Cherry Ovstuzhenka is a wonderful culture that will adorn any garden. This variety is appreciated by gardeners for its early ripening and bountiful harvest. Delicious and healthy desserts are obtained from its berries, which households will certainly like.
The culture was bred by crossing the Leningradskaya black and Kompaktnaya Venyaminova varieties. In 2001, it was entered in the State Register and zoned for the Central Region. The authorship belongs to M.V. Kanshina.
Cherry Ovstuzhenka is small in size, reaches a height of no more than 4 m. The crown is dense, spherical in shape. Shoots are straight, brown colored. The buds are large with pointed ends, conical or egg-shaped. Leaves are oval, large, green in color, serrated along the edges. The base of the plate is rounded, the tip is pointed. Petioles are short, of medium thickness.
Ovstuzhenka - early ripening and fruitful variety of sweet cherry
The flowers are large, 3 pieces are formed in the inflorescences. The rim is saucer-shaped, the calyx is glass-shaped. Fruit ovaries are formed on bouquet branches. Ovstuzhenka berries are large in size, their weight reaches 4–7 g. Cherries of a round shape, dark burgundy color. Peduncles are of medium length. The stone is light brown in color and ovoid. Its upper part is pointed, and its base is rounded. It separates from the pulp easily. The berries do not crack. Cherry begins to bear fruit from 4–5 years.
The pulp is juicy, sweet, tinged with a dark red color, and has a moderate density. The concentration of dry matter in berries reaches 17.2-17.7%, acids 0.4%, sugars 11.6%, vitamin C 13.4 mg per 100 g. Tasting score of Ovstuzhenka fruits is 4.5-4.7 points of 5. The variety is distinguished by high winter hardiness and large fruits.
|immunity to coccomycosis and moniliosis||low self-pollination|
|large size of berries|
|stable fruiting and good yields - up to 30 kg per tree|
|resistance of fruits to transportation|
|compact size of trees, which saves space on the site|
|resistance of berries to cracking|
Ovstuzhenka variety tolerates winter well and pleases with a stable harvest
To obtain high yields, pollinators are planted next to cherries:
Despite the winter hardiness of Ovstuzhenka, a site protected from the north wind is selected for her. Also, the culture should be well lit by the sun. A suitable location would be a south or southwest slope. It is desirable that the site is located on a small hill. In the absence of such a terrain, it can be created artificially, that is, to raise the soil level by 0.5 m.
To plant cherries, you need loamy or sandy loam soil.
In cold regions, planting is carried out in the spring (before the buds swell), and in the southern and middle lane the tree is planted in October... Sweet cherries should grow in sandy loam or loamy soils. The permissible groundwater level is 1.5 m.
Clay, peat and sandy soils are not suitable for crops. But they can be used subject to a certain rule. In sandy soil, 2 buckets of clay are poured on the bottom of the pit before planting, and in clayey - a similar amount of sand.
At least 2-3 pollinating varieties should be planted near the Ovstuzhenka cherry.
You also need to choose the right planting material. Cherries are recommended to be purchased in special nurseries. It should be a one-year or two-year-old seedling with a center conductor and many shoots.... It is in the presence of such signs that the correct crown will form in the tree in the future and it will branch well. Sweet cherries without the main conductor can break under the weight of the berries during fruiting. The vaccination site should be clearly visible on the tree. This is an indication that the seedling is varietal.
If the plant was bought in the fall, and planting is planned for the spring, it must be dug into a shallow hole at an angle of 45°. The tree is laid so that the top is directed to the south. Sprinkle the root system with soil, cover the branches with sand. In winter, snow is shoveled onto the seedling, which will help protect it from frost.
For spring planting, preparatory work is carried out in the fall, with autumn planting - in 10-14 days. The cherry pit should have a width of 80 cm and a depth of 1 m.A mixture of:
The hole should be one third full.
If the roots of the seedling are dry, they should be immersed in water at room temperature for 10 hours before planting.
Ostuzhenka is planted in pre-fertilized soil
Landing is done in the following sequence:
After planting is complete, the first pruning is carried out. At the cherry, 3-4 of the most developed branches are left, the rest are completely removed. At the same time, stumps should not remain. The main guide is shortened so that it is 20 cm longer than the uppermost shoot.
