Grapes are famous not only for their amazing taste of fruits, but also for their beneficial properties for the body. Therefore, gardeners are happy to grow this crop on their backyard plots. At first glance, grapes are an unpretentious culture, but a number of questions arise during the cultivation process. Including how to transplant grapes to another place and do it in spring, autumn or summer.
In the beginning, you need to figure out which plants will better tolerate the transplant. By the bushes, by age over 7 years old quite powerfully developed root system.
Digging up an adult, you can accidentally damage the roots, which will lead to the fact that in a new area it will take root for a very long time, since the roots of adult bushes are renewed very slowly. If an imbalance of the root system with the aerial part occurs, fruiting will deteriorate sharply.
Based on this, we can conclude that young bushes need to be transplanted. Age must be less than 7 years... Experienced growers are against transplanting grapes, as there is a high risk of introducing phylloxera. However, if a transplant is unavoidable, then autumn is the most suitable time for this.
There may be several reasons:
Whatever the reasons for the transplant, an important condition is that all requirements are met when performing this event.
The advantages of an autumn transplant are:
To successfully transplant a bush, you must:
For transplanting grapes, a planting pit is prepared in two months... This is done so that by the time of planting the earth has time to settle, otherwise the roots may be too deep when the earth settles. The duration of the adaptation period of the bush in a new place will depend on the correct preparation of the soil.
Replant grapes not recommended for the old place of growth... If it is not possible to find another place for transplanting, then the soil from the old pit must be completely replaced.
There are two ways to transplant:
Transplant with a clod of earth runs like this:
When pruning roots, use only a clean, treated tool to avoid the problem of root rot.
Grape transplant with bare roots carried out in the following order:
If manure is not available, the clay can be mixed with a 1% manganese solution. With the correct transplant, recovery occurs within a year. The bush will begin to bear fruit in the second year from the moment of transplantation.
When transplanting a bush with bare roots, the following nuances must be observed:
Watering should be carried out no more than once every 10 days.
After moving to a new place, the grapes require some care to adapt:
Shelter the transplanted vine for the winter can be done with a plastic bottle. To do this, cut off the bottom of a plastic bottle with a capacity of 6 liters, and put it on the grapes, sprinkling it with soil on top. Be sure to water. Water consumption for each at least 1 bucket.
When transplanting, inexperienced growers make a number of mistakes that negatively affect the survival rate of the plant:
When replanting grapes to a new place, heed the advice of experienced winegrowers, follow all the recommendations and in a new place the grapes will certainly delight you with a rich harvest!
In order to achieve the desired result, it is recommended to know when to transplant the grapes to another place. Since not every time is suitable for such a procedure, for example, in the summer, transplanting is destructively practical for each plant.
If a grape transplant is planned (for bushes up to 3 years old), then it is recommended to do it after the leaves have fallen off. When the plant is in a dormant state, then any actions associated with a change in conditions do not stress it. And with the arrival of spring, the adapted bush quickly grows.
When grapes are transplanted in the fall, no special care is required. The soil is sufficiently moistened by atmospheric precipitation, and the cool moist air is conducive to rooting. Only young plants will need to provide additional shelter for the winter, and not to miss the moment of removing it in the spring. Otherwise, in the conditions of accumulated condensation under the film, a fungal infection will begin to develop, which will endanger both the vine itself and the future harvest.
Often novice plant growers wonder when it is better to replant grapes - in autumn or spring. It is possible to plant a bush in a new place not only in autumn, but also in spring - before the start of sap flow. This will allow less injury to the plant, and the rooting process will be more efficient.
Knowing how to transplant grapes to another place in the spring, you will be able to create the most comfortable environment for the root system. Only in favorable conditions can one expect the rapid formation of new roots and the growth of the aerial part.
To help the plant and reduce the load on the root mass, it is necessary to shorten the aerial part to a height of 20 cm. In adult fruiting branches, all inflorescences are also cut off in the first year after planting. Annual seedlings from the school, which have been assigned to the vineyard, require abundant watering in the hot season. Otherwise, with a lack of moisture, the plant will begin to form a large number of roots in the upper layers of the soil, and in a cold winter with little snow, severe frosts will destroy them. As a result, the bush will "disappear". Therefore, the issue of high-quality irrigation for one-year-olds is the most relevant.
