Cherry Ovstuzhenka: secrets of growing an early ripe beauty


Cherry Ovstuzhenka is a wonderful culture that will adorn any garden. This variety is appreciated by gardeners for its early ripening and bountiful harvest. Delicious and healthy desserts are obtained from its berries, which households will certainly like.

Description and distinctive qualities of the variety

The culture was bred by crossing the Leningradskaya black and Kompaktnaya Venyaminova varieties. In 2001, it was entered in the State Register and zoned for the Central Region. The authorship belongs to M.V. Kanshina.

Cherry Ovstuzhenka is small in size, reaches a height of no more than 4 m. The crown is dense, spherical in shape. Shoots are straight, brown colored. The buds are large with pointed ends, conical or egg-shaped. Leaves are oval, large, green in color, serrated along the edges. The base of the plate is rounded, the tip is pointed. Petioles are short, of medium thickness.

Ovstuzhenka - early ripening and fruitful variety of sweet cherry

The flowers are large, 3 pieces are formed in the inflorescences. The rim is saucer-shaped, the calyx is glass-shaped. Fruit ovaries are formed on bouquet branches. Ovstuzhenka berries are large in size, their weight reaches 4–7 g. Cherries of a round shape, dark burgundy color. Peduncles are of medium length. The stone is light brown in color and ovoid. Its upper part is pointed, and its base is rounded. It separates from the pulp easily. The berries do not crack. Cherry begins to bear fruit from 4–5 years.

The pulp is juicy, sweet, tinged with a dark red color, and has a moderate density. The concentration of dry matter in berries reaches 17.2-17.7%, acids 0.4%, sugars 11.6%, vitamin C 13.4 mg per 100 g. Tasting score of Ovstuzhenka fruits is 4.5-4.7 points of 5. The variety is distinguished by high winter hardiness and large fruits.

Advantages and disadvantages - table

Dignitydisadvantages
immunity to coccomycosis and moniliosislow self-pollination
frost resistance
large size of berries
stable fruiting and good yields - up to 30 kg per tree
resistance of fruits to transportation
compact size of trees, which saves space on the site
resistance of berries to cracking

Ovstuzhenka variety tolerates winter well and pleases with a stable harvest

Landing features

To obtain high yields, pollinators are planted next to cherries:

  • Tyutchevka;
  • Pink pearls;
  • Raditsu;
  • Iput;
  • Bryansk pink.

Despite the winter hardiness of Ovstuzhenka, a site protected from the north wind is selected for her. Also, the culture should be well lit by the sun. A suitable location would be a south or southwest slope. It is desirable that the site is located on a small hill. In the absence of such a terrain, it can be created artificially, that is, to raise the soil level by 0.5 m.

To plant cherries, you need loamy or sandy loam soil.

In cold regions, planting is carried out in the spring (before the buds swell), and in the southern and middle lane the tree is planted in October... Sweet cherries should grow in sandy loam or loamy soils. The permissible groundwater level is 1.5 m.

Clay, peat and sandy soils are not suitable for crops. But they can be used subject to a certain rule. In sandy soil, 2 buckets of clay are poured on the bottom of the pit before planting, and in clayey - a similar amount of sand.

At least 2-3 pollinating varieties should be planted near the Ovstuzhenka cherry.

Sapling selection

You also need to choose the right planting material. Cherries are recommended to be purchased in special nurseries. It should be a one-year or two-year-old seedling with a center conductor and many shoots.... It is in the presence of such signs that the correct crown will form in the tree in the future and it will branch well. Sweet cherries without the main conductor can break under the weight of the berries during fruiting. The vaccination site should be clearly visible on the tree. This is an indication that the seedling is varietal.

If the plant was bought in the fall, and planting is planned for the spring, it must be dug into a shallow hole at an angle of 45°. The tree is laid so that the top is directed to the south. Sprinkle the root system with soil, cover the branches with sand. In winter, snow is shoveled onto the seedling, which will help protect it from frost.

Step-by-step disembarkation process

For spring planting, preparatory work is carried out in the fall, with autumn planting - in 10-14 days. The cherry pit should have a width of 80 cm and a depth of 1 m.A mixture of:

  • 2 buckets of earth;
  • 30 kg of compost or rotted manure;
  • 1 kg of potassium sulfate;
  • 1 kg of ash;
  • 3 kg of superphosphate.

