When choosing cucumber seeds, many gardeners are guided by the characteristics of the variety, preferring hardy and not too demanding species to care for. Paratunka meets these criteria.
The cucumber hybrid ripens quite early, for 40-43 days after emergence, harvesting begins. The fruiting period, under favorable conditions and proper care, lasts until the very cold.
The plant has an average size of a lash with moderate branching. The leaves are colored deep green. On one leaf sinus, 2-3 cylindrical fruits with a delicate skin are formed, on which yellowish stripes (one third of the length) are visible.
The length of the greenery reaches 7-10 cm, the weight is 80-100 gr... 12-16 kg can be removed from a square meter of beds. A feature of the variety is the absence of the need for pollination of flowers.
Paratunka is a versatile variety suitable for outdoor cultivation. The fruits are suitable both for fresh consumption and preparations for the winter.
The Paratunka variety was bred relatively recently - in 2006 by the Moscow agricultural firm Semko-Junior.
The goal of the breeders was to obtain a plant with strong immunity and a long fruiting period... The results achieved not only met expectations, but were also strengthened by other advantageous qualities of the Paratunka hybrid.
The Paratunka variety is recommended for use in the following areas: Volgo-Vyatka, Middle Volzhsky, North, North-West, North Caucasian, Central, Central Chernozem.
Disadvantages of a hybrid practically does not have, except that the high price of seed and too sharp thorns on the skin of the fruit.
Cucumbers are grown on any type of soil, but a high yield will be obtained on light fertile (loam, sandy loam), which have neutral or slightly acidic environment.
On clay soils, the access of moisture and nutrients to the plant is difficult, therefore it is recommended to dilute them with sand, peat and humus (the mixture is made up of equal proportions of components). You can lower the acidity by introducing dolomite flour (tuff, crushed limestone) during the autumn digging.
When choosing a place, give preference to sites on a hill. The close occurrence of groundwater to the surface of the earth can provoke rotting of the root system, fruits.
Cucumbers extract nutrients from the soil, so fertilization measures are an integral part of crop care.
Preparing the soil for sowing need to start in autumn... Fresh manure is applied to the planned beds, after which the earth is dug up. Over the winter mullein decay, improve the soil structure, enrich it with valuable microelements (nitrogen, potassium, calcium, phosphorus, etc.). The amount of manure per 1 m2 depends on the degree of soil fertility, on average 6-9 kg / m2 are used.
If the autumn soil preparation work has not been carried out, this can be done in the spring 30-50 days before sowing the seeds. Immediately before planting, it is recommended to introduce humus (4 kg / m2).
In addition to organic matter, mineral fertilizers are used:
They need to be brought in during the spring digging of the earth, deepening 20-30 cm... It is at this depth that the root system of cucumbers develops.
The cultivation of the Paratunka variety practically does not differ from the general rules for the cultivation of cucumbers.
Gardeners use two seeding methods:
Sowing starts more often in the middle of May, but gardeners are more guided not by timing, but by weather conditions.
The active growth of the plant begins at a steady air temperature 22-24 degrees, the indicator on soils should be not less than 14-15 degrees.
When planting in rows the following hole layout is used:
When nesting the seeding method uses the scheme: 50 x 30 cm.
In order to get the harvest earlier and protect the seedlings from spring frosts, the seeds are sown in separate containers (small pots, cups) in greenhouse conditions or indoors.
This technology provides the following important points:
The root system of the seedlings is underdeveloped, so you need to transfer the seedling to the hole carefully along with the soil.
The Paratunka variety belongs to unpretentious, but basic plant care is still necessary.
Irrigation is recommended every 3-5 days with warm water, in hot weather, watering is carried out daily. In this case, it should be controlled so that the soil is moistened 20-25 cm deep. To prevent moisture stagnation, it is recommended to use sprinkler irrigation, drip irrigation system.
To provide oxygen access to the root system, soil loosening is periodically carried out. This process combined with weeding, since the neighborhood with weeds provokes rotting of the roots, the accumulation of insect pests in dense thickets. In total, 4-6 treatments are carried out during the growing season.
The plant actively absorbs all nutrients from the soil, therefore, from the moment of planting to the end of the fruiting period, at least 3-4 baits are introduced.
The first bring in after the formation of 2-3 leaves at the seedlings. Of the minerals, a mixture of urea (15 g), potassium sulfate (15 g) and superphosphate (50 g) is more often used. You can also dilute mullein in water (1 liter of thick solution per bucket of water) or bird droppings (1.5 cups per bucket of water).
