Valerian (lat.Valeriana officinalis), or valerian medicinal, or cat herb is a species of the Valerian genus of the Honeysuckle family. The homeland of the plant is the Mediterranean. It is distributed in the subtropical and temperate zones. Valerian grows among thickets of bushes, in swampy and low-lying meadows, swamps, glades and forest edges. Valerian medicinal and its healing properties have been known for a long time: Avicenna, Pliny and Dioscorides believed that this plant was able to strengthen and calm the brain and control a person's thoughts.
The most common crops of this subgroup in our country are, of course, pear and apple. Pome fruit plants usually have a rather spreading crown and a long trunk of medium thickness. The flowers of these garden trees are most often bisexual. They grow on branches not singly, but collected in inflorescences of 4-8 pieces. Their petals can be white or pink.
Quite a complex care is required for pome fruit crops. There are usually not too many plants of this variety planted by summer residents. After all, even 3-4 of these trees can occupy a significant part of the suburban area. But at the same time, the yield from one such fruit plant, in comparison with vegetable and berry crops, can be truly huge.
At first, seed crops bear fruit evenly and regularly. However, later, during the formation of already large yields, the crops of this group begin to show periodicity (after a year). The peculiarities of pome fruit crops also include the fact that for the most part they are self-fertile. That is, in order to get a harvest of apples, pears or quince, you need to plant not one, but two or three such trees at a time.
The fruits of pome crops are used most often in fresh form. Late-ripening apples and pears can often lie in a cool, dry place even until spring. Also compotes are often made from the fruits of pome crops. Apples and pears are rarely used for jam.