The hole should be one third full.

If the roots of the seedling are dry, they should be immersed in water at room temperature for 10 hours before planting.

Ostuzhenka is planted in pre-fertilized soil

Landing is done in the following sequence:

  1. The work begins with the installation of a wooden peg in the pit, which will serve as a support for a young tree.
  2. Then, at the bottom of the depression, a mound is formed from the soil and a plant is placed on it.
  3. The roots are well straightened, the root collar is raised above ground level by 5-6 cm.
  4. Sprinkle sweet cherries with soil. At the same time, the tree is slightly shaken so that there are no voids near the roots.
  5. The earth is tamped, a hole is formed at a distance of 0.5 m from the plant and the cherries are watered with 20 liters of water.
  6. The trunk circle is covered with peat or straw.
  7. The tree is tied to a support.

After planting is complete, the first pruning is carried out. At the cherry, 3-4 of the most developed branches are left, the rest are completely removed. At the same time, stumps should not remain. The main guide is shortened so that it is 20 cm longer than the uppermost shoot.

Video: master class on planting cherries

Plant care

Features of watering a tree

Sweet cherry belongs to moisture-loving crops, therefore, its development directly depends on timely watering... The procedure is carried out:

  • in May (during the period of active growth);
  • in June (during the formation of berries);
  • in October-November (to prepare the tree for winter).

Water consumption per tree is 15–20 liters. The next day, after each watering, the soil in the near-trunk circle is loosened to a depth of 8–10 cm. This procedure is also carried out after rains.

For cherries, it is important to observe timely watering.

With water-charging irrigation (2 weeks before the onset of frost), the rate is increased to 60–70 liters. This procedure should not be neglected. Watering in autumn helps the cherry to endure the winter more easily. In frosty weather, moisture evaporates from the crown. But if it is in the soil, this situation is not dangerous for the tree. Moisture through the root system enters the crown, which helps prevent freezing of the tree. Water is fed into circular grooves 25–30 cm deep dug around the trunk.

Do not water the cherries in the second half of July and in August, this will slow down the development of shoots and reduce the frost resistance of the tree.

Top dressing

Cherries begin to feed from 2 years of age. The first fertilizer should be urea:

  1. If top dressing is used in dry form, then in early spring 100 g of the composition is scattered in the area of ​​the trunk circle (0.5–0.8 m in diameter). Then the fertilizer is sprinkled with soil and the cherries are watered.
  2. The tree is fed with a solution of 30 g of urea and 10 liters of water (this fertilizer is applied three times in May).

Top dressing will allow you to get a better crop

In the fourth year, in March-April, cherries are again fertilized with urea.

  1. For this, grooves of 30 cm in depth and width are dug in the area of ​​the crown projection. 200 g of fertilizer is added to them, then two buckets of water are poured.
  2. In September, in a similar way, the tree is fed with a mixture of 100 g of potassium sulfate and 300 g of superphosphate.

In the fifth year, the sweet cherry begins to bear fruit. In spring feeding, the amount of urea is increased to 300 g. In the fall, the tree is fertilized by adding 200–250 g of potassium salt and 400 g of granular superphosphate to the soil. Once every two years, when digging a near-trunk circle, 50 kg of humus or compost are added to the soil.

Crown molding

Tree pruning is performed annually, the purpose of which is to give the crown the necessary shape and ensure uniform lighting of the shoots. The procedure is performed in the spring (before the start of sap flow) or in the fall (in October-November). With the onset of the second year, all increments are shortened by half. This will improve the formation of side shoots on which the crop will ripen.

Scheme for the correct molding of the cherry crown

The best option for the cherry crown is a measured tiered shape. To form it, gardeners perform the following manipulations:

  1. Three branches are left in the first row. In this case, two of them should be located at the same level, and the third should be 15–20 cm higher.
  2. The second tier is created at a distance of 70 cm from the first row. Two branches are left in it.
  3. One skeletal shoot is retained in the third row. You can only leave branches that extend from the trunk at an angle of more than 45 °. Shoots that do not meet this requirement are removed at the ring level, as they break off and form a deep wound in the tree.
  4. Cherry crown is formed up to five years, creating one tier annually. In the future, shoots are cut, which intersect or develop inside the tree.
  5. In the fall, dry and diseased branches are removed.