The second bait, rich in nitrogen-potassium substances, is introduced at the initial stage of fruiting, the third - in mid-July.
Inexperienced gardeners often make mistakes that reduce yields:
The main enemies of Paratunka cucumbers are:
At the first signs of damage to the plant, it is necessary to carry out processing and remove diseased bushes from the garden to prevent the spread of the disease.
Timely prevention is considered the most effective way to avoid problems, which consists of the following measures:
Paratunka cucumbers ripen approximately on the 42nd day after germination.
To prevent the fruits from overgrowing, it is recommended to collect 1 time in 2 days... You can store the harvested crop for at least 10 days if you place the boxes in the basement (temperature no more than +8 degrees). If the indicator exceeds +10 degrees, then the shelf life is reduced to 4 days.
The Paratunka hybrid was approved by gardeners living in different parts of the country. It is interesting to grow it, you can experiment with cultivation in greenhouses, as courageous innovators did.
It is not easy to find a variety of cucumbers that combines the ability to grow in indoor and outdoor unprotected ground. The choice is complicated by the resistance to weather conditions. For Central Russia with a continental climate, the Paratunka cucumber is perfect. Resistance to temperature extremes and diseases, high yield and versatile fruit processing made it the leader among outdoor hybrids.
The Paratunka f1 hybrid was bred by Dutch breeders in 2005. The variety quickly gained worldwide fame, despite being relatively young. Cucumber is supplied to the Russian market by the Moscow agricultural firm Semko. This species has been repeatedly recognized at various vegetable and seed exhibitions.
This variety of cucumber is characterized by the manifestation of high quality indicators and the ability to adapt to any climate conditions. The National Register of the Russian Federation indicates the possibility of cultivating a variety in any climatic zone of the country. You can plant a hybrid in greenhouse conditions and in open soil.
Paratunka is a hybrid crop with an early maturity. Belongs to the parthenocarpic type and, therefore, does not require surrounding pollination by insects and bees. Pollination is done independently. The yield of this type of cucumber is extremely high and reaches up to 15 kg of harvested fruits per 1 sq. M.
A review of the characteristics and description of the Meringue cucumber variety should start with the fact that the culture is parthenocarpic type. To obtain a harvest, the participation of bees and other insects in pollination of inflorescences is not required. The plant forms flowers of the female type. Merengi's ovary is bunchy. Each node forms up to 4 zelents.
The plant is medium in height. The scourges do not grow much, but the bush turns out to be quite thick. Shoots have good regeneration after damage. The leaves of the plant are medium-sized, rich green. The leaf plate is smooth without wrinkles. The neat structure of the bush simplifies harvesting, planting maintenance. The hybrid cultivar Merengue f1 is cultivated in an open and closed way.
Even in the photo, the Meringue cucumber variety looks presentable. The culture bears fruit of the gherkin type. Cucumbers grow up to 10 cm long. The diameter of the greenery is about 4 cm. Fruits weigh from 80 to 100 g. Cucumbers grow cylindrical, straight, sometimes a slight bend is observed. The dark green skin is covered with large pimples with white thorns. The fruits are not prone to overgrowth and yellowing. The taste of late plucked Meringue cucumber does not deteriorate.
You can sow seeds both at home, for growing in seedlings, and directly in open ground.
For seedlings, seeds are sown thirty days before the expected date of transplanting the cucumber into the ground or greenhouse. This time depends on the region of cultivation and the characteristics of its climate. Since cucumbers have a delicate root system and are very painful to transplant, it is recommended to use peat pots as containers for seedlings. In this case, it will be possible to avoid picking, and when transplanted to a permanent place, the root system will remain unharmed.
Seeds are sown in open ground when the average daily air temperature is at least 18 degrees Celsius. At lower temperatures, planting does not make sense, cucumbers simply will not sprout. If the weather is warm, and the ground is not yet warmed up enough, you can speed up the process with the help of a black film. The bed is covered with material and left for 2-3 days.
Cucumbers and tomatoes are the most popular vegetables in the human diet; these vegetables are also popular in the garden beds. Currently, summer residents not only grow time-tested varieties of cucumbers, but also plant new ones in order to pick up suitable ones in terms of yield, with early or medium ripening dates and other improved characteristics.
Those who want to get early-ripening fruitful cucumbers on their site should pay attention to the Paratunka hybrid cucumbers, which are so productive that they are grown not only in private farmsteads, but also on an industrial scale.
