remain throughout the winter.

These short plants with large flowers will look beautiful in the form of borders and along paths. Inserting daisies into your lawn will give it a star-like appearance.

Daisy seeds should be sown in temporary beds in July. Flowers are planted in a permanent place in early autumn or early spring. Further, the plants will disperse themselves, and bloom every year.

This spring plant most often blooms for Easter holidays, therefore in Europe it is called "Christ's rose". More than twenty species of hellebore grow in nature. In garden plots, garden hybrids are most often grown, which begin to bloom in early April.

The flowers of hybrid plants can be yellow, pink, white or red. The most popular are bright purple flowers with a greenish tint.

It is recommended to grow hellebore in partial shade, on moderately moist soils. The plant propagates by seed or division, and is frost-resistant.

Even under the snow, the evergreen periwinkle plant will retain its green foliage. It is covered with numerous pale blue flowers in April. Varietal plants may have simple or double flowers lilac, white or red.

Periwinkle can be propagated by cuttings in July-August. It should be planted on well-drained, neutral soils without stagnant water. The plant loves shady and semi-shady areas, and grows quickly.

In May, primrose primrose blooms with various colors. The plant blooms profusely for four weeks. Some species may bloom again at the end of summer.

Primrose there are more than 550 species... The most common are:

  • high
  • toothed
  • auricula.

Plants do not like direct sunlight, and grow well in partial shade next to trees and shrubs. You can grow primroses not only in the garden, but also in containerslocated on terraces, loggias and balconies.

This list of names and descriptions of primroses is of course not exhaustive. It can be supplemented with tulips, hyacinths, anemones, chionodoxes, white flowers and many other spring flowers. However, we tried to describe and show photos of the most popular and unpretentious flowers, which are the first to delight us with their flowering after a long cold winter.


Snowdrops in the garden and caring for them

They can be planted in places that are quite passable in the summer, which are impassable in the spring due to slush or are simply not traversed. By mid-June, not a trace of leaves and flowers can be found in the grass.

In general, snowdrops love partial shade and are undemanding to soil, winter-hardy. For their successful flowering, you need an abundance of moisture and at least a few hours of light in the spring. In winter, with a little rainfall, they should be watered during the budding and flowering period. The colder the winter, the longer the flowering lasts. After flowering, the leaves should be allowed to die off naturally.

They can grow in one place for years, they do not like transplants, but if it is necessary, then it should be done with a lump of earth and only "green" (unlike other bulbous) - immediately after the end of flowering, while the leaves are still fresh. Snowdrops transplanted in spring during flowering almost always die. The bulbs should be planted in the ground immediately after digging, to a depth of about 5 cm. Reproduction by seeds is possible, but seedlings bloom only after 4-5 years.

It makes sense to plant snowdrops under deciduous shrubs or trees, as well as next to perennials. Thus, in the winter-spring period, the primroses will receive enough sunlight for successful flowering, and during the dormant period of the bulbs, the overgrown greenery will hide the ugly bald patches. Snowdrops can also be planted next to summer-flowering bulbs: behind their fresh leaves you will not see the yellowing and dying leaves of primroses snowdrops.

It is enough to put the flowers in a small vase and the room will take on a spring look. To help them last longer, avoid placing them in direct sunlight and be sure to periodically add ice to the water.


Anemone (Anemone)

Anemone Crowned with bright large flowers

Anemone or anemone, so named for its sensitive attitude to the slightest breath of wind, is one of the first to bloom.The foliage has not yet blossomed on the garden trees and shrubs, and the flowers of the anemone are already swaying on high stems.

Early flowering allows you to grow anemones under trees, near shrubs, near the walls of buildings that will protect the plant from the wind.

Buttercup and oak anemone, the most common types of plants that are grown in summer cottages as primroses. Anemone blooms at the end of April, their flowering lasts for two, three weeks. The color of the flowers of the oak anemone is white, and the buttercup anemone pleases with yellow flowers.

Similar to the above plant and anemone tender with blue flowers... The smallest anemone (about 10 cm) is very popular among gardeners.

Crown anemone, a representative of warm regions, therefore, requires the creation of comfortable conditions for wintering. She needs shelter with foliage of broad-leaved trees (maple, oak). The flowers of this plant are larger, red and white, purple and pink.

The aerial part of all anemone species dies off after flowering a month later. Therefore, it will be correct to place flowers next to them with a later flowering period. With overgrown foliage, they will cover the unsightlyness of withered anemones.

The most affordable and easy way to propagate a flower is to divide the bush into several parts. Without digging up the whole plant, separate a piece of turf and plant in the right place. Separated anemone bushes have good survival rate.

Seed reproduction implies autumn sowing in the ground, or it is done at home, with preliminary stratification of the planting material. In the first case, flowering will occur in the spring of next year.