After pruning, all existing damage to the bark must be treated with garden varnish. It is prepared from:

  • 250 g of solid oil;
  • 200 g wax;
  • 50 g of resin.

The components are melted separately, then combined into a common mass.

Video: tree pruning rules

Preparing for winter

Despite the fact that breeders position the Ovstuzhenka variety as frost-resistant, it is still advisable to prepare the tree for the winter period. To do this, you need to do a few simple manipulations:

  1. To reduce the negative effects of low temperatures, as well as to protect cherries from pests, the trunk and skeletal branches are treated with whitewash. To prepare a solution, 500 g of copper sulfate, 2 kg of chalk or slaked lime and 100 g of casein glue are diluted in 10 liters of water. The surface of the bark is preliminarily cleaned of dead areas, lichens and mosses. After that, processing is carried out.
  2. The area around the tree, corresponding to the width of the crown, is mulched with a layer of peat or sawdust 20 cm thick.
  3. In young trees that have not yet entered into fruiting, the trunk and bases of skeletal shoots are wrapped in burlap or paper. Adult cherries can hibernate without shelter.

Do not wrap trees with artificial material, as moisture accumulates under it.

Diseases and pests of sweet cherry

The Ovstuzhenka variety is resistant to one of the most common cherry diseases - coccomycosis and moniliosis. However, there are a number of ailments that can seriously harm the culture.

Table: diseases characteristic of the Ovstuzhenka variety

DiseasesSymptomsTreatment methodsProphylaxis
Brown spot
  • the leaves are covered with small brown spots of a round shape;
  • subsequently, holes form in the affected areas.
  • treatment at the initial stage of bud break, after flowering and after three weeks with 1% Bordeaux liquid (100 g per 10 l of water);
  • spraying after falling leaves with a 3% solution of Bordeaux liquid.
  • regular removal of diseased branches;
  • processing of sections with 1% copper sulfate;
  • spraying the soil around the tree in early spring with a similar solution.
Scab
  • brown spots appear on the leaves, after which the plates twist in the form of tubes and dry out;
  • fruits stop developing before ripening and dry out.
Spraying the tree during the formation of buds, after flowering and harvesting with a solution of copper oxychloride (40 g per 10 liters of water) or 1% Bordeaux liquid.
  • harvesting fallen leaves in the fall;
  • digging up the soil.
Mosaic diseaseYellow stripes appear on the leaf plates, as a result of which they curl, acquire a brown color and die off.Uprooting and destruction of diseased trees.Planting healthy seedlings.
Mosaic ringingGreen or white rings form on the leaves, in the middle of which tissue subsequently dies off and holes appear.
Gum therapyIsolation on the trunk of the gum.Removal of gum and treatment of the affected area with 1% copper sulfate.Compliance with the rules of agricultural technology.

Photo Gallery: Diseases Typical for Culture

Table: cherry pests

PestsSignsWays to fightProphylaxis
Cherry aphidThe pest sucks the juice from the leaves, which leads to their blackening and drying.Spraying with the appearance of pests with Iskra or Inta-vir (1 tablet per 10 liters of water).Pruning and burning root shoots in early spring, where the pest lays most of the eggs.
Cherry flyThe larvae of the pest settle in the fruit, as a result of which the pulp becomes very soft.
  • treatment before flowering with Metaphos (packing for 10 liters of water) or 5% carbamide solution.
  • after flowering, double spraying with an interval of 10 days with the insecticide Karbofos (60 g per 8 l of water).
  • spraying cherries every month with 3% Bordeaux liquid;
  • harvesting all fruits from the tree.
False tinder
  • the wood of a diseased tree becomes soft, as a result of which the plant can break from gusts of wind;
  • rounded outgrowths of yellow or brown color appear on the trunk and shoots.
Destruction of affected trees.
  • whitewashing of the trunk and skeletal branches in the fall;
  • disinfection of all wounds on the tree with 3% copper sulfate and covering with garden varnish.
Sulfur-yellow tinder fungusCracks form in the wood, it disintegrates easily.

Photo gallery: characteristic pests of the variety

Harvesting and storage tips

Ovstuzhenka berries ripen in early June. The productivity of one sweet cherry can vary from 15 to 30 kg. When harvesting, the fruits are not separated from the stalk, this helps to increase the shelf life. Then the cherries are sorted out, the damaged berries are laid separately. The harvest is stored for 5–6 days at a humidity of 85–90% and a temperature of + 3–5 ° С.