Regardless of when the grapes are transplanted, in autumn or spring, it is recommended to install a fragment of a pipe with a diameter of 5 cm or more near the plant. It is easier and more effective to saturate the roots of the bush with moisture through it. The water entering through the pipe section penetrates into the deep layers of the soil, to all roots. In order to avoid moisture loss and to protect against freezing temperatures, grapes transplanted to a new place in spring should be covered with agrofibre (until the end of May). Watering of plantings throughout the summer is carried out at intervals of 1 time in 10 days, the main thing is not to allow the soil to dry out.
If there is a need to move to another place in the summer, then you need to know how to properly transplant the grapes during this period of the year so that it takes root faster. The young plant is carefully removed along with the earthy clod and identified in the selected area. The main thing here is not to water the bush two days before transshipment, otherwise the roots will be exposed, which is not permissible.
Grapes are a recognized favorite of gardeners in most regions of Russia. If there is a need to re-plan the site, the question arises: how to properly transplant the grapes so as not to damage the vine and ensure it has good fruiting in subsequent years. This is not as difficult as it might seem at first glance: if certain rules are followed, the grapes quickly take root in a new place.
When is the best time to transplant grapes
First of all, you need to decide when you can transplant grapes to another place. The optimal time for transplanting is autumn after the leaves fall, but before the onset of the first frost. At this time, the plant is already preparing for wintering, and the harm to it will be minimal. In some cases, the grapes are transplanted in the spring: this can be done before the buds begin to bloom, until the plant wakes up from hibernation and active sap flow begins.
The optimal time for a spring transplant is April 25-28, but in any case, you will have to rely on the weather conditions. When replanting in spring, it is advisable to spill the planting pit with hot water.
Sometimes there is an urgent need for a transplant, for example, when selling a plot. In this case, the vines can be transplanted in the summer; for this, the vines must be removed along with a large earthen clod and transported very carefully to a new place. However, replanting grapes in spring and autumn is much safer and more effective.
How to transplant grapes: step by step instructions
Before replanting the vine, he needs to find a suitable place. This is a perennial plant, so it is important to immediately choose the appropriate placement option so that later the transplant does not have to be repeated. The best option is a spacious, free area with good illumination, but at the edges it should be protected from the wind by trees and shrubs. You can use currant or gooseberry bushes to enclose your vineyard.
Before replanting grapes to another place in the spring, it is necessary to prepare equipment and fertilizers. To transplant, you will need a shovel, pruning shears, manure, and a solution of potassium permanganate. Usually, vines are chosen for transplanting, the age of which is 5-7 years, transplanting older plants is risky.
The main stages of the transplant process:
- A landing pit is being prepared at a new location, its size depends on the earthen clod that is supposed to be transferred. The bottom of the pit is filled with fertilizers: if the soil is not rich in nutrients, 6-8 kg of humus, as well as complex mineral fertilizer, must be added to each pit for planting vines.
- The plant digs in in a circle, while it is advisable not to touch the rhizomes of neighboring vines. The radius of the earthen coma is about 50 cm. The rhizome usually cannot be completely removed from the pit, since the length of the roots of the grapes reaches one and a half meters. Strong young parts of the rhizome are removed, after which the earth is gently shaken off from the roots.
- The roots of the plant are immersed in a mixture of clay and potassium permanganate solution: this will protect them from drying out and prevent rotting.
- The extra vines of the bush must be cut off, usually only two sleeves are left. The prepared planting material is placed in a pit. The root system must be carefully straightened out.
- The pit is filled with nutritious soil, after which the plant must be well watered.
For younger plants, whose age does not exceed three years, transshipment is used - transplanting together with an earthen clod, which allows you to preserve the root system as much as possible. Before transshipment, the plant does not need to be watered for several days, this will allow you to gently move a solid earthen lump to a new place.
If you need to transplant an old bush of grapes, in the first year after transplanting, all inflorescences are removed from it, and in the second, only a third of them can be left. This will enable the vine to recover faster and provide a bountiful harvest in the years to come.
Other ways to transplant grapes
If you need to move an old bush, it is not necessary to completely dig it up and transfer it to a new place. It is better to use layering reproduction - this will rejuvenate the plant and provide it with a guaranteed survival rate after transportation. In this case, one vine is separated and buried in the ground, as a result of which, over time, it will give its own roots. As a result, the cuttings receive nutrients from the mother plant and its roots.
Rooted young cuttings can be separated from the main plant after two years. After that, they can be transferred to a new place, and they will take root without any problems. The method of propagation by layering is used not only to transfer part of the bush, but also to replace a dead plant or to inoculate a new variety.
There is one more answer to the question of how to transplant a grape bush to a new place - it is called katavlak. This method is used for old bushes, which are at least 10, but not more than 20 years old. Katavlak is a layering in the form of a whole bush, this method of vegetative propagation allows you to transfer an almost adult plant to a new place.
This operation is performed in early spring. A hole is dug near the bush, after which the root system is freed so that the heel roots are visible. The entire bush is dumped into a trench, after which the strongest and strongest sleeve is selected, the vine is placed in the trench, and the young shoots are brought to the surface. As a result, the vine grows already in the old and in the new place, and it begins to bear fruit in the very first year.
This method will be the best answer to the question of how to transplant an adult grape bush, if before that the vineyard grew haphazardly and needs to be corrected. Katavlak is a method that allows you to provide ordinary plantings and ensure greater illumination of each vine. Experienced gardeners know how to properly transplant grapes in the spring in order to fully restore fruiting in a year or two.
Care of transplanted grapes
For better survival and faster restoration of the root system, it is necessary to ensure proper watering with water delivery directly to the heel roots of the plant. To do this, a drainage layer of fine gravel must be provided in the planting pit, and then a pipe made of plastic or asbestos is placed obliquely in the pit. At the same time, the upper part of the pipe should rise above the surface of the pit by 10-15 cm. This will allow irrigation with the delivery of water directly to the roots, while the risk of decay of the root system is minimal. This has a positive effect on fruiting and allows you to get larger berries.
After transplanting, the bushes are watered about once every two weeks, depending on the weather conditions, then watering can be made more rare. Top dressing of transplanted bushes is carried out two or three times over the summer, in addition, you need to periodically loosen the soil around the bush to ensure natural air exchange of the root system.
Once you figure out how to transplant grapes, you can build the correct layout for the plants in your vineyard and provide them with excellent growth conditions. This will ensure abundant fruiting in the first few years with an increase in the quality of the crop.
Want to learn how to model in SketchUp? The most complete and detailed course for studying the newest version of the program.
To transplant grapes in the fall to another place with a bush, two methods are used:
Interesting: Transplanting raspberries to a new place
To move a hive, do the work in the following sequence:
Before transshipment, it is advisable not to water the bush for several days. This allows you to keep a clod of soil on the roots and transport the plant to a new location.
Before replanting grapes with bare roots, you need to prune them. It is necessary to remove all unnecessary vines. You only need to leave 2-4 sleeves. Everything is removed on them, except for two shoots. Each of them should have three buds.
The work is carried out in the same sequence as the transshipment. The only difference is that the bare root must be evenly positioned in the new hole. But a small elevation of about 10 cm is made at its bottom. The roots of the bush are laid out along the mound, the plant is watered with a bucket of moderately warm water and the hole is buried with fertile soil. You can pour another bucket of water on top.
The correct transplant is not only the right time and place, but also the right bushes (seedlings, cuttings, cuttings). If we talk about bushes, then experts advise replanting not too old plants (up to seven years of age).
The old grape bush is slower to renew itself in the roots, it will take longer in the new soil and will not take root as successfully as compared to young grapes. In addition, the root system of an old grape bush grows very strongly, it is not only difficult to dig it out, but it is also very likely that the roots may be damaged. And the imbalance that the aerial part of the plant will experience and the root, underground part often leads to the fact that fruiting is impaired.
The most important condition for choosing an area for transplanting should not be the place where the grapes grew and were uprooted before. Here the soil will be tired, oppressed by those biological substances that are secreted throughout life by the roots of grapes. There is even such a term - soil exhaustion.
The nutrients in such soil are much less than in a fresh hole, and the risk of picking up a pest or a sore left after a growing bush is very high. For the same reason, it is strongly discouraged to use compost from grape leaves when transplanting.
Other rules and recommendations:
Soil preparation includes actually changing (improving) certain characteristics of the soil and its adaptation for the autumn transplantation of this crop. They begin to do this at least a month before the planned transplant. To prevent the root system from sinking unnecessarily into the ground, you must wait until the earth in the dug hole settles slightly.
In addition, the autumn transplantation of grapes is the creation of nutrient horizons necessary to provide the regrown roots with the substances necessary for growth. Therefore, high-quality soil preparation is a guarantee that the grapes in the new hole will be well and quickly accepted.
Such preparation consists in:
Fertilizers are not applied "alone", they must be mixed with the excavated soil and then brought back into the pit. The earth is mixed with ammonium sulfate, humus and wood ash, superphosphate. Wood ash can be replaced with potassium salt. All these nutrients are mixed until homogeneous with the soil, and experienced gardeners say that it is not bad for these purposes to take fresh black soil.
The cuttings to be transplanted must be completely healthy and free of visible mechanical damage. Another condition is that it must be strong and long enough. To the place of engraftment, the layer needs to be dug a trench (depth and width at least 45 cm) from the mother bush. At the point of emergence to the surface, the height of the vine should be at least 40 cm, this top must be fixed with a peg. The cuttings laid along the trench are covered with earth mixed with fertilizers.
A transplant, when a whole bush is taken as a layering, is called katavlak.
It is better to replant grown cuttings in the spring, but you can also do this in the fall. The rules are general: the pit is prepared in advance, the soil is mixed with fertilizers, the cutting is planted and the hole is covered with earth. Features: for fidelity, you can plant two cuttings (if one is not accepted), and if both are accepted, leave a more powerful one. When planting, the peephole is turned towards the row.
Saplings (and these are 1-2-3-year-old bushes) are transplanted by the transshipment method, i.e. with a full earthy clod. So that this heavy lump does not break off the roots and does not crumble when removed from the soil, the ground under the seedling is not watered for 3-5 days before transplanting.
Each seedling is immersed in a hole at least 60 cm deep (some generally recommend making holes up to a meter deep), at a distance of 2 m from each other. Under such conditions, all grape roots will receive sufficient space for life and will be gently straightened out.
In order for the roots and the aerial part to be well balanced, the shoots from the dug out bush are cut off. If the root system is complete and intact, 3 sleeves with replacement knots with up to 2 buds should be left. If the roots are damaged, the aerial shoots are removed.
For a sufficiently deep occurrence of the roots of the grape bush, the dew roots are removed. When covered with earth, the bush is held by the top, making sure that it is planted evenly. The roots in the hole must be spread out.
After falling asleep with earth, the bush must be well watered, and after absorbing water and settling the soil in the pit, it is necessary to fill up the earth in such a way that such knots with 4 buds remain at the top, and the mound itself is 8-10 cm.
When transplanting, you need to take into account the peculiarities of transplanting with a lump or with clean roots. If transplanted without land, cut the roots from the bottom. A mixture of manure and clay is made 2: 1, diluted with water so that it is like sour cream in density. The mixture should be homogeneous. You need to dip the roots into it for 3-5 minutes, then remove and put the planting material on the ground.
When transshipment, grapes are transplanted into a pit so that it is 10 cm deeper than it was in the previous soil.
Grapes of different ages have their own biological characteristics that must be taken into account when transplanting. Rules for moving grapes depending on age:
In order for the plant to get used to a new place, it must be looked after more carefully than before transplanting.
There are two ways to water the vine: aboveground and underground. The irrigation process is not recommended.
In the first period of summer, the grapes are watered once a week. Further, the frequency of watering is reduced to 1 time in 2 weeks. Final watering takes place in August.
Vine bushes are not watered during flowering and fruiting.
Within 2 years from the end of the transplantation process using fertilizers, the plant does not need feeding. Foliar fertilization is carried out 6-8 times in one season. It is necessary to use special fertilizers so that the root system does not suffer from severe frosts in the winter season.
When the process of adaptation of a plant to a new place lasts, it becomes especially vulnerable to pests and diseases. It is necessary to treat the vines during the growing season with "fungicides". Disinfection from pathogenic microbes is carried out regularly. This will help protect the plant from bacteria and fungi.
To protect the vines from frost, non-woven materials are used. They must be laid on the ground. Spruce branches are laid to provide additional protection from the cold and are carefully sprinkled with earth in small quantities.