Hybrid cucumbers Paratunka were bred by the Russian breeder Yu. B. Alekseev at the beginning of this century. The cultivar Parus was taken as the basis for the breeding of the variety, which is well known for its high productivity and almost 100% germination.
The Paratunka hybrid was included in the State Register of Russia in 2006 and over the past years has become well known to vegetable growers from different regions of Russia due to its improved characteristics.
Although the whips of this variety grow quite large, the Paratunka root system is not too powerful, most of the roots are located close to the surface and only some of them can sink into the ground to a depth of 18-19 cm.
And the roots, which are in the upper part of the soil, constantly feel a lack of moisture, especially during the period of intensive ripening of greenery. Therefore, watering this vegetable crop must be done frequently and abundantly.
The main whip of this variety is long and well-branched. With their correct formation and sufficiently high greenhouses the height of the Paratunka cucumber can reach 2 m, sometimes higher. In internodes at the base of the foliage, first-order stems are formed. The following lateral shoots develop on them in the future. It is best to grow cucumbers of this variety on trellises in greenhouse conditions.
The stems of this variety of cucumber, lying on the ground, immediately begin to take root. Many summer residents thus create a powerful root system for the Paratunka cucumber. Indeed, the abundant fruiting of Paratunka cucumbers directly depends on the development of the roots.
Flowers are usually formed in the axils of the leaves, they are collected in racemose inflorescences, each of which has up to 3-4 flowers. On the lashes of the Paratunka cucumber, mainly flowers of the female type are formed, since this hybrid belongs to the parthenocarpic type and its flowers do not require pollination, it takes place inside the flower even at the bud stage. Therefore, an ovary is formed from each flower in the future.
Fruiting in this variety of cucumbers occurs throughout the summer season and can continue until frost.
Ripe greens of this variety are cylindrical in shape, the surface is quite smooth with a minimum number of small tubercles, the ribs of these cucumbers are almost invisible.The skin is thin, crispy, when eaten, it is practically not felt, its color is dark emerald, along the entire length of the cucumbers there are white stripes that can take up to 1/3 of the entire cucumber. For zelents of this variety, slight pubescence is characteristic, as well as the presence of small sharp thorns.
Ripe greens - gherkin type, in length can reach 9.5-10.5 cm and weighing about 95-105 g. The taste of ripe fruits is delicate, without bitterness at any stage of growth.
Another advantage of the Paratunka variety is the ability of the bushes to calmly tolerate fluctuations in air temperature, while the plants are not damaged, continue to grow, and their cucumbers ripen normally.
The collected greens have a universal purpose: they can be eaten fresh, added to salads and snacks, salt, pickled. During heat treatment, Paratunka cucumbers do not lose their taste, remain crispy and tender.
When you create strong powerful roots in the bushes of Paratunka cucumbers, the yield of the variety increases sharply, as a result, 15-16.5 kg of ripe green leaves are collected from each square of the area.
The Paratunka cucumber hybrid is highly immune, therefore it is practically not affected by the following diseases:
If the cucumbers have to be grown in not too favorable conditions, then it is recommended to treat the whips for preventive purposes with appropriate preparations in order to protect the cucumber bushes from possible diseases.
But it should be remembered that Paratunka cucumbers can be damaged by the following diseases and pests:
If signs of disease or the presence of pests are found on the plant, then such bushes should be removed from the garden and immediately burned, and all neighboring cucumber lashes should be treated with the necessary fungicides and insecticides.
Also, in order to prevent the appearance of diseases or "harmful" bugs, it is necessary to carry out the following preventive measures:
control the moisture content of the soil so that it is not too large
regularly inspect the foliage of cucumbers and stems of bushes in order to timely detect the presence of "harmful" bugs or symptoms of the disease
regularly remove all weeds on the site
loosen the soil after each watering
The undoubted advantages of the Paratunka hybrid include:
the harvested crop perfectly tolerates long-distance transportation, while the taste and presentation of zelents are not lost
ripe greens of Paratunka cucumbers - smooth, gherkin type, at the genetic level have no bitterness
the versatility of the purpose of the collected greens
this hybrid does not need pollination
long fruiting - almost to the very frost
There are practically no drawbacks in the Paratunka cucumber, but the following should be noted:
watering these cucumbers is necessary more often than other varieties
You can grow the Paratunka cucumber variety by seedling or directly by seeds to a permanent place.