Ovstuzhenka makes delicious and aromatic seasonal preparations.

Ostuzhenka can be called a universal sweet cherry. Its fruits are consumed fresh and used for making fruit purees, juices, preserves, compotes, jellies, and baking fillings. Also, berries can be frozen, which will save them until next season. To do this, the cherries are separated from the stalks, washed, dried, laid out in one layer on a tray and sent to a chamber with a temperature of -18-23 ° C. When the berries are frozen, they are poured into plastic bags and stored in the freezer.

Gardeners reviews

Rok5

http://www.tomat-pomidor.com/newforum/index.php?topic=2109.0

JackPot

http://kontakts.ru/showthread.php?20101-Cherry-Ovstuzhenka

yri

http://forum.prihoz.ru/viewtopic.php?start=720&t=253

Cherry Ovstuzhenka can be attributed to the fruitful and unpretentious varieties. The culture is resistant to some fungal diseases. Subject to all agrotechnical requirements, abundant fruiting is observed.


Cherry Ovstuzhenka: description of the variety, pollinators, frost resistance, photo

Sweet cherry
  1. Breeding history
  2. Description of culture
  3. Description and characteristics of fruits and trees
  4. Crown height and density
  5. Taste qualities of fruits
  6. Frost and drought resistance
  7. Pollinators and yield
  8. Advantages and disadvantages of the variety
  9. Planting cherries Ovstuzhenka
  10. Follow-up care of the culture
  11. Diseases and pests, methods of control and prevention
  12. Diseases and pests of sweet cherry
  13. Testimonials

Landing features

It is recommended to plant cherries in the northern regions in the spring, and in the southern ones - in the fall.Planting of seedlings is carried out in dry, calm weather.

Sapling selection

Planting material is best purchased from nurseries or garden stores.

The main indicators of a quality seedling:

  • presence of a main conductor
  • a large number of twigs
  • the vaccination site is clearly visible
  • bark on the trunk and branches without spots and wrinkles
  • the root system is well developed, without dried roots.

Two-year-old zoned seedlings tolerate changing conditions more easily and take root better.

The roots of the seedlings should be strong, light cream in color when cut

Choosing a landing site

Cherry Ovstuzhenka is recommended to be planted on the south side of the garden, with free access to sunlight. Areas with fertile light soil with good air permeability are suitable. Sweet cherry grows well on loamy and sandy soils.

The approach of groundwater should not be higher than 1.5 m. At a closer location, a drainage ditch is dug.

Soil preparation

Sweet cherries are demanding on the nutrient composition of the soil, therefore, it is necessary to prepare the planting holes in advance. If the site is clayey, regardless of the season, 2 buckets of sand are poured onto the bottom of the pit.

  1. Autumn preparation. Conducted for spring planting. They dig a hole with a diameter of 1-1.2 meters and a depth of about 1 m. The earth is mixed with 3 buckets of fresh manure or humus, 50 g of potassium sulfate, 200 g of superphosphate and 400 g of ash. The soil mixture is poured onto the bottom of the pit, sprinkled with clean earth on top. When preparing a site for planting a cherry orchard, it is recommended to carry out plantation plowing. When digging, mineral and organic fertilizers are evenly scattered. For 1 sq. m. you need 10 kg of compost, 180 g of superphosphate, 100 g of potash fertilizers. It is more convenient to use complex fertilizers. For 1 sq. m. you need 200 g of top dressing.
  2. Spring preparation. Planting pits are prepared 10-14 days before planting seedlings. A third of the pit is filled with a soil mixture: 2 buckets of earth, 3 kg of superphosphate, 1 kg of wood ash, 1 kg of potash fertilizers, 30 kg of rotted manure or matured compost. With this preparation, nitrogen fertilizers are not added to the pit, which can burn the roots.

Step by step process

Before planting, the seedlings are cleaned of green leaves. The root is dipped in a clay mash for several hours.

  1. A recess with a diameter and depth of 80–90 cm is dug in the planting pit or in a prepared area.
  2. A wooden peg is installed at the bottom of the pit and a land mound is formed.
  3. The seedling is lowered into the pit. The root collar should be raised 6–7 cm above the ground.
  4. The roots are spread at the bottom and covered with earth.
  5. The earth in the periosteal circle is slightly tamped, trampled down with a foot.
  6. They make a hole with a side of the ground with a diameter of 0.5 m.
  7. Water the seedling with 20 liters of water.
  8. The trunk circle is mulched with earth or straw.