Snowdrops

Blooming snowdrops

The plant is listed in the red book, because due to the great love of a person for his person, it is practically uprooted from its habitat.

But the gardener has the opportunity to grow it on his personal plot, and admire its early flowering.

This unpretentious plant may not need a transplant for many years, since it has a minimum of requirements for soil and growing conditions. In addition, these plants do not like to be disturbed by their roots, but if such a need arises, then this should be done along with a piece of turf. It is not necessary to free the root system from the old soil.

Galanthus, another name for a snowdrop, grows well in shady places. A few hours of sunshine and moist soil is the minimum a plant needs to start flowering. And the cooler the spring weather, the more abundant and longer the snowdrop will bloom.

After flowering, the leaves must be left to wither on their own, during this period the bulb is stocked with nutrients for full flowering next spring.
The method of reproduction by dividing the bush was mentioned above, and reproduction by seeds will give a result no earlier than four years later.

The following types are more often grown in gardens:

  1. common snowdrop, low plant with fragrant flowers
  2. Elvis's snowdrop is different in height (up to 50 cm.)
  3. Volkov's snowdrop, native to Russia. This species has the ability to grow very quickly, so it requires dividing the bush every three years.

Flowers of all kinds are drooping, bell-shaped and white.

Proleska

Proleska is a bulbous perennial that covers the ground with low plants with blue flower stars. It is the density of planting that the effect of a blue carpet is achieved, which looks simply delightful against the background of a gray uncomfortable garden.

Siberian Proleska most common among gardeners, as a primrose used for early garden decoration. Due to the fact that the plant is hardy and does not require special care, it can grow in the garden allotted to it for up to 5 years. But in order not to weaken its decorative qualities, the minimum feeding rates should still be introduced. And they should consist of a complex containing phosphorus and potassium and nitrogen.

The increase in the areas occupied by the Proleskaya does not require much time and costs. It is enough to separate part of the flower together with the soil, without resorting to the complete extraction of the plant, and transplant it to a new place.

Plants are well adapted, with the arrival of next spring there will be a new island on the site, reflecting the sky blue.
They also grow a spit from the bulbs of children, which ripen quickly and are suitable for the formation of a full-fledged plant at the age of three.

Often, reproduction occurs by self-seeding, thus, single plantings of spruce can become dense thickets.

Tulips

Tulips are widely used by gardeners to create flower beds, flower beds, and are grown specifically for cutting. And primroses include simple early tulips, as well as double early tulips.

This group of plants is distinguished by a small height of 25-40 cm, but due to their early flowering, they can often be found in early May at their summer cottage. And they were planted with one purpose: to give the garden charm, bright colors. Especially when most of the site is not yet covered with lush spring greenery.

Tulip belongs to moisture-loving plants, so they need watering in dry spring. They can be combined with top dressing, nitrogen fertilizers are added in early spring, and phosphorus and potassium supplements are used during the budding period and after flowering.

After the tulip flower withers, its cup should be cut off, leaving the peduncle, he and the remaining leaves will help the bulb to stock up on the necessary nutrients for safe wintering and early flowering in the spring of next year.

Flowers that are used to decorate the garden, and the early blooming ones belong to them, can be left in the ground for several years. In this case, the autumn planting of flowers should be carried out at a depth of 25 cm, and more densely, and the soil around should be decorated with evergreen perennials. This will create a more picturesque spring flower garden.

Hyacinth

Another beautiful perennial, from the bulbous family, which belongs to primroses. Blooming at the end of April, it looks great in a small flower garden, consisting of early flowering perennials.

Hyacinth flowering times are divided into three categories:

  • early blooming,
  • medium flowering,
  • late blooming.

Although it should be noted that the difference between the beginning of flowering of the first category and the last does not exceed 10 days.

The inflorescences of early hyacinths are usually blue in color. Pink, white, red flowers are next. The parade of colors will be completed by plants with yellow and orange caps of inflorescences.

The cooler the spring weather, the longer the hyacinth blooms. If at t + 10 ° C it can be three weeks, then with its increase, the flowering period will be reduced by a week.

The flower also has requirements for the composition of the soil. The soil must be fertile, neutral and have good texture and drainage properties. Even a slight stagnation of water in the area where the bulbs are located can lead to their death.

The land for the autumn planting of hyacinths begins to be cultivated in advance, applying organic and mineral fertilizers. The addition of humus, ready-made compost, sand, wood ash will help to improve the structure of the soil.

The planting of hyacinth bulbs begins at the end of September. Large specimens are deepened by 15-20 cm, and 8-12 cm will be enough for small ones. Between the bulbs themselves, the distance should be 10-15 cm and 5-8 cm, respectively.