Planting seeds of Paratunka cucumber for seedlings should be carried out in the last decade of April or in early May. The root system of cucumbers is too tender, so this vegetable crop does not tolerate unnecessary transplants. And the seed must be immediately planted one seed at a time in a separate container. Experienced vegetable growers recommend using peat cups or tablets for this, in which you can then plant strong seedlings in a permanent place. During the growth of seedlings, it is necessary to water them so that the top layer of the soil does not dry out.
When planting seed directly into open ground, it must be remembered that the seeds should be buried in the ground no more than 1.5-2 cm. Since this variety is a hybrid, its seeds should not be harvested for subsequent planting, since future plants will not inherit the parental positive characteristics.
Since this variety is intended only for indoor use, it is recommended to grow it only vertically under such conditions. The scheme for planting seeds of Paratunka cucumber or ready-made seedlings - 0.3 * 0.5 m, or no more than 4 plants in one square of the area.
Since this variety is self-fertile and grown indoors, it does not require the presence of bees, which are difficult to attract to greenhouses, there are no problems with the formation of ovaries in the Paratunka hybrid.
This hybrid does not require special care, the main thing is that all cucumber plants are provided with regular watering. Moisture should be applied under the bushes of this variety two to three times a week; in a hot dry summer, it is required to water Paratunka every day. The amount of moisture should be sufficient to saturate the soil to a depth of at least 20 cm.
It is important that moisture and oxygen regularly enter the root system of Paratunka cucumbers, therefore, after each watering, it is required to break up the dry crust that forms on the surface of the earth. Therefore, it is necessary to loosen the soil almost immediately after watering. In total, during the period of growth and fruiting, these cucumbers loosen at least 5-7 times.
Since these cucumbers are high-yielding, it is necessary not only to fertilize the beds before planting this vegetable crop, but also to feed the Paratunka cucumber bushes throughout the season.
In total, during the summer period, at least 3 dressings for Paratunka cucumbers are carried out according to the following scheme:
at the time of the ripening of the first fruits, a top dressing is added to the cucumber beds, which contains nitrogen and potassium
The Paratunka cucumber variety can be grown in most Russian regions (even with a short summer period), since it grows and bears fruit only in greenhouses or hotbeds, where it is protected from adverse weather conditions. And its high yield, pleasant taste of Paratunka cucumber fruits and unpretentiousness to care are the main positive properties that will appeal to even novice vegetable growers.
Dutch selection is always popular among domestic vegetable growers, and the Spino cucumber hybrid is no exception. Distinctive features are versatility, as well as the ability to grow practically throughout the entire territory of the Russian Federation. The main advantages include high yields with minimal maintenance.
The originator of the Spino hybrid is Syngenta Seeds B.V (Holland). In 2015, two years after filing the application, the hybrid received official registration in the state register of breeding achievements of the Russian Federation.
"Spino" is an early ripe hybrid. The first crop is harvested 39-40 days after the emergence of shoots.
The advantages of the Spino hybrid are:
The gardeners did not find any drawbacks in the hybrid.
The universal purpose allows not only to use greens fresh or for making salads. Also, the fruits are used for various pickles and canning.
Growing cucumber seedlings:
Recommendations for planting seedlings:
Sowing seeds in open beds:
To get a good harvest, proper care must be observed:
Cucumber hybrid "Spino" has excellent immunity. The hybrid is not affected by cladosporiosis, cucumber mosaic virus, powdery mildew, as well as downy mildew and yellowing virus of cucumber veins. In case of damage to the plant, the following drugs are most effective: "Gamair", "Thanos" and "Kurdan". As a preventive measure, it is recommended to use copper-containing preparations, which will avoid the appearance of insects and ground pests. It is advisable to start the spraying procedure a few days before the abundant irrigation. In this way, the plants will be provided with adequate protection from pests.
The Spino hybrid shows good yields. From 1 m 2, you can collect from 15 to 25 kg of greens.
"Spino" is approved for cultivation throughout Russia.
Gardeners, who once chose the Spino hybrid, have never regretted their decision. They were conquered by the high yield, good transportability, excellent commercial qualities of the fruits, as well as the unpretentiousness of the hybrid.
Despite the fact that the Spino hybrid was bred exclusively for greenhouse structures, it is successfully cultivated in the fields using a seedless method. Every year, the cucumber hybrid is becoming more and more popular among Russian vegetable growers.
The gardener about this variety: