Growing garlic - discovering the secrets of a great harvest

Garlic is subdivided into winter and spring. Each has pros and cons. Winter crops yield a large harvest, but are poorly stored. Spring yields a smaller yield, but lasts until next year.

Plant species

How to distinguish spring from winter in appearance? A hard core sticks out of the middle of the winter crop bulb - the remainder of the arrow. The spring does not have such a rod, so it does not shoot. The winter bulb's teeth are large and form one layer. The cloves of the spring bulb are small and can be arranged in two or more layers. And the main difference is the different planting dates. Spring is planted in spring, and winter - in autumn. And now about the main thing - about the landing rules.

Garlic growing video

Planting winter garlic

The technology of growing garlic is constantly being improved. This is how several landing methods appeared, which we will now tell you about.

Method number 1 - traditional

A place is allotted for the culture from under the early harvested plants: cucumbers, early cabbage, radishes, legumes. The site should not be located in a lowland and flooded with melt water in spring - the teeth will rot and die. The soil is fertilized: humus or rotted manure is added, shovels are dug onto a bayonet and furrows are made every 25 cm. The uncleaned teeth are planted every 10-12 cm. The plantings are closed, watered and mulched.

Photo of planting winter garlic

Method number 2 - double landing

A double planting of garlic is relevant for small areas. The main secret is that the garlic sits in 2 levels (tiers). This is done in the fall or at the end of August. The first row is located below, the second - above. We dig a groove deeper and lay out the first level of the teeth at a depth of 11-12 cm. Someone might say - deep. Do not worry. They will feel great there.

We cover with earth and lay out the second row at a depth of 6-7 cm. Between the teeth we make a distance of 10-15 cm, between the grooves - 25 cm. Sprinkle with earth. It turns out one tooth above the other. Nobody bothers anyone, everything is enough for everyone.

Method number 3 - sowing

You can also not stick the teeth into the ground, but sow, that is, lay them on a barrel or just throw them in rows. The only thing that may confuse you is a garlic head lying on its side and a curved neck. But this does not affect the quality of products, taste and size of the onion.

In the photo, sowing garlic

The teeth were planted and mulched. In the spring, they immediately start growing. The tooth that turned out to be lower - in more favorable conditions. It is deeper and warmer there. He developed the root system better. And the one that is higher warms up faster in spring.

When to harvest garlic? The bulbs are harvested when the arrow bursts. Why then break out the arrows? If you leave them, then the garlic heads will grow less. The arrow takes over the food, since the bulbs are formed on it, but it is worth leaving a few. The garlic arrows will show you when it's ready to harvest. The arrows are broken out not when they just emerged from the stem, but when they made a circle.

When to plant garlic?

Every autumn this question arises for all gardeners. And here, as they say, how many people, so many opinions. Someone prefers to plant the bulb 2-3 weeks before the soil freezes. The tooth has time to take root and in the spring willingly starts to grow. But the early August and September planting is considered not correct, since the tips of the feather begin to turn yellow early in the plant. We will not convince you of the correctness or incorrectness of a particular method. We will tell you about an interesting experience we have done.

In the photo, planting garlic

We planted the garlic on three dates: August 20, September 20 and October 20. The best harvest was given by the August planting.He wintered the best. If you think about it, it immediately becomes clear why this is. We planted it early, it managed to take root well, gained strength and in the spring immediately drove it to growth. And the worst harvest was from the October planting. It didn’t really take root, it did not winter well and didn’t grow much.

If the plant managed to ascend from the August and September planting, then nothing terrible happened. It should be so. To check whether the August planting is so effective, plant some of the cloves early, and some when it seems more correct to you, and then compare the results.

Why doesn't sprouted garlic freeze, you ask? When he gave roots, the composition of the cell sap changed, there was more sugar in it. Try freezing the syrup. The syrup will not freeze, but the water will freeze. That is, after germination, it passes into another state, it simply "falls asleep" for the winter.

Photo of garlic in the garden

Top dressing

Feeding garlic in the summer closer to harvesting is already useless. If you are going to feed him, then this should be done in May - June. Then, from the pen, he gains the weight of the bulb itself. When he wakes up, he needs it. As a top dressing, take an infusion of vermicompost or horse manure. It is advisable to mulch the plantings with humus or straw chopped into pieces.

The aisles are sprinkled with pest ash. Mulching helps to retain moisture in the soil and protects the bulbs from overheating. You don't need to mulch the garlic. Cultivation and care then consist in top dressing, regular loosening, weed removal and watering.

Another rule: we choose the largest teeth for planting. We plant small - small bulbs and get. If the tops turn yellow, this indicates damage to the root system. Reasons: gnawing at the roots by pests or the action of soil rot.

If the plantings are mulched, then there is no need to water them. Under normal weather conditions, rain moisture is sufficient. After all, the clove has already grown roots, it will draw moisture from the soil itself, and form a good bulb.

Photo of garlic

Growing spring garlic

Also prefers fertile land. If necessary, humus or rotted manure is introduced into the soil in an amount of 3-5 kg ​​/ m2. The teeth are planted in rows at a distance of 6-7 cm from each other. A distance of 25-28 cm is maintained between the rows.The approximate depth of planting garlic cloves is 3 cm. We will describe two methods.

Method number 1 - traditional

Planted in spring early spring on April 15-25. Before planting, the heads are divided into cloves and sorted by size. Slices of each size should preferably be planted in separate grooves. Care consists in regularly loosening row spacings, watering and removing weeds. If the plantings are mulched, then, as mentioned above, there is no need for watering.

Method number 2 - sprouted teeth

Garlic heads are stored all winter at a temperature of 20 0C. At the end of March, the onions are disassembled into slices, soaked for 3 hours in water at room temperature, taken to the cellar, where they are laid out in one layer and covered with rags or film. When the roots grow 2-5 cm long, the teeth are planted in moist soil.

Photo of planting garlic

Spring plants are fed as well as winter crops with infusion of mullein, vermicompost or horse manure. Of inorganic fertilizers, urea is used at the rate of 1 matchbox per bucket of water when shoots appear, then after 10 days and the third time at the end of June. Ash is scattered from pests in the aisles.

Spring bulbs are harvested when the feathers of the lower layer of the plant dry out in the third decade of August - the first decade of September. The bulbs selected from the soil are laid out in one row to dry under a canopy. The tops should dry completely. Do not rush to cut the green shoots of garlic, as the bulb receives nutrition from them and continues to grow during drying. Dry tops are cut, leaving 5 cm.

Healthier culture

Garlic tends to degenerate, like potatoes.When multiplying by teeth, diseases gradually accumulate in the culture, the yield decreases. To prevent this from happening, from time to time the garlic is renewed from the bulbs (air). In the first year, one-toothed is obtained from the air. In the second year, full-fledged bulbs grow from them. The garlic turns out to be healthy and you don't have to run around looking for planting material, especially since it is quite expensive.

Garlic in the photo

Bulbules are taken from plants where the arrow was left. When the inflorescence bursts and the bulbs turn in the color characteristic of this variety, the inflorescences are broken out, put in a dry place for ripening. For planting, take bulbs with a diameter of 4-5 mm.

Method number 1 - traditional

Bulbules are sown in the first days of October. Humus is introduced into the soil 3-4 kg per 1 m2digging up. Rows are made up to 4 cm deep at a distance of 10 cm from each other. The rows are watered, air is laid out every 3 cm and sprinkled with earth. In spring and summer, crop care is the same as for regular garlic. By the beginning of August, one-toothed bulbs grow from the bulbs, which are dug out when the tops turn yellow. They are dried and used for autumn planting on a full-fledged bulb.

Method number 2 - direct

In the first year, one-toothed is grown from the air by the traditional method. In August, one-toothed is not dug up, but left in the soil for the winter. The following spring, the plants are carefully thinned out, thus increasing the distance between the remaining bulbs. By the end of May, the distance between rows should be 25 cm, and between one-toothed teeth in a row - 10-12 cm.

Video about growing and caring for garlic

Method number 3 - growing through winter

Bulbs are sown in the first half of June. Before that, they are stored unmilled in the refrigerator. By the second decade of September, plants already have 4-5 leaves, a good root system and a thick stem as thick as a pencil. In October, winter plants are hardened and winter well. The next year, full-fledged bulbs develop from them.

We have shared with you all the secrets that we used ourselves. Now you know how to grow garlic. It's up to you. Choose the method you like, or rather several, in order to compare the results later, and grow a huge crop, to the delight of your neighbors and to the envy of you.

Onion moth: preventive measures and methods of control

The onion moth is widespread. These are small nocturnal dark brown butterflies. It brings the greatest harm to onion crops in dry hot years. It affects plants of leeks, onions and garlic.

Butterflies hibernate as pupae. Their departure begins in mid-May. Years go by at night. Eggs are laid on the neck of the bulb or on the lower part of the leaves. Eggs develop in 5-7 days and yellow-green caterpillars emerge from them. The hatched caterpillars are on their surface for several hours, then they penetrate into the leaves and eat away the flesh.

Caterpillars in the pulp of green onion leaves make longitudinal courses, while leaving the surface layers intact. The movement of the caterpillars can be seen in the form of stripes on the feather of the bulb. As a result of infection, the leaves turn yellow and dry out. If the caterpillars penetrate directly into the bulb, then the plant dies altogether.

The caterpillar pupates on the leaves of the onion and turns into a gray loose spider cocoon. The total duration of onion moth development is 25 - 40 days. During the season, two generations develop. The first generation harms in June, the second in July-August. The moth is especially harmful on weakened plants.

Prevention and control measures for onion moth

1. Immediately remove damaged plants from the garden and destroy them.

2. Dig deeply into the onion planting sites in the fall.

3. Loosening the soil frequently and regularly (every 4-5 days)

4. Remove weeds from onion plantings in a timely manner.

5. Dust the soil with a 1: 1 mixture of tobacco dust and ash.

6. During the summer of onion moths and the appearance of caterpillars, spray the onion plantings with insecticides (for example, 1 tablet of Iskra per 10 liters of water).

For other onion pests and control measures, see here:

What methods of processing potatoes exist

There are only two ways to process tubers, they are soaking and irrigation. The difference between them is quite significant:

  • Soaking is the complete immersion of all planting material in the working solution. In this case, the entire surface is processed, the root crop absorbs a large amount of active substances. It is carried out preferably for dormant tubers or in the presence of small sprouts, when there is no risk of accidentally damaging them. If it becomes necessary to soak potatoes with shoots of more than 1 cm, this will have to be done one by one, which will take a very long time.
  • Irrigation is treatment with a solution from any type of sprayer. In this case, it is difficult to completely cover the surface, but some preparations do not need this. To moisten the entire surface, the tubers will have to be turned over several times.

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"Horizons of Culture" is a quarterly publication covering cultural life and talking about tourism in the Moscow region. The pages of the magazine contain a detailed poster of events, information about famous sights and historical places of the region, news from the sphere of culture, detailed comments of the authorities about the existing difficulties and the tasks set for officials are published.

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The reader will get acquainted not only with all the intricacies of agricultural technology for vegetable, fruit and green crops, but also with the recommended planting schemes that will minimize the cost of time, money and, of course, effort. The book describes in detail the whole range of works on the personal plot, methods of enrichment and improvement of the soil.

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Green Country Scouts

The life experience of the traveler Georgy Tushkan (1905–1965) and his extensive knowledge in the field of agrobiology (he graduated from the Kharkov Agricultural Institute) were especially clearly manifested in the book of the writer "Scouts of the Green Country" (1950). Together with the heroes of the novel, the reader goes to the mountains and gets the opportunity to experience the incredible adventures of pioneers who help breeders who have created gardens of tropical crops in the Pamirs in the strictest secrecy.

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What will be born in summer, will come in handy in winter

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Sicily. The land of volcanoes and temples

This is one of the most picturesque corners of our planet. Everything is beautiful in Sicily: bright blue skies, turquoise waves, clean sandy beaches, cliffs cut by countless bays and bays, majestic mountains and valleys in the green of olive groves and citrus orchards.

The island has long been one of the important centers of Mediterranean culture. Therefore, a traveler who has visited Sicily will not regret the time, effort and money spent, because this Italian island is not only the best place to relax, but also to study European history and culture.

Israel. Promised land

Israel is a beautiful corner of the world with the healing Dead Sea, vast deserts, ancient cities and green reserves. Someone makes a pilgrimage to these lands, someone goes for a unique treasure that has no analogues in the world, and someone is looking for exciting adventures or seeks to learn a centuries-old culture and traditions.

This is a book-journey through the whole of Israel with stops at the most interesting places. The story is here at every step - the story of the country and the author, Elena Korotayeva, translator and famous psychologist-trainer, for whom Israel remains the main love. Elena, who has lived in Israel for ten years, will tell you what you need to know about this country and its inhabitants before going on vacation or for life.

What is Israeli hospitality? What is it like to immigrate to Israel and how did Elena herself and her little daughter go through the first years of immigration? What professions are in demand and what plays a role in getting a job? How to get a government loan to buy real estate? And also about education and medicine, sports and youth, about sights and cultural events - about this and much more on a fascinating trip through seven climatic zones, along the shores of three seas together with Elena Korotayeva.

Self-instruction manual for a novice gardener

A self-instruction book for all novice gardeners from leading domestic experts, Oktyabrina and Alexander Ganichkin, contains the most necessary and step-by-step instructions for growing all garden crops. The secret of success is in properly organized plantings, the optimal set of vegetables and herbs, which should be in any summer cottage.

All the intricacies of agricultural technology, planting schemes, feeding and watering norms, as well as new preparations for protecting plants from diseases and pests will help you regularly get a rich harvest even from a small plot.

Through the mirror of the tongue Why the world looks different in other languages

The book "Through the Mirror of the Language" is one of the main popular science bestsellers in recent years. Why do some cultures use the same word for blue and green? Why did Homer call the sea "wine-colored"? Why do the indigenous people of Australia say “western” and “eastern” instead of “right” and “left”? How does the language determine the way of life of a person and the fate of the people? This witty and brilliantly written book by one of the most famous modern linguists is a real gift for anyone interested in the life of language and the diversity of human culture.

All about the garden and vegetable garden. Complete modern encyclopedia

A new book by Oktyabrina and Alexander Ganichkin - leading domestic experts in the field of agriculture, the authors of several dozen books that are very popular.The most complete and understandable modern encyclopedia about a garden and a vegetable garden, which includes not only a step-by-step description of practical technologies that have stood the test of time, but also the latest means and preparations not of a chemical, but of a biological nature that will help to grow a rich harvest, avoiding many of the problems with which all gardeners collide every year.

Comprehensive information about everything you need to know to get high yields: detailed instructions for growing each crop with recommendations for planting, feeding, tying, protecting from the cold and storing the crop, describing the most effective means of combating pests and diseases, characterizing the beneficial properties of plants and fruits, advice on their use.

For everyone who has a summer cottage and wants to get the most out of it, who always wants to see fresh vegetables, berries and greens plucked right from the garden on their table.

Cabbage, lettuce, sorrel, spinach. We plant, grow, harvest, heal

The table is not empty if there is cabbage! White cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, kohlrabi ... Cabbage in Russia is used fresh, boiled, stewed, sauerkraut, pickled and even dried. It has been proven that cabbage was used by primitive people already in the Stone Age! And a storehouse of vitamins and minerals - green salad, spinach, sorrel? They were served to the table of the Persian kings! And these cultures are very popular today.

Mikhalych talks about how to grow them, protect them from diseases and pests, what varieties exist. Gives recipes for the most delicious dishes from them and tells all about the medicinal properties of these plants.

This tutorial contains information about the features of the morphological structure of flowering plants and the biology of their reproduction. A comprehensive description of some ornamental plants used in green building is given, special attention is paid to the issues of their reproduction and cultivation in culture.

The manual is intended for bachelors studying in the direction of "Pedagogical education", profile "Biology". It was written in accordance with the current programs of the discipline "Plant introduction", "Environmental foundations of landscape design" included in the "Landscape design" module.

Construction of a greenhouse at a summer cottage

“Greenhouses are special structures that are set up in the garden or in the garden for growing seedlings and protecting various vegetable crops from adverse weather conditions - cabbage, cucumbers, tomatoes, zucchini, melons, watermelons, radishes, green onions, lettuce, etc.

e. Successfully grown in greenhouses and flowers. Greenhouses should be installed closer to the living space so that in winter, when filling early greenhouses, you do not have to spend a lot of time clearing paths leading to the greenhouses. To prevent chickens, dogs and other inhabitants of a summer cottage or estate from getting into the greenhouses, the area allotted for the greenhouses must be fenced more tightly so that there are no strong blockages, the hedge near the greenhouses should be placed no closer than 5-6 m from them, which should be especially mind when building a fence from the direction of the prevailing winds in this area ... "Every owner of a summer cottage dreams of turning it into a piece of paradise.

And this can be done only by answering all the numerous questions that arise during the implementation of the development project. How to arrange an alpine slide, a pool with a cascade, a lawn with green vases on the site? Where and how to properly lay paths, make ramps, stairs? What material can be used for this? And in general - where to start? Brochures from the series "Building a dacha" will help you find answers to these and many other questions.

A man of the highest culture, one of the most educated people of his time, E. I. Zamyatin referred his prose to the literary movement, which he called neorealism. He is the author of numerous novels, short stories and short stories. This collection includes audio versions of selected stories by the writer.

"The Cave" - ​​in this story, Evgeny Ivanovich Zamyatin compares the era of war communism with the prehistoric, cave period of human development. "Araps" - in this story, the author ridicules the Bolsheviks' double standards of violence during the Civil War.

The story is told from the point of view of the Redskins, who are at war with the araps living on the same island Buyan. "Church of God" - Ivan decided to build a church to God. Yes, such - so that the sky is hot, the devil felt sick, so that glory about Ivanov's church would go to the whole world.

Well, you know: to build a church is not to cut a hut, you need a lot of money. I went to trade money for the Church of God ... "Eyes" - you are a dog. The mangy sheepskin coat was, perhaps, white. On the tail, in sagging patches, burrows have settled forever. One burdock ear is turned inside out, and there is no skill even to adjust the ear.

You have no words: you can only screech when they beat you to wheeze, when the owner tells you to howl at night on the bitter green month. But eyes ... why do you have such beautiful eyes? © & ℗ IE Vorobiev V.A. © & ℗ ID SOYUZ.

High beds. We plant and rest

The technology of arranging high beds has long been heard and is popular with summer residents for its main advantage - ease of handling and caring for plants. Thanks to an unusual approach, you can plan a garden just one meter wide, and adjust the height depending on your height.

In addition, the rapid warming up of tall beds allows you to open the sowing season 2-3 weeks earlier than in ordinary beds. Harvests in tall beds ripen faster, and some vegetables can produce several harvests per season. You will be interested in: - How to equip the beds, ridges, hills, vegetable garden in containers? - What is grown in a vertical garden? - How to dig up the soil and water the plantings? - How to set up a greenery factory?

Bread and Wine. Biblical diet

• What, according to the Creator's plan, should people eat? • What greens grow in the gardens of Eden? • Was the fruit from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil an apple? • What kind of bread is mentioned in the Our Father prayer? • What kind of everyday food is on the table of the biblical prophets? • Did Jesus and his disciples adhere to vegetarianism? These and other questions are answered by this unusual book.

Considering the Bible from a very original perspective, in particular, as a body of knowledge about food culture, the author of the book shares with readers the secrets of a healthy lifestyle of ancient people and offers unique culinary recipes for healthy dishes. The biblical diet is a kind of tool for healing various ailments, which can be easily used by anyone, regardless of religious beliefs and beliefs.

The scent of Mediterranean greenery in the north and the sands of the Sahara in the south - this is Tunisia, a land of contrasts and sultry impressions. Here African traditions and European culture are wonderfully intertwined, and the capital is called the "Paris of North Africa". Modern resorts, impressive natural and man-made sights of Tunisia will conquer any fan of exotic but comfortable rest.

In the guide: Tunisia from north to south from A to Z 44 illustrations City plans History and culture Nature Bays Islands Oasis landscapes Beach holidays Traveling in the Sahara Oriental bazaars Tunisian cuisine Practical advice Issue 1.

For many centuries, European culture, European values ​​and the European way of life served the whole world as a universal yardstick and standard, but today Europe has exhausted itself, and the place of the "ruler of thoughts" is vacant. According to Oleg Matveychev, one of the leading Russian political scientists, Russia can and should take him.

But a demonstration of economic and military might is not enough for this, and the aggressive rhetoric of an egoistic country will completely reduce all efforts to nothing. Russia needs to "fall in love" with the whole world by offering it something unprecedented and extremely attractive.To do this, she must acquire the sovereignty of the spirit - learn to think in her own categories, create a new philosophy, rely on the development of education, science, art, and become the main center of high-tech and high-hum.

The sovereignty of the state, the author argues, does not rest on economics, politics or military power, sovereignty rests on spiritual authority, which means that "philosophers and poets" are more important than commanders and politicians. Cultural expansion is more important than military or economic expansion.

Read about what awaits Russia in the 21st century, how to implement such a daring and ambitious plan and what dangers threaten us on this path - read in the book of Oleg Matveychev. The book "Sovereignty of the Spirit" methods of its promotion.

This book is an expanded and revised version of the 2007 book Sovereignty of the Spirit. Almost every article has been revised. Significant additions have been made. The article "Electronic Controversy" has been enlarged several times. Separate articles appeared: "State and corruption", "What should we do with the Far East", "For the re-education of the oligarchs."

, "Green revolution as a way out of the crisis." Excluded from this edition were the articles in the previous edition: "Why are the Americans winning?" (it is now in the book "Ears waving a donkey. The sum of political technologies"), "The problem of modernity and the cycles of history", "Modernity between" post- "and" proto- ".

They can only be found in the previous version of the book.

Three crops from one garden

This book will be a unique find for those. who wants to organize a real conveyor for the production of vegetables and herbs on a small plot of land. Following the author's detailed practical recommendations on competent planting planning, selection of compatible crops and their correct rotation, you can get not one, but three harvests a year! In our book, you will learn which crops are suitable for joint cultivation, how to plan the beds, protect plants from pests, and much more.

Good advice. House in the garden. No. 06/2017

“Good advice. House in the Garden ”is a monthly interactive magazine for everyone who is interested in gardening, horticulture, construction and landscaping. The main part of the magazine is letters from readers, in which they share their experience in growing ornamental, garden and vegetable crops, arranging a summer cottage, protecting plants from diseases and pests, building and decorating a house.

Each issue of the Dobrye sovety. House in the Garden ”- a photo album from readers and portraits of the best flowers for a home collection! Advice on the use of medicinal plants, recipes for country dishes, questions to a lawyer, funny stories. All authors of published letters receive 1000 rubles.

In this issue: Theme of the issue Preservation of moisture in the soil. Commentary of a specialist Close-up Daylily My home is my pride A bath is needed in the 21st century! On our site Snow balls in a green garden Health from nature Pharmacy underfoot Earth-nurse Japanese root crop and much more.

About symbolism. Selected works

This edition presents the most significant works of the Russian writer and literary critic Andrei Bely. The book includes theoretical works from the books "Symbolism", "Arabesques", "Revolution and Culture", "At the Pass", as well as the collection "Green Meadow" and the work "Why I Became a Symbolist."

Armenian cuisine step by step

Armenian cuisine is part of the culinary tradition of Ancient Asia and has existed for over three thousand years. Despite the defeats and setbacks in the history of the country, along with culture and religion, its culinary traditions survived. Armenian cuisine is quite spicy, very varied and aromatic, using a huge amount of herbs and spices.

Often the name of a dish is associated with the name of the dish in which it is cooked.Cooking food takes effort and time, and it is very important to follow the order of preparation, especially baking. Meat soups and, of course, the famous Armenian shashlik are distinguished by their originality.

New encyclopedia of the gardener and gardener

For everyone who has a summer cottage and wants to get the maximum benefit from it, who always wants to see fresh vegetables, berries and greens plucked right from the garden on their table - a new book by Oktyabrina and Alexander Ganichkin, leading domestic experts in the field of agriculture, authors several dozen highly popular books.

The new encyclopedia of the gardener and gardener contains the most comprehensive information on growing vegetables and horticultural crops, fruit trees and shrubs, flowers and ornamental plants. Here is everything you need to know to get high yields: detailed instructions for growing each crop with recommendations for planting, feeding, garter, protection from cold weather and storage of the crop Description of the most effective means of combating pests and diseases Characteristics of useful properties of plants and fruits, tips by their use.

This book is suitable both for novice gardeners, who want to master the agricultural technology of the most popular crops (they are discussed here in particular in detail), and for those who like to experiment, for whom the book describes less common and very rare vegetable and garden plants in our country.

A large section of the encyclopedia is devoted to colors. From it, growers learn about the best varieties of popular annual and perennial flower crops, the rules for growing and caring for them, as well as how to create flower beds, flower beds, hedges, original bouquets and much more.

Flower beds at their summer cottage

“Flower beds of various shapes are the pride of the owners. They are created according to the principle of landscape or regular composition. The more interesting the landscape, the more varied and original flower garden solutions will be able to decorate your site. The flower beds of the landscape composition are groups, arrays, mixborders, multi-row planting, single plantings, flowering lawns, usually created from perennial plants of various shapes and sizes.

Flower beds of regular composition are parterres (open part of the garden), flower beds, rabatki, flower groupings, stripes, borders, vases and flower beds made of various materials (concrete, ceramics, wood, etc.), created from summer and biennials and located on the streets, driveways, approaches.

In the design of regular compositions, carpet-leafy, pot-casing flower crops are involved ... ”Every owner of a summer cottage dreams of turning it into a piece of paradise. And this can be done only by answering all the numerous questions that arise during the implementation of the development project.

How to arrange an alpine slide, a pool with a cascade, a lawn with green vases on the site? Where and how to properly lay paths, make ramps, stairs? What material can be used for this? And in general - where to start? Brochures from the series "Building a dacha" will help you find answers to these and many other questions.

Why did the societies of the era of Antiquity and the early Middle Ages treat blue with complete indifference? Why, starting from the XII century, it is gradually gaining popularity in all areas of life, and blue tones in clothing and in everyday culture are becoming desirable and prestigious, significantly surpassing green and red? The research of the French historian is devoted to comprehending the history of relations between Europeans and blue, which is fraught with many mysteries and surprises.

From this book, the reader will learn what social, moral, artistic and religious values ​​were associated with him at different times, as well as what his prospects are in the future.

Peat-boggy soils of Polesie. Transformation and ways of effective use

The monograph presents the results of studies on the influence of drainage and long-term agricultural use on the transformation of the morphological structure, water-physical, chemical, biological and energy properties of peat-bog soils at different stages of evolution, the assessment of their effective fertility on an energy basis, first obtained using new methodological solutions ...

Models have been developed for predicting the transformation of the properties of peat bogs and diagnostic features of anthropogenically transformed peat soils at different stages of evolution. Also presented are the results of theoretical and experimental long-term research as adaptive soil-protective systems for the use of anthropogenically transformed peat soils, including technologies for the cultivation of grain crops, corn for green mass and grain, winter rape for oilseeds based on the use of energy-saving means and the latest methodological solutions.

The innovative soil protection systems of farming in fodder crop rotations are presented. Designed for specialists of agricultural enterprises, research and educational institutions of the Republic of Belarus.

She sat opposite me, biting her lower lip, narrowing her green eyes a little. - I want to ask you for one favor. “If it’s in my power…” “I’m sure it’s in yours.” This is very important to me. The fact is that today my friends are gathering here, in my cafe.

Not really, really, friends, because there are no friends in business - there are competitors. The audience is just gathering, which knows that I went to St. Petersburg, they will be interested in where I was and what I saw. And I was where I would not advise anyone to visit ... - Sorry, this is Petersburg, our city, the cultural capital, as it is called ... - I don’t need to talk about culture.

Bandit Petersburg - it was and is bandit. And even worse. - You know, I'll tell you this ... - You don't need to tell me anything about the cultural capital ... After a little pause, she said: - Listen to me ...

Velimir Khlebnikov is a unique phenomenon in Russian culture. Poet, prose writer, art theorist and researcher, thinker, mathematician, ornithologist, he was in many ways ahead of his time. His genius insights did not fit into the framework of contemporary science, his genius poems - into the framework of existing literary movements, mythopoetic worldview - into the framework of time.

V. Mayakovsky called Khlebnikov "a master of verse", a poet for the elite ... The collection includes poems and selected poems. Music by A. N. Scriabin was used in the design of the project. POEMS Marina Mnishek Poet Night in the trench Night before the Soviets A real Tyrant without "Te" POEMS A bird in a cage "And I flung into my flute.

. "" Nem dodges a little onion .. "" Where waxwings lived .. "" Zharbog! Zharbog! "Crimean. Records of the heart. Free size. Scythian Conjuration with laughter" Bobaobi sang lips .. "

. "The experience of the cutesy" I don't know if the earth is spinning or not .. "" Like two bent daggers .. "" When horses die, they breathe .. "" Persecuted - by whom, how do I know? "Numbers Seven" I need little! "Perun Written before the war Tryzna Memories God of the 20th century" Hosts of my friends flew.

. "" The people raised the supreme rod .. "On freedom" Above the deaf and dumb motherland: "Do not kill!" .. "Case City of the future Word about" El "Karakurt" Like a flock of sheep dozing peacefully .. "" Eh! Ouch! "- all in sweat .." Iranian song "With a copper womb.

. "Youth Union" Detusya! If your eyes are tired of being wide .. "Hunger Blow, shout, carry!" Volga! Volga! "" Russia is green in the month Ay! "" Lice stupidly prayed to me .. "Moscow of the future" If I turn humanity into hours.

. "Recognition Refusal" Well, drag on, Sivka .. "To all" Not a Shrovetide devil .. "" Once again, once again .. ".

Fertilizers and top dressing for the backyard. High yield guarantee

All living things need food, and plants are no exception! To properly "feed" green pets, you need to know a lot: for example, what kind of soil is in your garden, its moisture, acidity, air permeability ... How to understand by the appearance of plants which micro- or macroelements they lack ... The author will teach you all these tricks ...

He will tell you everything about mineral, organic, bacterial fertilizers, timing and dosage of top dressing, and even teach you how to lower soil moisture. You will learn how to compose a “menu” for different garden and vegetable garden crops, how much and how often they need to be fed, because strawberries and apple trees have different “tastes”.

Tablecloth by Lydia Libedinskaya

Lydia Libedinskaya (1921-2006) - prose writer, literary critic nee Tolstaya, daughter of the poetess Tatyana Vechorka, author of the book of memoirs "The Green Lamp". All her life, Lydia Libedinskaya attracted outstanding people, the color of our culture gathered at the table of her hospitable home: Korney Chukovsky, Viktor Dragunsky, David Samoilov, Semyon Lipkin, Bulat Okudzhava, Kaverins, Zabolotskys ... ...

Writers, artists, actors and museum workers left autographs, poems, dedications, drawings on it. This book turned out to be as colorful and varied as the festive table. Voices sound in it, glasses clink, toasts are proclaimed, messages are read, sad and funny cases are recalled.

Her pages brought together those whom she loved so much - family and friends.

The audiobook "Children's Tale" is a short story by the classic of Swedish literature, the greatest writer and playwright August Strindberg (1849–1912), whose work had a huge impact on the entire European culture of the early 20th century. The influence of H.

-TO. Andersen, one of Strindberg's favorite authors. It is no coincidence that this story, like a number of other stories created by the writer in 1903, is called a fairy tale. … The life of ten-year-old Torkel, the son of the rascal and drunkard pilot Eman, is hard and joyless.

Every day, standing on the shore of the strait, he peers into the distance and dreams of leaving the accursed, hated Skamsund and going to that shore, to the blessed Fagervik, to another, better world, where green grass grows and the bright sun shines, where smart, cheerful, happy people ... A great master in depicting strong feelings, colorful details, vivid landscapes, Strindberg gives an expressive, full of emotions of the protagonist, a symbolic description of the two islands.

Gloomy, harsh, dirty, disgusting Scamsund and beautiful, light, carefree and festive Fagerwik.

Lovely garden with your own hands. Illustrated guide to the florist

You recently became the owner of a land plot and already in general terms can you imagine where, what and how it will be built? Have you allocated in your plans a place for the improvement of the site, its appearance? Much of your design decisions are technical components: lighting elements, gazebos, benches, walkways, pergolas, ponds, etc.

n. This is sometimes very important and necessary. But the true beauty of the site will bring ornamental trees and shrubs, and, of course, flowers. Imagine a gazebo that is not adorned with a curly green handsome man strewn with flowers. Or a pond that is not flanked or grown by coastal or aquatic plants.

In the first case, it will be just a building, and in the second, it will be a puddle. Knowing what flowering plants look like, how they grow and develop, you can easily fit them into your design. There are many recommendations for the use of flower crops in the design of the site.

Some flowers are used in borders or mixborders, others in flower beds and flowerpots, others in rockeries (rocky hills) or as free-standing plants (tapeworms). These recommendations are generally accepted, but not dogma.If you love your site, then you yourself will find the right plant and the place for it: where and what to arrange, so that the flower garden will delight your eyes and give the site that uniqueness that is appreciated by others.

The author sincerely hopes that acquaintance with this book will help you choose from a variety of plants those that you especially like and will stick to your heart.

Good advice. House in the garden. No. 01/2016

“Good advice. House in the Garden ”is a monthly interactive magazine for everyone who is interested in gardening, horticulture, construction and landscaping. The main part of the magazine is letters from readers in which they share their experience in growing ornamental, garden and vegetable crops, arranging a summer cottage, protecting plants from diseases and pests, building and decorating a house.

Each issue of the Dobrye sovety. House in the Garden ”- a photo album from readers and portraits of the best flowers for a home collection! Advice on the use of medicinal plants, recipes for country dishes, questions to a lawyer, funny stories. All authors of published letters receive 1000 rubles.

In the issue: Theme of the issue Green garden in winter. Expert commentary Close-up Mangold My home is my pride Dangerous enemy On our site We store firewood beautifully Health from nature Family recipes Earth-nurse Garden all year round and much more.

Great Russian actors

Our renowned masters of stage and screen have long been recognized all over the world, and their contribution to the world treasury of culture is so significant that it is impossible to imagine a two-century European theater without Russian names, and with it the cinema of the 20th century.

Suffice it to recall Pavel Mochalov, Mikhail Shchepkin, Maria Ermolova, Faina Ranevskaya and dozens of other brilliant names, each of which could make up a separate page in the history of world acting. Fyodor Volkov Yakov Shumsky Ivan Dmitrevsky Alexey Yakovlev Ekaterina Semenova Mikhail Schepkin Ivan Sosnitsky Pavel Mochalov Vasily Karatygin Vasily Zhivokini Nikolai Dyur Alexander Martynov Varvara Asenkova Prov Sadovsky (Sr.) Sergei Shumsky Nikolai Muzil Nadezhda Nikulina Glyceria Fedotova Alexander Lensky Konstantin Varlaagov Maria Podotova Alexander Lensky Konstantin Varlaagov Ermolova Evlalia Kadmina Maria Savin Konstantin Ryzhova Alexander Sumbatov-Yuzhin Maria Blumenthal-Tamarina Elena Leshkovskaya Vera Komissarzhevskaya Vera Michurina-Samoilova Alexandra Yablochkina Olga Knipper-Chekhova Evdokia Turchaninova Varvara Ryzhova Yuri Yuriev Vladimir Ostilizhev Ivanachovy Moskva Toporkov Ivan Mozzhukhin Alisa Koonen Mikhail Chekhov Vera Kholodnaya Boris Shchukin Cecilia Mansurova Faina Ranevskaya Alla Tarasova Anatoly Ktorov Mikhail Zharov Maria Babanova Igor Ilyinsky Nikolai Khmelev Boris Chirkov Rina Zelenaya Nikolai Simon ov Alexey Gribov Lyubov Orlova Mikhail Yanshin Erast Garin Nikolay Cherkasov Boris Babochkin Vasily Merkurev Boris Livanov Rostislav Plyatt Nikolay Kryuchkov Arkady Raikin Sergey Filippov Vladimir Zeldin Zinoviy Gerdt Yuri Nikulin Anatoly Papanov Vladimir Basov Innokenty Mikhail Smoktunovskiy Evgeniy Evgeny Lestremov Batalov Oleg Borisov Nikolay Rybnikov Vasily Lanovoy Anatoly Solonitsyn Mikhail Kozakov Alisa Freindlikh Sergey Yursky Lyudmila Gurchenko Leonid Kuravlev Andrey Mironov Oleg Dal Oleg Yankovsky Sergey Makovetskiy Oleg Menshikov © & ℗ IE Vorobiev © & ℗ ID SOYUZ.

Why Tenerife? The ancient Greeks told us: on the other side of the Pillars of Hercules are the islands of paradise. And if from Greece warmed by the sun, the Canaries seem like a paradise ... Tenerife, crowned with the cone of the handsome volcano Teide, will meet the northerners with a riot of tropical greenery and "lunar" landscapes of desert craters, impassable gorges and the whirlwind of the capital's carnival.

And, of course, the ocean: a warm, fishy and always restless Atlantic.In the guide: The heart of the Canary archipelago from A to Z A detailed map of the island and a plan of the capital 54 photo illustrations History and culture Hiking and cycling routes Restaurants Museum opening hours Beaches and water sports Practical advice Phrasebook Issue 2.

Great encyclopedia of the gardener-gardener from A to Z

For everyone who has a summer cottage and wants to get the maximum benefit from it, who always wants to see fresh vegetables, berries and greens plucked right from the garden on their table, this is the new book by Galina Kizima. The encyclopedia contains the most comprehensive information on the cultivation of vegetables and horticultural crops, fruit trees and shrubs, flowers and ornamental plants.

Here is everything you need to know to get high yields: detailed instructions for growing each crop with recommendations for planting, feeding, garter, protection from cold weather and storage of the crop Description of the most effective means of combating pests and diseases Characteristics of the beneficial properties of plants and fruits, tips by their use.

This book is suitable both for novice gardeners, who want to master the agricultural technology of the most popular crops (they are discussed here in particular in detail), and for those who like to experiment, for whom the book describes less common and very rare vegetable and garden plants in our country.

The long existence of the Georgian nation at the junction of many cultures and influences has led to the fact that in its cuisine the influences of European and Asian civilizations have been blended and reworked in a bizarre way, resulting in a unique Georgian cuisine! Most people hear and remember only a few names like kharcho, lobio, khinkali, lavash, shish kebab, satsivi ... But this is only a small fraction of the huge “menu” that this Caucasian country offers.

You will find the best recipes for the most interesting, delightfully delicious, fragrant and unusual dishes with spicy herbs, wild game, fruits, unusual sweets and spicy, like a dagger, adjika ...

Unknown Alekseev. Volume 3: Unpublished prose by Gennady Alekseev

Gennady Alekseev (1932-1987) is not forgotten, but the most "little-published" cult author of the mid-twentieth century, his novel "Green Banks" is an invaluable contribution to the culture of Russia, the founder of Russian vers libre, prose writer, poet, artist. The third volume of the collected works "Unknown Alekseev" includes the newly deciphered diaries of the last period of the writer's life (from 1980 to 1986.

) from recently opened archives. The diaries contain the writer's programmatic thoughts, his reflections on literature and art, essays from the literary life of the "eighties". The book is supplied with unique illustrative material: photographs taken by Alekseev, and photographs from his family archive that have not been previously published.

Garden. Garden. Flower garden. The most complete country encyclopedia

Books by Oktyabrina and Alexander Ganichkin, leading domestic experts in the field of agriculture, authors of several dozen books, have been very popular for many years. You are holding in your hands a new, most complete and understandable encyclopedia about a garden and a vegetable garden, supplemented with information about modern means and preparations for increasing yields and protecting against all possible diseases and pests.

You will find a step-by-step description of the methods of growing popular vegetable, green, fruit and berry crops. Everything you need to know to get high yields: detailed instructions for planting, feeding, tying, protecting from cold weather and storing the crop, a description of the most effective means of combating pests and diseases, a characteristic of the beneficial properties of plants and fruits, advice on their use and recipes for the most delicious dishes from Oktyabrina Ganichkina!

Eco garden and vegetable garden. A book for those who want to stay healthy

This is the most complete encyclopedia for all gardeners and gardeners who want to engage in organic farming and grow organic vegetables, fruits, berries and herbs on their site, from which you can safely prepare baby food. The author of the book, a practicing pediatrician and gardener with 40 years of experience, uses only proven methods of growing vegetables and fruit crops, uses harmless fertilizers and means of protection against pests and diseases.

The encyclopedia contains all the necessary information on soil preparation, cultivation, care, watering and feeding of all popular crops grown at their summer cottage.

Fairy dance. Tales of the Twilight World

Faeries or similar creatures can be found in almost all cultures in the world. Benevolent and terrifying, charming and outrageous, they change shape from country to country, from history to history and from moment to moment, without changing their essence. Renowned anthology writers Ellen Dutlow and Terry Windling have brought together under one cover the best creators of fantasy stories and poetry, who in their work draw on the world's greatest wealth of knowledge about fairies and classics about them: Neil Gaiman, Holly Black, Charles De Lint, Patricia McKillip, Tanit Li and many others.

Continuing conceptually yet another anthology of Dutlow and Windling, The Green Knight, which won the World Fantasy Prize, this book is audacious, provocative and utterly magical. As well as the fairies themselves.

Garden and vegetable garden effortless. Handbook of the wise summer resident

Start the sowing season anew with a new book by Galina Kizima. In the book you will find proven author's techniques that will allow you to reasonably rebuild all the processes of work in the garden and vegetable garden. You no longer have to waste energy on unnecessary watering, weed control and digging beds.

Thanks to reasonable advice, you can improve the soil on your site, choose the best varieties of vegetable, green, fruit and berry crops, and grow crops without chemicals.

Your excellent vegetable garden, or a Flowerbed with a bed

This book is intended for those who want to have a beautiful, well-groomed lawn with an alpine slide or rockery and with flower beds, where you can grow not only flowers that will delight you from early spring to late autumn, but also various green, berry and vegetable crops.

This publication will be interesting not only for beginners who have recently acquired a personal plot, but also for gardeners with extensive practical and theoretical experience. This book will be useful to residents of any region, with any climate and any type of soil.

For a wide range of readers.

Gardening can be much easier than you think. It is only necessary to pay attention to the experience of growing not only flowers, but also vegetables in containers, mastered abroad for a long time. For some summer residents, this is the only option to get a good harvest without spending colossal efforts and money.

Indeed, many garden crops can be content with a small amount of land. With containers, and these can be different containers - from boxes to pots, it is convenient to work with both the elderly and children. And residents of cottages without risk of spoiling the author's landscape design will be able to grow basic vegetables, spices and herbs without breaking the traditional vegetable garden.

Alyona Volkova, a popular YouTube blogger, talks about all the advantages of container growing in her book. She will also tell you how to minimize a few disadvantages and which varieties have shown particularly outstanding results.

A gardener's and gardener's guide for all times

The unique guide will become a reference guide for both beginners and more experienced gardeners and gardeners. It presents all the most important stages of growing vegetable, fruit, green and berry crops from sowing for seedlings to harvesting and processing.

All the necessary information about the choice of varieties, different types of arrangement of beds, methods of greenhouse cultivation of crops, methods of irrigation and feeding, means of protection and prevention from pests and diseases. In this book, you can find the answer to any topical question that arises among the majority of summer residents.

It is useful to be able to see and understand the city, without this it is difficult to get pleasure from it. Sometimes it even applies to your hometown. What is the city made of? What is a street, a lane, a square, a boulevard, a public garden, what is greenery and water in a city, how do power, business, culture, production, trade live in a city, how did neighborhoods and microdistricts arise? The answers to these questions are in the new book by Grigory Revzin.

Gingerbread man. Gangster poems with bureaucrats

A fairy tale from the culinary and linguistic series "Drinking Poems for Children". Imitation of the gangster poems of Roald Dahl, known for his cynical interpretations of Snow White, Cinderella, Little Red Riding Hood and other Western European fairy tales. The Kolobok emphasizes the spelling of derivative prepositions (highlighted in red), which are so called because they are derived from other parts of speech, most often from nouns (highlighted in green).

In addition, the adverbs "towards", "finally", the adverbial words "hardly", "like", as well as conjunctions "because", "because", "instead of" and other difficult constructions ... By the way a person says: “upon arrival” or “upon arrival”, the people around make a conclusion about his culture and respect for his native language.

It seems to many that "upon arrival" sounds clumsy, but nothing can be done - these are the rules. Take it easy gangster poems will help.

Processing cabbage from caterpillars: how and how to properly treat pests

Cabbage is a cultivated plant that can be found in every vegetable garden. This tasty and healthy vegetable is used for making salads and main dishes, pickles. However, gardeners do not always manage to harvest a good harvest due to the fact that cabbage is often affected by pests: slugs, snails, caterpillars. How to treat cabbage from caterpillars?

Basic information about culture

The Cabbage family consists of many varieties. Cabbage happens:

  1. Heady. This subgroup includes white-headed, red-headed, nodular
  2. Colored. The subgroup consists of cauliflower, broccoli, romanesco
  3. Kohlrabi. A plant that forms a turnip-like fruit on the surface. "Cabbage turnip" is used for making salads
  4. Savoy. A distinctive feature of this species is the terry structure of the leaves. Vegetables are used to prepare salads, hot dishes
  5. Beijing - an annual plant that is a rosette of leaves. Early ripening varieties are used for preparing salads, late ripening varieties - for fermentation and long-term storage
  6. Chinese - early ripening culture. Depending on the characteristics of the variety, it can be in the form of a head of cabbage or a loose rosette. The use of the vegetable is universal
  7. Sheet - a biennial plant that forms a stem in the first half of the growing season, 1.5-2.5 cm high, and in the second - 1-1.5 m peduncle. It is divided into flat-leaved and curly-leaved. It is mainly used to decorate various dishes.

Cabbage is divided not only into species, but also into varieties that are early, mid-ripening, late-ripening after the ripening period. There are both common varieties and varieties resulting from the crossing of two varieties. You should choose a type based on the characteristics of the species and your own needs.

How to process cabbage

The scoop, or as it is popularly called the cabbage, lays the larvae inside the heads of cabbage, so it is almost impossible to notice them in time. To protect the crop from these insects, gardeners resort to the following actions:

  • Aromatic herbs are planted in the aisles: marigolds, calendula, sage, dill, parsley. Due to this trick, the butterfly is not tempted to equip a home in such a "fragrant" place
  • Spread the crushed eggshells over the cabbage leaves. Seeing white pieces, the insect "thinks" that these landings are already taken and flies on in search of free plants
  • Pull the net over the bed. Fine mesh prevents cabbages from laying eggs on plants
  • Set up industrial and homemade traps near plants
  • Wrap the stalk with nettles. Crawling insects cannot climb the head of cabbage, as they are afraid of burns
  • Shallow grooves are made around the cabbage and filled with red pepper or lime.

How to grow Chinese cabbage at home

How to treat cabbage from slugs and caterpillars if pests are already eating their favorite vegetables with might and main? For this purpose, the following substances are suitable:

  • Vinegar. For 10 liters of water add 2 tbsp. 9% liquid or 2 tbsp. 70% vinegar essence. The working mixture is poured over the head of cabbage and leaves. It is impossible to use pure vinegar to fight insects, since the concentrate will not only kill pests, but also burn the leaves
  • Ammonia. In a standard bucket of water, dilute 50 g of alcohol
  • Mustard. 150 g dry powder per 10 l of water
  • Salt. In 10 liters of water, stir 2 tbsp. table salt. The solution is equally effective in killing slugs, caterpillars and snails, but you just need to make sure that each cabbage leaf is properly processed. Otherwise, the processing will have to be repeated.

In addition to the above methods, you can protect your garden crop with the help of such multicomponent solutions:

  • Soda and ash. Plants can be helped by simple, publicly available means. Flour is added to the powders and the plants are generously sprinkled until the dew has subsided. You can spray the cabbage with an ash solution: add 2 tbsp to a bucket of water. powder and 15 g of crushed laundry or liquid soap. It is this folk method that gardeners choose most often, since it is incredibly simple to perform.
  • Infusion of tomato tops. 600-700 g of stems are poured with a bucket of water and insisted for 2 days. To make the infusion better adhere to the leaves, add 40 g of soap. The agent is sprayed in the morning on a clear day.

What is the easiest way to save cabbage from slugs and caterpillars? Cabbage, in which heads of cabbage have already formed, are watered with water heated to a temperature of 40-50 C. Insects do not tolerate such a hot shower and die immediately.

Important! The sooner caterpillars or eggs are found, the easier it will be to get rid of them.

Chemical and biological products

How to grow Chinese cabbage outdoors

For the treatment of cabbage from slugs and caterpillars, chemistry is practically not used.

This is due to the fact that these pests practically do not react to the components that make up most insecticides.

The only chemical element that will help get rid of uninvited guests is mataldehyde. Such a substance is contained in the preparation Thunderstorm, Meta.

Note! The last processing is carried out no later than one month before the expected date of harvest. Depending on the duration of the growing season of a particular variety, the last spraying of late-ripening varieties falls in the time interval for August-September.

How to get rid of gluttonous caterpillars on cabbage? The toxic chemical is diluted according to the instructions of a particular agent.

Important! It is recommended to process cabbage with chemical agents in protective equipment.

For processing cabbage from all types of caterpillars, agents are used that include nematodes and bacteria. These drugs include Bitoxibacillin-BTU, Lepidotsid. The main condition for successful processing is that you need to spray not only plants, but also insects.

Prevention methods

How to plant Chinese cabbage

Fighting caterpillars and slugs is pretty hard. Therefore, in order not to spoil your nerves and not waste time on frequent treatments, which in the end may turn out to be useless, it is better to try to prevent the appearance of insects on the site. How to protect a cultivated plant:

  1. Remove leaves, branches and any other organic debris from the site
  2. Pull out weeds regularly. As a result of such manipulation, air permeability will improve, as a result of which the humidity in which slugs love to live will decrease. It is especially important to frequently carry out weeding in vegetable gardens located near water bodies.
  3. A mixture of wood ash and tobacco dust is poured into the grooves made around the cabbage.
  4. In autumn, when the harvest has already ended, organic residues are raked into heaps, carried away from cultivated plants and burned
  5. Tear off the lower leaves.

Important! In summer, when there is a strong heat, after watering the soil must be carefully loosened, since cracks are a favorite place for insects to settle.

Getting rid of pests is a rather troublesome process. Therefore, in order for a harmful slug and a voracious caterpillar to bypass the vegetable garden, it is better to carry out all possible preventive actions.

Plantings affected by gluttonous insects are recommended to be treated with folk remedies: a solution of ash, vinegar, infusions of aromatic herbs.

Homemade vegetables are supposed to be healthy, so the use of chemicals is not recommended.



Revealing the secrets of trendy EM drugs 3

Giant Cinnamon
will not become 4 summer resident 5
dwarf come in handy

2 COUNTRY KALEIDOSCOPE №12 (616) 2020 All year round: house, garden, vegetable garden

all year round - But what kind of Egypt is there? Three News
I dug a vegetable garden for the morning of the day, so I got a tan!
ÊÉ ÃÎÄ: ÄÎÌ,  ANY Whole park
DEPRESSION - Listen, chicken droppings
ÀÄ, ÐÎÄ ”Dear dear! Come tomorrow
WILL ALWAYS MEET To keep people at home,
WITH SMILE. sunbathe to me! who were going to celebrate
THINK, People and animals Walpurgis night (holiday
The catalog of WHAT YOU are of the spring), the authorities of the city of Lund
"Word of Russia" IDIOT, (Sweden) in advance
"Descriptive publications" AND RUNS. brought tons of chicken to the park
droppings and generously scattered
Ï3432ÏÎÄÏÈÑÍÎÉ him. As a result, walk and sit on
NOW the benches and the grass were no longer
okay. In addition, the products
vital activity of chickens useful
us for the soil.

Agency catalog Ê An elephant master from Thailand was carrying animals somewhere and got stuck in a traffic jam. Most
"Discussion" Another truck stopped nearby, in the back of which there was a vitamin
"Nothing. Æ "sugarcane shoots. Long trunks helped elephants sovertomat
sew the theft, and, until the cork resolved, they enjoyed a
31680ÏÎÄÏÈÑÍÎÉ paid delicacy. Other drivers laughed at the entrepreneurial
With the elephants and the unlucky chauffeur, who did not even realize that the tomato variety with an increased
he was robbed. content of vitamins and anti-
You can also subscribe on the website  Sonic Golden Retriever loves to walk alone and is highly oxidant of lycopene, which on the P3432 index is grateful to the owner for letting him go. In proof, it helps to reduce the level of cho-
thanks every time Sonic returns home blood Lesterine and improve
souvenirs: bones, sticks, packages, once Sonic had a general condition of blood vessels in his teeth
scissors. Once an animal came from the street with a plastic bucket and vessels. Fruits of a new variety
and the next day the dog handed the owner a chicken egg. Can only be simply necessary for residents
wondering where he got the treat. regions with disadvantaged
 A deer got stuck in a fence on one of the streets of Murmansk. Near non-ecological environment.
a crowd of onlookers gathered happily, but it was not possible to pull the deer out.
And then a pensioner appeared who lives in a house nearby, and in Tatarstan
She had dishwashing liquid in her hands. The woman smeared it with the seedlings distributed
deer, he slipped between the branches and fled into the forest.

Large bins by the President of the Republic of Ta-
Tarstan on the initiative of the Ministry of Agriculture
household goods of the Republic of Tatarstan was accepted
decision to allocate 10 million
rubles for the program

tions of vegetable seeds

ANCIENT AGRICULTURALS INVOLVED CARICENTAL PLANT. And only to the rural population. This is
BECOME BREEDERS, after hundreds of years it will become
SELECTING PLANTS WITH TASTY shish for the sake of getting tasty food for people in difficult conditions
FRUIT AND HIGH YIELD - root crops. economic situation
and support food
STEW. EVERY VEGETABLE PLANT The beet security of the republic was considered a symbol of quarrels.
HAS A LONG STORY. and the ancient Romans, but this is not
prevented them from adding it to kushatsy received 31 tons of onion sets,

nya. It was the Romans who began to drink - 1 ton of carrot seeds, 820 kg

Onion. In the Ancient monuments of the ancient Egyptians, to eat not only the root-seeds of beetroot and

It is said in Greece that they knew both the beet and the beet leaves. 162 thousand pieces of cabbage seedlings.

this vegetable was considered sacred. In the temple of Dahirel - the Roman emperor Tiberius in the Acute
plant: Leopard painted green ordered that the conquered by Rome

percept bulb - cucumbers are depicted together ancient Germans put - tomatoes
crumbled as a symbol with grapes. And in Grelyali there is a tribute in the form of beets.

Vselen- tion device during Go- prrmraoiiesgmmunterlyaevDrelyashartchniniyneeidvyvyyatalneoloyamiligseorchuerakermschznepegytsiulnednaapr.zhreii - mynpIbris.rsmyzslKeorochtoelbfueipvvkpvitudeziatsaae, rasllylrkpgvatssdarse.rkvyayaeyaztatoVgneivisvilmonmasksaSskki.bpvvtraandoiizOcheEychllryeduvminya ------ In the Siberian plant-NII
Noah. a measure of even creatures and selection deduced
there was a city variety of tomatoes with a spicy taste
At the festivities, Sikyon is “the city of catfish. The variety was named Pa-
in honor of the god Pan - cucumbers. " crumple Gubko, in honor of the outstanding
defender of forests and state breeder Valentina
fields - his sculpted Spinach. In Gubko. The fruits outwardly do not
images crumbled lu- The Middle Ages differ from the usual, but
com. But to use it in the inhabitants of Sicily taste. It is slightly sharp as
food was considered bad form and in Spain it was as if a tomato was sprinkled with pepper.
because of the persistent pungent odor. Spinach was eaten with According to experts,
Ancient Romans, who have pointed seeds

borrowed onions from the Greeks, by us, which in our wali, that this magic spicy tomatoes can

ate several times daily, you will not find it anymore. ny root grows on but for salting and cooking

to the bulbs. And so that there were no dishes at the French royal end of the world in the land of troglodytes. New property only

unpleasant smell, they seized the fashion for the use of spies in the yard - who vigilantly guard it, which will improve the taste of food by adding
its parsley and walnut leaves were introduced by the Italian Catherine, who raised the already piquancy even more.
some nuts. Medici. She demanded a rather high price for ginger.
spinach was served during
From the Romans, onions went to every meal. It is in Did you know that ...
the ancient Germans, who in the middle of the 16th century in Europe
adorned those who distinguished themselves in Chile, the spread of modern-  After the German bombing of London on September 20, 1940,
battles of heroes with flowers of onions. new varieties of spinach without bitterness, for the purpose of which Westminster Cathedral was, remained near it
wide leaves and a huge round funnel. She remained untouched for a long time, while watching
Cucumbers. Homeland of the cucumber seed. The cathedral did not have the ingenious idea to turn the funnel into a vegetable garden.
consider India, where they are still  The Vietnamese did the same when the American
since then one of his beets is found. In Ancient Persia, this Air Force dropped bombs on the territory of Laos, Vietnam and Cambodia.
wild species. And the images of the vegetable were considered a symbol of quarrels and the villagers turned them into ponds in which they bred fish.
cucumber on sacrificial gossip and used as a
lah meeting on

All year round: house, garden, vegetable garden №12 (616) 2020 3DACH KALEIDOSCOPE

Back my heart
large visual
my friend

A neighbor walked around the garden and knocked on
the lid of a large saucepan. Neighbor armed
hose, watered the sky.

Have mercy,  IN ANCIENT MASK NOT A MINUTE OF REST of weeds that does not want to sprout
mother carrot. And then they began to
dear! mom as your spouse. Okaza- we had PLAGUE DOCTORS The neighbors in the dacha on the left have strange things.
bees and radio. Both
An elderly woman appeared, that the young secretly entered- LONG BEAKS. In THEM it is a lot and loud. And on the right, a little At first, an incomprehensible
the daughter-in-law was not married 2 months ago and PLACED THE DRIED obliquely - a lovely meadow, a sound like the knock of a cook
rejoiced and refused, the wife settled on a removable MEDICINAL GROWS - where the cows graze, beautifully on the lid of the pan, then
accept a strange marriage. apartment. But soon the lease, IN ORDER TO PROTECT, bloom buttercups, chamomiles, sweet clover, it started to rain over one, separate
The spouses turned out to be a homeless person - he decided to evict all the houses - FROM INFECTIONS. and others smelling of honey but taken from a patch of cucumbers.
nym. people from home, and a young wife left flowers. This meadow and apple - Than the sky did not please the rest
nya by the fence, on which the neighbors have vegetables?
Ratna Bachchan from India asked to be on the street. Then the spouse hung up the speakers with restlessness-
the power of an adult son to go to the new radio, drastically changed mine I raised my head and looked
grocery store. And from him I understood that the time had come for - I'll tell you everything! country life. Because the radio was on the next site. Picture,
returning was horrified. notify the mother. Do not go to the fortuneteller! never falls silent, but the trajectory that opened up to me reminded
The man appeared not alone, but in the thorium movement of bees on the meadow, the work of Salvador Dali.
accompanied by a stranger, but an elderly woman appears in my garden. Prosh- The neighbor walked through the garden and the student-
torau presented shocked those glorious times when I chased a ladle on the lid
She was not happy with her daughter-in-law and could have a large pot with her head uncovered. Neighbor, in-
work quietly in the beds. armed with a hose, watered
refused to accept the strange flocks of drugged sweet heavens. And in it, right above that
the groin of the melilot bees hit the place where I had just hoped
marriage. The couple found themselves on my head again and again. And I went to find carrot sprouts,
when one of them bit me, a swarm of bees hung. He was like that
homeless, I intervened in the matter, I decided to seriously talk a huge
with a neighbor. the sun and gave me a thought
police. The authorities talked with the fact that the best dacha
“THIS IS DADDY'S BEES. Dykh is the hot coast of Turkey.
the owner of the same removable
“I can’t do this anymore.
apartments and asked him to live, - I said and IMAGED ...
decide for the newlyweds to live in la swollen left I sat on the sofa and
eye. - Put began to think about
her - at least until then, a fence two meters high and for how much to sell
tra and turn off your summer cottage. From my thoughts from-
moment until they find another radio. Otherwise, selling attracted a phone call.
dacha to bandits. " "Come out, don't fight-
new housing or while it is newly made, - cheerfully
But the neighbor helped the neighbor. -
Naya mother-in-law will not have mercy. I was a strong aunt - a swarm ran away to us, we
blackmail was not led, but they portrayed a thunderstorm. Bees
The producers knew they were in love with bees and they sat on your tree, now
EM fertilizers usually keep the radio. And as a compromise, we will take them into the box. So
the secret of the composition of their drugs. sa promised to make music that come out already, go look for your
quieter and asked not to be afraid of carrots. " Here is the big-eyed,
Small Their analogs, which will be 10 st.spoons of chalk or lime (they are bees. Then I looked into mine, I thought and looked out the window.
greedy to get along with the same properties, reduce the level of acidity) and full of panic in the right eye, when- Neighbor climbed on my cherry plum
you can prepare your own - pour in the mother culture. The container carried a three-liter jar of honey and collected it by hand into a box.
Children need an eye and an eye. but. Boil 150 g of rotten food, put it in a warm place and na- and she said that dad told her. Then she called me again.
This rule is forever learned but not moldy hay in 1 liter cover to prevent sharing honey with neighbors. And “There are a few of them in the tree.
Egor Serov from Barnaul, after water, adding 1 tsp. fall of direct sunlight. in general, these are daddy's bees, all elk. We will leave the box under
after his 4-year-old son Anton spooned chalk. When boiled, die. After 3 days, the working solution is ready, thirty-seven hives. And in her eyes, okay? The bees themselves into it
made in the online store, most of the harmful tanks are forgotten, and they can be sprayed with plants. there were tears. fly in. And you, most importantly, do not be afraid
kaz. The boy got a good amount of terium and mushrooms, but spores of hay. Especially well this fertilizer they do not bite! " Damn it
grocery basket: there were chopsticks remain alive. The solution increases the yield of cucumbers. I had to redraw this carrot with a hail, I decided
sweets, cakes, 184 apels - put in a warm, dark place. fick of gardening works. I went to fry pancakes.
sina, 11 packs of pine nuts - After 3 days on the surface according to the Second recipe: pour into a barrel - even began to find charm In the evening, when I drank tea
kov and much more. When the film appears, which is formed by those 6 buckets of chopped weeds in such an early awakening. and saw enough of a neighbor, la-
the child was asked why he spores sticks. This is a signal to that (nettles, chamomile, plantain and Yes, and the bees got used to me, hither and thither on my cherry plum,
so many products, small that the uterine culture is ready. celandine). Add 2 buckets of room - no one else bites. I decided to go home straight. And then there is
the greedy man replied: “That there was a post and 1/2 bucket of ash and fill my garden idyll in honey there was a knock on the door. I opened
more than other children. Use it to prepare the races 2/3 with water. Insist 2 ne-tones. But soon she almost froze: on the threshold stood
the creator that will use - del. The resulting concentrate collapsed. neighbor. "Help yourself," said
for processing and watering, dilute with water (1:10) and fertilize it and handed me a plate with
tenii. In a wide container, hollow vegetables. HUGE ROY of honey. And I thought: maybe
live 1 kg of rotten hay, pour VISEL IN THE SKY, I also have bees, so that more
a bucket of hot water, add O.D.Sokolov, was the doctor more fun?
biological sciences One fine summer Anna Vedenina (from the site)
day, armed with binoculars,
I went to look in the thickets

4 HARVEST BEDS №12 (616) 2020 All year round: house, garden, vegetable garden

Your questions - We are in a hurry to help (condensation), then we need agril.
our answers Your cucumbers have not wilted because
It’s in vain that you started using aggregate.
To the questions of the readers of the newspaper “All year round: home, garden, you blame the agril Surely you are planting cucumbers
vegetable garden "answers the doctor of agricultural in one place for several years.
Sciences Alexander Semenovich Belenko. Growing cucumbers all the time Diseases have accumulated, in particular
under the film, and last year root rot. At least
Where did the tomato plant residues come from  ANY SALADS - SHEET- switched to agril. My cucumber, all the symptoms that you
treat with "Karbofos", YOUNG OR NUMBERS - the ki began to wither, the leaves were hanging, they were very similar to the
double flowers? "Decis" or "Intavir" (by ALL IS NOT NECESSARY as rags. After watering, signs of infection of root rot
GROW BEFORE RECEIVING recovered for a short time, but pour. Change landing site. BUT
Tomatoes bloomed well in spring - instructions). KOCHAN OR STANDARD then again. Why? After all, against root rot,
SOCKETS. both film and agril recommend plants with “Glyocladin”.
you, but there were terry Surprised radishes for growing early This is a biological product in
flowers What you need with them  ALL SALADS ARE GOOD for vegetables. tablets. Under each plant,
IN FOOD AND YOUNG, without waiting for illness, put
do? Root crops of radish grew ABOUT LN Vaishnur, those 1 tablet each.
OF Milyutin, incomprehensible: some are too 3-4 WEEKS AFTER SEEDING. Mari El
Astana is large, while others are very shallow.
At the film and agril, completely mulch the soil and keep
Double flowers need common. Why? different functions. If you want it moderately moist. A drug
shelter plants from precipitation, not dangerous, cucumbers can be eaten
use a film cover. even on the day of processing.
If you want to protect from
frost, scorching sun, I.S.Starygin,
excess moisture in the greenhouse agronomist

pluck, since the fruits that R.S.Epifanova,

they are tied, the Nizhny Novgorod region grows. Signature will not be a shortcut

deformed. But from them the Superlarge radish grew

you can not collect seeds, which melt on a waterlogged, over-

no matter how large and tasty they are or the soil saturated with organic matter.

were. Such tomatoes can be different- Small roots are formed,

what to use for food. on the contrary, on the ground with a lack of

How to feed a lump of moisture and nutrition. Often I have learned to grow kohlrabi cabbage, each with organic and mineral water. First
such a woody radish inside

cabbage? three, and there is his almost trick which weighs 5 kilograms. Although before my time I give a divorced (1: 2) re-
possibly. surpassed dung (not mullein). His
my favorite variety Gigant did not pull on the heroic variety; I stand it in a large container
This year, for the first time, I decided to crack the result - I gave turnips weighing at least 2.5 kilograms. 4-5 days, then diluted from races
grow redhead

cabbage. But for some reason, plants are physalis berries. PRICE OF A PRINTING A couple of 1 liter of infusion for 5 liters of water. Second
then they grow weakly. Than their sub-diseases. True, if I watered, once I feed Agricola or

feed? Everyone in our family loves ma- And then one day, when disembarking, it is abundant. other fertilizer containing

OA Lapteva, rinated vegetable fiza-gardens of white cabbage me GROWING macro- and microelements.
a thought struck. I asked myself
Altai Krai of foxes. But for some reason, the last question is: “Why am I STORING the seedlings?

Red cabbage - berries are usually cracked. How do I grow kohlrabi? On the

white-headed tree, but more what is the reason? I definitely pinch the seedlings I sow the seeds I store the kohlrabi on the

demanding VD Osyanniko - 1.5 cm central root? " from the end of February to the maple loggia. Even

to fertility  AT LANDING, Stavropol- I think and give myself the answer: “To March 10th. I try if the winter is cold and
soils that do not cross the CELDIAR region
Ray is not acidic rapidly increasing root Cu seed as possible chkdtooolVchs6e1ro2m0ao pm0bto8v igtg0erv% stkeiosabtdtspanveuumourtsesoizhtttchyniinabt.oosSyyal, eezhgirotmteneklnnekoaloieorkD, chtvzamsenlstnkpevsoyayaeuuiontgrtsiddvob, yathchouonuehkeuvletrvovttkeeaslusyaiesnyastschrneorpskhdyanviaorllybik.shdoaiiiyah -----
soils and duration- DEPTH- Physalis vegetable stem, so that cabbage gets from less often, pre-
noisy heat. BETTER UPPER- lately, the earth has more useful substances by firmly holding
she grows with a NUDE KIDNEY. C attracts many and moisture. " And since cabbage is 2-3 hours of seeds
temperature of SUCH GROWS - gardeners. This genus is a moisture-loving vegetable, I seem to be in solution
plus 15-18 ° С, NO CHERRY tomato, but every year grows large and of any kind
demanding KOV NORMAL - more resistant to dense heads of cabbage. growth simulator:
to watering and not the main diseases - "Kornevina",
feed. ONLY - GET, Then, when planting seedlings of "Heteroauxin",
I pinched this kohlrabi cabbage at Ecosil. Priming
Use nitrogen ROOT. tours. Physalis 10 root bushes. Marked
fertilizers, photophilous, not
it overwhelms them, planted them separately, all summer I buy for seedlings together with stumps,
confusion. And you,
watched the plants in the store. Sprinkle with slightly damp when sowing

they grow vigorously, as I add seeds to the ground with wood, and put them in good

the harvest will apparently be carried away by their roots. ash. Top dressing of seedlings ventilated cellar.

poorly stored, will be reduced by irrigation, and you are "helped" by the dozh- And if all the rest, I plant only once for all the time.
by me in the usual way, without her staying in the apartment.
resistance to diseases and pests. di and cold nights. Make

They walk over the bed with physalis, the roof, pinching the root, have grown in weight I plant the garden from 1 to Late-ripening high-yielding
cellophane and do not water
no more than 2.5 kg, then the experiment is on May 15. If the crops of seedlings are semi- (from full shoots to harvesting

not only melon plants. The growing fruits of thawed 10 plants shocked the thickened ones, I break them, it takes 95-105 days) grade
will be whole.
the size of their heads, not only leaving the strongest razor-kohlrabi The giant gives stem fruits

Can the melon aphid on- How to keep me, but also the neighbors. tenia. In the garden I feed a whitish-green color. Pulp -
throw themselves at the plants, don't
Their weight was kohlrabi after 10-12 days, white, tender, juicy, sweet

are pumpkin moisture? from 4 to 5 kilos, with a high content
grams. And these are vitamins, enzymes,

I.S.Usoltsev, We have soil on the site with a large

Tver region with a high content of sand, ridges - that the summer was of new substances, including

Despite the name, these ki dry up quickly. How roast and sour cal-

an insect can a parasitic organism retain moisture longer? dry, dosage.

grow on plants of 25 families. Yu.S. Sieber, we have all A.I. Mu-

It can be found on tomatoes, Yaroslavl region. the season is almost not ravtsov

eggplant, pepper, dill, pestilence- There are many ways: mulched, it was, I watered (from the site)

covey beans. row spacing with straw, the plants are very

To get rid of these organic grass, peat, a little bit due to

insects, spray the plants with pus. You can shelter her

those with infusions of garlic, leaves of any non-woven material.

dandelion, horseradish roots, tops It lets air through, preserves

tomatoes and potatoes, dehydrates with decoctions, protects against

marigolds, tansy, wormwood, onion-cold dew, and tomatoes - from

husk howl. At the end of the vegetative phytophthora.

All year round: house, garden, vegetable garden №12 (616) 2020 5

Add a little bit of grain to the world

WILL SCARE HARMFUL INSECTS. There is an opinion that everything
Natural substances have been made into useful inventions.
natal floriculture, use lans by lazy people, striving
trying to make life easier for themselves.
Natural is preferable to chemical In order not to overstrain, fer-
4 aspirin tablets (acetylsalis- fertilizers and pesticides.measures from China came up with a fancy
cast structure. Now with
tsilic acid fungicide), 2 tbsp. spoons Hardly endured the winter with the help of a frame on wheels he
ground cinnamon, 1 liter of settled weakened plants can be moved between the beds
in the supine position. It is much
The scent of cinnamon that I love is water.Grind and mix aspirin, making it easier around the perimeter than walking on your own
them, every now and then bend over and sa-
ants do not tolerate shate with cinnamon, fill the pot with water and pour it into a squatting position.

and midges. If you sprinkle the soil, stir and leave overnight. go to 1 st. spoon in advance

around the favorite insects - In the morning, into the prepared infusion of the prepared solution. For this

mi plants, they will bypass place the cuttings for 1.5-2 hours in 1 liter of warm water, dissolve 1 tbsp.

by his side. and plant. a spoonful of cinnamon powder and infusion

It often happens that it is sown - If you have seedlings with an open vayte for 1 day in a warm place.

seeds or planted with a root system, then before transplanting indoor plants

the garden is attacked by molds. cage its roots in aspitenia lightly sprinkle the roots over Potatoes Godzilla

If, during sowing, add a little rhin-cinnamon infusion for 2 hours a cinnamon grove, and a flower

cinnamon powder in the planting If the seedlings are in an individual pot at the very bottom, put

groove, and when planting seedlings, then for each plant 2 tbsp. spoons of spices. More and more people being Brown is no exception,
in self-isolation, ordering food that's just another delivery
dy - into the hole, you can save 1 hour before disembarking, pour 2-3 tbsp. If you notice on the plant on the internet. American Naomi surprised the customer a lot.
Among the products ordered by her
your plants. spoons of infusion. The remaining medium - traces of fungus or mold, was replaced by a kilogram of sweet

Water the bed with stimulant. the soil in the pots and sprinkle it with potatoes, but the woman
cinnamon. Powder the parts with her that one giant
tuber weighing exactly
root formation In the garden and vegetable garden, plants on which 1 kilogram was found. Naomi okre-
causative agents of the disease. Similar style potatoes
Godzilla and long
If you decide to plant a cut-when pruning trees and handicraft, you can cultivate the land did not dare to use
enjoy miracles
ki for rooting, but there are no nicks at hand, removal of stepchildren, in the garden or in the greenhouse. Brown specimen in
food. But then
turned out to be a stimulant in the root of the weed or transplant, and the tsa would stop growth and still cooked from
his soup is delicious,
education, sprinkle with damp pruning indoor flowers can multiply dangerous mushrooms. I want to eat!
S. P. Abazov,
cuttings with ground cinnamon and boldly accidentally damage the plants. Doctor of Biology

plant in the ground. Cuttings ho- sprinkle damage with powder of science

take root well, because this cinnamon, the wounds will quickly heal.

ness has a powerful stimulus -  TO SAVE A ROOM PLANT FROM INFECTIOUS-
by the leading action.
For the seedlings of quickly presses and fungal diseases, it is enough 1 TIME PER MONTH
las, prepare a powerful incentive - SPRAY ON TOP ON THE SOIL 1/2 TEA. POWDER SPOONS

growth regulator. You will need: Cinnamon and WATER AS USUAL.