Sweet cherry belongs to moisture-loving crops, therefore, its development directly depends on timely watering... The procedure is carried out:
Water consumption per tree is 15–20 liters. The next day, after each watering, the soil in the near-trunk circle is loosened to a depth of 8–10 cm. This procedure is also carried out after rains.
For cherries, it is important to observe timely watering.
With water-charging irrigation (2 weeks before the onset of frost), the rate is increased to 60–70 liters. This procedure should not be neglected. Watering in autumn helps the cherry to endure the winter more easily. In frosty weather, moisture evaporates from the crown. But if it is in the soil, this situation is not dangerous for the tree. Moisture through the root system enters the crown, which helps prevent freezing of the tree. Water is fed into circular grooves 25–30 cm deep dug around the trunk.
Do not water the cherries in the second half of July and in August, this will slow down the development of shoots and reduce the frost resistance of the tree.
Cherries begin to feed from 2 years of age. The first fertilizer should be urea:
Top dressing will allow you to get a better crop
In the fourth year, in March-April, cherries are again fertilized with urea.
In the fifth year, the sweet cherry begins to bear fruit. In spring feeding, the amount of urea is increased to 300 g. In the fall, the tree is fertilized by adding 200–250 g of potassium salt and 400 g of granular superphosphate to the soil. Once every two years, when digging a near-trunk circle, 50 kg of humus or compost are added to the soil.
Tree pruning is performed annually, the purpose of which is to give the crown the necessary shape and ensure uniform lighting of the shoots. The procedure is performed in the spring (before the start of sap flow) or in the fall (in October-November). With the onset of the second year, all increments are shortened by half. This will improve the formation of side shoots on which the crop will ripen.
Scheme for the correct molding of the cherry crown
The best option for the cherry crown is a measured tiered shape. To form it, gardeners perform the following manipulations:
After pruning, all existing damage to the bark must be treated with garden varnish. It is prepared from:
The components are melted separately, then combined into a common mass.
Despite the fact that breeders position the Ovstuzhenka variety as frost-resistant, it is still advisable to prepare the tree for the winter period. To do this, you need to do a few simple manipulations:
Do not wrap trees with artificial material, as moisture accumulates under it.
The Ovstuzhenka variety is resistant to one of the most common cherry diseases - coccomycosis and moniliosis. However, there are a number of ailments that can seriously harm the culture.
|Scab||Spraying the tree during the formation of buds, after flowering and harvesting with a solution of copper oxychloride (40 g per 10 liters of water) or 1% Bordeaux liquid.|
|Mosaic disease||Yellow stripes appear on the leaf plates, as a result of which they curl, acquire a brown color and die off.||Uprooting and destruction of diseased trees.||Planting healthy seedlings.|
|Mosaic ringing||Green or white rings form on the leaves, in the middle of which tissue subsequently dies off and holes appear.|
|Gum therapy||Isolation on the trunk of the gum.||Removal of gum and treatment of the affected area with 1% copper sulfate.||Compliance with the rules of agricultural technology.|
|Pests||Signs||Ways to fight||Prophylaxis|
|Cherry aphid||The pest sucks the juice from the leaves, which leads to their blackening and drying.||Spraying with the appearance of pests with Iskra or Inta-vir (1 tablet per 10 liters of water).||Pruning and burning root shoots in early spring, where the pest lays most of the eggs.|
|Cherry fly||The larvae of the pest settle in the fruit, as a result of which the pulp becomes very soft.|
|False tinder||Destruction of affected trees.|
|Sulfur-yellow tinder fungus||Cracks form in the wood, it disintegrates easily.|
Ovstuzhenka berries ripen in early June. The productivity of one sweet cherry can vary from 15 to 30 kg. When harvesting, the fruits are not separated from the stalk, this helps to increase the shelf life. Then the cherries are sorted out, the damaged berries are laid separately. The harvest is stored for 5–6 days at a humidity of 85–90% and a temperature of + 3–5 ° С.
Ovstuzhenka makes delicious and aromatic seasonal preparations.
Ostuzhenka can be called a universal sweet cherry. Its fruits are consumed fresh and used for making fruit purees, juices, preserves, compotes, jellies, and baking fillings. Also, berries can be frozen, which will save them until next season. To do this, the cherries are separated from the stalks, washed, dried, laid out in one layer on a tray and sent to a chamber with a temperature of -18-23 ° C. When the berries are frozen, they are poured into plastic bags and stored in the freezer.
Cherry Ovstuzhenka can be attributed to the fruitful and unpretentious varieties. The culture is resistant to some fungal diseases. Subject to all agrotechnical requirements, abundant fruiting is observed.
It is recommended to plant cherries in the northern regions in the spring, and in the southern ones - in the fall.Planting of seedlings is carried out in dry, calm weather.
Planting material is best purchased from nurseries or garden stores.
The main indicators of a quality seedling:
Two-year-old zoned seedlings tolerate changing conditions more easily and take root better.
The roots of the seedlings should be strong, light cream in color when cut
Cherry Ovstuzhenka is recommended to be planted on the south side of the garden, with free access to sunlight. Areas with fertile light soil with good air permeability are suitable. Sweet cherry grows well on loamy and sandy soils.
The approach of groundwater should not be higher than 1.5 m. At a closer location, a drainage ditch is dug.
Sweet cherries are demanding on the nutrient composition of the soil, therefore, it is necessary to prepare the planting holes in advance. If the site is clayey, regardless of the season, 2 buckets of sand are poured onto the bottom of the pit.
Before planting, the seedlings are cleaned of green leaves. The root is dipped in a clay mash for several hours.
When planting several trees, a distance of at least 3-4 m should be observed between them.
In order for the root collar to be at the level of the soil, raise the seedling by 6-7 cm during planting, over time the soil will settle down a little
Planting and caring for cherries of the considered variety are similar to these measures in the case of other varieties intended for cultivation in the climatic conditions of the middle lane.
Even cold-resistant varieties of sweet cherries, in contrast to pome-bearing varieties (apples, pears), try not to plant in the middle lane in the fall. The best time to plant Astakhov's pet is spring: the event should be held after the soil has completely thawed, but before the buds bloom on the seedling. The threat of severe frost should be over by the day of planting. In central Russia, this cherry is usually planted in the first half of April.
For planting cherries in the garden, choose the warmest place protected from the winds. The tree should be well lit by the sun. The best choice is a southern slope, but not steep. Groundwater should be no closer than one and a half meters from the surface, swampy places should be completely prohibited. It may be necessary to specially equip a fill hill for cherries. The best soil is neutral, breathable, fertile, of average composition (sandy loam or loam).
Cherries are planted in a sunny place, but without shelter from the winds, in the middle lane it will feel uncomfortable
A pit for spring planting must be prepared in the fall: after all, it must stand for some time with the fertilized soil poured into it, so that microorganisms start to work, saturate the soil with useful organic substances, and in the spring it is very difficult to dig a hole. Therefore, in the fall, when there is time, they dig a hole up to half a meter deep, about 80 cm long and wide.
A pit for planting cherries is prepared according to the general rules, but it is made more in length and width than in depth
The preparation of the planting pit is carried out in the usual way: the lower, infertile layer is removed from the site, and fertilizers are added to the fertile soil and returned to the pit. As fertilizers for a seedling Lyubimitsy Astakhov use 1.5-2 buckets of humus and 1.5-2 liters of wood ash. They try not to use mineral fertilizers during planting, later they are used for fertilizing, but on poor soils it will be useful to immediately add 100–120 g of superphosphate. If the soil is heavy (which is highly undesirable), they dig a hole a little deeper in order to pour a drainage layer on the bottom with a layer of 8-10 cm - pebbles, gravel, just coarse sand.
It is believed that buying seedlings in the spring is risky: you can run into a re-grading. But if a cherry tree is bought in the fall, it still needs to be preserved until spring. It is best to dig in the seedling according to all the rules on the site. However, it will be safer to find a good nursery or a reputable store and purchase a seedling after all in the spring, just before planting. Two-year-olds take root best of all. The seedling should not have significant damage, the roots should be resilient and healthy.
Upon arrival in the spring at the site:
The composition of clay and mullein, applied to the roots, greatly facilitates the survival of seedlings
Before planting cherries, a stake is driven into the hole, which will support the seedling for several years.
It is important when planting to ensure that ultimately the root collar is at the level of the soil.
The known method "figure eight" guarantees the strength of tying and the integrity of the stem of the seedling
If two buckets of water go into the ground quickly, more water may be needed.
When planting in spring, a large layer of mulch is not needed: its role is only to prevent excessive drying out of the soil
Do not be afraid to cut the seedling after planting: it will be worse if weak roots do not "stretch" too much aboveground part
In order to always be with the harvest, cherries must be planted in a suitable area. You also need to take into account the planting time, prepare the soil and the planting hole in advance.
Heat-loving cherry Ovstuzhenka loves sunny places. Therefore, it is worth looking for well-lit parts of the garden for planting it. Another important factor is the presence of some kind of building or fence on the north side, so that in winter the tree is hidden from the cold wind. It is very good if the rear is covered by a brick structure - during the day the brick accumulates heat, with which it then additionally heats the cherry.
When choosing a place, you should take into account some peculiarities.
For planting cherries, we choose sunny places, with a distance of at least 4 m to a neighboring tree
The time for choosing a landing should be chosen based on the climatic features of the area.
We choose the time for planting based on the climate of the region
The best survival rate is shown by 2-year-old seedlings. You need to buy planting material only from trusted sellers. Unscrupulous suppliers often use too much nitrogen in their feed. This gives a large growth of the seedling, but immature wood often dies from frost.
When choosing a seedling, take the time to carefully examine the tree. Pay particular attention to the following points.
You need to purchase seedlings only from trusted sellers
Experts recommend purchasing planting material in the fall, even if planting is scheduled for spring. In the fall, you can choose the highest quality material, inspect the condition of the leaves and make sure that the tree is healthy. And it is very easy to save a seedling until spring planting. You need to dig a small groove, 40 cm deep. Place the seedling in it, placing the top of the head towards the south. Cover the roots and most of the trunk with earth, water. Moisture will allow the earth to fill all voids so that cold air does not enter. Top can be covered with spruce branches.
Ideally, the planting hole is prepared six months before the intended planting. Such a period will allow the introduced nutrients to completely enrich the land and give it the necessary structure. But it is not always possible to do everything as it should be. Therefore, try to find time, at least 3 weeks before the target date, and prepare a planting pit according to all the rules.
The planting hole is prepared in advance so that the earth has time to compact
To improve the survival rate of cherries, it is recommended to cut off the first flowering almost completely. For the next 2 years, part of the green ovary is removed, due to which the remaining berries will have a large mass.
Cherry Ovstuzhenka has a very low percentage of self-pollination. Therefore, you need to plant varieties nearby that will help increase yields. These can be cherries of the following varieties: Iput, Bryanskaya rozovaya, Raditsa, Tyutchevka, Rosy pearl or Revna.
If you have too little space in the garden, then there is still a way out. In the crown of the sweet cherry Ovstuzhenka, you need to graft a branch of one of the pollinator varieties. And you will not be left without a crop.
Well-groomed cherries grow healthy and bear fruit abundantly. The basic principles of care are no different from the general rules for other varieties of cherries. The main thing is not to neglect them.
Sweet cherry is demanding on soil moisture. It is imperative to ensure that the ground under the tree is always moderately moist. But do not forget that cherries do not tolerate stagnant water, waterlogging of the soil is harmful for it.
Watering is recommended in a near-trunk circle, bounded around the perimeter by a roller made of the ground.
Under normal weather conditions, the tree is watered once every 1.5 weeks. 2 buckets of water are poured under the tree, it is advisable to divide this rate into 2 applications - in the morning and in the evening. If the weather changes, the irrigation rates are also revised. With frequent precipitation, moisture is reduced, and vice versa, the drier, the more abundant and more often watering should be done.
The main watering of Ovstuzhenka cherries is carried out from May to June. At this time, the berries of the current year are poured and, at the same time, the flower buds of the future harvest are being laid. By the time the fruits ripen, watering should be stopped.
Autumn watering is also important. But it is produced only when natural precipitation is absent. The moisture rate during this period should be up to 70 liters per one fruiting tree.
Given the location of the cherry roots in the soil, watering will be considered sufficient when moisture penetrates 50 cm deep into the soil.
Watering cherries is carried out in the trunk circle
The organo-mineral complex added during planting will last for 2 years. Therefore, it is possible to start feeding only in the 3rd year after planting, since an excessive amount of fertilizers for cherries is much more dangerous than their lack. Usually, fertilizing is applied 2 times per season.
|Application time||Feeding rates|
|In the spring, before flowering||Urea is added to improve growth. The solution is prepared|
from 10 liters of water and 200 g of substance. Add the finished mixture
into furrows, at a distance of 30 - 50 cm from the trunk, after
moistening the soil.
|In autumn, in September||In the trunk circle, 350 g of superphosphate are scattered and|
100 g of potassium sulfate. After watering.
|Early spring before flowering||Once every 3 years, it is useful to feed cherries with infusion|
mullein - 1 part to 8 parts of water.
In order not to provoke the autumn growth of cherries, the last dressing should not contain nitrogen-containing substances.
Fertilizers are applied 3 years after planting
Cherry Ovstuzhenka is a great cleanliness. She does not like weeds, so the trunk circle must be kept in order.
Periodic loosening of the soil after irrigation breaks down the formed crust and allows the roots to be saturated with oxygen. In addition, this beneficial procedure prevents weed growth.
Sheep is prone to growing root growth, which takes away nutrients from a tree, especially a young one. Therefore, with the grown green mass, you need to fight by cutting out the shoots at ground level.
The near-stem circle of cherries must be kept clean at any time of the year.
Properly carried out pruning will increase the yield and sugar content of the fruits, as well as relieve diseases.
The crown is usually formed of a sparse-tiered type. Pruning is recommended only in springtime, preferably in April, before bud break.
Fast growing shoots of sweet cherry can be shortened by 20 - 30% of their total length. This is best done in August. The pruned branch will become thicker and easier to cope with the coming winter.
Further care involves the annual thinning of the crown. You need to leave only strong and erect shoots. In one procedure, you need to remove no more than 1/4 of the shoots from the total mass. Treat the cuts with garden pitch to avoid infection.
Slices after pruning must be treated with garden varnish
Sanitary pruning is done in the fall. During this period, you need to remove all diseased, old or broken shoots.
Cherry Ovstuzhenka, planted and groomed according to all the rules, tolerates frosts well over 30 o C. But young trees still need to be protected in the winter. The trunks must be wrapped with materials that easily allow air and moisture to pass through - burlap, nylon tights or paper. Roofing material, plastic wrap is not recommended. Under them, the bark will begin to flake and flake off. The root zone should be covered with a thick layer of humus. If your area has snowy winters, then a large snowdrift that needs to be collected around the tree can be an additional shelter.
For adult cherries, mulching of the trunk circle is also important, which will protect the roots from frost. In addition, the trunk must be cleaned of the remnants of exfoliated bark, lichens and whitewashed. Do not forget to feed the tree and make water-charging watering.
Another great cherry for them in company - Revna, I like how it forms itself, a kind of BUST with an ideal deviation of branches, maybe this is so lucky for us, we have two of them, and both grow equally, just beauties. And the taste of "Revna" - 4.9 points!
Tomato expert, Belgorod region
I have Revna (photo above 5 years old), the first year is abundantly covered with flowers
Natalia, Solnechnogorsk district
In the fall of 2007, in the gardening complex Mega-Belaya Dacha (now "Zelenaya Strana") I acquired a Miracle cherry sapling and a Revna cherry sapling in packages of ZKS-twigs of 30 cm each. I planted it next to each other. We went well in growth, two winters overwintered normally, only the apical buds froze slightly. After the harsh winter of 2009/2010, the Revna cherry came out without freezing, and the Miracle cherry "died" completely.
Rada, Moscow region
I have two cherries growing - Iput and Revna. Planted in 2013. Now Revna is all in flowers, and Iput has not even opened the buds.
I planted in 2013 2-year-olds Iput, Revna, Ovstuzhenka and Odrinka. All wintered - 100% excellent!
My Revna froze (I think I had all the problems because I planted it in August, since then I plant it only in the spring). You need to wait a little (periodically casting) somewhere just above the grafting, something may wake up (for cherries, this is almost the norm), then everything that is above is cut off, the tree can be formed anew. It will grow strongly, but you cannot allow it (it will freeze again), already in mid-July (maximum at the end), stop growth by pinching, feed with phosphorus and potassium, do not water after July.
Alexey S, South Nizhny Novgorod region
Cherry Revna attracts gardeners with its neat tree size, frost resistance and disease resistance. Of course, her berries are not too large, but they are very sweet and tasty. Subject to the simple rules of care, the tree will delight the owner with yield for many years.