When planting several trees, a distance of at least 3-4 m should be observed between them.

In order for the root collar to be at the level of the soil, raise the seedling by 6-7 cm during planting, over time the soil will settle down a little


Planting cherries Lyubimitsa Astakhova

Planting and caring for cherries of the considered variety are similar to these measures in the case of other varieties intended for cultivation in the climatic conditions of the middle lane.

Landing dates

Even cold-resistant varieties of sweet cherries, in contrast to pome-bearing varieties (apples, pears), try not to plant in the middle lane in the fall. The best time to plant Astakhov's pet is spring: the event should be held after the soil has completely thawed, but before the buds bloom on the seedling. The threat of severe frost should be over by the day of planting. In central Russia, this cherry is usually planted in the first half of April.

Site selection

For planting cherries in the garden, choose the warmest place protected from the winds. The tree should be well lit by the sun. The best choice is a southern slope, but not steep. Groundwater should be no closer than one and a half meters from the surface, swampy places should be completely prohibited. It may be necessary to specially equip a fill hill for cherries. The best soil is neutral, breathable, fertile, of average composition (sandy loam or loam).

Cherries are planted in a sunny place, but without shelter from the winds, in the middle lane it will feel uncomfortable

Landing pit

A pit for spring planting must be prepared in the fall: after all, it must stand for some time with the fertilized soil poured into it, so that microorganisms start to work, saturate the soil with useful organic substances, and in the spring it is very difficult to dig a hole. Therefore, in the fall, when there is time, they dig a hole up to half a meter deep, about 80 cm long and wide.

A pit for planting cherries is prepared according to the general rules, but it is made more in length and width than in depth

The preparation of the planting pit is carried out in the usual way: the lower, infertile layer is removed from the site, and fertilizers are added to the fertile soil and returned to the pit. As fertilizers for a seedling Lyubimitsy Astakhov use 1.5-2 buckets of humus and 1.5-2 liters of wood ash. They try not to use mineral fertilizers during planting, later they are used for fertilizing, but on poor soils it will be useful to immediately add 100–120 g of superphosphate. If the soil is heavy (which is highly undesirable), they dig a hole a little deeper in order to pour a drainage layer on the bottom with a layer of 8-10 cm - pebbles, gravel, just coarse sand.

Planting process

It is believed that buying seedlings in the spring is risky: you can run into a re-grading. But if a cherry tree is bought in the fall, it still needs to be preserved until spring. It is best to dig in the seedling according to all the rules on the site. However, it will be safer to find a good nursery or a reputable store and purchase a seedling after all in the spring, just before planting. Two-year-olds take root best of all. The seedling should not have significant damage, the roots should be resilient and healthy.

Upon arrival in the spring at the site:

    The tips of the roots of the seedling are slightly trimmed, especially if there is slight damage or drying out. After that, the roots are dipped in water. If there is time, they can be soaked up to a day. Immediately before planting, it will be useful to dip the roots in a clay talker.

The composition of clay and mullein, applied to the roots, greatly facilitates the survival of seedlings

Before planting cherries, a stake is driven into the hole, which will support the seedling for several years.

It is important when planting to ensure that ultimately the root collar is at the level of the soil.

The known method "figure eight" guarantees the strength of tying and the integrity of the stem of the seedling

If two buckets of water go into the ground quickly, more water may be needed.

When planting in spring, a large layer of mulch is not needed: its role is only to prevent excessive drying out of the soil

Do not be afraid to cut the seedling after planting: it will be worse if weak roots do not "stretch" too much aboveground part


Features of planting a tree

In order to always be with the harvest, cherries must be planted in a suitable area. You also need to take into account the planting time, prepare the soil and the planting hole in advance.

Choosing a site

Heat-loving cherry Ovstuzhenka loves sunny places. Therefore, it is worth looking for well-lit parts of the garden for planting it. Another important factor is the presence of some kind of building or fence on the north side, so that in winter the tree is hidden from the cold wind. It is very good if the rear is covered by a brick structure - during the day the brick accumulates heat, with which it then additionally heats the cherry.

When choosing a place, you should take into account some peculiarities.

  • The groundwater level is at least 1.5 m. The root system of sweet cherry is very sensitive to water stagnation. If the site is often heated, it is worth taking care of drainage. But it is best to plant cherries on a small hill or on a gentle slope.
  • Light sandy or loamy soils are the best choice. Sweet cherry grows well on loose soils that allow water and air to pass through well. Soil containing a lot of clay is not suitable. It lacks normal air exchange and moisture accumulates, which will not allow cherries to develop and bear fruit normally. The situation can be corrected only by a properly prepared planting pit. Its dimensions exceed the usual, it is filled with fertile soil and sand.
  • The acidity of the soil should be close to neutral.
  • Taking into account the spreading of the cherry crown, the distance to the neighboring tree should be at least 3.5 - 4 m.

For planting cherries, we choose sunny places, with a distance of at least 4 m to a neighboring tree

Boarding time

The time for choosing a landing should be chosen based on the climatic features of the area.

  • Spring landing. Springtime is only suitable for areas with cold climates. You should start only after the snow melts and the earth warms up - usually this is the period in early or mid-April. You need to be in time in a short time, before the onset of swelling of the kidneys, otherwise the delay will have a bad effect on survival. During the growing season, the seedling will have time to get stronger, and it will not be afraid of frost.
  • Autumn planting. Autumn time is more suitable for the southern regions. The milder climate and humid soil contribute to the rapid adaptation of the seedling's root system. A tree planted in the first half of October will have enough time to root before frosty weather arrives.

We choose the time for planting based on the climate of the region

Sapling selection

The best survival rate is shown by 2-year-old seedlings. You need to buy planting material only from trusted sellers. Unscrupulous suppliers often use too much nitrogen in their feed. This gives a large growth of the seedling, but immature wood often dies from frost.

When choosing a seedling, take the time to carefully examine the tree. Pay particular attention to the following points.

  • The root system should be well developed, without growths, swelling and mechanical damage. Test the root for elasticity by wrapping it around your finger. Moistened one will easily curl up into a ring, and dry one will burst. The main root branches should be 3 - 4, the length is not less than 30 cm.
  • The trunk of the tree should be flat and covered with smooth brown bark with a reddish tint. A wrinkled surface is a sign of a lack of moisture in the tissues. Mechanical damage on the surface of the bark is undesirable. The height of the seedling is at least 80 cm.
  • The presence of 3 - 4 branches, 40 cm long, indicates a developed and formed crown. Examine the buds on the branches; they should be intact.
  • Make sure the seedling has a grafting site.
  • For planting, choose only zoned planting material!

You need to purchase seedlings only from trusted sellers

Experts recommend purchasing planting material in the fall, even if planting is scheduled for spring. In the fall, you can choose the highest quality material, inspect the condition of the leaves and make sure that the tree is healthy. And it is very easy to save a seedling until spring planting. You need to dig a small groove, 40 cm deep. Place the seedling in it, placing the top of the head towards the south. Cover the roots and most of the trunk with earth, water. Moisture will allow the earth to fill all voids so that cold air does not enter. Top can be covered with spruce branches.

Planting pit preparation

Ideally, the planting hole is prepared six months before the intended planting. Such a period will allow the introduced nutrients to completely enrich the land and give it the necessary structure. But it is not always possible to do everything as it should be. Therefore, try to find time, at least 3 weeks before the target date, and prepare a planting pit according to all the rules.

  1. We free the selected area from the remnants of vegetation. We dig a hole of the following dimensions - depth 70 cm, width - 1 m.In this case, we put the upper and lower layers of the soil in different directions.
  2. We prepare the necessary organic matter and mineral fertilizers. Manure - 3 buckets, wood ash - 1 l, potash fertilizers - 100 g, phosphorus-containing fertilizers - 200 g. We mix everything thoroughly with fertile soil and put it in a hole, after driving a flat stick into its middle, which will serve as a support for the seedling and protect it from sunburn ...
  3. Be sure to fill the soil mixture with a bucket of water. Moisture will help the soil to settle and acquire the desired density.

The planting hole is prepared in advance so that the earth has time to compact

Step planting process

  1. Examine the seedling carefully, and if the root system is dry, soak it in water for a few days. Dip the roots of the seedling ready for planting in a mess of clay and water, to which you can add the mullein. Protected in this way, the roots take root well and have better contact with the soil.
  2. Collect the soil in the hole with a cone around the hammered stick.
  3. Spread the roots of the seedling along the sides of the embankment so that there are no creases. Plant the tree in such a way that its trunk is protected by a support on the south side.
  4. Cover the roots with soil and sprinkle with water so that the soil fills the entire root space. One bucket is enough.
  5. Then, if necessary, add the soil to the desired level. The root collar after planting should remain 5 cm above the soil surface.
  6. The planted sweet cherry is poured into a watering circle with 2 buckets of water and tied to a support. After absorbing moisture, the soil is mulched.

Video: planting cherries

To improve the survival rate of cherries, it is recommended to cut off the first flowering almost completely. For the next 2 years, part of the green ovary is removed, due to which the remaining berries will have a large mass.

Pollinators

Cherry Ovstuzhenka has a very low percentage of self-pollination. Therefore, you need to plant varieties nearby that will help increase yields. These can be cherries of the following varieties: Iput, Bryanskaya rozovaya, Raditsa, Tyutchevka, Rosy pearl or Revna.

If you have too little space in the garden, then there is still a way out. In the crown of the sweet cherry Ovstuzhenka, you need to graft a branch of one of the pollinator varieties. And you will not be left without a crop.

Photo gallery: best cherry pollinators

Cherry Iput Sweet cherry Bryansk pink Cherry Raditsa Cherry Tyutchevka Cherry Pink pearls Cherry Revna

Well-groomed cherries grow healthy and bear fruit abundantly. The basic principles of care are no different from the general rules for other varieties of cherries. The main thing is not to neglect them.

Watering

Sweet cherry is demanding on soil moisture. It is imperative to ensure that the ground under the tree is always moderately moist. But do not forget that cherries do not tolerate stagnant water, waterlogging of the soil is harmful for it.

Watering is recommended in a near-trunk circle, bounded around the perimeter by a roller made of the ground.

Under normal weather conditions, the tree is watered once every 1.5 weeks. 2 buckets of water are poured under the tree, it is advisable to divide this rate into 2 applications - in the morning and in the evening. If the weather changes, the irrigation rates are also revised. With frequent precipitation, moisture is reduced, and vice versa, the drier, the more abundant and more often watering should be done.

The main watering of Ovstuzhenka cherries is carried out from May to June. At this time, the berries of the current year are poured and, at the same time, the flower buds of the future harvest are being laid. By the time the fruits ripen, watering should be stopped.

Autumn watering is also important. But it is produced only when natural precipitation is absent. The moisture rate during this period should be up to 70 liters per one fruiting tree.

Given the location of the cherry roots in the soil, watering will be considered sufficient when moisture penetrates 50 cm deep into the soil.

Watering cherries is carried out in the trunk circle

Fertilizers

The organo-mineral complex added during planting will last for 2 years. Therefore, it is possible to start feeding only in the 3rd year after planting, since an excessive amount of fertilizers for cherries is much more dangerous than their lack. Usually, fertilizing is applied 2 times per season.

Table: time and rates of top dressing

Application timeFeeding rates
In the spring, before floweringUrea is added to improve growth. The solution is prepared
from 10 liters of water and 200 g of substance. Add the finished mixture
into furrows, at a distance of 30 - 50 cm from the trunk, after
moistening the soil.
In autumn, in SeptemberIn the trunk circle, 350 g of superphosphate are scattered and
100 g of potassium sulfate. After watering.
Early spring before floweringOnce every 3 years, it is useful to feed cherries with infusion
mullein - 1 part to 8 parts of water.

In order not to provoke the autumn growth of cherries, the last dressing should not contain nitrogen-containing substances.

Fertilizers are applied 3 years after planting

Barrel circle care

Cherry Ovstuzhenka is a great cleanliness. She does not like weeds, so the trunk circle must be kept in order.

Periodic loosening of the soil after irrigation breaks down the formed crust and allows the roots to be saturated with oxygen. In addition, this beneficial procedure prevents weed growth.

Sheep is prone to growing root growth, which takes away nutrients from a tree, especially a young one. Therefore, with the grown green mass, you need to fight by cutting out the shoots at ground level.

The near-stem circle of cherries must be kept clean at any time of the year.

Pruning

Properly carried out pruning will increase the yield and sugar content of the fruits, as well as relieve diseases.