The method of planting bulbs in the sand is also practiced. Sand is poured into the groove. A layer of 2-3 cm will allow you to fix the bulbs in it, pour more sand on top, and fill the remaining groove height with earth. This method will prevent rotting of the bulbs, protect them from infections present in the ground, and increase the drainage capacity of the soil.

With the onset of cold weather, planting should be mulched.

Spring maintenance work begins with removing the mulch layer and gently loosening the resulting crust on the surface and applying fertilizer.

  1. After the sprouts appear, fertilizing with nitrogen fertilizer follows.
  2. During the budding period, a complex of mineral fertilizers will help the plant to form a strong and bright flower.
  3. The third, mineral dressing, will allow the bulb to make a supply of the necessary elements and safely endure the winter cold.

Narcissus

Narcissus is a bulbous, perennial, early flowering plant.

The height of the plant stem is from 5 cm (dwarf species) to 50 cm, which ends with a white or yellow flower.

It is distinguished by an unpretentious disposition, both in relation to the soil on which it grows and to the illumination. It can grow and develop well on sandy soil. Loams are also suitable for growing daffodils. But the minimum amount of a complex of fertilizers, nevertheless, must be applied to the soil before planting the plants.

Choosing a place for planting a flower is not difficult: sunny or shaded... You should know that when choosing the second option, flowering will be longer.

Planting bulbs in open ground is carried out in September, taking into account that plants need about three weeks to form a root system. Otherwise, the bulbs will be squeezed out of the depths to the surface of the earth, which will lead to their freezing.

The division of a bush that is already in the summer cottage can be carried out at a time when the leaves of the daffodil begin to wither.

  1. Having dug out a bush, it is necessary to select the baby's bulbs, to discard the sick and damaged.
  2. Transplant the bushes you like to a new place, cutting off the above-ground part.
  3. It is better to leave a small stump so as not to lose the landing.

Primrose

An unpretentious herbaceous perennial, which, with its bright, varied colors, will revive any corner of the summer cottage.

Preferring shady places, primrose thrives and blooms under the crowns of garden trees and near ornamental shrubs.

The beginning of the appearance of flowers falls on the first days of May and the plant will receive a sufficient amount of heat and light, because the leaves on the trees have not yet blossomed in full force. And on hot days, the foliage will protect the flower from the scorching rays.

The soil for planting flowers should be loose, fertilized, without stagnant water. This saves the grower from having to fertilize every year.

After 3-4 years, it is advisable to transplant the primrose bush... The gardener will have the opportunity to increase plantings, and the plant itself will again be provided with a supply of nutrients for several years ahead.

Transplanting time is not critical, but it is better to do this when the plant has bloomed.

  • The flower is dug up, the roots are washed to determine how best to carry out the division.
  • Each separated bush should have its own point of growth with two to three leaves and a good tuft of roots.
  • After transplanting, the plant should be watered and shaded for a few days.

Crocuses

Primroses that endure any changes in spring weather conditions.

Crocuses need good lighting for abundant and lush blooming. And since they appear, practically from under the snow, it is possible to grow them near fruit trees and ornamental shrubs. There is no foliage on the trees yet, and the flower will be fully provided with sunlight.

Crocuses are not demanding for soils, but a small complex of nitrogen and mineral fertilizers should be applied to the soil before planting.

An even more important measure is the improvement of the soil structure. It must be moisture permeable. Good drainage will relieve stagnant water, otherwise the bulb will rot and die.

Crocuses are propagated by bulbs by children, which are formed next to the uterine corms. Overgrown plantings of flowers are dug up every 3-4 years, the bulbs are sorted by size, dried in the air, but under a canopy. With the arrival of autumn, they are planted in a newly prepared soil. Typically, the timing of this work falls on the third decade of September.

Muscari

Muscari, a low ornamental plant with a blue inflorescence similar to a bunch of grapes. Bulbous perennial, to the family of which the muscari belongs, can be grown in any corner of the suburban area.

The flower is photophilous, but it can be grown in the near-stem circles of fruit trees, since the flowering will end before the foliage creates a shadow over it.

A flower can grow in one place for many years.... This presupposes good soil cultivation before planting:

  • application of mineral and organic fertilizers,
  • improving the structure of the soil.

This will allow the plant to grow without a lack of nutrients. Providing good water permeability to the soil will protect the bulb from decay.

The same result can be achieved by pouring coarse sand into the flower planting holes. In addition, the absence of contact with the soil will protect the planting material from infections that may be in the ground.

For spring flowering, the plant has enough moisture, which is formed from melting snow. Subsequently, after the leaves die off, one-year-olds will most likely be planted in this place, and moisture from their watering will flow to the bulbs.

The flower is propagated by bulbs by children. After the plant had bloomed, the leaves turned yellow and dried up, the flower entered a dormant phase. During this period, the plant can be dug up and young bulbs can be selected. But this work can be done at another convenient time for the gardener. This will not harm the plant.

The flower is a very winter-hardy plant... Caring for it is simple: loosening and weeding are the main types of work.

Grouse

Grouse imperial

Grouse does not belong to capricious perennials. The original plant, with drooping flowers, makes the gardener want to grow it in his summer cottage.

The first thing to consider when purchasing planting material is their vulnerability. The bulbs do not have an outer coating, and any mechanical damage can cause various kinds of diseases.

In any case, before planting, they need to be disinfected with a weak solution of ordinary potassium permanganate.

Just like most perennials, hazel grouse grows in one place for several years without transplanting. And this must be taken into account when preparing the soil for planting. The introduction of organic matter in the form of humus or ready-made compost, substrates that improve the access of moisture and air will help the plant quickly settle into a new place.

After flowering, which occurs in the second half of May, the plant still looks decorative for some time, but by the end of June the stem begins to fade. This is the best time to increase the plantings of hazel grouses.

The bulbs are carefully dug up, washed, disinfected in a manganese solution and dried well. The available baby bulbs are also planted in autumn, in September. Usually hazel grouse begins to bloom when the bulb reaches 5 cm in diameter.

So it turns out that growing hazel grouse is not difficult, but requires patience.

Dicenter

Dicentra is also called "broken heart"

A charming plant with many heart flowers encourages the gardener to purchase a flower.

Quite an unpretentious perennial in terms of choosing a place for planting. It will bloom both in the sun and in the shade.

The difference is that in an open area, flowering will come earlier, but will be shorter. In the shade, the plant develops more vigorously and the flowering period increases.

Dicentra has a root system that is located close to the surface of the earth, this requires good drainage, otherwise fragile roots will suffer from stagnant water. This will inevitably lead to their decay and, as a rule, the death of the plant. The fragility of the roots requires careful handling of the flower during planting.

The flower is grown on fertile soils, with the introduction of ready-made compost, humus, wood ash.

Propagated by dividing the bush, which can be carried out both in spring and autumn. In the spring, this work is carried out as early as possible so that it does not at the expense of flowering.

An autumn transplant is less painful for the flower. After the plant wilts, it is dug up and the rhizome is cut into several components. They are planted in fertilized holes, covered with fertile soil. It should be watered abundantly, hygrophilous bleeding center.

Forget-me-nots

Forget-me-not Alpine Indigo

Forget-me-nots are a herbaceous perennial plant with delicate blue flowers, preferring shaded areas with moist soil.

The soil, in the place where forget-me-not will grow, should not be overfed with nitrogen-containing fertilizers. This will lead to an overgrowth of the green mass of the plant and weaken its decorative qualities.

Grow forget-me-not from seeds. At their summer cottage, in June, they prepare a garden bed. Nitrophoska is introduced (30 g per 1 sq. M.), Half a bucket of humus is added, everything is carefully dug up, leveled and watered. Seeds are scattered along the shallow grooves. Sprinkle with a thin layer of sand, compact.

To retain moisture and create optimal conditions for germination, the bed is covered with a film. By the end of the second week, it is necessary to check the crops; when shoots appear, the shelter is removed. Seedlings must be thinned out.

In the first year, the forget-me-not forms a small bush, and will bloom next spring in May. By that time, it should be planted in its permanent place. Spring flower care consists in watering and fertilizing with mineral fertilizers. In the fall, a nitrogen-containing composition should be added to them.

Despite its tenderness and seeming fragility, forget-me-not is a rather aggressive plant. If you let it grow on its own, then it will quickly seize territories that do not belong to it.

Lungwort

Lungwort - Pulmonaria villarsae

Lungwort is a low rhizome perennial, the main advantage of which is unpretentiousness in terms of lighting. She is able to grow even in dense shade.

But partial shade is preferable for her.

The soil for lungwort needs slightly acidic, rich in humus. It can grow in one place for about 25 years... But the flower needs thinning, so dividing the bush once every 4 years will solve the problem not only with the density of plantings, but will provide the summer resident with planting material.

Among gardeners, lungwort is valued not only for its flowers, bells and its shade tolerance, but also for its decorative foliage. Light or dark green leaves are covered with white specks and specks all over the surface. In addition, they have the property of changing their color, in this case the speck merges with the color of the leaf.

Caring for the plant is not difficult, keeping the soil moist (but not excessively), one-time top dressing, a set of mineral fertilizers and autumn pruning of the stems. Although the removal of the stems can be left on in the spring.

Primroses in the garden: video

No matter how many flowers are planted on the site, the gardener will always have a desire to buy something new. And this is natural - the beauty of fresh flowers pleases.

And primroses are especially pleasing in early spring, when the snow is just melting and there is almost no greenery - and bright islands of delicate flowers have already awakened.


Watch the video: How to Replant Primroses in Deep Shade


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