Medium early variety
ripening period, z- Early middle, uni-
bridge-resistant, resistant to versal, winter-hardy
drought, disease and cue, drought tolerant
pests. Medium bush - variety. Included in the State
not overgrown, weakly
disty, compact. register for West
Berries weighing up to 2.8 g, Siberian region.
black, rounded, with Berries weighing up to 1 g,
thin skin, sweet-sour-sweet, with
cues. Productivity with a delicate aroma,
puts 5-8 kg with one purple-blue,
leg bush. crumbling of medium
nya. Medium shoots,
straight, brown,
slightly pubescent, ma-

Parthenocarpic TREASURE Super early variety,
hybrid. Plants are strong - High-yielding variety, yield - the harvest ripens before
tall, with good resistance to major diseases 65-70 days with
agricultural technology in every tomato plant, first of all, the planting cop. Club-
node form 5-8 and top rot and cracks - rounded, large,
lee ovaries. Fruiting fruit. Bush up to 150 g in height, with
sowing begins after 41 to 180 centimeters. The fruits are creamy skinned and
43 days after germination. oval, red to fine yellow flesh. Under
Zelentsy are short, white-violet stripes, weighing one bush you can
spiky, not oversized for a long time, up to 120 grams. It's great to find 10-12 pieces. Co-
melt. The hybrid is resistant to rubbing in salads and billets. keeping starch in
the main diseases of cucumbers - tubers - 10-16%.
tsov, the fruits are different
good keeping quality.

6 HARVEST BEDS №12 (616) 2020 All year round: house, garden, vegetable garden

Frequency After
ìû ñ with a mullein -
under the lamp
Do-it-yourself "YES, RAY", To charge the seeds
vegetables with useful substances
WHAT I LIKE. I lower it by sowing for 10-15 minutes

then I hold a minute under ultra-

such processing of seedlings is not

up to the shoulders
do not cut

"ÄÎÎÃÌÎ, ÐÑÎÀÄÄ", Earlier before the landing
coy shallots on

Clematis dries and turns yellow: how to quickly revive and save a plant

There can be many reasons why clematis turns yellow and dries. It is important to install them as soon as possible in order to fix the problem and quickly revive the plant. So, for example, dangerous fungal and viral diseases that cause yellowing of leaves can lead not only to the death of clematis itself, but also to the infection of neighboring plants.

Why do clematis leaves turn yellow and dry

There are many factors due to which the leaves of clematis can dry and turn yellow. These include the presence of various diseases, pest damage, improper planting and plant care. For the treatment to be effective, first of all, you need to find out the reason why clematis turns yellow.

Improper fit and care

Improper care, especially non-compliance with watering recommendations, can cause clematis to turn yellow. With a lack of water, the leaves do not receive a sufficient amount of nutrients and wither, and with an excess of water, the root system suffers, the shoots become weak and susceptible to various diseases.

The correct planting of clematis is equally important. Lianas should not be located in areas with a high level of groundwater: this can cause rotting of the roots and cause the leaves to turn yellow.

The optimal time for planting seedlings in the ground is spring or autumn; when planting, it is recommended to avoid open windy areas and shaded areas. The soil should not be too heavy or acidic.

Lack of nutrients

Sometimes clematis turn yellow due to nutrient deficiencies. Top dressing is an integral part of plant care. Clematis need a whole complex of mineral fertilizers, consisting of:

Plants use zinc in the process of photosynthesis: that is why, with a lack of this substance, clematis turns yellow. To prevent this from happening, the bush is fed with zinc sulfate. With a lack of nitrogen, the foliage acquires a reddish-yellow tint; humus, manure or peat are usually used to replenish it.

Lack of iron provokes the development of chlorosis, in which the vine turns yellow from top to bottom. To remedy the situation, iron chelate is usually added. At the same time, all clematis leaves turn yellow with a deficiency of manganese, which is replenished by the introduction of manganese sulfate (potassium permanganate). Due to the excess of organic fertilizers, there may be a shortage of copper, in which copper sulfate is introduced into the soil.

If small, gradually growing, yellow spots begin to appear on the leaf blades, and the tips of clematis leaves dry and curl up, it lacks magnesium.You can save the plant with the addition of the sulfate of the same name.

The appearance of yellow spots only at the edges of the plates of young leaves indicates a lack of sulfur. In this case, the vine is fertilized with calcium sulfate or ammonium.

Pest attack

The reason that clematis turns yellow may be caused by pests. The most dangerous for vines are:

  • slugs and snails eating foliage during spring
  • beet aphid that lives on the underside of leaves and sucks juices out of them
  • various types of caterpillars damaging the ground parts of the plant
  • nematodes that damage both underground and surface parts.

Large pests are harvested by hand. Further, clematis needs to be treated with specialized insecticides, such as, for example, Agrovertin. You can also use folk remedies, of which the most effective are:

Fungal diseases

Another reason why clematis leaves dry and turn yellow is often fungal microorganisms that cause wilt, leaf spots, rust and necrosis. Despite all the variety of fungal diseases, the result is the same, with full compliance with the care requirements, clematis turns yellow and withers.

Wilt (wilt)

Wilt is manifested by wilting of young shoots, leaves and flowers. In favorable conditions, such as high humidity, pathogenic fungi of the genus Phomopsis, living in the soil, penetrate into the stems. Fungal spores grow in the shoots, thereby impairing the permeability of conducting tissues, as a result of which metabolic processes are disturbed, a deficiency of moisture and nutrients occurs, clematis turns yellow.

First, the disease affects the roots, and after that it passes to the aerial parts. If you look closely, you can find small black specks on clematis, which are the fruiting bodies of the fungus. The causative agent of wilt can also be a fungus such as Fusarium, which also penetrates the roots and spreads throughout the plant through conductive tissues.

Wilt is considered the most dangerous fungal disease for clematis. It begins to manifest itself during the flowering of the vine. It is almost impossible to save a diseased plant, since the focus of infection is located at the lower internode, located directly above the soil or inside it.


The appearance of orange-yellow spots on the leaves of clematis in early spring indicates that the flower is damaged by rust. Clematis does not die from rust immediately: the damaged foliage gradually dries up and turns yellow, the new one grows, but soon repeats the sad fate of its predecessors.

If the disease was noticed in time, there is a high probability of saving the vine. To prevent clematis from drying out, when the first spots appear, all affected parts are removed, and clematis is treated with a 2% solution of Bordeaux liquid or oxychom.

If the disease has spread and was discovered too late to save clematis, its shoots must be cut at the root. This will lead to a lack of flowering next year, but it will save the plant. Next, you need to remove the weeds growing nearby, as they can also be infested. All collected parts are burned.

Spots on the leaves

If the process of leaf wilting begins with the formation of small spots, spreading throughout the plant in a short time, and clematis turns yellow, the fungal organisms are to blame. There are several species of fungal diseases characterized by the appearance of spots on the leaves:

  • septoria - spots of a grayish tint, have a red edging
  • cylindrosporium - ocher staining
  • askokhits - dark, brown spots.

Treat these diseases with drugs high in copper. It is important to remove the affected parts in time to prevent the spread of fungal spores to healthy shoots. In the spring and autumn, a preventive treatment with copper sulfate is mandatory.


A disease such as necrosis is caused by a fungus from the genus Alternaria, which is a harmless saprotroph and usually feeds on old, dying parts of the plant. But sometimes, in a favorable environment, this fungus is activated, and then clematis begins to dry prematurely and turn yellow.

When the first signs appear, diseased shoots are removed, not forgetting to burn. Liana is treated with copper sulfate.

Viral disease

From viral diseases, clematis can be threatened by the yellow mosaic virus, when damaged, the leaves begin to discolor and turn yellow, losing the green pigment they contain, which is responsible for the processes of photosynthesis. As a result, the processes of organic nutrition are disrupted, and the plant dies. Insects such as aphids, ticks and caterpillars are carriers of the yellow mosaic virus.

It will not work to cure clematis infected with yellow mosaic. As a preventive measure, they are treated with insecticides from sucking insects, spreading the virus.

The most effective remedies:

  • potash soap
  • colloidal sulfur
  • Karbofos.

How to protect clematis from disease

The main prevention of clematis diseases is the correct choice of a planting site, adherence to care recommendations, moderate and regular watering.

Mulching helps to retain moisture in the soil: for this, as a rule, they use rotted manure mixed with peat in proportions of 10: 1, but you can use other components, such as sand and ash, taken in the same proportions.

When a hard crust forms on the surface of the soil, the earth is loosened. This procedure improves the access of moisture and air to the roots.

It is extremely important to carry out preventive measures, including:

  • checking and treating seedlings with disinfectants before planting
  • regular inspection of shoots for the presence of pests and foci of diseases
  • removal of diseased parts
  • spring and autumn soil treatment with Fundazol solution (2 g per 1 l of water).


If clematis turns yellow and dries, first of all, it is necessary to understand the reasons for such changes. It is likely that the vine can still be saved, especially if it is due to improper care or if the disease was detected in the early stages. The key to healthy plants is regular preventive treatments.

How to process cabbage from caterpillars with folk remedies - how to get rid of caterpillars on cabbage - Garden and vegetable garden


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