The crown is usually formed of a sparse-tiered type. Pruning is recommended only in springtime, preferably in April, before bud break.

  1. After planting, a tree stem is formed - starting from 60 cm from the planting level or higher, all branches are cut off. From the rest, a crown will be formed.
  2. For the lower tier, 2 branches are left at the same level and 1 at a height of 20 cm above the lower ones.
  3. The next tier is formed according to the principle of the lower one. At a height of 60 cm from the first level, 2 branches are laid, another one is left 30 cm higher.
  4. To form the base, you need to choose branches growing at an angle of 45 - 50 0.

Fast growing shoots of sweet cherry can be shortened by 20 - 30% of their total length. This is best done in August. The pruned branch will become thicker and easier to cope with the coming winter.

Video: demonstration of pruning cherries

Further care involves the annual thinning of the crown. You need to leave only strong and erect shoots. In one procedure, you need to remove no more than 1/4 of the shoots from the total mass. Treat the cuts with garden pitch to avoid infection.

Slices after pruning must be treated with garden varnish

Sanitary pruning is done in the fall. During this period, you need to remove all diseased, old or broken shoots.

Preparing for winter

Cherry Ovstuzhenka, planted and groomed according to all the rules, tolerates frosts well over 30 o C. But young trees still need to be protected in the winter. The trunks must be wrapped with materials that easily allow air and moisture to pass through - burlap, nylon tights or paper. Roofing material, plastic wrap is not recommended. Under them, the bark will begin to flake and flake off. The root zone should be covered with a thick layer of humus. If your area has snowy winters, then a large snowdrift that needs to be collected around the tree can be an additional shelter.

For adult cherries, mulching of the trunk circle is also important, which will protect the roots from frost. In addition, the trunk must be cleaned of the remnants of exfoliated bark, lichens and whitewashed. Do not forget to feed the tree and make water-charging watering.


Reviews of summer residents

Another great cherry for them in company - Revna, I like how it forms itself, a kind of BUST with an ideal deviation of branches, maybe this is so lucky for us, we have two of them, and both grow equally, just beauties. And the taste of "Revna" - 4.9 points!

Tomato expert, Belgorod region

http://www.tomat-pomidor.com/newforum/index.php?topic=2109.0

I have Revna (photo above 5 years old), the first year is abundantly covered with flowers

Natalia, Solnechnogorsk district

http://forum.tomatdvor.ru/index.php?topic=4341.0

In the fall of 2007, in the gardening complex Mega-Belaya Dacha (now "Zelenaya Strana") I acquired a Miracle cherry sapling and a Revna cherry sapling in packages of ZKS-twigs of 30 cm each. I planted it next to each other. We went well in growth, two winters overwintered normally, only the apical buds froze slightly. After the harsh winter of 2009/2010, the Revna cherry came out without freezing, and the Miracle cherry "died" completely.

Rada, Moscow region

https://forum.tvoysad.ru/viewtopic.php?t=107&start=90

I have two cherries growing - Iput and Revna. Planted in 2013. Now Revna is all in flowers, and Iput has not even opened the buds.

lilu, Moscow

http://dacha.wcb.ru/index.php?showtopic=60147

I planted in 2013 2-year-olds Iput, Revna, Ovstuzhenka and Odrinka. All wintered - 100% excellent!

Rok5, Kolomna

http://www.tomat-pomidor.com/newforum/index.php?topic=2109.0

My Revna froze (I think I had all the problems because I planted it in August, since then I plant it only in the spring). You need to wait a little (periodically casting) somewhere just above the grafting, something may wake up (for cherries, this is almost the norm), then everything that is above is cut off, the tree can be formed anew. It will grow strongly, but you cannot allow it (it will freeze again), already in mid-July (maximum at the end), stop growth by pinching, feed with phosphorus and potassium, do not water after July.

Alexey S, South Nizhny Novgorod region

http://dacha.wcb.ru/index.php?showtopic=60147

Cherry Revna attracts gardeners with its neat tree size, frost resistance and disease resistance. Of course, her berries are not too large, but they are very sweet and tasty. Subject to the simple rules of care, the tree will delight the owner with yield for many years.


Watch the video: Tomato Plants Growing Time Lapse. 90 Days From Tomato Slices


Previous Article

Video about cutting roses: what are the ways to propagate roses by cuttings

Next Article

Information About Rubber Trees